Neeraj Agarwal, MD, on Prostate Cancer: Apalutamide vs Placebo in Treatment of Metastatic Disease
2021 Genitourinary Cancers Symposium
Neeraj Agarwal, MD, of Huntsman Cancer Institute at the University of Utah, discusses final results of the phase III TITAN study, which showed apalutamide plus androgen-deprivation therapy improved overall survival, reducing the risk of death up to 48%. This combination treatment also delayed castration resistance and maintained health-related quality of life for patients with metastatic castration-sensitive prostate cancer (Abstract 11).
Tracy L. Rose, MD, of the University of North Carolina at Chapel Hill, discusses phase II results of gemcitabine and split-dose cisplatin plus pembrolizumab as neoadjuvant therapy prior to radical cystectomy for patients with muscle-invasive bladder cancer. The trial showed this combination treatment is generally safe and may improve pathologic downstaging, but further study is warranted (Abstract 396).
Elizabeth R. Plimack, MD, of Fox Chase Cancer Center, discusses phase III results from the KEYNOTE-426 study—specifically, an exploratory subgroup analysis of patients with advanced renal cell carcinoma who were randomly assigned to receive pembrolizumab plus axitinib and completed 2 years of treatment (Abstract 327).
Sumanta K. Pal, MD, of City of Hope, discusses phase II results from the SWOG 1500 study, which showed that compared with crizotinib and savolitinib, cabozantinib was the only agent that prolonged progression-free survival vs sunitinib in patients with metastatic papillary renal cell carcinoma (Abstract 270).
Elizabeth R. Plimack, MD, of Fox Chase Cancer Center, discusses key abstracts discussed at this year’s meeting on renal cell carcinoma and offers her views on the latest trends and findings (Abstracts 269, 308, 270, 313).
A spirited discussion ensued when we asked Christopher Sweeney, MBBS, of Dana-Farber Cancer Institute, and Thomas Powles, MD, PhD, of Cancer Research UK Barts Centre, to compare notes on how they treat bladder, prostate, and kidney cancers.