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Multiple Myeloma

Carfilzomib May Offer Advantages in Patients with Relapsed/Refractory Multiple Myeloma

Carfilzomib is an oral second-generation proteasome inhibitor with a mechanism of action that may increase efficacy and reduce adverse effects currently associated with proteasome inhibitor therapy. It is being investigated for use in multiple myeloma and select solid tumors, and the FDA has...

Multiple Myeloma

Long-term Survival Benefit and Safety Confirmed for VMP Regimen in Multiple Myeloma in Patients Who Were Not Transplant Candidates

Five-year analysis of the VISTA trial confirms a survival advantage with VMP (bortezomib [Velcade], melphalan, and prednisone) for upfront treatment of multiple myeloma in patients who were not transplant candidates. At a median follow-up of 60.1 months, a 13-month improvement in overall survival...

Multiple Myeloma

Maintenance with Lenalidomide or Bortezomib Prolongs Remission in Elderly Patients with Multiple Myeloma

The benefit of maintenance therapy in newly diagnosed multiple myeloma patients ineligible for stem cell transplant, such as the elderly, is still debated, though value appears to be emerging, according to studies presented at the 2011 American Society of Hematology (ASH) Annual Meeting....

Multiple Myeloma

Novel Agents and Genomic Sequencing Show Promise in Improving Multiple Myeloma Management

For over 30 years, Kenneth C. Anderson, MD, Kraft Family Professor of Medicine at Harvard Medical School and Director of the Jerome Lipper Multiple Myeloma Center and LeBow Institute for Myeloma Therapeutics at Dana-Farber Cancer Institute in Boston, has focused his translational research on B-cell ...

Multiple Myeloma

Drug Safety Communication Issued Regarding Lenalidomide and Risk of New Malignancies

The FDA recently released a safety announcement about an increased risk of second primary malignancies in patients with newly diagnosed multiple myeloma who received treatment with lenalidomide (Revlimid). Clinical trials conducted after lenalidomide was approved showed that newly diagnosed...

Hematologic Malignancies
Multiple Myeloma

Multiple Myeloma Research Foundation Initiatives Are Leading to More Effective Targeted Treatment

In 1996, at just 37, the last thing Kathy Giusti expected to hear was that she had the fatal blood cancer multiple myeloma. An executive at Searle Pharmaceuticals and the mother of an 18-month-old daughter, Giusti was told she probably had 3 years to live. At the time, treatments for the disease...

Hematologic Malignancies
Multiple Myeloma

Maintenance Lenalidomide Improves Progression-free Survival and Time to Progression in Patients with Multiple Myeloma

Three phase III, double-blind, multicenter, randomized studies showed that lenalidomide (Revlimid) maintenance therapy for patients with multiple myeloma significantly improved progression-free survival or time to progression, the primary endpoints of the studies published in The New England...

Breast Cancer
Multiple Myeloma
Issues in Oncology

Decoding the Genetic Blueprint of Cancer Cells: Findings in Multiple Myeloma and Breast Cancer

Advances in next-generation DNA sequencing technologies are allowing scientists to decipher the whole genome or whole exome (ie, the coding region of the genome) of cancer specimens more quickly and inexpensively than ever before. And the results are revealing genes that had not previously been...

Multiple Myeloma

Novel Agent Carfilzomib Receives Positive Vote from Oncologic Drugs Advisory Committee for Use in Multiple Myeloma

Onyx Pharmaceuticals recently announced that the FDA’s Oncologic Drugs Advisory Committee (ODAC) determined by a vote of 11–0 (with 1 abstention) that, in patients with relapsed and refractory multiple myeloma who have received at least two prior lines of therapy that included a proteasome...

Multiple Myeloma

FDA Grants Accelerated Approval to Carfilzomib for Multiple Myeloma

Onyx Pharmaceuticals announced that the FDA has granted accelerated approval to carfilzomib (Kyprolis) for the treatment of patients with multiple myeloma who have received at least two prior therapies, including treatment with bortezomib (Velcade) and an immunomodulatory therapy, and have...

Multiple Myeloma

Carfilzomib: New Drug with Accelerated Approval for Multiple Myeloma

In the Clinic provides overviews of novel oncology agents, addressing indications, mechanisms, administration recommendations, safety profiles, and other essential information needed for the appropriate clinical use of these drugs. Indication In July 2012, carfilzomib (Kyprolis) was granted...

Hematologic Malignancies
Multiple Myeloma

Is There a Role for Metronomic Chemotherapy in Patients with Highly Refractory Multiple Myeloma?

Metronomic chemotherapy using a multidrug regimen appears beneficial and fairly well tolerated in patients with multiple myeloma that is highly refractory to previous treatments, investigators from the Myeloma Institute for Research and Therapy in Little Rock, Arkansas, reported.1 Their results...

Multiple Myeloma

Will Carfilzomib Add Value to Multiple Myeloma Treatment?

Carfilzomib (Kyprolis), the next-generation proteasome inhibitor recently approved by the FDA for relapsed/refractory multiple myeloma, showed strong activity in the front-line setting when paired with lenalidomide (Revlimid) and low-dose dexamethasone (CRd).1 The study evaluated stringent complete ...

Multiple Myeloma

Novel Drug Combinations Present New Hope for Effective Treatments in Multiple Myeloma

Developing early-phase clinical trials that incorporate combinations of novel agents targeting different pathways in the hematologic cancer multiple myeloma is a leading focus of the work of Sagar Lonial, MD, Professor of Hematology and Vice Chair of Clinical Affairs in the Department of Hematology ...

Multiple Myeloma

Persistent Survival Benefit in Patients with Untreated Disease Treated with Bortezomib Added to Melphalan and Prednisone

A final analysis of the phase III VISTA trial (Velcade as Initial Standard Therapy in Multiple Myeloma: Assessment with Melphalan and Prednisone) found a persistent significant benefit in overall survival with VMP (bortezomib, melphalan, prednisone) vs MP (melphalan, prednisone) in patients with...

Multiple Myeloma

Oral Proteasome Inhibitor May Be a Game-changer in Myeloma

An investigational oral proteasome inhibitor currently known as MLN9708 could make the treatment of multiple myeloma much more convenient and possibly less neurotoxic, according to the results of a phase I/II study of treatment-naive multiple myeloma patients presented at the 54th Annual Meeting of ...

Multiple Myeloma

Overall Survival Benefit Achieved with Pomalidomide in Advanced Myeloma

Support for the oral immunomodulatory agent pomalidomide for multiple myeloma took a step forward when the phase III MM-003 trial showed a survival advantage in patients with advanced disease, in addition to a doubling in progression-free survival, when pomalidomide was given with low-dose...

Multiple Myeloma

Survival Benefit Achieved with Four Drugs plus Maintenance in Myeloma

An overall survival benefit in newly diagnosed multiple myeloma was attained with a four-drug induction regimen followed by a duet for maintenance in a study from the Italian GIMEMA network. Antonio Palumbo, MD, Chief of the Myeloma Unit at the University of Torino in Italy, reported the findings...

Leukemia
Lymphoma
Multiple Myeloma

ASH Highlights Included New Data in Myeloma, Lymphoma, and Leukemia, plus Studies of Mucositis and Graft-vs-Host Disease

The 54th Annual Meeting of the American Society of Hematology (ASH) featured about 5,000 abstracts, including oral sessions and posters, as well as named lectures and symposia. In addition to our regular news coverage from the meeting, below are capsule summaries of a few news highlights that we...

Leukemia
Lymphoma
Multiple Myeloma

More Brief Reports from ASH, Including New Data in Leukemia, Lymphoma, and Myelodysplastic Syndrome

At the 54th Annual Meeting of the American Society of Hematology (ASH), held in Atlanta, nearly 5,000 abstracts were presented in oral sessions and posters. As part of our ongoing comprehensive coverage from the meeting, here are several more studies of note. New Targets in Acute Myeloid Leukemia...

Multiple Myeloma

FDA Approves Pomalidomide for Advanced Multiple Myeloma

The FDA approved pomalidomide (Pomalyst) an oral immunomodulatory agent, to treat patients with multiple myeloma whose disease progressed after being treated with other cancer drugs. Pomalidomide is intended for patients who have received at least two prior therapies, including lenalidomide...

Colorectal Cancer
Lung Cancer
Prostate Cancer
Lymphoma
Multiple Myeloma
Issues in Oncology
Palliative Care

Study Shows Little Association of Multidisciplinary Tumor Boards with Measures of Care 

A survey of Veterans Affairs (VA) medical centers recently reported by Nancy L. Keating, MD, MPH, and colleagues at Harvard Medical School in the Journal of the National Cancer Institute showed that the presence of multidisciplinary tumor boards had little association with rates of recommended...

Hematologic Malignancies
Multiple Myeloma

High Infection Rates Found in Multiple Myeloma Patients, With High Mortality  

A large Swedish study using population-based data to estimate the risk of bacterial and viral infections among 9,610 patients with multiple myeloma (9,253 eligible for analysis) found that the myeloma patients had a 7-fold risk of developing any infection compared to 34,931 matched controls from...

Multiple Myeloma

Thalidomide/Prednisone Maintenance after Stem Cell Transplant Improves Progression-free but Not Overall Survival

Maintenance therapy with thalidomide (Thalomid) and prednisone after autologous stem cell transplantation in patients with multiple myeloma improved progression-free survival but not overall survival, according to results of a phase III trial reported in Blood. Patients receiving maintenance...

Multiple Myeloma

Control of Autophagic Cell Death by Caspase-10 in Multiple Myeloma

Multiple myeloma subtypes are driven by a variety of genetic abnormalities. Given the genetic diversity of the disease, identification of oncogenic mechanisms common to all subtypes is highly desirable. In a study reported in Cancer Cell, Lamy and colleagues found that that all multiple myeloma...

Multiple Myeloma

Daratumumab Receives Breakthrough Therapy Designation in Multiple Myeloma

FDA has granted daratumumab breakthrough therapy designation for the treatment of patients with multiple myeloma who have received at least three prior lines of therapy, including a proteasome inhibitor and an immunomodulatory agent, or who are double refractory to a proteasome inhibitor and...

Multiple Myeloma
Supportive Care

New Guidelines Issued in the Treatment of Multiple Myeloma-Related Bone Disease 

The International Myeloma Working Group (IMWG) has developed clinical practice recommendations for the management of multiple myeloma-related bone disease based on published study data through August 2012. Consensus of the interdisciplinary panel of clinical experts on the plasma-cell cancer was...

Hematologic Malignancies
Leukemia
Multiple Myeloma
Issues in Oncology

ACCC Institutes Network to Provide Assistance in Treating Uncommon Cancers 

Among the more than 200 types of cancer are those called “forgotten” or “orphan” cancers, with fewer than 40,000 new cases each year. They present treatment challenges in community cancer centers. Because of the low incidence of these diseases, such as chronic myeloid leukemia, acute promyelocytic...

Breast Cancer
Skin Cancer
Multiple Myeloma
Supportive Care
Gastroesophageal Cancer

New Research Presented in Breast, Gastric, Esophageal Cancers, Melanoma, and Multiple Myeloma, plus Supportive Care 

Attendees at the ASCO Annual Meeting are faced with a major challenge of trying to attend as many important sessions as they can over a 4-day period. Our challenge is to feature the major news in The ASCO Post. In addition to our regular comprehensive coverage of key presentations, the following...

Multiple Myeloma

New Guidelines Issued in the Treatment of Multiple Myeloma-Related Bone Disease 

The International Myeloma Working Group (IMWG) has developed clinical practice recommendations for the management of multiple myeloma-related bone disease based on published study data through August 2012. Consensus of the interdisciplinary panel of clinical experts on the plasma cell cancer was...

Lymphoma
Multiple Myeloma

Dr. Julie Vose Finds the Best of Both Worlds—Patient Care and Cutting-Edge Research—in Academic Medicine 

Julie M. Vose, MD, MBA, is the Neumann M. and Mildred E. Harris Professor and Chief of the Division of Hematology/Oncology at the University of Nebraska Medical Center. She grew up in Mitchell, South Dakota, a small town nestled on the banks of the James River. Mitchell is home to the Corn Palace,...

Multiple Myeloma

Panobinostat Combined With Bortezomib and Dexamethasone Can Recapture Responses in Heavily Pretreated Patients 

The combination of the investigational histone deacetylase inhibitor panobinostat (Faridak) with bortezomib (Velcade) and dexamethasone was able to recapture responses in 34.5% of heavily pretreated, bortezomib-refractory patients with multiple myeloma in the phase II PANORAMA 2 trial. The 55...

Multiple Myeloma

Pomalidomide In Patients With Disease Progression Who Are Refractory to Bortezomib and Lenalidomide  

The second-generation immunomodulatory drug pomalidomide (Pomalyst) “has shown impressive results in patients with multiple myeloma who are refractory to lenalidomide [Revlimid] and bortezomib [Velcade],” according to a review of clinical data leading to the drug’s approval by the FDA. In February, ...

Multiple Myeloma

Myeloma Foundation Launches Open Access Gateways to Accelerate Drug Development 

The Multiple Myeloma Research Foundation (MMRF) has announced two open access gateways, the MMRF Researcher Gateway, which will upload genomic data as it becomes available and make it accessible to all researchers, and the MMRF CoMMunity Gateway, which will aggregate subtypes of myeloma patients...

Multiple Myeloma

Options for Management of Bone Health in Patients With Multiple Myeloma 

Bone health is critical in patients with multiple myeloma, since up to 85% will suffer bone damage. Options for management include two FDA-approved bisphosphonates—pamidronate and zoledronic acid—and possibly the RANK-L inhibitor denosumab (Xgeva, investigational use). Importance of Supportive ...

Multiple Myeloma

New Strategies for Relapsed/Refractory Multiple Myeloma Explored 

Although upfront therapy can achieve remission in multiple myeloma, most patients will ultimately relapse. Newer targeted therapies and genomic analysis are moving the management of relapsed/refractory multiple myeloma forward, according to Kenneth C. Anderson, MD, Director, Jerome Lipper Multiple...

Multiple Myeloma

Phospho-cMET Inhibition in Multiple Myeloma

In a study reported in Clinical Cancer Research, Moschetta and colleagues characterized the involvement of the cMet oncogene in drug resistance and the activity of a novel selective inhibitor of cMET/phospho-cMET (SU11274) in multiple myeloma cells sensitive (RPMI-8226 and MM.1S) and resistant (R5...

Multiple Myeloma

What Does ‘Myeloma’ Mean?

Over the centuries it has become clear that, as physicians, what we say and how we say it can have a major impact on those who seek our help. Our pronouncement that a patient is in remission or harbors a serious illness carries with it a large number of spoken and unspoken implications. So when we...

Multiple Myeloma

Three-Drug Regimen Produces High Response Rate in Relapsed/Refractory Myeloma

A phase II trial to evaluate the combination of bendamustine (Treanda) with bortezomib (Velcade) and dexamethasone in patients with relapsed/refractory multiple myeloma “showed a remarkable response rate of 60.9%,” and when minor responses were included, 75.9%,” researchers reported in Blood. “The...

Multiple Myeloma

Treating Earlier to Avoid Progression to Multiple Myeloma 

With an expanded list of drugs to treat multiple myeloma, experts are interested in whether treating precursor diseases to multiple myeloma can prevent progression to full-blown myeloma. In addition, new drugs are entering the armamentarium for treating multiple myeloma, noted Ruben Niesvizky, MD,...

Multiple Myeloma

Meta-Analysis Upholds Benefit in Progression-Free Survival, but Not Overall Survival, With Lenalidomide Maintenance

Multiple myeloma patients derived a benefit from maintenance lenalidomide (Revlimid) treatment in terms of progression-free but not overall survival, according to a meta-analysis of four key trials presented at the 2013 American Society of Hematology (ASH) Annual Meeting.1 The study does little to...

Multiple Myeloma

IFM 2005-02 Update Differs From CALGB 100104: Why? 

The updated analysis of the Intergroupe Francophone du Myelome (IFM) 2005-02 trial in newly diagnosed multiple myeloma patients showed that lenalidomide (Revlimid) maintenance prolongs progression-free survival after stem cell transplantation, but does not improve overall survival, according to...

Multiple Myeloma

Surprising Findings for Lenalidomide Maintenance in Updated IFM 2005-02 Analysis 

A new analysis of the multiple myeloma Intergroupe Francophone du Myelome (IFM) 2005-02 trial showed that lenalidomide (Revlimid) maintenance prolongs progression-free survival after stem cell transplantation, but does not improve overall survival.1 This is possibly attributed to the shorter...

Multiple Myeloma

Continuous Lenalidomide/Low-Dose Dexamethasone: A New Option for Older Patients With Newly Diagnosed Myeloma 

First-line treatment of newly diagnosed multiple myeloma using the Rd regimen (continuous lenalidomide [Revlimid] plus low-dose dexamethasone) was superior to standard triplet treatment with MPT (melphalan, prednisone, and thalidomide [Thalomid]) for 72 weeks, according to initial results of the...

Multiple Myeloma

Pomalidomide Plus Low-Dose Dexamethasone: Important New Option in Relapsed/Refractory Multiple Myeloma

Pomalidomide (Pomalyst) plus low-dose dexamethasone significantly improved progression-free survival compared to pomalidomide alone in patients with relapsed and refractory multiple myeloma enrolled in a multicenter, open-label study, the phase II part of the MM-002 trial. The study confirmed the...

Multiple Myeloma

Ongoing NCI-Funded Clinical Trials Actively Recruiting Patients With Hematologic Cancers: Multiple Myeloma

Study Type: Non-Randomized Phase I/Interventional Study Title: Multicenter Phase I Study of Th1/Tc1 Immunotherapy Following Autologous Hematopoietic Progenitor Cell Transplantation in High-Risk Multiple Myeloma Study Sponsor and Collaborators: National Cancer Institute; Hackensack University...

Multiple Myeloma

ASH Studies Refine Myeloma Treatment and Show Promise for New Agents

Multiple myeloma researchers moved the field forward at the 2013 American Society of Hematology (ASH) Annual Meeting, presenting evaluations of treatment schedules and reports of encouraging activity with compounds in development. Alternating vs Sequential Regimens In 231 newly diagnosed elderly...

Multiple Myeloma

Lenalidomide Acts in Myeloma by Degrading Lymphoid Transcription Factors IKZF1 and IKZF3

The mechanism of action of lenalidomide (Revlimid) in multiple myeloma and other B-cell neoplasms remains largely uncharacterized. In a study reported in Science, Krönke and colleagues identified one of the effects of lenalidomide in this setting. Use of quantitative proteomics showed that...

Multiple Myeloma

The CoMMpass Trial in Multiple Myeloma

When I was diagnosed with multiple myeloma in 2008, at just 47, I was lucky. I was asymptomatic, my cancer was detected through a routine blood test, and I had the smoldering type, so I didn’t need immediate treatment. Plus, I knew that recent advances in more effective therapies were making it...

Multiple Myeloma

Unraveling the Molecular Complexity of Multiple Myeloma

In 2011, the Multiple Myeloma Research Foundation (MMRF) announced the launch of CoMMpass (Relating Clinical Outcomes in Multiple Myeloma to Personal Assessment of Genetic Profile), a clinical study at the heart of its Personalized Medicine Initiative. CoMMpass will follow 1,000 newly diagnosed...

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