Tracy L. Rose, MD, on Bladder Cancer: Gemcitabine, Cisplatin, and Pembrolizumab as Neoadjuvant Therapy
2021 Genitourinary Cancers Symposium
Tracy L. Rose, MD, of the University of North Carolina at Chapel Hill, discusses phase II results of gemcitabine and split-dose cisplatin plus pembrolizumab as neoadjuvant therapy prior to radical cystectomy for patients with muscle-invasive bladder cancer. The trial showed this combination treatment is generally safe and may improve pathologic downstaging, but further study is warranted (Abstract 396).
Sumanta K. Pal, MD, of City of Hope, discusses phase II results from the SWOG 1500 study, which showed that compared with crizotinib and savolitinib, cabozantinib was the only agent that prolonged progression-free survival vs sunitinib in patients with metastatic papillary renal cell carcinoma (Abstract 270).
Elizabeth R. Plimack, MD, of Fox Chase Cancer Center, discusses phase III results from the KEYNOTE-426 study—specifically, an exploratory subgroup analysis of patients with advanced renal cell carcinoma who were randomly assigned to receive pembrolizumab plus axitinib and completed 2 years of treatment (Abstract 327).
Monika Joshi, MD, of Penn State Hershey Cancer Institute, discusses phase II results from the DUART study, which explored the efficacy of concurrent durvalumab, a checkpoint inhibitor, and radiation therapy followed by adjuvant durvalumab in patients with localized urothelial cancer of the bladder (Abstract 398).
Thomas Powles, MD, PhD, of Cancer Research UK Barts Centre, discusses phase III results from the EV-301 trial, which showed that enfortumab vedotin is the first therapy to demonstrate a significant survival advantage over standard chemotherapy in patients with previously treated locally advanced or metastatic urothelial carcinoma (Abstract 393).
Christopher Sweeney, MBBS, of Dana-Farber Cancer Institute, discusses phase III findings from the IPATential150 trial, which showed the effectiveness of ipatasertib plus abiraterone as first-line treatment in patients with metastatic castration-resistant prostate cancer vs placebo plus abiraterone. Analyses of biomarkers linked to the PI3K/AKT pathway, a subtype with a poor prognosis, further support this therapeutic option (Abstract 13).