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Breast Cancer

New Study Finds Suspicious Lesions on Breast MRI in Neoadjuvant Setting Are Unlikely to Be Malignant

According a new study published by Eckstein et al in the American Journal of Roentgenology (AJR), new suspicious findings occurred in 5.5% of breast magnetic resonance imaging (MRI) examinations performed to monitor patients’ response to neoadjuvant therapy; none of these newly detected lesions...

Breast Cancer
Legislation
Issues in Oncology

Dense Breast Notification Legislation: Recorded Effects and Future Recommendations

According to findings published by Kressin et al in the Journal of the American College of Radiology, women living in states in which in dense breast notifications are legislatively mandated had higher rates of being informed about personal breast density and of having had breast density...

Breast Cancer
Geriatric Oncology
Symptom Management

Novel Risk Tool for Predicting Severe Toxicity in Older Patients Receiving Chemotherapy for Early-Stage Breast Cancer

As reported in the Journal of Clinical Oncology, Allison Magnuson, DO, and colleagues have developed a risk tool for predicting severe toxicity in patients aged 65 and older receiving chemotherapy for early-stage breast cancer. Study Details The prospective cohort study included 473 patients...

Breast Cancer
Issues in Oncology

Performing Mammograms for Targeted Populations While Patients Are Hospitalized

Completing cancer screening tests such as mammograms can be challenging for low-income patients who may face such challenges as lack of transportation or inability to take time off work. A team at Massachusetts General Hospital explored the possibility of addressing preventive care needs when...

COVID-19
Breast Cancer
Survivorship

Italian Study of Electronic Medical Record–Assisted Telephone Follow-up of Breast Cancer Survivors During the COVID-19 Pandemic

In an Italian single-institution study reported in JCO Oncology Practice, Merz et al evaluated the use of electronic medical record–assisted telephone follow-up (E-TFU) of breast cancer survivors to minimize hospital exposure over a 3-month period during the COVID-19 pandemic. The strategy was...

Breast Cancer

Palbociclib Plus Endocrine Therapy vs Capecitabine for Patients With HR-Positive, HER2-Negative Breast Cancer: The PEARL Trial

Although patients with hormone receptor (HR)-positive, HER2-negative, aromatase inhibitor–resistant metastatic breast cancer maintained quality of life for a longer time following treatment with palbociclib plus either exemestane or fulvestrant than capecitabine, those receiving chemotherapy...

Breast Cancer

Can Postoperative Whole-Breast Irradiation Be Safely Omitted in Older Women With Low-Risk Breast Cancer?

Omitting postoperative radiotherapy with whole-breast irradiation may not compromise 10-year overall survival or increase the risk of developing metastasis in most women 65 years and older with low-risk breast cancer, according to results of the large randomized PRIME II trial reported at the 2020...

Breast Cancer
Gynecologic Cancers
Colorectal Cancer

Rates of Eligible People Missing Timely Cancer Screenings: A Canadian Analysis

New research published by Abdel-Rahman in JNCCN—Journal of the National Comprehensive Cancer Network found more than one-third of eligible people miss timely screening tests for colorectal cancer, and at least one-quarter appear to miss timely screening tests for breast and cervical cancers....

Breast Cancer
Pain Management

New Study Examines Patterns of Opioid Use Among Patients With Metastatic Breast Cancer

Some patients with metastatic breast cancer are taking smaller doses of opioid prescriptions over decreased amounts of time, according to results published by Shen et al in Scientific Reports. Researchers said that the results indicate that clinicians may be more aware of the negative impacts of...

breast cancer

Ann H. Partridge, MD, MPH, on ER+, HER2– Breast Cancer: More Effective Treatments Needed

Ann H. Partridge, MD, MPH, of Dana-Farber Cancer Institute, discusses results from the ALTERNATE trial on response to neoadjuvant chemotherapy in postmenopausal women with clinical stage II or III estrogen receptor–positive and HER2-negative breast cancer that is resistant to endocrine therapy. The findings highlight the need for more effective treatments in this high-risk population (Abstract GS4-05).

breast cancer

Elizabeth A. Mittendorf, MD, PhD, on Her Plenary Lecture: Local Regional Management Following Neoadjuvant Therapy

Elizabeth A. Mittendorf, MD, PhD, of Brigham and Women’s Hospital, summarizes her plenary talk, which featured the uncertainties in treatment knowledge: excision of postchemotherapy calcifications; the best sentinel lymph node biopsy technique for patients with node-positive disease who convert to node-negative disease with neoadjuvant chemotherapy; whether immunohistochemistry should be routinely used for sentinel lymph node evaluation; and the role of radiation therapy in this patient population.

Breast Cancer

Distinct T-Cell Signature in Black Patients With Breast Cancer May Contribute to More Aggressive Disease

A research team has revealed a distinct molecular signature in the tumor tissues of Black patients with breast cancer. The new work, published by Yao et al in JNCI: Journal of the National Cancer Institute, reported that an elevated number of “exhausted,” nonfunctional T cells appears to lead to...

Breast Cancer
Immunotherapy

Subcutaneous Fixed-Dose vs Intravenous Pertuzumab/Trastuzumab for HER2-Positive Early Breast Cancer

As reported in The Lancet Oncology by Tan et al, the phase III FeDeriCa trial showed comparable pharmacokinetics and pathologic complete response rates with a subcutaneous (SC) fixed-dose combination of pertuzumab and trastuzumab vs the same combination administered intravenously (IV)—both given...

Breast Cancer

Surgical Intervention May Offer Survival Advantage for Certain Patients With Metastatic Breast Cancer

Surgery, in addition to treatments like chemotherapy and radiation therapy, may improve survival for certain patients with metastatic breast cancer. A research team studied nearly 13,000 patients with stage IV disease and found that those who had surgery in addition to other treatments had a...

Gynecologic Cancers
Breast Cancer

Study Clarifies Time-Dependent Effects of Oral Contraceptives on Risk of Ovarian, Endometrial, and Breast Cancers

A comprehensive study involving more than 250,000 women showed that oral contraceptive use may be protective against the development of ovarian and endometrial cancers, but the effect on lifetime risk of breast cancer is more limited. The protective effect on ovarian and endometrial cancers was...

Breast Cancer
Immunotherapy

Addition of First-Line Pembrolizumab to Chemotherapy in Metastatic Triple-Negative Breast Cancer: KEYNOTE-355

As reported in The Lancet by Javier Cortes, MD, and colleagues, the phase III KEYNOTE-355 trial has shown that the addition of pembrolizumab to chemotherapy improved progression-free survival among previously untreated patients with locally recurrent inoperable or metastatic triple-negative breast...

Breast Cancer

Pembrolizumab Plus Chemotherapy for Locally Recurrent Unresectable or Metastatic Triple-Negative Breast Cancer

On November 13, 2020, pembrolizumab (Keytruda) was granted accelerated approval by the U.S. Food and Drug Administration (FDA) for use in combination with chemotherapy for patients with locally recurrent unresectable or metastatic triple-negative breast cancer with tumors expressing PD-L1 (Combined ...

Breast Cancer

CTC Enumeration Predicts Survival Early in Treatment of Metastatic Breast Cancer

The number of circulating tumor cells (CTCs) assessed at baseline and at about 1 month after cancer-directed treatment was strongly associated with overall survival in patients with metastatic breast cancer, according to a large retrospective pooled analysis reported at the 2020 San Antonio Breast...

Breast Cancer

RxPONDER: Many Postmenopausal Patients With Node-Positive Breast Cancer Can Avoid Chemotherapy

Just in are the results of the SWOG S1007 RxPONDER trial, which evaluated the benefit of chemotherapy in women with early-stage hormone receptor–positive, HER2-negative breast cancer and node-positive disease.1 The data showed that many postmenopausal women can skip adjuvant chemotherapy, based on ...

breast cancer

Sibylle Loibl, MD, on HR+ HER2– Primary Breast Cancer: Palbociclib and Endocrine Therapy

Sibylle Loibl, MD, of the German Breast Group, discusses the first phase III results from the PENELOPE-B study of palbociclib combined with endocrine therapy in patients with hormone receptor–positive, HER2-negative primary breast cancer who are at high risk for relapse after neoadjuvant chemotherapy (Abstract GS1-02).

breast cancer
genomics/genetics
immunotherapy

Joyce V. Lee, PhD, on Triple-Negative Breast Cancer: MYC as a Predictor of Treatment Response

Joyce V. Lee, PhD, of the University of California, San Francisco, discusses data that suggest the MYC oncogene may indicate whether a patient with triple-negative breast cancer will respond to immunotherapy. Dr. Lee’s study is the first to describe MYC downregulation of MHC-I and to demonstrate translatable approaches that may overcome immune evasion (Abstract GS1-08).

breast cancer

Roisin M. Connolly, MD, on HR+ Advanced Breast Cancer: Endocrine Therapy and Entinostat

Roisin M. Connolly, MD, of University College Cork, discusses phase III results from the E2112 trial, which showed exemestane plus entinostat did not improve survival in aromatase inhibitor–resistant advanced HR-positive, HER2-negative breast cancer (Abstract GS4-02).

Breast Cancer
Immunotherapy

FDA Approves Margetuximab-cmkb Plus Chemotherapy for Previously Treated Patients With Metastatic HER2-Positive Breast Cancer

On December 16, the U.S. Food and Drug Administration (FDA) approved margetuximab-cmkb (Margenza) in combination with chemotherapy for the treatment of adult patients with metastatic HER2-positive breast cancer who have received two or more prior anti-HER2 regimens, at least one of which was for...

breast cancer

Lee S. Schwartzberg, MD, on HER2– HR+ Breast Cancer: Tesetaxel and Capecitabine

Lee S. Schwartzberg, MD, of the West Cancer Center, discusses phase III results from the CONTESSA study, which showed that an all-oral regimen of tesetaxel plus a reduced dose of capecitabine significantly improved progression-free survival compared with capecitabine alone in patients with HER2-negative, hormone receptor–positive metastatic breast cancer previously treated with a taxane (Abstract GS4-01).

breast cancer
immunotherapy

Sara A. Hurvitz, MD, on Triple-Negative Breast Cancer: Sacituzumab Govitecan and Chemotherapy

Sara A. Hurvitz, MD, of the David Geffen School of Medicine at UCLA, discusses phase III data from the ASCENT study of the antibody-drug conjugate sacituzumab govitecan vs chemotherapy in patients with previously treated metastatic triple-negative breast cancer (Abstract GS3-06).

breast cancer
supportive care

Patricia A. Ganz, MD, on Younger Breast Cancer Survivors: Managing Depression

Patricia A. Ganz, MD, of the University of California, Los Angeles, discusses study findings that showed mindfulness meditation and survivorship education may effectively reduce depression and related symptoms such as fatigue and sleep disturbance, which pose serious threats to younger women’s health and well-being after being treated for cancer (Abstract GS2-10).

breast cancer

Joseph A. Sparano, MD, on HR+, HER2– Breast Cancer: Individualizing Prognosis and Predicting Treatment Success

Joseph A. Sparano, MD, of the Montefiore Medical Center and Albert Einstein College of Medicine, discusses the development and validation of a tool that integrates the 21-gene recurrence score and clinicopathologic features to individualize prognosis for distant recurrence and predict chemotherapy benefit in patients with early breast cancer with greater precision (Abstract GS4-10).

Breast Cancer
Geriatric Oncology

Addition of Chemotherapy to Local Therapy in Women Aged 70 or Older With Triple-Negative Breast Cancer

In a National Cancer Database analysis reported in The Lancet Oncology, Crozier et al found that receipt of neoadjuvant or adjuvant chemotherapy was associated with improved overall survival among women aged 70 or older undergoing surgery for stage I to III triple-negative breast cancer. Study...

breast cancer

Nadia Harbeck, MD, on Early Breast Cancer: Endocrine Therapy After Preoperative Treatment

Nadia Harbeck, MD, of the University of Munich, discusses the first outcome data from the phase III ADAPT HR+/HER– trial, which combined both static and dynamic biomarkers to optimize the adjuvant therapy approach in patients with intermediate- or high-risk luminal early breast cancer (Abstract GS4-04).

Breast Cancer

Cost-Effectiveness of Neoadjuvant/Adjuvant Treatment Strategies for HER2-Positive Breast Cancer

In a study reported in JAMA Network Open, Kunst et al compared five neoadjuvant-adjuvant treatment strategies for patients with HER2-positive breast cancer and identified one that was associated with both improved outcomes and cost savings. The researchers found that a strategy of neoadjuvant...

Breast Cancer

SABCS 2020: CTC Enumeration May Be Predictive of Survival During Treatment for Metastatic Breast Cancer

The number of circulating tumor cells (CTCs) assessed at baseline and about 1 month after cancer-directed treatment was associated with overall survival in patients with metastatic breast cancer, according to findings from a large retrospective pooled analysis reported by Wolfgang Janni, MD, PhD,...

Breast Cancer
Immunotherapy

SABCS 2020: Patient-Reported Outcomes From the Phase III IMpassion031 Trial

Adding an immune checkpoint inhibitor to a standard chemotherapy regimen for patients with early-stage triple-negative breast cancer did not affect patients’ ability to perform day-to-day activities more than treatment with chemotherapy alone, according to research presented by Elizabeth...

Breast Cancer

SABCS 2020: New Prognostic Tool to Determine Individual Risk of Distant Recurrence, Benefit of Adjuvant Chemotherapy in Early Breast Cancer

In a study presented at the 2020 San Antonio Breast Cancer Symposium (Abstract GS4-10) and concurrently published in the Journal of Clinical Oncology, Joseph A. Sparano, MD, and colleagues described the development and validation of a new prognostic tool. RSClin integrates the 21-gene recurrence...

Breast Cancer

SABCS 2020: RxPONDER Study Shows Postmenopausal Patients With Node-Positive Breast Cancer May Be Able to Avoid Chemotherapy

Just in are the results of the SWOG S1007 RxPONDER trial, which evaluated the benefit of chemotherapy in women with early-stage, hormone receptor (HR)-positive, node-positive breast cancer. Based on the findings, many postmenopausal women may be able to safely skip adjuvant chemotherapy. However,...

Breast Cancer

SABCS 2020: Follow-up Data From monarchE Show Continued Abemaciclib Benefit in High-Risk, HR-Positive, HER2-Negative Breast Cancer

Extended follow-up results from the phase III monarchE trial showed that adding the cyclin-dependent kinase inhibitor abemaciclib to standard adjuvant endocrine therapy continued to improve invasive disease­–free survival in patients with high-risk, node-positive, early-stage, hormone receptor...

Breast Cancer
Survivorship

SABCS 2020: Can Mindfulness Meditation and Survivorship Education Help to Reduce Depression in Young Breast Cancer Survivors?

New research showed that behavioral interventions—mindfulness meditation and survivorship education classes—may be effective in reducing depressive symptoms in younger breast cancer survivors. This patient population often experiences the highest levels of depression, stress, and fatigue, which may ...

breast cancer

Debra A. Pratt, MD, on Time to Completion of Breast Cancer Treatment and Survival

In her recent study, Debra A. Pratt, MD, of the Cleveland Clinic, showed that when breast cancer treatment using any of three modalities takes longer than 38 weeks, it is associated with a decrease in survival, regardless of the receptor status. Patients with breast cancer who received neoadjuvant chemotherapy were more likely to take longer than 38 weeks to complete treatment than those undergoing surgery first (Abstract S11-34 ).

breast cancer

Chirag Shah, MD, on Assessing DCIS Recurrence Risk

Chirag Shah, MD, of the Cleveland Clinic, discusses the impact of DCISionRT testing on radiation therapy recommendations for patients with ductal carcinoma in situ following lumpectomy. His study found that despite using traditional favorable-risk criteria, radiation recommendations were changed in more than 40% of patients (Abstract PS6-17).

Breast Cancer

Staying a Step Ahead of Cancer

When I was diagnosed with metastatic breast cancer in 2018, my first thought was, I hope my three young children do not lose two parents to cancer. My husband, Ricky, had survived two bouts of cancer, early-stage colorectal cancer and, most recently, stage I kidney cancer. Like Ricky’s two...

Breast Cancer
Immunotherapy

Improved Outcomes With Neoadjuvant Paclitaxel Plus Trastuzumab/Lapatinib vs Paclitaxel/Trastuzumab in HER2-Positive Breast Cancer

In a 7-year follow-up of the phase III CALGB 40601/Alliance trial reported in the Journal of Clinical Oncology, ­Aranzazu Fernandez-Martinez, MD, of Lineberger Comprehensive Center, University of North Carolina, Chapel Hill, and colleagues found that neoadjuvant paclitaxel combined with a dual...

Breast Cancer

No Reduced Recurrence Risk With Perioperative Aromatase Inhibitor Use in HR-Positive Breast Cancer

In the UK phase III POETIC trial reported in The Lancet Oncology, Ian Smith, MD, of The Royal Marsden NHS Foundation Trust, London, and colleagues, found that perioperative aromatase inhibitor therapy did not reduce the risk of recurrence in postmenopausal women with hormone receptor (HR)-positive...

Breast Cancer
Immunotherapy

Immunotherapy for Triple-Negative Breast Cancer: An Evolving Story

Immunotherapy with checkpoint inhibitors, established as a treatment of many solid tumors, may be finding a role in the treatment of breast cancer. The current state of the art regarding immunotherapy for triple-negative breast cancer was the focus of a talk by Heather L. McArthur, MD, MPH, Medical ...

Breast Cancer

Understanding Breast Cancer Diagnosis and Treatment Disparities in Resource-Challenged Nations

Cancer is the second leading cause of death in the Caribbean. Adding to this growing burden, many of the nations in this geographically spread region have under-resourced health-care systems and a lack of cohesive approaches to the delivery of cancer care. To shed light on the public health...

Breast Cancer
Symptom Management
Issues in Oncology

SABCS 2020: Patients With Breast Cancer Undergoing Radiotherapy May Have Underrecognized Side Effects

Among patients with breast cancer treated with radiotherapy, symptoms were commonly underrecognized in reports of pain, pruritus, edema, and fatigue, with younger patients and Black patients having significantly increased odds of symptom underrecognition. These findings were reported by Reshma...

Breast Cancer
Pain Management
Issues in Oncology

SABCS 2020: Opioid and Sedative-Hypnotic Use After Mastectomy With Reconstructive Surgery

Women who undergo mastectomy with reconstructive surgery as part of breast cancer treatment may face the risk of persistent use of opioids and sedative-hypnotic drugs, according to data presented by Jacob Cogan, MD, and colleagues at the 2020 San Antonio Breast Cancer Symposium (Abstract GS3-08)....

Breast Cancer
Survivorship

SABCS 2020: Meta-analysis of Pregnancy Outcomes in Breast Cancer Survivors

A large meta-analysis of breast cancer survivors of childbearing age indicated that they are less likely than the general public to become pregnant and may face a higher risk of certain complications, such as preterm labor. However, most survivors who do become pregnant deliver healthy babies and...

Breast Cancer

SABCS 2020: Radiotherapy Omission After Breast-Conserving Surgery for Older Patients With HR-Positive Breast Cancer

Patients aged 65 or older with hormone receptor (HR)-positive breast cancer who did not receive radiation therapy after breast-conserving surgery had higher rates of local recurrence but similar 10-year survival rates when compared to patients who received postoperative radiation therapy, according ...

Breast Cancer

Circulating Tumor DNA and Disease-Free Survival in Patients With Breast Cancer

In a systematic review and meta-analysis reported in JAMA Network Open, Cullinane et al found that higher levels of plasma circulating tumor DNA (ctDNA) were associated with poorer disease-free survival in patients with both early and advanced breast cancer, with the association being stronger with ...

Breast Cancer

Analysis of Adjuvant Therapies for Early-Stage Triple-Negative Breast Cancer

In a population-based cohort study reported in JAMA Network Open, Zhai et al found that adjuvant therapies were associated with improved overall survival among patients with stage I (T1 N0 M0) triple-negative breast cancer, with adjuvant chemotherapy being associated with improved breast...

Breast Cancer
Palliative Care

End-of-Life Care Among Commercially Insured Women Younger Than 65 With Metastatic Breast Cancer

In a study reported in JCO Oncology Practice, Ferrario et al found a sizable increase in end-of-life intensive care unit (ICU) admissions and a small but significant increase in emergency department visits over time among commercially insured women younger than age 65 with metastatic breast cancer...

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