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lung cancer
immunotherapy

AACR 2018: Pilot Study of Neoadjuvant Nivolumab in Resectable NSCLC

In a pilot study reported at the 2018 American Association for Cancer Research (AACR) Annual Meeting (Abstract CT079) and in The New England Journal of Medicine by Forde et al, neoadjuvant nivolumab therapy was found to be feasible and active in patients with resectable non–small cell lung...

lung cancer

AACR 2018: New Liquid Biopsy–Based Cancer Model Reveals Data on Chemoresistance in SCLC

Small cell lung cancer (SCLC) accounts for 14% of all lung cancers and is often rapidly resistant to chemotherapy, resulting in poor clinical outcomes. Treatment has changed little for decades, but a study at The University of Texas MD Anderson Cancer Center offers a potential explanation for...

lung cancer
immunotherapy

AACR 2018: KEYNOTE-189: Addition of Pembrolizumab to Chemotherapy in Metastatic NSCLC

As reported at the American Association for Cancer Research (AACR) Meeting (Abstract CT075) in the The New England Journal of Medicine by Gandhi et al, the first interim analysis of the phase III KEYNOTE-189 trial has shown significant improvement in overall and progression-free survival with the...

lung cancer
immunotherapy

AACR 2018: CheckMate 227: Nivolumab/Ipilimumab vs Chemotherapy in NSCLC With High Tumor Mutational Burden Analysis

As reported at the 2018 American Association for Cancer Research (AACR) Meeting (Abstract CT077) and in The New England Journal of Medicine by Hellmann et al, an analysis from the phase III CheckMate 227 trial has shown that the combination of nivolumab (Opdivo) plus ipilimumab (Yervoy)...

solid tumors
lung cancer

AACR 2018: Selective Inhibitor Shows Early Promise in Patients With RET-Altered Cancers

BLU-667, a next-generation inhibitor that selectively targets the oncogenic receptor tyrosine kinase RET, was well tolerated and had broad clinical benefit in patients with advanced cancer that had progressed on previous therapies, including multikinase inhibitor therapy. Proof-of-concept data from ...

lung cancer

ELCC 2018: Canadian Study Shows Coordinating Nurses Can Improve Patients’ Quality of Life and Satisfaction During Lung Cancer Treatment

Investing in the continuity of care for lung cancer patients can bring tremendous benefits in terms of patient satisfaction and quality of life. In Quebec, this investment has taken the form of a dedicated role on the medical team: The Pivot Nurse in Oncology (PNO). A study presented by Kassouf et...

lung cancer

ELCC 2018: Second-Line Tyrosine Kinase Inhibitor Therapy Demonstrates Clinical Benefit in EGFR-Mutated NSCLC With Leptomeningeal Metastasis

Erlotinib (Tarceva) or high-dose erlotinib provides benefit in patients with epidermal growth factor receptor (EGFR) mutated non–small cell lung cancer (NSCLC) who develop leptomeningeal metastasis during or after treatment with a tyrosine kinase inhibitor. Findings supporting second-line...

lung cancer

ELCC 2018: Alectinib Provides Longer Symptom Improvement Than Crizotinib in ALK-Positive Lung Cancer

Alectinib provides longer symptom improvement than crizotinib in <em>ALK</em>-positive non–small cell lung cancer (NSCLC), according to results from the ALEX trial presented by Pérol et al at the European Lung Cancer Congress (ELCC) in Geneva, Switzerland (Abstract...

lung cancer
immunotherapy

ELCC 2018: Immunotherapy Provides Long-Term Survival Benefit for Patients With Lung Cancer

Further evidence that immunotherapy provides long-term survival benefit for patients with lung cancer was presented by Mazières et al at the European Lung Cancer Congress (ELCC) in Geneva, Switzerland (Abstract 136PD_PR). Researchers presented the 3-year survival results of the randomized...

palliative care
lung cancer

Updated ASTRO Guideline for Palliative Radiotherapy in Lung Cancer

The American Society for Radiation Oncology (ASTRO) has issued an update to its clinical guideline for the use of palliative-intent radiation therapy for patients with incurable non–small cell lung cancer (NSCLC). Reflecting new evidence from randomized clinical trials, the guideline now...

lung cancer

FDA and EMA Accept Regulatory Submissions for Dacomitinib in Metastatic NSCLC With EGFR-Activating Mutations

On April 4, Pfizer Inc announced that the U.S. Food and Drug Administration (FDA) accepted the company’s new drug application and granted Priority Review for dacomitinib, a pan-human epidermal growth factor receptor (EGFR) tyrosine kinase inhibitor, for the first-line treatment of...

lung cancer
immunotherapy

IMpower150: Increased OS With Atezolizumab/Bevacizumab Plus Chemotherapy in Advanced Nonsquamous NSCLC

The phase III IMpower150 study met its coprimary endpoint of overall survival (OS) at interim analysis and showed that first-line treatment with the combination of atezolizumab (Tecentriq) and bevacizumab (Avastin) plus carboplatin and paclitaxel (chemotherapy) helped patients with advanced...

lung cancer
immunotherapy

5-Year Follow-up of Patients Receiving Immunotherapy for Previously Treated Advanced NSCLC

As reported in the Journal of Clinical Oncology by Gettinger et al, 5-year follow-up of patients receiving nivolumab (Opdivo) in a phase I study (CA209-003) in previously treated advanced non­–small cell lung cancer (NSCLC) has shown prolonged survival and durable responses in a subgroup...

lung cancer

Study Cites Geographic Disparities in Lung Cancer Mortality Rates Among Women

According to the American Cancer Society, lung cancer is the leading cause of death among men and women, killing about 84,000 men and 71,000 women each year. Although lung cancer–related death rates in the United States have declined steadily since 1990 in men, they did not start to decline...

lung cancer
immunotherapy

IMpower131 Study: Atezolizumab Plus Chemotherapy in Advanced Squamous NSCLC

On March 20, Genentech announced that the phase III IMpower131 study met its coprimary endpoint of progression-free survival (PFS) and demonstrated that the combination of atezolizumab (Tecentriq) plus chemotherapy (carboplatin and nanopartical albumin-bound [nab]-paclitaxel [Abraxane])...

lung cancer

Fruquintinib in Pretreated Advanced NSCLC

In a Chinese phase II trial reported in the Journal of Clinical Oncology, Lu et al found that the VEGFR-1,-2, and-3 kinase inhibitor fruquintinib was active in patients with advanced nonsquamous non-small cell lung cancer (NSCLC) who progressed after two prior chemotherapy regimens. Study Details ...

lung cancer
immunotherapy

Immunotherapy in Heavily Pretreated Advanced NSCLC

As reported in The Lancet Oncology by Garassino et al, the phase II ATLANTIC trial has shown durvalumab (Imfinzi) to be active in third- or later-line treatment of advanced non–small cell lung cancer (NSCLC). Study Details In the study, 444 patients from 139 sites in Asia, Europe, and North ...

lung cancer
immunotherapy

Update on Phase III JAVELIN Lung 200 Trial of Avelumab Monotherapy in Previously Treated Patients With Advanced NSCLC

On February 15, updated results were made available from the phase III JAVELIN Lung 200 trial comparing avelumab (Bavencio) to docetaxel in patients with unresectable, recurrent, or metastatic non–small cell lung cancer (NSCLC) whose disease progressed after treatment with a...

lung cancer
immunotherapy

FDA Expands Approval of Durvalumab to Reduce the Risk of NSCLC Progression

On February 16, the U.S. Food and Drug Administration (FDA) approved durvalumab (Imfinzi) for the treatment of patients with stage III unresectable non–small cell lung cancer (NSCLC) whose cancer has not progressed after treatment with chemoradiation. “This is the first treatment...

lung cancer

ASCO Endorses CAP/IASLC/AMP Guideline Update on Molecular Testing for Targeted Tyrosine Kinase Inhibitor Treatment in Lung Cancer

As reported in the Journal of Clinical Oncology by Gregory P. Kalemkerian, MD, and colleagues, ASCO has endorsed the College of American Pathologists (CAP), International Association for the Study of Lung Cancer (IASLC), and Association for Molecular Pathology (AMP) updated guideline on molecular...

lung cancer

ALK Variant, Resistance, and Clinical Outcomes in ALK-Positive NSCLC

In a study reported in the Journal of Clinical Oncology, Lin et al found that specific ALK variants may be associated with the development of resistance mutations to ALK tyrosine kinase inhibitors (TKIs) in ALK-positive non–small cell lung cancer (NSCLC). Study Details The study involved...

lung cancer

FDA Grants Priority Review to Lorlatinib in ALK-Positive NSCLC

On February 12, the U.S. Food and Drug Administration (FDA) accepted and granted Priority Review to Pfizer’s new drug application for lorlatinib. The Prescription Drug User Fee Act goal date for a decision by the FDA is in August 2018. Lorlatinib is an investigational, anaplastic lymphoma...

lung cancer
immunotherapy

Superior Progression-Free Survival With First-Line Nivolumab Plus Ipilimumab vs Chemotherapy in NSCLC With High Tumor Mutation Burden

The ongoing phase III CheckMate-227 study met its coprimary endpoint of progression-free survival with a combination of nivolumab (Opdivo) plus ipilimumab (Yervoy) vs chemotherapy in patients with first-line advanced non­–small cell lung cancer (NSCLC) whose tumors have a high (≥ 10...

lung cancer

ASCO Clinical Practice Guideline: Treatment of Malignant Pleural Mesothelioma

As reported by Hedy L. Kindler, MD, of the University of Chicago, and colleagues in the Journal of Clinical Oncology, ASCO has released a clinical practice guideline on treatment of malignant pleural mesothelioma. The guideline was informed by a systematic literature search and expert panel review ...

lung cancer

Posttreatment Mortality With Stereotactic Body Radiotherapy vs Surgery in NSCLC

In a study reported in the Journal of Clinical Oncology, Stokes and colleagues found lower posttreatment mortality rates with stereotactic body radiotherapy (SBRT) vs surgery in early-stage non–small cell lung cancer (NSCLC), with the difference in rates increasing as a function of age....

lung cancer

AACR Announces AACR-Johnson & Johnson Lung Cancer Innovation Science Grants

The American Association for Cancer Research (AACR) has announced the launch of the AACR–Johnson & Johnson Lung Cancer Innovation Science Grants to stimulate research aimed at eradicating this malignancy. This new funding opportunity, which is supported by the Johnson & Johnson Lung...

lung cancer

CAP, IASLC, AMP Update Guideline for Molecular Testing and Targeted Therapies in Lung Cancer

To ensure that clinicians stay apace and provide optimal patient care, three leading medical societies—the College of American Pathologists (CAP), the International Association for the Study of Lung Cancer (IASLC), and the Association for Molecular Pathology (AMP)—have updated their...

lung cancer
immunotherapy

Roy S. Herbst, MD, PhD, on Personalized Immunotherapy for Lung Cancer: Expert Perspective

Roy S. Herbst, MD, PhD, of the Yale School of Medicine, summarizes a session that included discussion of the mechanisms of immunotherapies, biomarkers for activity of these agents, overcoming resistance, and using treatment combinations.

breast cancer
colorectal cancer
gynecologic cancers
hepatobiliary cancer
lung cancer
pancreatic cancer
gastroesophageal cancer

Detecting and Localizing Eight Cancer Types With One Multianalyte Blood Test

Johns Hopkins Kimmel Cancer Center researchers developed a single blood test that screens for eight common cancer types and also helps identify the location of the cancer. The test, called CancerSEEK, is a unique noninvasive, multianalyte test that simultaneously evaluates levels of eight cancer...

lung cancer
issues in oncology

Barriers to Treatment in Limited-Stage Small Cell Lung Cancer

In a study reported in JAMA Oncology, Pezzi et al found that lack of health insurance, including Medicare and Medicaid, was associated with not receiving combined-modality therapy in limited-stage small cell lung cancer (SCLC). They also found that lack of insurance was associated with poorer...

lung cancer
immunotherapy

Improved Overall and Progression-Free Survival With First-Line Pembrolizumab in Combination With Pemetrexed and Cisplatin or Carboplatin in NSCLC

The phase III KEYNOTE-189 trial—investigating pembrolizumab (Keytruda) in combination with pemetrexed (Alimta) and cisplatin or carboplatin for the first-line treatment of patients with metastatic nonsquamous non–small cell lung cancer (NSCLC)—met its dual primary endpoints of...

lung cancer

FDA Approves Afatinib for Previously Untreated, Metastatic NSCLC With Other Nonresistant EGFR Mutations

On January 12, 2018, the U.S. Food and Drug Administration (FDA) granted approval to afatinib (Gilotrif) for a broadened indication in first-line treatment of patients with metastatic non–small cell lung cancer (NSCLC) whose tumors have nonresistant epidermal growth factor receptor (EGFR)...

lung cancer
issues in oncology

Study Finds Adolescents Using Alternative Tobacco Products Are More Likely to Smoke 1 Year Later

Nonsmoking adolescents who use e-cigarettes, smokeless tobacco, or tobacco water pipes are more likely to start smoking conventional cigarettes within a year, according to new research by the University of California, San Francisco (UCSF). Findings were published by Watkins et al in JAMA...

lung cancer

Passive Scattering Proton Therapy vs Intensity-Modulated Photon Radiotherapy for Locally Advanced NSCLC

In a study reported in the Journal of Clinical Oncology, Liao et al found that passive scattering proton radiotherapy (PSPT) improved heart—but not lung—radiation dose-volume indices vs intensity-modulated photon radiotherapy (IMRT) in patients with advanced non–small cell lung...

lung cancer

Chemoradiation in Elderly Patients With Stage III NSCLC Improves Overall Survival

Elderly patients with stage III non–small cell lung cancer (NSCLC) showed improved overall survival when treated with chemoradiation compared to definitive radiation alone, according to findings published by Miller et al in the Journal of Thoracic Oncology. NSCLC constitutes between...

breast cancer
colorectal cancer
lung cancer
skin cancer
issues in oncology

Growing Socioeconomic and Racial Disparities in Management of Brain Metastases

Increasing use of a potentially life-saving treatment for metastatic cancer is leaving too many vulnerable patients behind, according to a new study from Yale Cancer Center/Smilow Cancer Hospital published by Kann et al in JNCCN – Journal of the National Comprehensive Cancer Network. The...

lung cancer

Patients With SCLC Face Barriers to Receiving Standard-of-Care Treatment

Despite decades of clinical research establishing chemotherapy with thoracic radiation as the standard of care for the initial management of nonmetastatic small cell lung cancer (SCLC), a large percentage of U.S. patients do not receive these treatments, and in turn have lower overall survival,...

lung cancer

Sequence of Postoperative Radiotherapy and Chemotherapy in Locally Advanced or Incompletely Resected NSCLC

In a study of National Cancer Database data reported in the Journal of Clinical Oncology, Francis et al found that receipt of adjuvant chemotherapy before vs concurrently with radiotherapy was associated with improved survival in patients with non–small cell lung cancer (NSCLC) found to have...

lung cancer

FDA Accepts sNDA for Osimertinib in First-Line Treatment of EGFR-Mutated NSCLC

On December 18, the U.S. Food and Drug Administration (FDA) accepted a supplemental New Drug Application (sNDA) for the use of osimertinib (Tagrisso)—a third-generation, irreversible epidermal growth factor receptor (EGFR) tyrosine kinase inhibitor with clinical activity against central...

lung cancer

Study Suggests Racial Differences in Lung Tumor Biology

According to research by the American Cancer Society, lung cancer is the second most common cancer in men and women in the United States and is the leading cause of cancer-related death. In addition, among all populations, African Americans tend to have the highest lung cancer incidence and...

lung cancer

Combination Therapy for Previously Untreated Stage IV NSCLC

As reported in The Lancet Oncology by Herbst et al, the phase III SWOG S0819 trial showed no overall benefit of adding cetuximab (Erbitux) to carboplatin/paclitaxel both with and without bevacizumab (Avastin) in patients with previously untreated stage IV non–small cell lung cancer (NSCLC). A ...

lung cancer

EU Expert Group Releases Position Statement on Lung Cancer Screening in Europe

As reported in The Lancet Oncology by Oudkerk et al, a European Union (EU) expert group has issued a position statement on low-dose computed tomography (CT) screening for lung cancer, proposing a near-term phased implementation of screening in high-risk regions within 18 months and extension to all ...

lung cancer

Comparison of EGFR Inhibitors in Untreated Advanced EGFR-Mutant NSCLC

As reported in The New England Journal of Medicine by Soria et al, the phase III FLAURA trial has shown a significant progression-free survival benefit with the third-generation epidermal growth factor receptor (EGFR) tyrosine kinase inhibitor (TKI) osimertinib (Tagrisso) vs standard EGFR TKIs in...

lung cancer

Global Lung Cancer Awareness Month Coalition Announces Goals

The Lung Cancer Awareness Month Coalition (LCAMC), a group of more than 20 research and advocacy organizations from around the world focused on thoracic cancers, announced the launch of the 2017 Lung Cancer Awareness Month in early November with a panel event at the National Press Club in...

lung cancer

Adjuvant Chemotherapy With or Without Monoclonal Antibody in Resected NSCLC

The phase III E1505 trial has shown no benefit of adding bevacizumab (Avastin) to adjuvant therapy in early-stage resected non–small cell lung cancer (NSCLC). These results were reported by Wakelee et al in The Lancet Oncology. Study Details In the open-label trial, 1,501 patients from...

lung cancer

Patient-Reported Outcomes With Immunotherapy vs Chemotherapy in Advanced NSCLC

Pembrolizumab (Keytruda) treatment was associated with improved or maintained health-related quality of life vs platinum-based chemotherapy in the phase III KEYNOTE-024 trial in advanced programmed cell death ligand 1 (PD-L1)–positive non–small cell lung cancer (NSCLC). These findings...

lung cancer

ESMO Asia 2017: FLAURA Trial: Osimertinib Improves Progression-Free Survival in Asian Patients With EGFR-Mutated NSCLC

Osimertinib (Tagrisso) improves progression-free survival compared to standard first-line therapy in Asian patients with EGFR-mutated non–small cell lung cancer (NSCLC), according to the Asian subset analysis of the FLAURA trial presented at the European Society for Medical Oncology (ESMO)...

lung cancer

ESMO Asia 2017: Analysis of Mutations in Cerebrospinal Fluid in Lung Cancer With Brain Metastases

In a study presented at the European Society for Medical Oncology (ESMO) Asia 2017 Congress (Abstract 35P_PR), researchers analyzed the presence of mutations in the cerebrospinal fluid of patients with lung cancer and brain metastases. Tumor tissue from brain metastasis is difficult to obtain,...

lung cancer

ESMO Asia 2017: Alectinib More Effective Than Crizotinib in Asian Patients With ALK-Positive NSCLC

A subanalysis of the phase III ALEX study has shown that alectinib (Alecensa) is more effective than the standard of care, crizotinib, in Asian patients with anaplastic lymphoma kinase (ALK)-positive non–small cell lung cancer (NSCLC), researchers reported at the European Society for Medical...

lung cancer

ASCO Endorses ASTRO Guideline on Stereotactic Body Radiotherapy for Early-Stage NSCLC

As reported in the Journal of Clinical Oncologyby Bryan J. Schneider, MD, of the University of Michigan, Ann Arbor, and colleagues, ASCO has endorsed the recently released American Society for Radiation Oncology (ASTRO) evidence-based guideline on stereotactic body radiotherapy in early-stage...

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