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hematologic malignancies
leukemia

International Prognostic Index for Patients With Chronic Lymphocytic Leukemia

The International Chronic Lymphocytic Leukemia–International Prognostic Index (CLL-IPI) working group has developed an IPI for patients with chronic lymphocytic leukemia based on a meta-analysis of individual patient data, as reported in The Lancet Oncology. Study Details The meta-analysis...

hematologic malignancies
leukemia

Venetoclax Produces High Response Rate in Relapsed or Refractory CLL With 17p Deletion

In a phase II study reported in The Lancet Oncology, Stilgenbauer et al found that the BCL2 inhibitor venetoclax (Venclexta) produced a high response rate in patients with relapsed or refractory chronic lymphocytic leukemia (CLL) with the 17p deletion (del [17p]). The study supported the recent...

leukemia

Risk Factors for Acute Pancreatitis in Children/Young Adults With Acute Lymphoblastic Leukemia

In a study reported in the Journal of Clinical Oncology, Liu et al found that Native American ancestry, older age, higher cumulative dose of asparaginase, and a rare variant of the CPA2 gene increased risk for pancreatitis in children/young adults with acute lymphoblastic leukemia (ALL). Study...

leukemia

Benefit of Dexamethasone and High-Dose Methotrexate in Children/Young Adults With High-Risk B-Acute Lymphoblastic Leukemia

As reported by Larsen et al in the Journal of Clinical Oncology, final data from the Children’s Oncology Group (COG) AALL0232 trial indicate that the event-free survival benefit of high-dose methotrexate was maintained in children/young adults with high-risk B-acute lymphoblastic leukemia....

leukemia

FDA Grants sBLA for Blinatumomab in Pediatric Patients With Ph–Negative Relapsed/Refractory B-Cell Precursor ALL

Amgen announced on May 3 that the U.S. Food and Drug Administration (FDA) has accepted for priority review the supplemental Biologics License Application (sBLA) for blinatumomab (Blincyto) to include new data supporting the treatment of pediatric and adolescent patients with Philadelphia...

hematologic malignancies
leukemia

Donor Epstein-Barr Virus Status Affects Risk for Graft-vs-Host Disease but Not Survival in Acute Leukemia After HSCT

Positive donor Epstein-Barr virus (EBV) serostatus increases the risk for graft-vs-host disease but does not affect relapse-free or overall survival among patients with acute leukemia receiving allogeneic hematopoietic stem cell transplantation (allo-HSCT), according to a study from the Acute...

leukemia

FDA Approves Venetoclax for Chronic Lymphocytic Leukemia With 17p Deletion

On April 11, 2016, the U.S. Food and Drug Administration (FDA) approved venetoclax (Venclexta) for the treatment of patients with chronic lymphocytic leukemia (CLL) with 17p deletion, as detected by an FDA-approved test, who have received at least one prior therapy. Venetoclax is the first...

leukemia

Jeffrey Jones, MD, MPH, on Chronic Lymphocytic Leukemia: Optimizing Treatment With New Agents

Jeffrey Jones, MD, MPH, of the Ohio State University Comprehensive Cancer Center, discusses the use of small molecule inhibitors in developing an individualized treatment plan for patients with CLL.

leukemia

Jerald Radich, MD, on Chronic Myeloid Leukemia: Managing Advanced-Phase Disease

Jerald P. Radich, MD, of the Fred Hutchinson Cancer Research Center, discusses ways to prevent advanced-phase chronic myeloid leukemia through adherence to prescribed treatment and routine monitoring of disease burden.

breast cancer
leukemia
lung cancer

Specific Form of CYP3A7 Gene Associated With Poor Outcomes for Patients With Several Cancer Types

Among patients with breast cancer, lung cancer, or chronic lymphocytic leukemia (CLL), those who had a specific form of the CYP3A7 gene (CYP3A7*1C) had worse outcomes compared with those who did not have CYP3A7*1C. This may be related to how the patients metabolize the therapeutics used to treat...

leukemia

Children With Leukemia From High-Poverty Areas More Likely to Suffer Early Relapse

Among children with acute lymphoblastic leukemia (ALL), the most common pediatric cancer, those who live in high-poverty areas are substantially more likely to suffer early relapse than other patients, despite having received the same treatment, according to new research from Dana-Farber/Boston...

leukemia

Minimal Residual Disease Identified by NPM1 Mutation May Be Prognostic Marker for Poorer Outcome in Standard-Risk AML

In a study reported in The New England Journal of Medicine, Ivey et al found that a leukemia-specific marker consisting of a mutation in the gene encoding nucleophosmin (NPM1) can be used to identify minimal residual disease in peripheral blood in standard-risk acute myeloid leukemia (AML), with...

leukemia
issues in oncology

Inherited Genetic Variations That Lead to Severe Drug Toxicity in Pediatric Leukemia Discovered

An international research team has determined how inherited gene variations lead to severe drug toxicity that may threaten chances for a cure in children with leukemia. St. Jude Children’s Research Hospital scientists led the study, results of which set the stage to expand the use of a...

leukemia
lymphoma

Younger T Cells May Improve Immunotherapy for Pediatric Cancer

Pediatric oncologists from The Children’s Hospital of Philadelphia (CHOP) have investigated techniques to improve and broaden a novel personalized cell therapy to treat children with cancer. The researchers say that a patient’s outcome may be improved if clinicians select specific...

leukemia
lymphoma
survivorship

Reduction in Late Mortality in Childhood Cancer Survivors in the Childhood Cancer Survivor Study Cohort

In a study reported in The New England Journal of Medicine, Armstrong et al found that late mortality decreased over time among 5-year survivors of childhood cancer in the Childhood Cancer Survivor Study cohort. The reduction is consistent with efforts during recent decades to modify treatment with ...

leukemia
issues in oncology

New Assay Detects Persistent Disease in Leukemia Patients Thought to Be in Remission

The outcomes of chronic myeloid leukemia (CML) have dramatically improved as the result of tyrosine kinase inhibitor treatment. Use of a tyrosine kinase inhibitor regimen can lower the blood CML biomarker to levels imperceptible by current detection methods. For patients in “molecular...

leukemia

Bone Loss Associated With Leukemia Therapy Occurs Sooner Than Previously Thought

Investigators at Children’s Hospital Los Angeles (CHLA) have found that significant bone loss occurs during the first month of chemotherapy for acute lymphoblastic leukemia (ALL), which is far earlier than previously assumed. Results of the study were published by Orgel et al in the...

breast cancer
hematologic malignancies
leukemia
sarcoma

Increased Breast Cancer Risk Reported in Childhood Sarcoma and Leukemia Survivors With No History of Chest Radiotherapy

In an analysis of the Childhood Cancer Survivor Study reported in the Journal of Clinical Oncology, Henderson et al found that childhood survivors of sarcoma and leukemia with no history of chest radiotherapy were at an increased risk of breast cancer. Increased Risk The study included data from...

leukemia
lymphoma

Matthew Lunning, DO, on Ublituximab Plus TGR-1202 in Lymphoma

Matthew Lunning, DO, of the University of Nebraska Medical Center, on abstract 801, “Ublituximab, a Novel Glycoengineered Anti-CD20 Monoclonal Antibody, in Combination with TGR-1202, a Next-Generation Once Daily PI3kδ Inhibitor, Demonstrates Activity in Heavily Pretreated and High-Risk Chronic...

leukemia
lymphoma

Julie M. Vose, MD, MBA, FASCO, on Ublituximab Plus TGR-1202 in Lymphoma

Julie M. Vose, MD, MBA, FASCO, of the University of Nebraska Medical Center, offers her thoughts on abstract 801, “Ublituximab, a Novel Glycoengineered Anti-CD20 Monoclonal Antibody, in Combination With TGR-1202, a Next-Generation Once-Daily PI3kδ Inhibitor, Demonstrates Activity in Heavily...

leukemia

Hagop Kantarjian, MD, on CAR T Cells in Relapsed/Refractory ALL

Hagop Kantarjian, MD, of The University of Texas MD Anderson Cancer Center, offers his thoughts on abstract 380, “T Cells Engineered with a Chimeric Antigen Receptor (CAR)-Targeting CD19 (CTL019) Have Long Term Persistence and Induce Durable Remissions in Children With Relapsed, Refractory ALL,”...

leukemia

Hagop Kantarjian, MD, on Inotuzumab Ozogamicin Plus Low-Intensity Chemotherapy in ALL

Hagop Kantarjian, MD, of The University of Texas MD Anderson Cancer Center, offers his thoughts on abstract 794, “Inotuzumab Ozogamicin in Combination With Low-Intensity Chemotherapy (Mini-Hyper-CVD) as Front-Line Therapy for Older Patients (≥ 60 years) With Acute Lymphoblastic Leukemia,” presented ...

myelodysplastic syndromes
leukemia

Alan F. List, MD, on Sotatercept in Lower-Risk Myelodysplastic Syndromes

Alan F. List, MD, of Moffitt Cancer Center, offers his thoughts on abstract 3251, “An Open-Label, Phase II, Dose-Finding Study of Sotatercept (ACE-011) in Patients With Low or Intermediate-1–Risk Myelodysplastic Syndromes or Nonproliferative Chronic Myelomonocytic Leukemia and Anemia Requiring...

leukemia

Hagop Kantarjian, MD, on Blinatumomab in Precursor B-Cell ALL

Hagop Kantarjian, MD, of The University of Texas MD Anderson Cancer Center, offers his thoughts on abstract 379, “BLAST: A Confirmatory, Single-Arm, Phase II Study of Blinatumomab, a Bispecific T-Cell Engager (BiTE) Antibody Construct, in Patients With Minimal Residual Disease B-Precursor Acute...

leukemia

Hagop Kantarjian, MD, on Treating Philadelphia Chromosome–Positive ALL

Hagop Kantarjian, MD, of The University of Texas MD Anderson Cancer Center, offers his thoughts on abstract 797, “First Results of the Multicenter Total Therapy Gimema LAL 1509 Protocol for De Novo Adult Philadelphia Chromosome–Positive Acute Lymphoblastic Leukemia Patients,” presented by Sabina...

leukemia

Linda J. Burns, MD, on CAR T-Cell Therapy in ALL

2014 ASH President Linda J. Burns, MD, of the University of Minnesota, offers her thoughts on abstract 380, “T Cells Engineered With a Chimeric Antigen Receptor (CAR) Targeting CD19 (CTL019) Have Long-Term Persistence and Induce Durable Remissions in Children with Relapsed, Refractory ALL,”...

leukemia

Linda J. Burns, MD, on the BLAST Study

2014 ASH President Linda J. Burns, MD, of the University of Minnesota, offers her thoughts on abstract 379, “BLAST: A Confirmatory, Single-Arm, Phase II Study of Blinatumomab, a Bispecific T-Cell Engager (BiTE) Antibody Construct, in Patients with Minimal Residual Disease B-Precursor Acute...

leukemia

Richard M. Stone, MD, on the UK NCRI AML17 Trial

Richard M. Stone, MD, of Dana-Farber Cancer Institute, offers his thoughts on abstract 7, “A Randomized Comparison of Daunorubicin 90 mg/m2 vs 60 mg/m2 in AML Induction: Results From the UK NCRI AML17 Trial in 1206 Patients,” presented by Alan K. Burnett, MD. Time: 1:29

leukemia

Richard M. Stone, MD, on the SAL-SORAML Trial

Richard M. Stone, MD, of Dana-Farber Cancer Institute, offers his thoughts on abstract 6,  "Sorafenib vs Placebo in Addition to Standard Therapy in Younger Patients With Newly Diagnosed Acute Myeloid Leukemia: Results from 267 Patients Treated in the Randomized Placebo-Controlled SAL-Soraml Trial," ...

leukemia
myelodysplastic syndromes

James O. Armitage, MD, FACP, FRCP, and Richard M. Stone, MD, on Clinical Trial Results for AML, MDS, and CMML Treatment

James O. Armitage, MD, FACP, FRCP, of the University of Nebraska Medical Center, and Richard M. Stone, MD of the Dana-Farber Cancer Institute, discuss three clinical trials: different doses of daunorubicin for AML; comparing azacitidine plus lenolidomide to vorinostat vs azacitidine monotherapy in...

leukemia

James O. Armitage, MD, FACP, FRCP, and Richard M. Stone, MD, on Progress Made Against AML and APL

James. O Armitage, MD, FACP, FRCP, of the University of Nebraska Medical Center, and Richard M. Stone, MD, of the Dana-Farber Cancer Institute, discuss advances in treating acute myeloid leukemia and the acute promyelocytic leukema subtype.

leukemia

James O. Armitage, MD, FACP, FRCP, and Hagop M. Kantarjian, MD, on Advances in the Treatment of ALL

James O. Armitage, MD, FACP, FRCP, of the University of Nebraska Medical Center, and Hagop M. Kantarjian, MD, of The University of Texas MD Anderson Cancer Center, discuss the diagnosis and genetics of ALL, differences in treating younger and older patients, and the latest data on the use of...

leukemia

William G. Wierda, MD, PhD, on Updates to the Management of CLL

William G. Wierda, MD, PhD, of The University of Texas MD Anderson Cancer Center, discusses the latest information on managing CLL and his optimism that a cure is in sight.

leukemia

Jerald P. Radich, MD, on Treatment Milestones in CML: Stay the Course or Change Therapy?

Jerald P. Radich, MD, of the Fred Hutchinson Cancer Research Center and Seattle Cancer Care Alliance discusses the evolution in treating and monitoring CML and whether monitoring at 3 and 6 months will ultimately prove useful.

leukemia
lymphoma

Asher Alban Chanan-Khan, MD, and James O. Armitage, MD, on Ibrutinib, Bendamustine, and Rituximab in Previously Treated CLL/SLL

James O. Armitage, MD, of the University of Nebraska Medical Center, and Asher Alban Akmal Chanan-Khan, MD, of the Mayo Clinic Cancer Center, discuss an important treatment option that significantly improved overall response rate and reduced risk of progression or death by 80% (Abstract LBA7005).

leukemia
lymphoma

Asher Chanan-Khan, MD, Summarizes Ibrutinib, Bendamustine, and Rituximab in Previously Treated CLL/SLL

Asher Alban Chanan-Khan, MD, of the Mayo Clinic Cancer Center, discusses an important treatment option that significantly improved overall response rate and reduced risk of progression or death by 80% (Abstract LBA7005).

leukemia
lymphoma

Michael Pfreundschuh, MD, on Treating Lymphoid Malignancies in Children and Adults With the Same Protocols

Michael Pfreundschuh, MD, of Universitaetsklinikum des Saarlandes, summarizes a session he chaired on this topic, which covered Burkitt’s lymphoma as well as lymphoblastic leukemia in children and adults.

leukemia

FDA Approves Ofatumumab for Patients With Chronic Lymphocytic Leukemia in Complete or Partial Response

The U.S. Food and Drug Administration today approved ofatumumab (Arzerra) for extended treatment of patients who are in complete or partial response after at least two lines of therapy for recurrent or progressive chronic lymphocytic leukemia (CLL). Ofatumumab was previously approved for the...

leukemia

Increased Response Rate With Higher Dose of Obinutuzumab Monotherapy for Patients With Chronic Lymphocytic Leukemia

A randomized phase II study in symptomatic, untreated patients with chronic lymphocytic leukemia (CLL) found an increased overall response rate with obinutuzumab (Gazyva) at a dose of 2,000 mg vs 1,000. In addition, the “data demonstrate that obinutuzumab produces a higher response rate in...

hematologic malignancies
leukemia

Use of Antilymphocyte Globulin Appears to Reduce Chronic Graft-vs-Host Disease After Allogeneic Stem Cell Transplantation in Acute Leukemia

In a European phase III study reported in The New England Journal of Medicine, Kröger et al found that inclusion of antihuman T-lymphocyte immune globulin (ATG) in the myeloablative conditioning regimen in patients with acute myeloid or lymphoid leukemia resulted in a significant reduction in...

hematologic malignancies
leukemia
issues in oncology

'Matriarch of Modern Cancer Genetics,' Janet D. Rowley, MD, Helped Propel the Field of Molecular Oncology 

Even as a child, Janet D. Rowley, MD, found the intellectual order and logic of science appealing. Born on April 5, 1925, in New York, Dr. Rowley’s parents, Hurford and Ethel Ballantyne Davison, moved the family to Chicago 2 years later. Both educators, the Davisons encouraged their only child in...

leukemia

Leukemia Pioneer John M. Goldman, DM, Dies at 75

“He gave his honours to the world again,his blessed part to heaven, and slept in peace.” —William Shakespeare, Henry VIII In 1971, John M. Goldman, DM, FRCP, FRCPath, FMedSci, began research in chronic myeloid leukemia (CML), a uniformly fatal disease at the time. Over the ensuing decades, Dr....

leukemia
lymphoma

Leukemia/Lymphoma Pioneer Geoffrey P. Herzig, MD, Dies

Many of the advances that have bettered mankind are attributed to those who were driven by a primary passion. Geoffrey P. Herzig, MD, lived the better part of his life with a primary passion: conducting research to increase the cure rate of leukemia and lymphoma patients. His friend and colleague,...

leukemia
lymphoma

The Leukemia & Lymphoma Society Surpasses $1 Billion Investment in Blood Cancer Research

The Leukemia & Lymphoma Society (LLS) has announced that it has passed the $1 billion mark in research investment, a significant milestone in the cancer research landscape as the Society continues its 65-year pursuit of advancing breakthrough therapies, finding cures, and ensuring access to...

leukemia
lymphoma

Adding Ibrutinib to Bendamustine/Rituximab May Increase Progression-Free Survival in Chronic Lymphocytic Leukemia or Small Lymphocytic Lymphoma

In the phase III HELIOS trial reported in The Lancet Oncology, Chanan-Khan et al found that the addition of the Bruton’s tyrosine kinase (BTK) inhibitor ibrutinib (Imbruvica) to bendamustine (Treanda)/rituximab (Rituxan) increased progression-free survival in patients with chronic lymphocytic ...

leukemia
lymphoma

Sagar Lonial, MD, and Alessandra Tedeschi, MD, on CLL/SLL: Results From the RESONATE-2 Trial

Sagar Lonial, MD, of the Emory University School of Medicine, and Alessandra Tedeschi, MD, of the Azienda Ospedaliera Niguarda Cà Granda, discuss this international study of ibrutinib vs chlorambucil in patients 65 years and older with treatment-naive chronic lymphocytic leukemia or small...

leukemia
myelodysplastic syndromes

Mikkael A. Sekeres, MD, on MDS and CMML Study Results: SWOG S1117

Mikkael A. Sekeres, MD, of the Cleveland Clinic, discusses an additional analysis of a phase II study of azacitidine combined with lenalidomide or with vorinostat vs azacitidine monotherapy in higher-risk myelodysplastic syndromes and chronic myelomonocytic leukemia (Abstract 908).

leukemia

James Foran, MD, on Clofarabine for AML: Clinical Trial Results of ECOG-ACRIN and ALFA/Clara

James Foran, MD, of the Mayo Clinic Cancer Center, discusses two key studies on clofarabine: as a single agent for induction and postremission therapy in newly diagnosed AML, and as the basis for consolidation in nonfavorable AML (Abstracts 217 and 218).

leukemia

Hagop M. Kantarjian, MD, on AML: Safety and Efficacy of Guadecitabine

Hagop M. Kantarjian, MD, of MD Anderson Cancer Center, discusses a study that compared efficacy and safety results of using 5-day and 10-day regimens of a novel hypomethylating agent in 103 treatment-naïve AML patients who were not candidates for intensive chemotherapy (Abstract 458).

leukemia

Margaret O'Donnell, MD, on Novel Approaches to Treatment for Older AML Patients

Margaret O'Donnell, MD, of the City of Hope National Medical Center, summarizes a session on this vital topic (Session 613).

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