Ana Oaknin, MD, PhD, on Cervical Cancer: Safety and Efficacy Results With Nivolumab and Ipilimumab

ESMO Congress 2022


Ana Oaknin, MD, PhD, of Barcelona’s Vall d’Hebron University Hospital, discusses findings from the CheckMate 358 trial, which showed that chemotherapy-free immunotherapy with nivolumab alone or in combination with ipilimumab may provide durable tumor regression with manageable toxicity in patients with recurrent or metastatic cervical cancer, regardless of tumor PD-L1 expression (Abstract 520MO).



Disclaimer: This video transcript has not been proofread or edited and may contain errors.
CheckMate 358 is an ongoing Phase I/II study analyzing the role of nivolumab and nivolumab/ipilimumab combination in virus-associated cancer, including cervical cancer, regardless of PDL1 status. In the cervical cancer cohort, recovering metastatic cervical cancer patients were randomized into two arms, nivolumab plus ipilimumab in two different regimens: NIVO 1 IPI 3, or NIVI 3 IPI 1. These combinations were analyzed in the first-line setting and the second-line. The primary objective of the study was overall response rate and secondary objective progression-free survival, overall survival, and duration of response. The two-treatment combination show promising overall response rate, and remarkably, we observe greater responses when the patient received this combination of first-line therapy. Interestingly, the combination show responses regardless of PDL1 status. And when we saw the response rate in this combination were greater that we saw with nivolumab monotherapy. In addition, PFS and overall survival were really, really promising. When we look at the median overall survival for those patients treated with NIVO 1 IPI 3, was around 20 months and interestingly 48% of the patients were alive up to NGS. However, this data should be interpreted with caution because the trial is not fully randomized and the population was a mixed population. The safety profile of the combination in this study was aligned with the previous reported data. We need to say that some adverse events, such as hepatitis and colitis seem to be higher for those patients treated with nivolumab 1 ipilimumab 3. But in conclusion, I can say that outcome from the NIVO 3 combination show very, very promising outcome, and it may be considered as a kind of chemotherapy free regimen for our patient with metastatic recurrent cervical cancer.

Related Videos

Colorectal Cancer

Myriam Chalabi, MD, PhD, on Colon Cancer: New Findings on Neoadjuvant Immune Checkpoint Inhibition

Myriam Chalabi, MD, PhD, of The Netherlands Cancer Institute, discusses data from the NICHE-2 study, which confirms previously reported pathologic responses to short-term neoadjuvant nivolumab plus ipilimumab in patients with locally advanced mismatch repair–deficient colon cancer. Survival data suggest neoadjuvant immunotherapy may become standard of care and allow further exploration of organ-sparing approaches. (Abstract LBA7).

Lung Cancer

Charles Swanton, PhD, on Non–Small Cell Lung Cancer Induced by Air Pollution

Charles Swanton, PhD, of The Francis Crick Institute, discusses a newly discovered mechanism of action for air pollution–induced non–small cell lung cancer in which particles linked to climate change appear to promote cancerous changes. The finding might pave the way for new potential approaches to lung cancer prevention and treatment (Abstract LBA1).

Gynecologic Cancers

Ana Oaknin, MD, PhD, on Cervical Cancer: New Findings on Cemiplimab in Recurrent or Metastatic Disease

Ana Oaknin, MD, PhD, of Barcelona’s Vall d’Hebron University Hospital, discusses an analysis of long-term survival from the EMPOWER-Cervical 1/GOG-3016/ENGOT-cx9 trial. Cemiplimab-rwlc is the first immunotherapy to demonstrate an overall survival benefit as a second-line monotherapy for patients with recurrent or metastatic cervical cancer previously treated with platinum-based chemotherapy but not immunotherapy. The benefit was sustained in this population (Abstract 519MO).

Colorectal Cancer

Julien Taïeb, MD, PhD, on Colorectal Cancer: Recent Findings on Avelumab vs Standard Second-Line Chemotherapy

Julien Taïeb, MD, PhD, of Paris Descartes University, discusses phase II results from the SAMCO-PRODIGE 54 trial, which shows the efficacy and safety of avelumab in the second-line treatment of patients with deficient DNA mismatch–repair microsatellite-instability metastatic colorectal cancer. According to Dr. Taïeb, the study indirectly suggests this population should be treated as soon as possible with an immune checkpoint inhibitor (Abstract LBA23).

Breast Cancer

Matthew P. Goetz, MD, on Breast Cancer: Interim Survival Results With Abemaciclib Plus a Nonsteroidal Aromatase Inhibitor

Matthew P. Goetz, MD, of Mayo Clinic, discusses recent data from the MONARCH 3 trial of patients with advanced hormone receptor–positive, HER2-negative breast cancer. The study, a second interim analysis, showed that longer overall survival was observed in both the intention-to-treat group as well as in the subgroup with visceral disease. However, neither met the threshold for statistical significance, and further analyses are planned when more data can be reported. (Abstract LBA15).