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lymphoma

Eva Hoster, PhD, on Mantle Cell Lymphoma: Predictive Value of Minimal Residual Disease on Efficacy of Rituximab Maintenance

Eva Hoster, PhD, of Munich University, discusses results from the European MCL Elderly Trial, which confirmed the strong efficacy of rituximab maintenance in minimal residual disease (MRD)-negative patients with mantle cell lymphoma (MCL) after induction. Omitting maintenance based on MRD-negativity is thus discouraged. Considering the short time to progression, more effective treatment strategies should be explored in MRD-positive patients to improve long-term prognosis (Abstract 544).

Lymphoma
Leukemia
Immunotherapy

Report Outlines Advance in Retreatment With CAR T-Cell Therapy in Patients With Relapsed or Refractory Non-Hodgkin Lymphoma or CLL

Researchers from the University of Pennsylvania’s Abramson Cancer Center presented preliminary results of an ongoing phase I clinical trial demonstrating successful retreatment with chimeric antigen receptor (CAR) T-cell therapy for patients whose cancers relapsed after previous CAR T-cell therapy. ...

lymphoma

Jia Ruan, MD, PhD, on Mantle Cell Lymphoma: Phase II Findings on Acalabrutinib/Lenalidomide/Rituximab

Jia Ruan, MD, PhD, of Meyer Cancer Center, Weill Cornell Medicine, and NewYork-Presbyterian Hospital, discusses trial results demonstrating that the triple chemotherapy-free combination of acalabrutinib, lenalidomide, and rituximab is well tolerated, highly effective, and produces high rates of minimal residual disease (MRD)-negative complete response as an initial treatment for patients with mantle cell lymphoma, including those with TP53 mutations. Real-time MRD analysis may enable treatment de-escalation during maintenance to minimize toxicity, which warrants further evaluation. An expansion cohort of acalabrutinib/lenalidomide/obinutuzumab is being launched (Abstract 73).

lymphoma
genomics/genetics

Stephen M. Ansell, MD, PhD, and Patrizia Mondello, MD, PhD: New Findings on How the IRF4 Gene Shapes Tumor Immunity in Follicular Lymphoma

Stephen M. Ansell, MD, PhD, and Patrizia Mondello, MD, PhD, both of the Mayo Clinic, discuss the 20% of patients with follicular lymphoma (FL) who relapse early and experience a poor prognosis. The researchers found that FLs with high levels of IRF4 expression are associated with a suppressive tumor microenvironment, and selective IRF4 silencing restores antilymphoma T-cell immunity. Further investigation is warranted to identify the mechanisms by which IRF4 controls tumor immunity to develop precision therapies for this population (Abstract 70).

lymphoma

Tomohiro Aoki, MD, PhD, on the Spatial Tumor Microenvironment and Outcome of Relapsed/Refractory Classical Hodgkin Lymphoma

Tomohiro Aoki, MD, PhD, of the University of British Columbia and the Centre for Lymphoid Cancer at BC Cancer, discusses a novel prognostic model applicable to patients with relapsed or refractory classical Hodgkin lymphoma who were treated with autologous stem cell transplantation. The model has shown the interaction between the biomarker CXCR5 on HRS cells (Hodgkin and Reed/Sternberg cells, hallmarks of Hodgkin lymphoma) with specific follicular T helper cells and macrophages, a prominent crosstalk axis in relapsed disease. This insight opens new avenues to developing predictive biomarkers (Abstract 71).  

lymphoma
immunotherapy

Tycel J. Phillips, MD, on Mantle Cell Lymphoma: New Findings on Glofitamab Monotherapy

Tycel J. Phillips, MD, of the City of Hope National Medical Center, discusses data that showed fixed-duration glofitamab monotherapy induced high and durable complete response rates in patients with mantle cell lymphoma (MCL) who received obinutuzumab pretreatment. This is one of the largest data sets and longest follow-ups reported with a CD20/CD3 bispecific monoclonal antibody for patients with relapsed or refractory MCL (Abstract 74).

lymphoma

Paolo F. Caimi, MD, on DLBCL: Outcomes After R-ICE Chemoimmunotherapy

Paolo F. Caimi, MD, of the Taussig Cancer Institute, Cleveland Clinic, discusses new findings showing that patients with diffuse large B-cell lymphoma (DLBCL) who achieve a complete response after salvage therapy with rituximab, ifosfamide, carboplatin, and etoposide (R-ICE) can achieve long-term disease control, regardless of the time to relapse from initial therapy, particularly if they proceed to autologous stem cell transplant (ASCT). These results suggest that second-line chemotherapy followed by ASCT and/or CAR T-cell therapy for chemosensitive and chemorefractory patients may maximize patient outcomes, regardless of time to relapse (Abstract 156).

Lymphoma

Will Ibrutinib Replace Stem Cell Transplantation as First-Line Treatment for Mantle Cell Lymphoma?

In a recent trial of the European MCL Network, people with mantle cell lymphoma who received the Bruton’s tyrosine kinase inhibitor ibrutinib had rates of progression-free survival and overall survival that were on par with the current standard of care (high-dose immunochemotherapy followed by...

Breast Cancer
Lymphoma

Breast Implants After Mastectomy Associated With Very Low Risk of ALCL

The incidence of anaplastic large cell lymphoma (ALCL) has surged in recent years—possibly because of the growing use of textured breast implants. Considering this trend, some patients with breast cancer who undergo mastectomy may wonder if the benefits of getting reconstructive implants are worth...

Lymphoma

Novel Research Suggests New Way to Target Mantle Cell Lymphoma Using FOXO1 Inhibitors

Preclinical research has shown that mantle cell lymphoma is so critically dependent on the FOXO1 protein that by blocking its activity with an experimental drug, the cancer’s growth may be slowed, according to a new study published by Jang et al in the Journal of Clinical Investigation....

Lymphoma
Cost of Care
Immunotherapy

Cost-Effectiveness of Polatuzumab Vedotin-piiq Plus R-CHP and CAR T-Cell Therapy vs Standard of Care in DLBCL

In a study reported in the Journal of Clinical Oncology, Vijenthira et al found that front-line polatuzumab vedotin-piiq plus rituximab, cyclophosphamide, doxorubicin, and prednisone (R-CHP), second-line chimeric antigen receptor (CAR) T-cell therapy, or the combination would not be likely to be...

Leukemia
Lymphoma

FDA Approves New Dosing Regimen for Asparaginase Erwinia Chrysanthemi (Recombinant)-rywn

On November 18, the U.S. Food and Drug Administration (FDA) approved a new Monday/Wednesday/Friday dosing regimen for asparaginase erwinia chrysanthemi (recombinant)-rywn (Rylaze). Under the new regimen, patients should receive 25 mg/m2 intramuscularly on Monday and Wednesday mornings and 50 mg/m2...

Breast Cancer
Lymphoma
Survivorship

Cost-Effectiveness of COG Breast Cancer Screening Guidelines for Hodgkin Lymphoma Survivors Who Received Chest Irradiation

In a cost-effective analysis reported in the Journal of Clinical Oncology, Wong et al found that only the mammography component of the Children’s Oncology Group (COG) breast cancer screening guidelines for chest-irradiated Hodgkin lymphoma survivors was cost-effective; magnetic resonance imaging...

Lymphoma
Immunotherapy

FDA Approves Brentuximab Vedotin in Combination With Chemotherapy for Pediatric Patients With Classical Hodgkin Lymphoma

On November 10, the U.S. Food and Drug Administration (FDA) approved the CD30-directed antibody-drug conjugate brentuximab vedotin (Adcetris) in combination with doxorubicin, vincristine, etoposide, prednisone, and cyclophosphamide for pediatric patients aged 2 years and older with previously...

Lymphoma

Lisocabtagene Maraleucel Improves Event-Free Survival in Second-Line Treatment of Relapsed or Refractory LBCL

As reported in The Lancet by Manali Kamdar, MD, of the University of Colorado Cancer Center, Aurora, and colleagues, an interim analysis of the phase III TRANSFORM trial has shown significantly improved event-free survival with second-line lisocabtagene maraleucel vs standard-of-care salvage...

Lymphoma
Immunotherapy

ECHELON-1 Shows Benefit for First-Line Brentuximab Vedotin Plus AVD in Advanced Hodgkin Lymphoma

The results of ECHELON-1 were presented by David J. Straus, MD, of Memorial Sloan Kettering Cancer Center, New York, at the 2022 National Comprehensive Cancer Network (NCCN) Annual Congress: Hematologic Malignancies. Dr. Straus said: “It is a great honor and privilege to present updated results...

Lymphoma
Immunotherapy

High-Dose Chemotherapy and Stem Cell Transplant vs CAR T-Cell Therapy for Resistant DLBCL

Which is the preferred second-line treatment option for patients with relapsed or refractory diffuse large B-cell lymphoma (DLBCL): high-dose chemotherapy and autologous stem cell transplantation (ASCT) or chimeric antigen receptor (CAR) T-cell therapy? This was the subject of a debate at the...

Lymphoma

‘TRANSFORMING’ Our Thinking About Second-Line Therapy for High-Risk Large B-Cell Lymphoma: Bring in the CARs

As reported in The Lancet by Kamdar et al,1 and summarized in this issue of The ASCO Post, the international phase III TRANSFORM trial was completed in 184 patients with primary refractory or early (≤ 12 months) relapsed large B-cell lymphoma (LBCL). Patients were randomly assigned to receive...

Lymphoma
Immunotherapy

Addition of Brentuximab Vedotin to Chemotherapy in Pediatric High-Risk Hodgkin Lymphoma

As reported in The New England Journal of Medicine by Castellino et al, the phase III Children’s Oncology Group (COG) AHOD1331 trial showed improved event-free survival with brentuximab vedotin plus chemotherapy vs standard chemotherapy in previously untreated pediatric patients with high-risk...

Lymphoma

PET-Adapted Therapy for Bulky Stage I/II Classical Hodgkin Lymphoma

As reported in the Journal of Clinical Oncology by Ann S. LaCasce, MD, MMSc, and colleagues, the phase II CALGB 50801/Alliance trial has shown that a positron-emission tomography (PET)-adapted treatment strategy allowed many patients with bulky stage I/II classical Hodgkin lymphoma to avoid...

Lymphoma

Response-Adapted Ultra–Low Dose Radiation Achieves Complete Response in Majority of Patients With Orbital Indolent B-Cell Lymphomas

Using a novel response-adapted ultra–low dose radiation therapy strategy, researchers at The University of Texas MD Anderson Cancer Center observed a 90% complete response rate in patients with orbital indolent B-cell lymphomas. Results were presented by Pinnix et al at the 2022 American Society...

Lymphoma

Managing Lymphomas in the Future: Some Bright Spots Are Emerging

Although standard therapies may provide long-lasting remissions for many patients with various subtypes of lymphoma, there is a critical need for new strategies for the sizable high-risk subset. At the 2022 Pan Pacific Lymphoma Conference, four experts in the field described future therapies for...

Lymphoma

What Is the Best Induction Regimen for Newly Diagnosed PCNSL?

Primary central nervous system lymphoma (PCNSL) accounts for less than 1% of all non-Hodgkin lymphomas and between 3% and 4% of all brain tumors, with an age-adjusted incidence rate of four cases per million persons per year. Approximately 1,500 new cases are diagnosed each year in the United...

Lymphoma
Immunotherapy

Changing the Algorithm for Relapsed or Refractory Large B-Cell Lymphomas

Despite a significant potential for cure, relapsed and refractory large B-cell lymphomas (LBCL) comprise the most common cause of lymphoma-related mortality. Sequential relapses reflect the limits of repeated exposure to chemotherapy, even when delivered at high doses. More than 30 years ago,...

Lymphoma

Determining Prognosis in Aggressive Lymphomas: Integrating Liquid Biopsy Into Imaging Assessment

The incorporation of blood-based measurements—ie, “liquid biopsies”—into imaging assessment may refine the accuracy of prognosis in aggressive lymphomas, as described by David Kurtz, MD, PhD, Assistant Professor in the Division of Oncology, Stanford University Medical Center, in a talk at the 2022...

Lymphoma

Axicabtagene Ciloleucel Improves Event-Free Survival vs Standard Care in Second-Line Treatment for Large B-Cell Lymphoma

As reported in The New England Journal of Medicine by Frederick L. Locke, MD, of the Department of Blood and Marrow Transplant and Cellular Immunotherapy, H. Lee Moffitt Cancer Center, Tampa, Florida, and colleagues, the phase III ZUMA-7 trial in large B-cell lymphoma has shown improved event-free...

Skin Cancer
Lymphoma

Trends in Incidence of Cutaneous T-Cell Lymphoma in the United States

In a study reported in a research letter in JAMA Oncology, Cai et al found that the incidence of cutaneous T-cell lymphoma increased in the United States between 2000 and 2018. The study involved data from 18 Surveillance, Epidemiology, and End Results (SEER) Program registries for 2000 to 2018. A...

Lymphoma

An Aggressive Type of Non-Hodgkin Lymphoma Threatened My Life

I was just 31 and about to give birth to my fourth child, Yitzchok, when I received a diagnosis of primary mediastinal large B-cell lymphoma. The news was terrifying and crippling. For months, I had been experiencing shortness of breath, coughing, and a pain in my left shoulder, all of which were...

Leukemia
Lymphoma
Myelodysplastic Syndromes

FDA Approves Pemigatinib for Patients With Myeloid/Lymphoid Neoplasms and FGFR1 Rearrangement

On August 26, the U.S. Food and Drug Administration (FDA) approved pemigatinib (Pemazyre), a selective fibroblast growth factor receptor (FGFR) inhibitor, for the treatment of adults with relapsed or refractory myeloid/lymphoid neoplasms with FGFR1 rearrangement. Myeloid/lymphoid neoplasms with...

Lymphoma

Tisagenlecleucel for Relapsed or Refractory Follicular Lymphoma

On May 27, 2022, tisagenlecleucel, a CD19 chimeric antigen receptor (CAR) T-cell therapy, was granted accelerated approval for adults with relapsed or refractory follicular lymphoma after two or more lines of systemic therapy.1 Supporting Efficacy Data Approval was based on the multicenter ELARA...

lymphoma

Anna Sureda, MD, PhD, on Large B-Cell Lymphoma: New Data on Axicabtagene Ciloleucel vs Standard of Care

Anna Sureda, MD, PhD, of the University of Barcelona and the Catalan Institute of Oncology, discusses phase III clinical and patient-reported outcomes from the ZUMA-7 trial, which showed that axicabtagene ciloleucel was superior to second-line standard-of-care treatment in patients 65 years or older with relapsed or refractory large B-cell lymphoma (Abstract S211).

Lymphoma

Rituximab, Lenalidomide, and Ibrutinib With Sequential Addition of Chemotherapy in Newly Diagnosed DLBCL: Smart Start Trial

In a single-institution phase II trial (Smart Start) reported in the Journal of Clinical Oncology, Jason Westin, MD, MS, and colleagues found that initiating treatment with rituximab, lenalidomide, and ibrutinib (RLI) followed by the sequential addition of chemotherapy resulted in high response...

Lymphoma

Lisocabtagene Maraleucel in Second-Line Treatment of Large B-Cell Lymphoma

On June 24, 2022, lisocabtagene maraleucel was approved for adults with large B-cell lymphoma (LBCL) who have (1) refractory disease to first-line chemoimmunotherapy or relapse within 12 months of first-line chemoimmunotherapy; or (2) refractory disease to first-line chemoimmunotherapy or relapse...

Lymphoma
Immunotherapy

Expert Point of View: Alexey V. Danilov, MD, PhD

According to Alexey V. Danilov, MD, PhD, Professor and Co-Director, Toni Stephenson Lymphoma Center, City of Hope, diffuse large B-cell lymphoma (DLBCL) refractory to chemotherapy represents an unmet medical need, with data from the SCHOLAR-1 study demonstrating a median overall survival of...

Lymphoma
Immunotherapy

Epcoritamab Under Study in Difficult-to-Treat Large B-Cell Lymphoma

Subcutaneous epcoritamab, a bispecific antibody, has demonstrated deep and durable responses in a large expansion cohort of patients with relapsed or refractory large B-cell lymphoma (LBCL), according to late-breaking data presented during the European Hematology Association (EHA) 2022 Congress in...

Lymphoma

Risk Prediction Models for Coronary Heart Disease and Heart Failure After Treatment for Hodgkin Lymphoma

In a study reported in the Journal of Clinical Oncology, de Vries et al developed risk models for predicting the development of coronary heart disease and heart failure in patients treated for Hodgkin lymphoma. Study Details The prediction models were developed in a Dutch cohort of 1,433 5-year...

Lymphoma

First-Line Lenalidomide/Rituximab vs Rituximab/Chemotherapy With Rituximab Maintenance for Advanced Follicular Lymphoma

As reported in the Journal of Clinical Oncology by Franck Morschhauser, MD, PhD, and colleagues, 6-year results from the second interim analysis of the phase III RELEVANCE trial show similar progression-free and overall survival with lenalidomide/rituximab (R2) vs rituximab/chemotherapy (R-chemo)...

Lymphoma
Genomics/Genetics

Study Reveals Potential Genomic Contributors to the Development of DLBCL

By searching previously ignored regions of the genome, researchers have found a multitude of new genetic mutations that may contribute to diffuse large B-cell lymphoma (DLBCL). These findings were published by Bal et al in Nature. “Our findings not only show that these mutations can contribute to...

Lymphoma

Brentuximab Vedotin Plus AVD vs ABVD for the First-Line Treatment of Early-Stage Unfavorable-Risk Hodgkin Lymphoma

In a European phase II trial (BREACH) reported in the Journal of Clinical Oncology, Fornecker et al found that brentuximab vedotin (BV) plus doxorubicin, vinblastine, and dacarbazine (BV-AVD) improved the rate of positron-emission tomography (PET)-negative status after two cycles of treatment vs...

Lymphoma

Consolidation Radiotherapy vs Autologous Stem Cell Transplantation for Primary CNS Lymphoma

As reported in the Journal of Clinical Oncology by Houillier et al, 8-year follow-up in the French phase II PRECIS trial has shown a maintained event-free survival benefit with autologous stem cell transplantation (ASCT) vs whole-brain radiotherapy (WBRT) as consolidation in patients aged ≤ 60...

Leukemia
Lymphoma

Zandelisib in Continuous or Intermittent Dosing Schedules With or Without Rituximab for Relapsed or Refractory B-Cell Malignancies

In a first-in-patients phase Ib study reported in The Lancet Oncology, John M. Pagel, MD, PhD, and colleagues identified the safety profiles of the PI3Kδ inhibitor zandelisib given in intermittent vs continuous dosing schedules with or without rituximab in patients with relapsed of refractory...

Lymphoma

ECHELON-1 Trial: Brentuximab Vedotin With Chemotherapy Offers Survival Benefit in Stage III or IV Hodgkin Lymphoma

Brentuximab vedotin plus doxorubicin, vinblastine, and dacarbazine (a regimen known as A+AVD) significantly reduced the risk of mortality vs standard treatment with doxorubicin, bleomycin, vinblastine, and dacarbazine (ABVD) in patients with previously untreated stage III or IV classical Hodgkin...

Leukemia
Lymphoma

Zanubrutinib vs Bendamustine/Rituximab in Previously Untreated Patients With CLL or SLL

As reported in The Lancet Oncology by Constantine S. Tam, MBBS, PhD, and colleagues, an interim analysis in the phase III SEQUOIA trial has shown significantly improved progression-free survival with first-line zanubrutinib vs bendamustine/rituximab in patients with chronic lymphocytic leukemia...

Lymphoma
Immunotherapy

Second-Line Lisocabtagene Maraleucel in Patients With Relapsed or Refractory Large B-Cell Lymphoma Not Intended for HSCT

As reported in The Lancet Oncology by Sehgal et al, the phase II PILOT trial showed that the autologous, CD19-directed chimeric antigen receptor (CAR) T-cell product lisocabtagene maraleucel produced a high response rate in the second-line treatment of patients with relapsed or refractory large...

Lymphoma
Immunotherapy

Addition of Brentuximab Vedotin to Chemotherapy in Patients With Stage III or IV Hodgkin Lymphoma: Overall Survival Analysis From ECHELON-1

As reported in The New England Journal of Medicine by Stephen M. Ansell, MD, PhD, and colleagues, an analysis at 6 years of follow-up in the phase III ECHELON-1 trial has shown significantly improved overall survival with brentuximab vedotin plus doxorubicin, vinblastine, and dacarbazine (A+AVD) vs ...

Lymphoma

Do Bone Marrow Biopsies Aid in Response Assessment for Patients With Follicular Lymphoma?

In a pooled analysis of patients with follicular lymphoma treated in National Clinical Trials Network trials reported in the Journal of Clinical Oncology, Rutherford et al found evidence that bone marrow biopsies can be avoided in response assessment. The investigators stated, “Bone marrow biopsies ...

lymphoma
immunotherapy

Michael Dickinson, MBBS, on DLBCL: Phase II Expansion Results on Glofitamab

Michael Dickinson, MBBS, of the Peter MacCallum Cancer Centre, the Royal Melbourne Hospital, and The University of Melbourne, discusses new data, which showed that fixed-duration glofitamab induces durable complete remissions with a favorable safety profile in patients with or refractory diffuse large B-cell lymphoma and two or more prior therapies, including exposure to CAR T cells (Abstract 7500).

Lymphoma
Immunotherapy

Bispecific Antibody Mosunetuzumab in Relapsed or Refractory Follicular Lymphoma

In a phase II study reported in The Lancet Oncology, L. Elizabeth Budde, MD, PhD, and colleagues found that mosunetuzumab—a CD20 × CD3 T-cell–engaging bispecific antibody that redirects T cells to eliminate malignant B cells—produced a high rate of complete response in patients with relapsed or...

Lymphoma

Real-World Treatment Outcomes With Transplantation and Maintenance Rituximab in Previously Untreated Patients With Mantle Cell Lymphoma

In a U.S. “real-world” retrospective cohort study of patients receiving first-line treatment for mantle cell lymphoma reported in the Journal of Clinical Oncology, Peter Martin, MD, and colleagues found that autologous stem cell transplantation (ASCT) did not significantly improve the time to next...

Lymphoma
Immunotherapy

Lisocabtagene Maraleucel as Second-Line Treatment for Relapsed or Refractory Large B-Cell Lymphoma: TRANSFORM Trial

As reported in The Lancet by Manali Kamdar, MD, and colleagues, an interim analysis of the phase III TRANSFORM trial has shown significantly improved event-free survival with second-line lisocabtagene maraleucel vs standard-of-care salvage immunochemotherapy followed by autologous hematopoietic...

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