Jason J. Luke, MD, on Melanoma: KEYNOTE-716 Trial of Pembrolizumab vs Placebo
ESMO Congress 2021
Jason J. Luke, MD, of UPMC Hillman Cancer Center, discusses phase III results showing that adjuvant pembrolizumab for patients with resected stage IIB and IIC melanoma decreased the risk of disease recurrence or death by 35% compared with placebo. It was also associated with significantly prolonged recurrence-free survival (Abstract LBA3).
Nicoletta Colombo, MD, of the Istituto Europeo Oncologico, discusses phase III results that showed improvements in progression-free and overall survival with a combination of pembrolizumab plus chemotherapy, compared with placebo and chemotherapy, for patients with persistent, recurrent, or metastatic cervical cancer. These benefits were seen regardless of PD-L1 expression and concomitant bevacizumab use, suggesting that pembrolizumab plus chemotherapy, with or without bevacizumab, may be a new standard of care for this population (Abstract LBA2).
Naveen S. Vasudev, PhD, MBChB, of the University of Leeds, discusses phase II results from the PRISM trial, which showed that giving ipilimumab every 12 weeks instead of every 3 weeks, in combination with nivolumab, led to lower rates of grade 3 and 4 toxicities in patients with advanced renal cell carcinoma. Efficacy appeared to be comparable between both arms (Abstract LBA29).
Filippo Pietrantonio, MD, and Federica Morano, MD, both of the Istituto Nazionale dei Tumori, discuss results from the MAYA trial, which provided proof of concept that temozolomide-induced hypermutation may be exploited to achieve durable responses to low-dose ipilimumab plus nivolumab in patients with microsatellite stable metastatic colorectal cancer (Abstract 383O).
Robin Cornelissen, MD, PhD, of Erasmus University in Rotterdam, discusses phase II findings from the ZENITH20-4 study, which explored the question of whether poziotinib could benefit patients whose newly diagnosed non–small cell lung cancer harbors EGFR and HER2 exon 20 mutations. Potentially, this novel tyrosine kinase inhibitor may fill an unmet medical need (Abstract LBA46).
Toni K. Choueiri, MD, of Dana-Farber Cancer Institute, discusses patient-reported outcomes for quality of life in the KEYNOTE-564 study, which previously met its primary endpoint of disease-free survival with adjuvant pembrolizumab vs placebo following surgery for renal cell carcinoma (Abstract 653O).