Hope S. Rugo, MD, on Triple-Negative Breast Cancer: Treatment Findings From KEYNOTE-355 on Pembrolizumab and Chemotherapy
ESMO Congress 2021
Hope S. Rugo, MD, of the University of California, San Francisco, discusses phase III results from the KEYNOTE-355 study of pembrolizumab plus chemotherapy, which improved overall survival vs chemotherapy alone in patients with previously untreated locally recurrent, inoperable, or metastatic triple-negative breast cancer whose tumors expressed PD-L1 (Abstract LBA16).
Gerhardt Attard, MD, PhD, of The Royal Marsden NHS Foundation Trust, discusses findings that show 2 years of abiraterone acetate plus prednisolone-based treatment improves metastasis-free and overall survival in men with high-risk nonmetastatic prostate cancer. The data suggest this combination regimen might be considered a new standard of care (Abstract LBA4).
Nicoletta Colombo, MD, of the Istituto Europeo Oncologico, discusses phase III results that showed improvements in progression-free and overall survival with a combination of pembrolizumab plus chemotherapy, compared with placebo and chemotherapy, for patients with persistent, recurrent, or metastatic cervical cancer. These benefits were seen regardless of PD-L1 expression and concomitant bevacizumab use, suggesting that pembrolizumab plus chemotherapy, with or without bevacizumab, may be a new standard of care for this population (Abstract LBA2).
Benjamin Besse, MD, PhD, of the Institut Gustave Roussy, discusses final phase III findings from the Atalante-1 trial, which explored the question of whether the OSE2101 vaccine is more beneficial than standard treatment for patients with HLA-A2–positive non–small cell lung cancer after immune checkpoint inhibitors are no longer effective (Abstract LBA47).
Jonathan Lim, MBBS, MRCP, of Christie NHS Foundation Trust and the Francis Crick Institute, discusses results of an ESMO survey, which showed that the risk of poor well-being, distress, and burnout has continued to rise since the onset of the COVID-19 pandemic, despite improved job performance and sustained resilience. Those most at risk, he says, are women aged 40 years and younger (Abstract 561O).
Naveen S. Vasudev, PhD, MBChB, of the University of Leeds, discusses phase II results from the PRISM trial, which showed that giving ipilimumab every 12 weeks instead of every 3 weeks, in combination with nivolumab, led to lower rates of grade 3 and 4 toxicities in patients with advanced renal cell carcinoma. Efficacy appeared to be comparable between both arms (Abstract LBA29).