Natalie Moryl, MD, on Managing Pain in Patients With Cancer
NCCN 2023 Annual Conference
Natalie Moryl, MD, of Memorial Sloan Kettering Cancer Center, discusses severe cancer pain, a medical emergency that should be addressed with immediate intervention. The treatment plan, Dr. Moryl says, should include making a pain diagnosis; addressing reversible causes of pain such as spinal cord compression, fracture, or obstruction; selecting, titrating, and rotating opioids and co-analgesics; and routine screening for risks of opioid use disorder and mental health comorbidities.
Mitesh J. Borad, MD, of the Mayo Clinic Comprehensive Cancer Center, discusses the expanding number of options in immunotherapies for patients with advanced hepatobiliary cancers, applying targeted treatments to this disease, and the importance of genomic profiling in patients with biliary tract cancers.
Jordan McPherson, PharmD, MS, BCOP, of the Huntsman Cancer Institute at the University of Utah, summarizes a case-based panel discussion on best practices in caring for patients with immune-related adverse events. He focuses on pneumonitis, which can occur with immune checkpoint inhibitor therapy, detailing factors such as comorbidities, infectious etiology, and disease progression; the need to consider myositis and myasthenia gravis in patients who develop immune-related myocarditis; and oral toxicities including mucositis and sicca syndrome.
Ella A. Kazerooni, MD, of the University of Michigan Rogel Cancer Center, discusses reducing cancer deaths in the United States by identifying patients at risk for lung cancer. Engaging with primary care physicians and facilitating referrals are keys to a successful lung cancer screening program, she says, as is working with a nurse care coordinator.
Michael K. Gibson, MD, PhD, of Vanderbilt-Ingram Cancer Center, discusses the importance of developing additional treatment strategies for patients with advanced or metastatic esophageal squamous cell carcinoma and describes the role of immune checkpoint inhibitors. Dr. Gibson also reviews the available evidence on the use of nivolumab in this patient population.
Deborah M. Stephens, DO, of the Huntsman Cancer Institute at the University of Utah, discusses NCCN’s updates to treatment recommendations for patients with chronic lymphocytic leukemia/small lymphocytic lymphoma. Dr. Stephens details the key factors in selecting front-line and subsequent therapies, including IGHV status, del(17p)/TP53 mutation status, age, comorbidities, and resistance mutations.