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Lymphoma
COVID-19
Immunotherapy

Patients With Lymphoma Receiving B-Cell–Depleting Therapies May Be at Greater Risk for Persistent COVID-19 Infection

B-cell–depleting immunotherapy may cause B-cell aplasia and impair the body’s immune response. A retrospective, multicentric French study of patients with lymphoma and persistent COVID-19 infection has found that those treated with B-cell–depleting therapies within the previous 12 months had nearly ...

Lymphoma

New Burkitt Lymphoma International Prognostic Index

As reported by Olszewski et al in the Journal of Clinical Oncology, members of The Burkitt Lymphoma International Prognostic Index Consortium have developed an index—the Burkitt Lymphoma International Prognostic Index (BL-IPI)—that provides “robust discrimination of survival” among adult patients...

Lymphoma
Geriatric Oncology

Lenalidomide Plus Subcutaneous Rituximab-MiniCHOP in Patients Aged 80 or Older With DLBCL

In the French phase III SENIOR trial reported in the Journal of Clinical Oncology, Oberic et al found that the addition of lenalidomide to subcutaneous rituximab plus attenuated-dose CHOP (mini-CHOP; cyclophosphamide, doxorubicin, vincristine, prednisone) did not improve overall survival in...

Lymphoma

FDA Approves Crizotinib for Children and Young Adults With Relapsed or Refractory Systemic ALK-Positive ALCL

On January 14, the U.S. Food and Drug Administration (FDA) approved crizotinib (Xalkori) for pediatric patients aged 1 year and older and young adults with relapsed or refractory systemic anaplastic large cell lymphoma (ALCL) that is ALK-positive. The safety and efficacy of crizotinib have not been ...

hematologic malignancies
lymphoma
multiple myeloma
issues in oncology
palliative care

Lena E. Winestone, MD, MSHP, on Health-Care Disparities in Hematologic Cancers: Real-World Data

Lena E. Winestone, MD, MSHP, of the University of California, San Francisco and Benioff Children’s Hospital, reviews different aspects of bias in treatment delivery, including patient selection for clinical trials; racial and ethnic disparities in survival for indolent non-Hodgkin diffuse large B-cell lymphomas; and end-of-life hospitalization of patients with multiple myeloma, as well as outcome disparities (Abstracts 207-212).

lymphoma

Steven M. Horwitz, MD, on PTCL: Update on Efficacy of Duvelisib Dose Optimization

Steven M. Horwitz, MD, of Memorial Sloan Kettering Cancer Center, discusses phase II data from the Primo trial, which support continued evaluation of duvelisib as a treatment option for relapsed or refractory peripheral T-cell lymphoma due to consistent response rates (Abstract 44).

lymphoma

Tycel J. Phillips, MD, on Marginal Zone Lymphoma: Efficacy and Safety of Parsaclisib

Tycel J. Phillips, MD, of the University of Michigan Rogel Cancer Center, discusses phase II data from the CITADEL-204 study, showing that patients with relapsed or refractory marginal zone lymphoma who were not previously treated with a Bruton’s tyrosine kinase inhibitor achieved rapid and durable responses with single-agent parsaclisib. Comparable results were also observed in patients with nodal, extranodal, or splenic disease (Abstract 338).

lymphoma

Steven M. Horwitz, MD, on T-Cell Lymphoma: Update on Allogeneic Hematopoietic Transplant

Steven M. Horwitz, MD, of Memorial Sloan Kettering Cancer Center, discusses data from the largest multicenter retrospective analysis of allogeneic hematopoietic transplantation, which supports its curative potential in patients with mature T-cell lymphoma, a group marked by poor survival and limited treatment options (Abstract 41).

Lymphoma
Immunotherapy

Initial Therapy for Asymptomatic Follicular Lymphoma: Start With Watch and Wait or Rituximab

For patients with indolent follicular lymphoma, generally take a conservative approach to treatment unless the patient is symptomatic, advised John P. Leonard, MD, Executive Vice-Chair of Weill Department of Medicine at Weill-Cornell Medicine/NewYork-Presbyterian, New York.1 “Prognostic scores are...

Immunotherapy
Leukemia
Lymphoma

FDA Approves Rituximab-arrx, a Biosimilar to Rituximab

On December 17, the U.S. Food and Drug Administration (FDA) approved rituximab-arrx (Riabni), a biosimilar to rituximab (Rituxan), for the treatment of adult patients with non-Hodgkin lymphoma, chronic lymphocytic leukemia, granulomatosis with polyangiitis (Wegener's granulomatosis), and...

Lymphoma

ASH 2020: ctDNA May Indicate Increased Risk of Relapse After Stem Cell Transplant in Patients With DLBCL

Many patients with diffuse large B-cell lymphoma (DLBCL) may be cured by autologous stem cell transplant, but as many as half eventually relapse. New research presented by Reid Merryman, MD, and colleagues at the 2020 American Society of Hematology (ASH) Annual Meeting & Exposition suggests...

Lymphoma
Immunotherapy

ASH 2020: Phase II ZUMA-12 Study Investigates Axicabtagene Ciloleucel for High-Risk Large B-Cell Lymphoma

The phase II ZUMA-12 trial found that axicabtagene ciloleucel, an autologous anti-CD19 chimeric antigen receptor (CAR) T-cell therapy, is a safe and effective therapy for patients with high-risk large B-cell lymphoma. These results were presented by Sattva S. Neelapu, MD, and colleagues at the 2020 ...

lymphoma
immunotherapy

Andrew D. Zelenetz, MD, PhD, on Mantle Cell Lymphoma: Expert Perspective on Key Clinical Trials

Andrew D. Zelenetz, MD, PhD, of Memorial Sloan Kettering Cancer Center, offers his expert views on five treatment studies in mantle cell lymphoma focusing on the next-generation BTK inhibitor LOXO-305; lisocabtagene maraleucel; minimal residual disease monitoring following autologous stem cell transplantation with or without rituximab maintenance; the antibody-drug conjugate VLS-101; and venetoclax, lenalidomide, and rituximab (Abstracts 117, 118, 120, 121, 122).

lymphoma
immunotherapy

Andrew D. Zelenetz, MD, PhD, on Mantle Cell Lymphoma: Immunochemotherapy Plus Lenalidomide

Andrew D. Zelenetz, MD, PhD, of Memorial Sloan Kettering Cancer Center, discusses phase II results from a single-center study that explored a novel approach for high-risk patients with mantle cell lymphoma. Among patients with TP53 wild-type disease, the data suggested this treatment was effective (Abstract 119).

lymphoma

Ari M. Melnick, MD, on Activated B-Cell­–Like DLBCL: Gain-of-Function Mutations and Resistance to Ibrutinib

Ari M. Melnick, MD, of Weill Cornell Medicine, discusses the BCL10 mutation in patients with activated B-cell–like diffuse large B-cell lymphoma, and his study results which showed that the mutation should be considered as a biomarker for ibrutinib resistance so that alternative targeted treatments can be prioritized (Abstract 3).

Lymphoma

Extranodal Marginal Zone Lymphoma of Mucosa-Associated Lymphoid Neoplasms

The ASCO Post is pleased to present the Hematology Expert Review, an ongoing feature that quizzes readers on issues in hematology. In this installment, Drs. Abutalib and Medeiros explore extranodal marginal zone lymphoma of mucosa-associated lymphoid neoplasms (MALT lymphomas). For each quiz...

lymphoma
immunotherapy

Caron A. Jacobson, MD, on Treating Large B-Cell Lymphoma With Axicabtagene Ciloleucel

Caron A. Jacobson, MD, of the Dana-Farber Cancer Institute, discusses results from the ZUMA-9 C2 study, an ongoing trial that is exploring axicabtagene ciloleucel in patients with relapsed or refractory large B-cell lymphoma (Abstract 2100).

leukemia
lymphoma

Matthew S. Davids, MD, on CLL/SLL: New Data on Ibrutinib, Venetoclax, and Rituximab Therapies

Matthew S. Davids, MD, of Dana-Farber Cancer Institute, summarizes three key studies from a session he co-moderated on ibrutinib plus venetoclax for first-line treatment of patients with chronic lymphocytic leukemia (CLL) and small lymphocytic lymphoma (SLL), long-term responses to these agents for relapsed and refractory CLL, and undetectable minimal residual disease following fixed-duration treatment with venetoclax and rituximab for CLL (Abstracts 123, 124, and 125).

leukemia
lymphoma

David T. Teachey, MD, on Pediatric Leukemia and Lymphoma: New Findings on Cranial Radiation and Bortezomib

David T. Teachey, MD, of the University of Pennsylvania and Children’s Hospital of Philadelphia, discusses data showing that cranial radiation might be eliminated in most children with T-cell acute lymphoblastic leukemia and that bortezomib may improve survival in children with T-cell lymphoblastic lymphoma (Abstract 266).

Lymphoma
Immunotherapy

ZUMA-5 Trial Finds Axicabtagene Ciloleucel Shows Activity in Patients With Indolent Non-Hodgkin Lymphoma

In the phase II ZUMA-5 trial, axicabtagene ciloleucel led to responses in 92% of patients with indolent non-Hodgkin lymphoma treated with the cellular immunotherapy. These findings were reported by Caron Jacobson, MD, MMSc, and colleagues at the 2020 American Society of Hematology (ASH) Annual...

Lymphoma
Immunotherapy

ASH 2020: Early Research Shows CD58 May Be a Biomarker for Response to Axicabtagene Ciloleucel in Patients With Large B-Cell Lymphoma

Although the immunotherapy axicabtagene ciloleucel has significantly improved treatment outcomes for some patients with large B-cell lymphoma, not all patients benefit.  In a new study presented by Robbie G. Majzner, MD, and colleagues at the 2020 American Society of Hematology (ASH) Annual Meeting ...

lymphoma

Emmanuel Bachy, MD, PhD, on Peripheral T-Cell Lymphoma: Romidepsin Plus CHOP

Emmanuel Bachy, MD, PhD, of the Hospices Civils de Lyon, discusses the final analysis of a phase III study of adding romidepsin to chemotherapy in patients with previously untreated peripheral T-cell lymphoma. Adding romidepsin did not improve progression-free survival and was associated with high rates of adverse events (Abstract 39).

Lymphoma
Leukemia
Hepatobiliary Cancer
Symptom Management
Lung Cancer
Immunotherapy

FDA Pipeline: Agents in DLBCL, SCLC, AML, and More

Recently, the U.S. Food and Drug Administration (FDA) has issued regulatory decisions for agents to treat diffuse large B-cell lymphoma (DLBCL), small cell lung cancer (SCLC), acute myeloid leukemia (AML), biliary tract cancer, and graft-vs-host disease. Priority Review for Loncastuximab Tesirine...

Lymphoma
Immunotherapy

Pembrolizumab in Adult and Pediatric Classical Hodgkin Lymphoma

In the Clinic provides overviews of novel oncology agents, addressing indications, mechanisms of action, administration recommendations, safety profiles, and other essential information needed for the appropriate clinical use of these drugs. On October 14, 2020, the approval of pembrolizumab was...

Leukemia
Lymphoma
Multiple Myeloma
Immunotherapy

Novel Therapies and New Indications for Use in Treatment of Hematologic Malignancies

Daratumumab and hyaluronidase-fihj: On May 1, 2020, the FDA approved daratumumab and hyaluronidase-fihj (Darzalex) for adult patients with newly diagnosed or relapsed or refractory multiple myeloma. Ibrutinib: On April 21, 2020, the FDA expanded the indication of ibrutinib (Imbruvica) to include...

Leukemia
Lymphoma
Multiple Myeloma
Immunotherapy

Novel Therapies and New Indications for Use in Treatment of Hematologic Malignancies

Venetoclax: On October 16, 2020, the U.S. Food and Drug Administration (FDA) approved venetoclax (Venclexta) in combination with azacitidine, decitabine, or low-dose cytarabine for newly diagnosed acute myeloid leukemia (AML) in adults aged 75 or older. See page 32 for more on this approval....

Hematologic Malignancies
Multiple Myeloma
Lymphoma
Leukemia
Immunotherapy

Hematologic Oncology Highlights 2019–2020 Almanac

The past year has seen remarkable advances in the treatment of leukemia, lymphoma, and multiple myeloma, which combined account for 9.9% of the estimated 1,806,590 new cases of cancer diagnosed in the United States and an estimated 56,840 cancer-related deaths.1 Novel therapies are providing...

Lymphoma

Study Results With PET-Directed Therapy for Limited-Stage DLBCL

As reported in the Journal of Clinical Oncology by Daniel O. Persky, MD, of the University of Arizona Cancer Center, Tucson, and colleagues, the phase II Intergroup National Clinical Trials Network Study S1001 has shown good outcomes with positron-emission tomography (PET)-directed therapy in...

Lymphoma

Chemotherapy-Free Approaches in Follicular and Mantle Cell Lymphomas

As chemotherapy and chemoimmunotherapy regimens reach their maximal impact in follicular lymphoma and mantle cell lymphoma, clinicians are turning to chemotherapy-free approaches to achieve better control, less toxicity, and (hopefully) a cure. During the ASCO20 Virtual Education Program, Sonali...

Lymphoma

Newer Therapeutic Approaches Improving Outcomes in Hodgkin Lymphoma

At the 2020 Debates and didactics in Hematology and Oncology Virtual Conference, sponsored by Emory University School of Medicine and Winship Cancer Institute, Pamela Allen, MD, Assistant Professor of Medicine at Emory, described recent trials on therapeutic approaches that are informative on this ...

Lymphoma

Role of Rituximab in Treatment of Children and Adolescents With Mature B-Cell Non-Hodgkin Lymphoma

The European Intergroup for Childhood Non-Hodgkin Lymphoma/Children’s Oncology Group (EICNHL/COG) recently reported a significant improvement in event-free survival among children and adolescents (aged 6 months to 18 years) with high-risk mature B-cell non-Hodgkin lymphoma (B-NHL) following the...

Lymphoma

Addition of Rituximab to Standard Chemotherapy Improves Event-Free and Overall Survival in Children With High-Risk, Mature B-Cell Non-Hodgkin Lymphoma

In a European Intergroup for Childhood Non-Hodgkin Lymphoma/Children’s Oncology Group phase III trial, reported in TheNew England Journal of Medicine, -Véronique Minard-Colin, MD, PhD, of Gustave Roussy, Université Paris-Saclay, Villejuif, France, and colleagues found that the addition of rituximab ...

Lymphoma
Immunotherapy

Do All Patients With Refractory Diffuse Large B-Cell Lymphoma Need CAR T-Cell Therapy?

Chimeric antigen receptor (CAR) T-cell therapy has made great strides in treating patients with relapsed or refractory diffuse large-B cell lymphoma (DLBCL) and refractory mantle cell lymphoma (MCL), but there may be newer strategies that can produce equivalent outcomes, and not all patients with...

Immunotherapy
Leukemia
Lymphoma

Bispecific Anti-CD20/Anti-CD19 CAR T Cells for Patients With Relapsed B-Cell Malignancies

In a single-institution phase I dose-escalation and -expansion trial reported as a letter in Nature Medicine, Shah et al found that treatment with tandem bispecific anti-CD20/anti-CD19 4-1BB–CD3ζ lentiviral (LV20.19) chimeric antigen receptor (CAR) T cells produced high response rates in adult...

Lymphoma

Effect of ASH Choosing Wisely Recommendations on Frequency of Surveillance Imaging in Patients With DLBCL

In a retrospective analysis reported in JCO Oncology Practice, Durani et al found that use of surveillance imaging in patients with diffuse large B-cell lymphoma (DLBCL) decreased following publication of the American Society of Hematology (ASH) Choosing Wisely recommendations to limit such imaging ...

Lymphoma

Outcomes With Second-Line Therapy After Relapse in Patients With Early-Stage, Favorable, Classical Hodgkin Lymphoma

In an analysis of two German Hodgkin Study Group trials reported in the Journal of Clinical Oncology, Bröckelmann et al found that second-line treatment with conventional polychemotherapy resulted in similar second progression–free survival (progression-free survival-2) durations vs high-dose...

Lymphoma

The WHO Classification of Tumors of Hematopoietic and Lymphoid Tissues

The ASCO Post is pleased to present Hematology Expert Review, an ongoing feature that quizzes readers on issues in hematology. In this installment, Drs. Syed Ali Abutalib and L. Jeffrey Medeiros explore the updated World Health Organization (WHO) classification of hematopoietic and lymphoid tissue...

Lymphoma

Study Finds Combined HDAC and mTOR Inhibition May Improve Outcomes in Patients With Relapsed or Refractory Hodgkin Lymphoma

Results from a nonrandomized, dose-escalation phase I clinical trial investigating the histone deacetylase (HDAC) inhibitor vorinostat in combination with the mTOR inhibitors sirolimus or everolimus found the combination therapies showed activity in heavily pretreated patients with relapsed or...

Lymphoma

Tazemetostat in Relapsed or Refractory Follicular Lymphoma

In a phase II trial reported in The Lancet Oncology, Franck Morschhauser, MD, and colleagues found that the oral EZH2 inhibitor tazemetostat produced durable responses in patients with relapsed or refractory follicular lymphoma with or without an EZH2 mutation. As noted by the investigators,...

Lymphoma
Immunotherapy

FDA Extends the Approval of Pembrolizumab for Patients With Classical Hodgkin Lymphoma

On October 14, the U.S. Food and Drug Administration (FDA) extended the approval of pembrolizumab (Keytruda) for the following indications:   Adult patients with relapsed or refractory classical Hodgkin lymphoma Pediatric patients with refractory classical Hodgkin lymphoma or classical Hodgkin...

Lymphoma
Immunotherapy

Identifying Characteristics of Infused CAR T Cells Associated With Efficacy and Toxicity in Patients With Large B-Cell Lymphoma

Researchers have identified molecular and cellular characteristics of anti-CD19 chimeric antigen receptor (CAR) T-cell infusion products associated with how patients with large B-cell lymphoma respond to treatment and develop side effects. The research team also found that early changes in...

Immunotherapy
Multiple Myeloma
Lymphoma
Gastroesophageal Cancer
Gastrointestinal Cancer
Breast Cancer

FDA Pipeline: Priority Review for Agents in Multiple Myeloma, Anaplastic Large Cell Lymphoma

Recently, the U.S. Food and Drug Administration (FDA) granted Priority Review to therapies for pretreated patients with multiple myeloma and pediatric patients with ALK-positive anaplastic large cell lymphoma; granted Fast Track designation to novel agents in gastric/gastroesophageal junction...

Lymphoma

Consolidation Radiotherapy for Patients With Advanced Hodgkin Lymphoma and a Large Nodal Mass

As reported in the Journal of Clinical Oncology by Gallamini et al, the final analysis of the phase III GITIL/FIL HD0607 trial has shown that consolidation radiotherapy did not improve progression-free survival vs no further treatment in patients with advanced Hodgkin lymphoma and a baseline large...

Lymphoma

Nonlymphoma Mortality Following Initial Chemotherapy in Patients With Classical Hodgkin Lymphoma

In a study reported in the Journal of Clinical Oncology, Dores et al found that patients with classical Hodgkin lymphoma continue to be at elevated risk for mortality from causes other than lymphoma, despite advances in treating this disease. As stated by the investigators, “Mortality for patients...

Lymphoma
Immunotherapy

NCCN Adds Tafasitamab-cxix to Its Clinical Practice Guidelines in Oncology for B-Cell Lymphomas

MorphoSys and Incyte have announced that tafasita­mab-cxix, a humanized Fc-modified cytolytic CD19-targeting monoclonal antibody, has been included in the latest National Comprehensive Cancer Network Clinical Practice Guidelines®  (NCCN Guidelines®) in Oncology for B-Cell Lymphomas. Specifically,...

Lymphoma

Good Outcomes With PET-Directed Therapy for Limited-Stage Diffuse Large B-Cell Lymphoma

As reported in the Journal of Clinical Oncology by Daniel O. Persky, MD, of the University of Arizona Cancer Center, Tucson, and colleagues, the phase II Intergroup National Clinical Trials Network Study S1001 has shown good outcomes with positron-emission tomography (PET)-directed therapy in...

Lymphoma
Immunotherapy

Brexucabtagene Autoleucel for Relapsed or Refractory Mantle Cell Lymphoma

On July 24, 2020, brexucabtagene autoleucel, a CD19-directed genetically modified autologous T-cell immunotherapy, was granted accelerated approval for the treatment of adult patients with relapsed or refractory mantle cell lymphoma.1,2 Brexucabtagene autoleucel is approved with a Risk Evaluation...

Lymphoma

Applications of Circulating Tumor DNA Liquid Biopsy Continue to Expand in Lymphomas

Liquid biopsies using circulating tumor DNA (ctDNA) have the potential to personalize medicine for patients with lymphoma, going beyond traditional markers and risk factors to provide dynamic assessments over time. Expanded applications of ctDNA liquid biopsy beyond diagnosis include early response ...

Lymphoma

Disparities and Incidence of Late Effects of Treatment for AYA Lymphoma Survivors

The late effects of adolescent and young adults (AYA) with lymphomas are considerable and have not been given much attention, according to Theresa Keegan, MD, of the University of California at Davis. “Lymphoma is one of the most commonly occurring malignancies in AYAs,” she stated. “The 5-year...

Lymphoma
Immunotherapy

Newer Therapeutic Approaches Improving Outcomes in Hodgkin Lymphoma

At the 2020 Debates and Didactics in Hematology and Oncology Virtual Conference, sponsored by Emory University School of Medicine and Winship Cancer Institute, Pamela Allen, MD, Assistant Professor of Medicine at Emory, described recent trials on therapeutic approaches that are informative on this...

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