Matthew R. Smith, PhD, MD, on Prostate Cancer: Phase III Data on Darolutamide, Androgen Deprivation, and Docetaxel
2022 ASCO Genitourinary Cancers Symposium
Matthew R. Smith, PhD, MD, of Massachusetts General Hospital Cancer Center, discusses overall survival findings from the ARASENS trial, which assessed the efficacy of the androgen receptor inhibitor darolutamide vs placebo in combination with androgen-deprivation therapy and docetaxel for patients with metastatic hormone-sensitive prostate cancer (Abstract 13).
Axel S. Merseburger, MD, of the University Hospital Schleswig-Holstein, discusses results from a phase IIIb study of chemotherapy-naive patients with metastatic castration-resistant prostate cancer who have been treated with docetaxel plus prednisolone and experienced disease progression on enzalutamide. The data suggest that continued enzalutamide plus docetaxel improved progression-free survival compared with placebo plus docetaxel (Abstract 15).
Simon J. Crabb, PhD, MBBS, of the Southampton Experimental Cancer Medicine Centre, discusses data from the ATLANTIS trial, in which the authors hypothesized that switch maintenance therapy with the PARP inhibitor rucaparib, in patients who have derived clinical benefit from first-line chemotherapy, may improve outcomes for those with metastatic urothelial carcinoma that harbored a composite biomarker for DNA repair deficiency (Abstract 436).
Hielke-Martijn de Vries, MD, of the Netherlands Cancer Institute, discusses phase II findings on the use of atezolizumab with or without radiotherapy for patients with advanced squamous cell carcinoma of the penis. The study was designed to address the poor prognosis for this disease by exploring whether a protracted schedule of radiotherapy for locoregional disease, in combination with immunotherapy, could improve outcomes (Abstract 3).
Petros Grivas, MD, PhD, of the University of Washington and Fred Hutchinson Cancer Research Center, discusses results from Cohort 3 of the TROPHY-U-01 study, which assessed sacituzumab govitecan-hziy in combination with pembrolizumab in patients with metastatic urothelial cancer who experienced disease progression after platinum-based regimens (Abstract 434).
Alfredo Berruti, MD, of Italy’s University of Brescia, discusses the first study to give adjuvant mitotane to patients with adrenocortical carcinoma, a rare disease with a high risk of relapse after radical surgery. Although theoretically this treatment may be clinically worthwhile, the findings suggest that the need for adjuvant mitotane should always be discussed on a case-by-case basis by the multidisciplinary team, and more study is warranted (Abstract 1).