Wesley Yip, MD, on Urothelial Carcinoma: New Data on Neoadjuvant Gemcitabine and Cisplatin
2022 ASCO Genitourinary Cancers Symposium
Wesley Yip, MD, of Memorial Sloan Kettering Cancer Center, discusses phase II results on neoadjuvant gemcitabine and cisplatin for high-grade upper tract urothelial carcinoma, which was well tolerated and demonstrated a favorable pathologic response rate. Dr. Yip notes that this treatment, given prior to nephroureterectomy, did not significantly delay surgery or increase perioperative complication rates.
Neil E. Fleshner, MD, MPH, of the Princess Margaret Cancer Centre, discusses phase II results from the ACDC-RP trial, which indicate a significant tumor response to neoadjuvant abiraterone acetate plus prednisone and leuprolide, with or without cabazitaxel, in patients with high-risk prostate cancer. Those who exhibited either a complete response or minimal residual disease experienced higher rates of progression-free survival. According to Dr. Fleshner, genomic efforts are underway to determine predictors of response.
Xin Gao, MD, of Massachusetts General Hospital, discusses phase I/II findings on bavdegalutamide, an androgen receptor protein degrader, which showed clinical activity in heavily pretreated patients with metastatic castration-resistant prostate cancer who received one to two prior novel hormonal agents.
Karim Fizazi, PhD, MD, of Gustave Roussy and University of Paris-Saclay, discusses results from a first-in-human phase I/II trial, which showed that administering ODM-208—an oral, nonsteroidal inhibitor of the enzyme CYP11A1—to men with metastatic castration-resistant prostate cancer who were pretreated with abiraterone/enzalutamide and taxanes was effective in blocking the production of steroid hormones. It also showed antitumor activity, especially in men with AR mutation–positive cancers.
Fred Saad, MD, of the University of Montreal Health Centre, discusses phase III findings demonstrating for the first time the clinical benefits of olaparib plus abiraterone in patients with metastatic castration-resistant prostate cancer, irrespective of their homologous recombination repair mutation status. This regimen led to significantly longer radiographic progression-free survival than placebo plus abiraterone (Abstract 11).
Petros Grivas, MD, PhD, of the University of Washington and Fred Hutchinson Cancer Research Center, discusses results from Cohort 3 of the TROPHY-U-01 study, which assessed sacituzumab govitecan-hziy in combination with pembrolizumab in patients with metastatic urothelial cancer who experienced disease progression after platinum-based regimens (Abstract 434).