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breast cancer

Study Identifies Six Prognostic Factors That May Predict Invasive Breast Cancer Recurrence After a DCIS Diagnosis

Results from a new study are providing information to potentially improve the clinical management of women diagnosed with ductal carcinoma in situ (DCIS). A systematic review with meta-analyses to summarize current knowledge on prognostic factors for invasive disease after a diagnosis of DCIS has...

Breast Cancer

Biomarkers Can Now Help Guide Treatment Selections in Breast Cancer

A growing list of biomarkers is beginning to drive targeted therapy in breast cancer, and clinicians can take advantage of these assays to make treatment selections, Debu Tripathy, MD, Professor of Medicine and Chair of Breast Medical Oncology at The University of Texas MD Anderson Cancer Center,...

Breast Cancer

Study Finds Radiation Therapy After Surgery for Pediatric Ependymoma Improves Survival

RADIATION THERAPY immediately following surgery in children with ependymoma, the third most common pediatric brain tumor, nearly tripled survival, in a Children’s Oncology Group (COG) clinical trial led by Thomas E. Merchant, DO, PhD, Chair of the Department of Radiation Oncology at St. Jude...

breast cancer
cost of care

Does Oncotype DX–Guided Treatment Reduce Initial Costs of Breast Cancer Care?

A new study suggests that Oncotype DX–guided treatment could reduce the cost for the first year of breast cancer care in the United States by about $50 million (about 2% of the overall costs in the first year). These findings were published by Mariotto et al in the Journal of the...

breast cancer

Low-Dose Tamoxifen vs Placebo in Preventing Local and Contralateral Recurrence in Breast Intraepithelial Neoplasia

In an Italian phase III study reported in the Journal of Clinical Oncology, DeCensi et al found that tamoxifen at 5 mg/d vs placebo for 3 years reduced the risk of recurrence of breast intraepithelial neoplasia and was associated with limited toxicity. As noted by the investigators,...

breast cancer
leukemia
myelodysplastic syndromes

FDA Pipeline: Designations for Myelodysplastic Syndromes, Triple-Negative Breast Cancer, AML, and EBV-Associated Cancers

Over the past week, the U.S. Food and Drug Administration (FDA) granted several Fast Track and Orphan Drug designations to treatments for myelodysplastic syndromes, triple-negative breast cancer, acute myeloid leukemia (AML), and Epstein-Barr virus (EBV)-associated cancers. Fast Track Designation...

breast cancer

Addition of Radiotherapy After Breast-Conserving Surgery Based on Level of Tumor-Infiltrating Lymphocytes

In a long-term follow-up of the Swedish Breast Cancer Group 91 Radiotherapy trial reported in the Journal of Clinical Oncology, Kovács et al found that higher levels of stromal tumor–infiltrating lymphocytes (TILs) and receipt of radiotherapy were independently associated with reduced...

breast cancer

Follow-up of Adjuvant Paclitaxel and Trastuzumab in Small HER2-Positive Breast Tumors

As reported in the Journal of Clinical Oncology by Tolaney et al, 7-year follow-up of the phase II Adjuvant Paclitaxel and Trastuzumab trial showed that adjuvant paclitaxel and trastuzumab were associated with “excellent” outcomes in women with small, node-negative HER2-positive breast...

breast cancer
gynecologic cancer

Actionable Pathogenic Variants in a Population-Based Cohort of Patients With Breast or Ovarian Cancer

In a study reported in the Journal of Clinical Oncology, Kurian et al found that approximately one-quarter of women with breast cancer and one-third of those with ovarian cancer underwent cancer genetic testing, and that 8% to 15% of those tested had actionable pathogenic variants. Study Details...

breast cancer
issues in oncology

Effect of Exercise Intervention on Cardiovascular Disease Risk in Overweight or Obese Patients With Early-Stage Breast Cancer

In a study reported in JAMA Oncology, Lee et al found that an aerobic and resistance exercise intervention reduced Framingham Risk Scores (FRS) for cardiovascular disease among overweight or obese women with early-stage breast cancer. In the single-center trial, 100 women with stage I to III...

breast cancer

Stromal Tumor–Infiltrating Lymphocytes and Outcomes in Early-Stage HER2-Positive Breast Cancer

In a study reported in the Journal of the National Cancer Institute, Kim and colleagues found that higher levels of stromal tumor–infiltrating lymphocytes (TILs) were associated with better outcomes in patients receiving adjuvant chemotherapy or trastuzumab plus chemotherapy for early-stage...

Breast Cancer

Better Techniques Coming to Breast Cancer Screening

BREAST CANCER SCREENING is no longer “just mammography” but involves a growing list of ever more sophisticated techniques that are improving detection, according to Elizabeth Morris, MD, Professor of Radiology, the Larry Norton Chair, and Chief of the Breast Imaging Service at Memorial Sloan...

Breast Cancer
Immunotherapy

Expert Point of View: Kunle Odunsi, MD, PhD

THE DISCUSSANT of the abstract was Kunle Odunsi, MD, PhD, Cancer Center Deputy Director, Chair of the Department of Gynecologic Oncology, and Executive Director of the Center for Immunotherapy, at Roswell Park Comprehensive Cancer Center, Buffalo, New York. He emphasized the large number of...

Breast Cancer

Biologic Age and Elevated Risk of Breast Cancer

Biologic age—a DNA-based estimate of a person’s age—may be associated with the development of breast cancer, according a report published by Jacob K. Kresovich, PhD, of the National Institute of Environmental Health Sciences (NIEHS), and colleagues in the Journal of the National Cancer Institute.1...

Breast Cancer
Immunotherapy

Vaccine Plus Trastuzumab in Preventing Recurrence of HER2–Low-Expressing Breast Cancer

IN HIGH-RISK patients with breast cancer and low expression of HER2 (HER2 low), a peptide vaccine targeting HER2, combined with granulocyte-macrophage colony-stimulating factor (GM-CSF), and given concurrently with trastuzumab, may help to prevent recurrence. Final analysis of a randomized phase...

Breast Cancer

Advanced HER2-Positive Breast Cancer: All Eyes on These Novel Agents

NEW AGENTS for the treatment of advanced HER2-positive breast cancer should be coming soon to your clinic, according to Sara A. Hurvitz, MD, Director of the Breast Cancer Clinical Research Program and Associate Professor of Medicine at the David Geffen School of Medicine at the University of...

breast cancer

American College of Physicians Issues Guidance Statement for Breast Cancer Screening in Average-Risk Women

Average-risk women between the ages of 50 and 74 who have no symptoms for breast cancer should undergo breast cancer screening with mammography every other year, the American College of Physicians (ACP) has recommended in a new evidence-based guidance statement published by Qaseem et al...

breast cancer

Final Overall Survival Results With Fulvestrant Plus Anastrozole in Metastatic Breast Cancer

As reported in The New England Journal of Medicine by Mehta et al, the final overall survival results of the phase III SWOG S0226 trial show that the addition of first-line fulvestrant to anastrozole was associated with improved overall survival in postmenopausal women with hormone...

breast cancer

FDA Expands Palbociclib Indication in HR-Positive, HER2-Negative Breast Cancer to Include Male Patients

Today, the U.S. Food and Drug Administration (FDA) extended the indication of palbociclib (Ibrance) capsules in combination with specific endocrine therapies for hormone receptor (HR)–positive, HER2-negative advanced or metastatic breast cancer to include male patients. “Today, we are...

breast cancer

AACR 2019: Does Primary Tumor Surgery Increase Survival in Patients With Advanced HER2-Positive Breast Cancer?

Surgery was associated with higher survival rates for patients with HER2-positive stage IV breast cancer compared with those who did not undergo surgery, according to results presented by Mudgway et al at the American Association for Cancer Research (AACR) Annual Meeting (Abstract 4873). Between...

breast cancer
leukemia
myelodysplastic syndromes

FDA Pipeline: Mammography Policies, Designations for Leukemias and Myelodysplastic Syndrome

This week, the U.S. Food and Drug Administration (FDA) announced policy changes to modernize mammography policies and issued a Breakthrough Therapy designation, an Orphan Drug designation, and an investigational new drug application. FDA Advances Policy Changes to Modernize Mammography Services...

Breast Cancer
Immunotherapy

Expert Point of View: Matthew P. Goetz, MD

“WHAT’S IMPORTANT for clinicians to take away from this analysis is that there is clearly zero benefit of atezolizumab/nab-paclitaxel in patients with programmed cell death ligand 1 (PD-L1)-negative disease. In PD-L1–positive patients, the combination improves progression-free survival and overall ...

Breast Cancer
Immunotherapy

IMpassion130 Substudy: Atezolizumab/Nab-Paclitaxel Survival Benefits Limited to PD-L1–Positive Triple-Negative Breast Cancer

THE PHASE III IMpassion130 trial, first reported at the European Society for Medical Oncology (ESMO) 2018 Congress1 and published in The New England Journal of Medicine,2 found that the combination of front-line atezolizumab plus nab-paclitaxel significantly improved disease-free and overall...

Breast Cancer
Immunotherapy

FDA Grants Accelerated Approval to Atezolizumab/ Nab-paclitaxel in Triple-Negative Breast Cancer

ON MARCH 8, the U.S. Food and Drug Administration (FDA) granted accelerated approval to atezolizumab (Tecentriq) plus nab-paclitaxel (Abraxane) for the treatment of adults with unresectable, locally advanced or metastatic, PD-L1–positive triple-negative breast cancer. PD-L1 status is determined by...

Breast Cancer
Genomics/Genetics

American Society of Breast Surgeons Recommends Genetic Testing for Newly Diagnosed Patients With Breast Cancer

IN A MOVE that is a significant departure from current testing recommendations, the American Society of Breast Surgeons (ASBrS) recommends that genetic testing be available to all individuals newly diagnosed with breast cancer.1 The new recommendations expand on common restrictions by the National...

Breast Cancer

Trastuzumab Biosimilar for HER2-Overexpressing Breast Cancer

ON DECEMBER 14, 2018, trastuzumab-pkrb (Herzuma) was approved as a biosimilar to trastuzumab for patients with HER2-overexpressing breast cancer.1 Trastuzumab-pkrb is indicated for adjuvant treatment of HER2-overexpressing breast cancer and metastatic HER2-overexpressing breast cancer.2 Health-care ...

breast cancer
survivorship

Patient Preferences for Oncologist and Primary Care Provider Roles After Initial Breast Cancer Treatment

In a study reported in the Journal of Oncology Practice, Radhakrishnan et al found that the level of involvement of medical oncologists and primary care physicians during initial cancer care in women with early-stage breast cancer affected patients’ preference for provider roles after initial ...

breast cancer

Breast Density Assessment Variation by Screening Modality

Fewer women are assigned to a dense-breast category when evaluated with advanced mammographic screening technologies compared to standard digital mammography, according to a new study published by Gastounioti et al in Radiology. Density Assessment A woman’s breast density is assessed during ...

breast cancer
cost of care

Genomic Testing Associated With Lower Health-Care Costs in Patients With High-Risk Breast Cancer

New research published by Dinan et al in JNCCN—Journal of the National Comprehensive Cancer Network provides evidence that genomic recurrence score testing using the 21-gene assay is associated with decreased cancer care costs in real-world practice among certain patients with breast...

breast cancer

Artificial Intelligence vs Radiologists in Breast Cancer Detection With Digital Mammography

In a study reported in the Journal of the National Cancer Institute, Rodriguez-Ruiz et al found that a stand-alone artificial intelligence (AI) system had accuracy comparable to an average breast radiologist in detecting breast cancer using digital mammography. Study Details In the retrospective...

breast cancer

Melinda L. Telli, MD, on NCCN Guidelines Updates for HR-Positive, HER2-Negative Early-Stage Breast Cancer

Melinda L. Telli, MD, of the Stanford Cancer Institute, discusses the various systemic therapies for patients with early-stage hormone receptor–positive, HER2-negative disease.

breast cancer

William J. Gradishar, MD, on HR-Positive, HER2-Negative Advanced Breast Cancer: NCCN Guidelines Updates

William J. Gradishar, MD, of the Robert H. Lurie Comprehensive Cancer Center of Northwestern University, discusses evidence-based first-line treatment options for patients with advanced hormone receptor–positive, HER2-negative breast cancer and toxicities associated with the various therapeutic options.

breast cancer

Validation Study of Several Models of Breast Cancer Risk

In a validation study reported in The Lancet Oncology, Terry et al found that the Breast and Ovarian Analysis of Disease Incidence and Carrier Estimation Algorithm model (BOADICEA) and the International Breast Cancer Intervention Study model (IBIS) were the best of 4 models tested for predicting...

breast cancer
issues in oncology

Number of Pregnancies May Influence Breast Cancer Risk in Women With BRCA Mutations

Researchers have found the lower risk of breast cancer associated with multiple pregnancies and breastfeeding in the general population extends to those at the highest risk of breast cancer. These results were published by Terry et al in the JNCI Cancer Spectrum. Methods and Findings The...

breast cancer

Neratinib Plus Capecitabine Active Against HER2-Positive Breast Cancer Brain Metastases

In the phase II TBCRC 022 trial reported in the Journal of Clinical Oncology, Freedman et al found that the combination of neratinib and capecitabine was active against brain metastases in women with HER2-positive breast cancer. Modest activity of neratinib monotherapy had been found in previous...

Breast Cancer

Restarting My Life After Terminal Cancer

At the end of 2015, I was dying. I was just 50 years old and a wife and mother of 2 teenage boys. Twelve years earlier, I had been diagnosed with ductal carcinoma in situ in my left breast. Despite a modified radical mastectomy and removal of nearly all of the lymph nodes in my left underarm—which ...

breast cancer
colorectal cancer
lung cancer
pain management

Opioid Use Among Older Survivors of Colorectal, Lung, and Breast Cancers

In a linked Surveillance, Epidemiology, and End Results and Medicare study reported in the Journal of Clinical Oncology, Salz et al found that chronic opioid use varied by cancer among older cancer survivors. By 6 years after diagnosis, survivors were no more likely to be chronic opioid users...

breast cancer

Use of Specialized PET/CT to Assess Estrogen Receptor Status in Recurrent or Metastatic Breast Cancer

In a Korean study reported in The Lancet Oncology, Chae et al found that 16α-[18F]fluoro-17β-oestradiol (18F-FES) positron-emission tomography/computed tomography (PET/CT) may permit accurate reevaluation of estrogen receptor status in recurrent or metastatic breast cancer when repeat...

breast cancer
leukemia
multiple myeloma
issues in oncology

FDA Pipeline: Assay Approval, Breakthrough Designations for AI Technology and CLL, and More

In the past week, the U.S. Food and Drug Administration (FDA) approved a companion diagnostic assay, granted Breakthrough Device and Breakthrough Therapy designations, and extended the review period of a proposed treatment. The agency also published four draft guidances and one final guidance...

breast cancer

Addition of Preoperative Breast MRI to Standard Evaluation in Local Ductal Carcinoma in Situ

In a French phase III trial reported in the Journal of Clinical Oncology, Balleyguier et al found that the addition of breast magnetic resonance imaging (MRI) to standard radiologic evaluation did not improve surgical reintervention rates in women with ductal carcinoma in situ undergoing...

breast cancer
gastroesophageal cancer
gastrointestinal cancer

FDA Approves Trastuzumab-qyyp in HER2-Overexpressing Breast and Gastric Cancers

The U.S. Food and Drug Administration (FDA) has approved trastuzumab-qyyp (Trazimera), a biosimilar to trastuzumab (Herceptin), for the treatment of human epidermal growth factor receptor-2 (HER2)-overexpressing breast cancer and HER2-overexpressing metastatic gastric or gastroesophageal...

breast cancer
solid tumors
gynecologic cancer
lymphoma
survivorship

Subsequent Primary Neoplasms in Survivors of Adolescent and Young Adult Cancers

In a UK population-based cohort study (Teenage and Young Adult Cancer Survivor Study) reported in The Lancet Oncology, Bright et al found that subsequent primary neoplasms were most common in survivors of adolescent and young adult (AYA) breast, cervical, and testicular cancers, as well as Hodgkin...

Breast Cancer

Factors Influencing Conversion to Mastectomy in Ductal Carcinoma in Situ

In a prospective cohort clinical trial reported in JAMA Oncology, Constance D. Lehman, MD, PhD, and colleagues found that multiple factors, including magnetic resonance imaging (MRI) findings, played a role in conversion to mastectomy among women with ductal carcinoma in situ (DCIS) who were...

Breast Cancer

Outcomes With Dose-Intense Adjuvant Chemotherapy in Early Breast Cancer

In a patient-level meta-analysis reported in The Lancet, the Early Breast Cancer Trialists’ Collaborative Group found that an increased dose intensity of adjuvant taxane and anthracycline chemotherapy in early breast cancer was associated with a decreased risk of recurrence and death from breast...

Breast Cancer

We Need Better Screening Methods for Detecting Breast Cancer

MY BREAST CANCER was probably a decade in the making, although I only became aware that there might be a problem in 2014, when I noticed some slight pain in my left breast. A routine mammogram and ultrasound found benign cysts in my dense breasts, which most likely explained the pain, I was told,...

breast cancer
immunotherapy

FDA Grants Accelerated Approval to Atezolizumab/Nab-Paclitaxel; Regular Approval Contingent on Confirmatory Trials

Today, the U.S. Food and Drug Administration (FDA) granted accelerated approval to atezolizumab (Tecentriq) plus nanoparticle albumin-bound (nab)-paclitaxel (Abraxane) for the treatment of adults with unresectable, locally advanced or metastatic, programmed cell death ligand 1 (PD-L1)-positive ...

breast cancer
issues in oncology
cost of care

Patients With Breast Cancer Provide Recommendations to Ease Financial Toxicity

A qualitative study yielded nine patient-driven recommendations across circumstances that include changes to insurance, supportive services, and financial assistance to reduce long-term, breast cancer–related economic burden. The study was published by Dean et al in Cancer. Unique...

breast cancer
gynecologic cancer
hematologic malignancies
leukemia
lymphoma
symptom management

FDA Pipeline: Updates on Treatments for Cervical Cancer, Myelofibrosis, Chemotherapy-Induced Nausea and Vomiting, and More

The FDA recently issued announcements on a Fast Track designation, a Priority Review, two supplemental new drug applications, an investigational new drug application, and a marketing clearance. The agency also released a safety communication on cancer-related surgery. Fast Track Designation for...

breast cancer
immunotherapy

G. Travis Clifton, MD, on Breast Cancer and Disease Recurrence: Final Analysis From a Study of Nelipepimut-S, GM-CSF, and Trastuzumab

G. Travis Clifton, MD, of Brooke Army Medical Center, discusses phase IIb trial findings on nelipepimut-S plus GM-CSF with trastuzumab vs trastuzumab alone to prevent recurrences of high-risk, HER2 low-expressing breast cancer (Abstract 1).

breast cancer
immunotherapy

Elizabeth A. Mittendorf, MD, PhD, on Breast Cancer Immunotherapy: Building on Recent Successes

Elizabeth A. Mittendorf, MD, PhD, of Dana-Farber Cancer Institute, discusses the encouraging data on atezolizumab plus nab-paclitaxel in the first-line setting for metastatic triple-negative breast cancer, and the potential benefits of combining immune checkpoint inhibitors with targeted treatment in breast cancer.

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