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prostate cancer
issues in oncology

Researchers Identify Pitfall in PSMA PET Imaging Method

Prostate-specific membrane antigen (PSMA) positron-emission tomography (PET) imaging has become a popular method for determining the stage of a patient’s prostate cancer. However, researchers have identified a pitfall in this imaging technique and are cautioning medical professionals to be...

prostate cancer
immunotherapy

Mismatch Repair Mutations and Immunotherapy in Prostate Cancer

A group of men with especially aggressive prostate cancer may respond unusually well to immunotherapy, according to a study published by Rodrigues et al in the Journal of Clinical Investigation. The research offers the possibility of effective treatment, with clinical trials already underway. An...

prostate cancer

Hypofractionated Dose-Escalated IMRT vs Conventionally Fractionated IMRT in Localized Prostate Cancer

In a long-term follow-up of a phase III trial reported in the Journal of Clinical Oncology, Hoffman et al found that dose-escalated moderately hypofractionated intensity-modulated radiation therapy (HIMRT) improved disease control and reduced treatment duration vs conventionally fractionated IMRT...

prostate cancer
cost of care

ICER Report on Clinical Benefits and Value of Different Antiandrogen Therapies for Men With Nonmetastatic Castration-Resistant Prostate Cancer

The Institute for Clinical and Economic Review (ICER) has released an evidence report assessing the comparative clinical effectiveness and value of antiandrogen therapies for the treatment of nonmetastatic castration-resistant prostate cancer. The report focuses on three antiandrogen...

prostate cancer

Early-Life Alcohol Intake May Increase the Odds of High-Grade Prostate Cancer Later in Life

Compared with nondrinkers, men who consumed at least 7 drinks per week during adolescence (ages 15–19) had 3 times the odds of being diagnosed with clinically significant prostate cancer, according to results published by Michael et al in Cancer Prevention Research. “The prostate...

prostate cancer

No Benefit of Adding Abiraterone to Enzalutamide in Metastatic Castration-Resistant Prostate Cancer With Increasing PSA

The PLATO trial failed to show benefit of adding abiraterone (Zytiga)/prednisone to ongoing enzalutamide (Xtandi) vs abiraterone/prednisone in men with metastatic castration-resistant prostate cancer exhibiting rising prostate-specific antigen (PSA) during enzalutamide treatment. Results of the...

prostate cancer

SPOP-Mutant Prostate Cancer Subtype, High PSA, and Prognosis

Conventional wisdom suggests that a high level of the protein prostate-specific antigen (PSA) in men with prostate cancer means a poor prognosis. However, this may not always be the case in men with a particular subtype of prostate cancer, according to a new study from Weill Cornell Medicine and...

breast cancer
colorectal cancer
prostate cancer

Following a Healthy Diet and Avoiding Alcohol May Reduce Overall Cancer Risk

The World Cancer Research Fund/American Institute for Cancer Research (WCRF/AICR) has estimated that in developed countries, about 35% of breast cancers and 45% of colorectal cancers could be prevented with a better adherence to nutritional recommendations. A large prospective study evaluating...

prostate cancer

Robot-Assisted Laparoscopic Prostatectomy vs Open Radical Retropubic Prostatectomy in Newly Diagnosed Prostate Cancer

In an Australian phase III trial reported in The Lancet Oncology, Coughlin et al found similar functional outcomes at 2 years with robot-assisted laparoscopic prostatectomy and open radical retropubic prostatectomy in men with newly diagnosed clinically localized prostate cancer. Study Details In ...

prostate cancer

Prostate-Specific Membrane Antigen–Targeted Docetaxel Nanoparticle in Metastatic Castration-Resistant Prostate Cancer

In a phase II trial reported in JAMA Oncology, Autio et al found that prostate-specific membrane antigen (PSMA)–targeted docetaxel nanoparticle (BIND-014) treatment was active in patients with metastatic castration-resistant prostate cancer (mCRPC). Study Details In the multicenter trial,...

prostate cancer

FDA Approves Enzalutamide for Castration-Resistant Prostate Cancer

On July 13, 2018, the U.S. Food and Drug Administration (FDA) approved enzalutamide (Xtandi) for patients with castration-resistant prostate cancer (CRPC). This approval broadens the indicated patient population to include patients with either nonmetastatic CRPC or metastatic CRPC. Enzalutamide was ...

prostate cancer

AR-V7 as Marker for Taxane vs Androgen Receptor Inhibitor Treatment in Castration-Resistant Prostate Cancer

In a study reported in JAMA Oncology, Scher and colleagues found that the presence of nuclear-localized androgen receptor splice variant 7 (AR-V7) protein in circulating tumor cells (CTCs) may predict better survival with taxane therapy vs androgen receptor signaling (ARS) inhibitor treatment in...

prostate cancer

PROSPER: Enzalutamide Prolongs Metastasis-Free Survival in Nonmetastatic Castration-Resistant Prostate Cancer

As reported in The New England Journal of Medicine by Hussain et al, the phase III PROSPER trial has shown a 71% reduction in risk of metastasis or death with enzalutamide (Xtandi) vs placebo in men with nonmetastatic castration-resistant prostate cancer. Study Details In the double-blind trial,...

prostate cancer

DNA Test Identifies Men With Sixfold Increased Risk of Prostate Cancer

A major new study of more than 140,000 men has identified 63 new genetic variations in the DNA code that increase the risk of prostate cancer. These findings were published by Schumacher et al in Nature Genetics. Researchers devised a new test combining these single-letter genetic variants with...

prostate cancer

Automated Bone Scan Index and Overall Survival in Metastatic Castration-Resistant Prostate Cancer

In a secondary analysis of the phase III 10TASQ10 trial comparing tasquinimod vs placebo in chemotherapy-naive metastatic castration-resistant prostate cancer, the automated Bone Scan Index (aBSI) was shown to be predictive of overall survival. The findings were reported in JAMA Oncology by...

prostate cancer

AUA 2018: Finasteride Reduces Risk of Prostate Cancer and Is Safe, Long-Term Results Show

Twenty-five years after it opened for enrollment, the Prostate Cancer Prevention Trial (PCPT) has delivered a final verdict: finasteride, a common hormone-blocking drug, reduces men's risk of getting prostate cancer without increasing their risk of dying from the disease. Initial study...

prostate cancer

2018 ASCO: Olaparib in Combination With Abiraterone in Metastatic Castration-Resistant Prostate Cancer

Data presented by Clarke et al at the 2018 ASCO Annual Meeting (Abstract 5003) showed clinical improvement in median radiologic progression-free survival with olaparib (Lynparza) in combination with abiraterone (Yonsa, Zytiga) compared to abiraterone monotherapy, a current standard of care, in...

prostate cancer

Lutetium-177–PSMA-617 Radionuclide Treatment for Previously Treated Metastatic Castration-Resistant Prostate Cancer

In an Australian investigator-initiated single-center phase II study reported in The Lancet Oncology, Hofman et al found that treatment with a radiolabeled small molecule that binds to prostate-specific membrane antigen (PSMA), lutetium-177 (177Lu)–PSMA-617, produced a high response rate ...

prostate cancer

Pirkko-Liisa Irmeli Kellokumpu-Lehtinen, MD, PhD, on Prostate Cancer: Results of the SPCG-13 Trial

Pirkko-Liisa Irmeli Kellokumpu-Lehtinen, MD, PhD, of Tampere University Hospital, discusses phase III findings on adjuvant docetaxel and surveillance after radical radiotherapy for intermediate- and high-risk prostate cancer (Abstract 5000).

prostate cancer

Sumanta K. Pal, MD, and A. Oliver Sartor, MD, on Prostate Cancer: Perspectives on Outcomes for Black and White Patients

Sumanta K. Pal, MD, of City of Hope, and A. Oliver Sartor, MD, of Tulane University School of Medicine, discuss the implications of findings on black and white patients with metastatic castrate-resistant prostate cancer treated with abiraterone acetate and prednisone (Abstract LBA5009).

prostate cancer

Sumanta K. Pal, MD, and Neeraj Agarwal, MD, on Prostate Cancer: The Talapro-2 Trial

Sumanta K. Pal, MD, of the City of Hope, and Neeraj Agarwal, MD, of the Huntsman Cancer Institute, University of Utah, discuss the ongoing phase III Talapro-2 study of talazoparib with background enzalutamide in metastatic castration-resistant prostate cancer with DNA damage–repair deficiencies...

prostate cancer

Susan Halabi, PhD, on Prostate Cancer: Overall Survival for Black vs White Men

Susan Halabi, PhD, of Duke University Medical Center, discusses an analysis that showed an increase in overall survival in African American men vs Caucasian men, all of whom had metastatic castration-resistant prostate cancer treated with docetaxel/prednisone or a regimen containing those agents...

prostate cancer

Daniel J. George, MD, on Prostate Cancer: Outcomes for Black and White Patients

Daniel J. George, MD, of Duke University, discusses findings from a multicenter study of black and white patients with metastatic castrate-resistant prostate cancer treated with abiraterone acetate and prednisone (Abstract LBA5009).

prostate cancer
issues in oncology

2018 ASCO: Black Men With Advanced Prostate Cancer Treated With Chemotherapy May Have Equal or Better Survival Than White Men

An analysis of pooled data from 9 randomized phase III trials of more than 8,000 men with advanced prostate cancer who received chemotherapy shows chances of survival are as good for black men as white men. The median survival was the same in black men and white men overall (21 months), but black...

prostate cancer

2018 ASCO: Abiraterone May Be More Effective in Black Men With Advanced Prostate Cancer Than in White Men

In a prospective clinical trial of 100 men with metastatic castration-resistant prostate cancer, the response to the hormone treatment abiraterone (Yonsa, Zytiga) was greater and longer-lasting in black men than in white men. Black men were more likely to have a decline in prostate-specific antigen ...

prostate cancer

AUA 2018: Is Prostate Cancer Screening and Risk Stratification Moving Beyond the PSA Test?

New diagnostic tests for prostate cancer, as well as new information about the impact of the U.S. Preventive Services Task Force recommendations on prostate cancer screening, were presented at the 113th Annual Meeting of the American Urological Association (AUA). PSA Screening of African American...

prostate cancer

AUA 2018: Apalutamide Significantly Reduced Risk of PSA Progression in Patients With Nonmetastatic Castration-Resistant Prostate Cancer

A post-hoc analysis from the phase III SPARTAN study that showed treatment with apalutamide (Erleada) significantly reduced the risk of prostate-specific antigen (PSA) progression in patients with nonmetastatic castration-resistant prostate cancer (CRPC) who had a rapidly rising PSA while receiving ...

prostate cancer

AUA 2018: Use of MRI for Prostate Cancer Screening and Management

Use of magnetic resonance imaging (MRI) in the diagnosis of prostate cancer is increasing and brings added value to screening and surveillance, according to new studies presented this year during the 113th Annual Meeting of the American Urological Association (AUA). Four studies highlighting the...

prostate cancer

AUA 2018: Panel Discusses New Research on Prostate Cancer Management Protocols and Treatments

Researchers presented new findings on a Korean Food and Drug Administration (KFDA)-approved robotic system, safety of testosterone therapy after prostate cancer, and active surveillance protocol for low-risk prostate cancer patients at the 113th Annual Meeting of the American Urological Association ...

prostate cancer

AUA 2018: More Than 40% of Prostate Biopsies May Have Been Avoided With Use of Assay for Detection

A multicenter study that validated the clinical performance of IsoPSA—a new blood test that has proven to be more accurate in predicting overall risk of prostate cancer than standard prostate-specific antigen (PSA)—was presented at the 13th Annual Meeting of the American Urological...

prostate cancer

Oxybutynin for Androgen Deprivation–Associated Hot Flashes in Prostate Cancer

In a letter to the editor of The New England Journal of Medicine, Smith et al describe successful use of oxybutynin to treat hot flashes in a patient receiving androgen-deprivation therapy (ADT) for prostate cancer. As noted by the authors, nonhormonal treatments for menopausal hot flashes in women ...

prostate cancer

USPSTF Recommendations on PSA-Based Screening for Prostate Cancer

As reported in JAMA, the US Preventive Services Task Force (USPSTF) has issued updated recommendations on prostate-specific antigen (PSA)-based screening for prostate cancer. To inform the recommendations, the USPSTF reviewed evidence on benefits and harms of PSA-based screening and treatment of...

lung cancer
prostate cancer

By 2030, Prostate and Lung Cancers Are Expected to Be the Most Common Cancer Types Among HIV-Infected Adults

While effective antiretroviral therapy, which suppresses HIV replication and improves immune function, has resulted in increased longevity for people living with HIV and reduced the risk of certain cancers, including Kaposi sarcoma and non-Hodgkin lymphoma, other cancers are expected to become more ...

prostate cancer

Concordance of Non–Low-Risk Prostate Cancer Among Brother Pairs

In a Swedish study reported in the Journal of Clinical Oncology, Jansson et al identified an increased risk of non–low-risk prostate cancer among men with prostate cancer who had with brothers diagnosed with non–low-risk disease. Study Details The study involved 4,262 pairs of...

prostate cancer

ESTRO 37: Ultrahypofractionated Radiotherapy for Prostate Cancer Is Safe and Effective

Radiotherapy given in high doses over a shorter period of time is safe and effective for patients with prostate cancer, according to research from a phase III trial presented at the European Society for Radiotherapy & Oncology (ESTRO) 37 Conference (Abstract OC-0599). The...

prostate cancer

Long-Term Outcomes of Adjuvant Treatment in High-Risk Prostate Cancer

As reported by Hussain et al in the Journal of Clinical Oncology, long-term follow-up of the phase III SWOG S9921 trial showed that the addition of adjuvant mitoxantrone and prednisone (MP) to androgen-deprivation therapy (ADT) did not improve survival and increased death from other malignancies in ...

prostate cancer

Low-Dose Abiraterone With Food vs Standard-Dose Abiraterone in Castration-Resistant Prostate Cancer

In a phase II trial reported in the Journal of Clinical Oncology, Szmulewitz et al found that low-dose abiraterone (Zytiga) given with a low-fat meal was noninferior to standard-dose abiraterone in the fasting state with regard to reduction in prostate-specific antigen (PSA) levels among patients...

prostate cancer

ASCO Clinical Practice Guideline: Optimizing Anticancer Therapy in Metastatic Noncastrate Prostate Cancer

As reported in the Journal of Clinical Oncology by Michael J. Morris, MD, of Memorial Sloan Kettering Cancer Center and Weill Cornell Medicine, and colleagues, ASCO has released a clinical practice guideline on optimizing anticancer therapy in men with metastatic noncastrate prostate cancer. To...

prostate cancer

MRI-Targeted vs Standard Biopsy in Prostate Cancer Diagnosis

In the international PRECISION trial reported in The New England Journal of Medicine, Kasivisvanathan et al found that magnetic resonance imaging (MRI)-targeted biopsy resulted in a significantly higher rate of diagnosis of clinically significant prostate cancer and a lower rate of diagnosis of...

prostate cancer

Long-Term Outcomes With Standard vs Dose-Escalated Radiation Therapy in Intermediate-Risk Prostate Cancer

As reported in JAMA Oncology by Michalski et al, long-term follow-up in the NRG Oncology/RTOG 0126 trial showed no significant difference in overall survival with dose-escalated vs standard-dose radiotherapy in patients with intermediate-risk prostate cancer. High-dose radiotherapy was associated...

prostate cancer

Quality of Life With Chemohormonal Treatment in Prostate Cancer

In the E3805 trial reported in the Journal of Clinical Oncology, Morgans et al found that chemohormonal therapy with docetaxel and androgen-deprivation therapy (ADT) was associated with poorer quality of life (QOL) at 3 months but better QOL at 12 months vs ADT alone in metastatic hormone-sensitive ...

prostate cancer

Analyses of Radiographic Progression-Free Survival in Metastatic Castration-Resistant Prostate Cancer

As reported in JAMA Oncology by Rathkopf et al, sensitivity analyses of radiographic progression-free survival in the PREVAIL trial comparing enzalutamide vs placebo in metastatic castration-resistant prostate cancer support use of the measure as a clinically meaningful endpoint in trials in this...

prostate cancer

James L. Mohler, MD, on Prostate Cancer: Management Approaches

James L. Mohler, MD, of Roswell Park Cancer Institute, discusses personalized medicine, molecular risk stratification, and better androgen-deprivation therapy for men with prostate cancer.

prostate cancer

Long-Term Outcome With Finasteride Using Medicare Claims Linked to the Prostate Cancer Prevention Trial

In a study reported in the Journal of the National Cancer Institute, Unger et al linked data from the Prostate Cancer Prevention Trial (PCPT) with Medicare claims and found that finasteride treatment was associated with a maintained reduction in prostate cancer risk after discontinuation of the...

prostate cancer

EAU 2018: Prostate MRI Reveals More Clinically Significant Cancers, Reduces Overdiagnosis Compared to Standard Biopsy

A large international study has shown that magnetic resonance imaging (MRI) can reduce the number of invasive prostate biopsies by up to 28%. The PRECISION trial showed that using MRI to target prostate biopsies leads to more harmful and fewer harmless prostate cancers being diagnosed. The results...

kidney cancer
prostate cancer
bladder cancer

EAU 2018: Survey Shows Greater Suicide Rate in Patients With Urologic Cancers

A major UK survey has shown that patients with urologic cancer—such as prostate, bladder, or kidney cancer—are five times more likely to commit suicide than people without cancer. The analysis also shows that patients with cancer generally are around three times more likely to commit...

prostate cancer

Effect of Single PSA-Based Screening on Prostate Cancer Mortality

In the UK-based CAP trial reported in JAMA, Martin et al found that a single prostate-specific antigen (PSA) screening was not associated with better 10-year prostate cancer-specific survival vs the standard practice of no screening. Screening was associated with greater detection of prostate...

prostate cancer

FDA Grants Priority Review to sNDA for Enzalutamide in Nonmetastatic Castration-Resistant Prostate Cancer

On March 19, a supplemental New Drug Application (sNDA) for enzalutamide (Xtandi) was accepted for filing and granted Priority Review designation by the U.S. Food and Drug Administration (FDA). If approved, the sNDA would expand the indication of enzalutamide to include men with nonmetastatic...

prostate cancer

Study Finds Shared Decision-Making Still Lacking in Prostate Cancer Screening

A new study found many men receiving prostate-specific antigen (PSA) testing do so without a comprehensive shared decision-making process, contrary to current guidelines. The American Cancer Society study, published by Fedewa et al in Annals of Family Medicine, found that in both 2010 and 2015,...

prostate cancer

MRI-Based Model for Prostate Biopsy Risk Stratification

In a study reported in JAMA Oncology, Mehralivand et al found that inclusion of magnetic resonance imaging (MRI) findings in a predictive model may reduce unnecessary biopsies in men with suspected prostate cancer. Study Details In the study, a predictive model adding MRI-derived prostate volume...

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