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leukemia

Andrew D. Zelenetz, MD, PhD, and Stephan Stilgenbauer, MD, PhD on CLL and Venetoclax: Clinical Trial Results

Andrew D. Zelenetz, MD, PhD, of Memorial Sloan Kettering Cancer Center, and Stephan Stilgenbauer, MD, PhD, of the University of Ulm, discuss this late-breaking abstract on venetoclax monotherapy and deep remissions in ultra-high risk relapsed/refractory chronic lymphocytic leukemia with 17p...

leukemia

Andrew D. Zelenetz, MD, PhD, on CLL: Idelalisib Plus Bendamustine and Rituximab

Andrew D. Zelenetz, MD, PhD, of Memorial Sloan Kettering Cancer Center, discusses a late-breaking abstract on the superiority of this three-drug combination compared to bendamustine and rituximab alone in patients with relapsed/refractory chronic lymphocytic leukemia (Abstract LBA5).

leukemia

Julie Vose, MD, MBA, on ALL Overall Survival: Academic vs Nonacademic Hospitals

Julie Vose, MD, MBA, of the University of Nebraska Medical Center, discusses a retrospective analysis of data on the overall survival of patients with acute lymphoblastic leukemia when initial therapy is given in academic hospitals vs nonacademic hospitals (Abstract 268).

leukemia

Sébastien Maury, MD, on ALL: Results of the Graall-R 2005 Study (French Language Version)

Sébastien Maury, MD, of the Hôpital Henri Mondor, discusses in French this study in which adding rituximab improved the outcome of adult patients with CD20-positive, Ph-negative B-cell precursor acute lymphoblastic leukemia (Abstract 1).

leukemia

Sébastien Maury, MD, on ALL: Results of the Graall-R 2005 Study

Sébastien Maury, MD, of the Hôpital Henri Mondor, discusses this study in which adding rituximab improved the outcome of adult patients with CD20-positive, Ph-negative B-cell precursor acute lymphoblastic leukemia (Abstract 1). To see the French language version of this newsreel, please click here.

leukemia

Richard M. Stone, MD, on AML: Results of the RATIFY Trial

Richard M. Stone, MD, of the Dana-Farber Cancer Institute, discusses this international prospective study on the survival impact of midostaurin, a multikinase inhibitor, in newly diagnosed acute myeloid leukemia with FLT3 mutations (Abstract 6).

hematologic malignancies
leukemia
lymphoma

Adding Ibrutinib to Bendamustine/Rituximab Increases Progression-Free Survival in Chronic Lymphocytic Leukemia or Small Lymphocytic Lymphoma

In the phase III HELIOS trial, reported in The Lancet Oncology, Chanan-Khan et al found that adding the Bruton’s tyrosine kinase inhibitor ibrutinib (Imbruvica) to bendamustine (Treanda)/rituximab (Rituxan) increased progression-free survival in patients with chronic lymphocytic leukemia or...

hematologic malignancies
leukemia
issues in oncology
issues in oncology

Germline ETV6 Variations as Basis of Novel Genetic Syndrome Associated With Childhood Acute Lymphoblastic Leukemia

In a systematic genetic study reported in The Lancet Oncology, Moriyama et al found that germline ETV6 variations identified in a small proportion of children with acute lymphoblastic leukemia (ALL) were associated with a novel syndrome predisposing carriers to disease. Recent data indicated that...

leukemia

ASH 2015: Young Adults With Acute Lymphoblastic Leukemia Have Encouraging Survival With Pediatric Chemotherapy Regimen

Using a pediatric chemotherapy regimen to treat young adults with acute lymphoblastic leukemia (ALL) significantly improved their outcomes compared to what has historically been achieved with “adult” treatment protocols, report Dana-Farber Cancer Institute scientists. Overall survival...

hematologic malignancies
leukemia
lymphoma
lymphoma

ASH 2015: High Response Rates, Long-Term Remissions in Relapsed/Refractory Pediatric ALL, Lymphomas After CTL019 Immunotherapy

Ninety-three percent of pediatric patients (55 of 59) with relapsed/refractory acute lymphoblastic leukemia (ALL) went into remission after receiving an investigational therapy made from their own immune cells, with continuous remissions of over 1 year in 18 patients and over 2 years in nine...

leukemia

ASH 2015: Children With Acute Lymphoblastic Leukemia Benefit From Prophylactic Antibiotics During Induction Chemotherapy

Prophylactic antibiotics significantly reduce the risk of serious bacterial infections in children during the critical first month of treatment for acute lymphoblastic leukemia (ALL), the most common childhood cancer, according to a study led by investigators from Dana-Farber/Boston Children's...

leukemia
issues in oncology

ASH 2015: Ibrutinib Data Underscore Promise of Targeted Therapies as First-Line Approach for Patients With Chronic Lymphocytic Leukemia

A presentation by Tedeschi et al at the 57th American Society of Hematology (ASH) Annual Meeting outlined results of the phase III RESONATE TM-2 study of ibrutinib (Imbruvica) vs chlorambucil (Leukeran) in patients aged 65 years and older with treatment-naive chronic lymphocytic leukemia/small...

palliative care
leukemia

ASH 2015: Combination Therapy With Idelalisib Improves Progression-Free Survival vs Bendamustine/Rituximab Alone in Relapsed/Refractory CLL

In a phase III study to be presented by Zelenetz et al at the 57th American Society of Hematology Annual Meeting, idelalisib (Zydelig) plus bendamustine (Treanda) and rituximab (Rituxan), or BR, proved superior to BR alone in patients with relapsed/refractory chronic lymphocytic leukemia (CLL)...

leukemia

ASH 2015: Venetoclax Shows Promise for Ultra–High-Risk Chronic Lymphocytic Leukemia With 17p Deletion

In a study to be presented at the 57th American Society of Hematology (ASH) Annual Meeting by Stilgenbauer et al, monotherapy with the investigational agent venetoclax (ABT-199/GDC-0199) induced deep remissions—including complete remission and undetectable minimal residual...

leukemia

ASH 2015: Adding Rituximab to Standard Chemotherapy in CD20-Positive Philadelphia Chromosome–Negative BCP-ALL Improves Event-Free Survival

The results of the randomized Graall-R 2005 study presented by Maury et al at the 57th American Society of Hematology (ASH) Annual Meeting found a new use for rituximab (Rituxan) in acute leukemia (Abstract 1). CD20 is present in 30% to 50% of patients with B-cell precursor acute lymphocytic...

leukemia
issues in oncology

ASH 2015: Midostaurin Improves Survival in Patients With FLT3-Mutated Acute Myeloid Leukemia Aged 18–60

A study presented by Stone et al at the 57th American Society of Hematology (ASH) Annual Meeting described a phase III trial of the first targeted therapy for genetically defined subset of patients with acute myeloid leukemia and its improvement of their survival (Abstract 6). Acute myeloid...

leukemia

ASH 2015: Researchers Identify Children Most at Risk of Overreporting Adherence to At-Home Chemotherapy Regimen

A study presented by Landier et al at the 57th American Society of Hematology (ASH) Annual Meeting examined the common problem of children in remission from acute lymphocytic leukemia (ALL) not adhering to their maintenance drug regimens, thus putting them at risk of relapse (Abstract 82). ...

leukemia
issues in oncology

ASH 2015: Real-Time Classification System Identifies Leukemia Patients With High-Risk Clinical Features but Outstanding Outcomes

A study to be reported by Raetz et al at the 57th American Society of Hematology (ASH) Annual Meeting examined the potential of using real-time genetic analysis to personalize chemotherapy regimens for children with B-cell lymphocytic leukemia (Abstract 807). The study findings were presented at a...

leukemia
issues in oncology

ASH 2015: Genetic Variants Discovered in Acute Lymphocytic Leukemia That Indicate Higher Risk for Osteonecrosis, Avascular Necrosis

Two new studies to be reported at the 57th American Society of Hematology (ASH) Annual Meeting highlighted new insights on genetic mutations in children with acute lymphocytic leukemia (ALL) that indicate a higher risk for debilitating chemotherapy-associated bone damage. The study findings were...

leukemia
lymphoma
lymphoma

ASH 2015: Engineered Donor T Cells May Eradicate Progressive Disease After Stem Cell Transplant

A study (Abstract 99) to be reported today by Brudno et al at the 57th American Society of Hematology (ASH) Annual Meeting was the first clinical trial to use engineered donor immune cells to prevent progressive cancer after stem cell transplantation. The findings were presented at a...

hematologic malignancies
leukemia

German Phase II Trial Shows Benefit and Increased Toxicity With Addition of Sorafenib to Standard Therapy in Newly Diagnosed AML

In a German phase II trial reported in The Lancet Oncology, Röllig et al found that the addition of sorafenib (Nexavar) to standard therapy improved event-free survival but increased toxicity vs placebo in patients aged ≤ 60 years with newly diagnosed acute myeloid leukemia (AML). Study...

leukemia

Study Identifies Splicing Alterations That Enable Resistance to CD19 CAR T-Cell Immunotherapy

Although the CD19 antigen expressed on most B-cell acute lymphoblastic leukemias (ALL) can be targeted with chimeric antigen receptor–armed T cells (CART-19), relapse rates among pediatric and adult patients with the cancer remain high. In this study by Sotillo et al, the researchers...

leukemia
issues in oncology

Reduced Relapse but No Quality-of-Life Benefit With ATRA/Arsenic Trioxide vs ATRA/Idarubicin in Acute Promyelocytic Leukemia

In a UK-based phase III trial (AML17) reported in The Lancet Oncology, Burnett et al found that a chemotherapy-free regimen of arsenic trioxide plus all-trans retinoic acid (ATRA) did not improve quality of life, the primary endpoint, vs ATRA plus idarubicin in patients with acute promyelocytic...

leukemia

Inotuzumab Ozogamicin Receives FDA Breakthrough Therapy Designation for Acute Lymphoblastic Leukemia

Pfizer announced that the investigational antibody-drug conjugate inotuzumab ozogamicin received Breakthrough Therapy designation from the U.S. Food and Drug Administration (FDA) for acute lymphoblastic leukemia (ALL). The Breakthrough Therapy designation was based on the results of the phase III...

leukemia

Dactinomycin Produces Durable Response in Patient With NPM1-Mutant AML

As reported by Falini et al in a letter to The New England Journal of Medicine, dactinomycin treatment resulted in morphologic and molecular complete remission ongoing at 14 months in a patient with NPM1-mutant acute myeloid leukemia (AML). NPM1-mutated AML may account for one-third of AML in...

leukemia
issues in oncology

Researchers Identify Dozens of Genetic Mutations Driving CLL and Their Evolution in Progression and Relapse

An analysis of whole-exome sequencing data from 538 patients with chronic lymphocytic leukemia (CLL), including 278 pretreatment samples collected from patients enrolled in a clinical trial, has identified 44 recurrently mutated genes and 11 recurrent somatic copy number variations. These findings...

hematologic malignancies
leukemia
lymphoma
issues in oncology

Half-Matched Bone Marrow Transplant Recipients May Tolerate Transplantation Just as Well as Fully Matched Recipients

Bone marrow transplantation is a lifesaving therapy for many patients with blood cancers like leukemias and lymphomas. Currently, the gold standard blood-generating stem cells are obtained from a donor, most likely a sibling, with a perfect match to the patient in order to minimize the chance of...

leukemia

Ofatumumab Maintenance Improves Progression-Free Survival in Responders to Second- or Third-Line CLL Treatment

In an interim analysis of the phase III PROLONG trial reported in The Lancet Oncology, van Oers et al found that maintenance therapy with ofatumumab (Arzerra) prolonged progression-free survival vs observation in patients with chronic lymphocytic leukemia in complete or partial remission after...

leukemia

Long-Term Remissions Reported in CLL Personalized Cell Therapy Trial

In the first trial of the University of Pennsylvania's personalized cellular therapy for chronic lymphocytic leukemia (CLL), 8 of 14 patients responded to the therapy, with some complete remissions continuing past 4.5 years. These results, published by Porter et al in Science Translational...

leukemia
lymphoma

Chemotherapy Pretreatment May Boost Effectiveness of CAR T-Cell Therapy in Patients With Lymphoma and Leukemia

A small phase I/IIa study of third-generation CD19 CAR (chimeric-antigen receptor) T-cell therapy combined with chemotherapy pretreatment has resulted in complete responses in 6 of the 11 patients with relapsed or refractory lymphoma and leukemia enrolled in the study. Although CAR T-cell...

leukemia
myelodysplastic syndromes
issues in oncology

Study Explores Link Between Allele Expression and Risk of Graft-vs-Host Disease in Transplant Recipients

In a study reported in The New England Journal of Medicine, Petersdorf et al found a greater risk of acute graft-vs-host disease among hematopoietic cell transplant recipients with the high-expression rs9277534G allele linked to mismatched HLA-DPB1 who received transplants from donors with the...

leukemia
issues in oncology

Persistent Leukemia-Associated Mutations After Induction Therapy Predict Poorer Outcome in AML

In a study reported in JAMA, Klco et al found that persistence of leukemia-associated mutations in ≥ 5% of bone marrow cells at remission predicted poorer outcome among patients with acute myeloid leukemia (AML), including those with intermediate-risk disease. Study Details In the study,...

leukemia

BRAF Inhibition Successful in Relapsed/Refractory BRAF V600E–Mutant Hairy Cell Leukemia

In two phase II studies reported in The New England Journal of Medicine, Tiacci et al found that the BRAF inhibitor vemurafenib (Zelboraf) produced responses in nearly all patients with BRAF V600E–positive hairy cell leukemia who relapsed after treatment with a purine analog or who had...

leukemia

No Difference in Overall Survival With Addition of Quinolone Derivative Vosaroxin to Cytarabine in Relapsed or Refractory AML

In a phase III VALOR trial reported in The Lancet Oncology, Ravandi et al found that the addition of the quinolone derivative vosaroxin to cytarabine did not significantly improve overall survival in patients with relapsed or refractory acute myeloid leukemia (AML). However, differences favoring...

leukemia
issues in oncology

Leukemia Renewal and Propagation Blocked by Inhibition of Surface Molecule

A new study by researchers at the University of California, San Diego, School of Medicine, reveals a protein’s critical—and previously unknown—role in the development and progression of acute myeloid leukemia (AML). The finding offers a novel target for better treating AML, and...

cns cancers
gynecologic cancers
colorectal cancer
leukemia
lymphoma
skin cancer
gynecologic cancers
issues in oncology
issues in oncology
issues in oncology

Noninvasive Prenatal Testing May Also Detect Some Maternal Cancers

A study published by Bianchi et al in the Journal of the American Medical Association (JAMA) showed that genetic test results revealed by noninvasive prenatal testing for fetal chromosomal abnormalities may detect underlying conditions in the mother, including cancer. The study reports on a case...

leukemia

Preclinical Studies Demonstrate Activity of Type II JAK2 Inhibitor in B-Cell ALL

Laboratory and animal tests of the type II inhibitor CHZ868, which stabilizes the kinase domain in an inactive conformation, are showing that the compound is highly potent against B-cell acute lymphoblastic leukemias (ALLs) with CRLF2 rearrangements. When combined with dexamethasone, CHZ868 induced ...

health-care policy
hematologic malignancies
leukemia
issues in oncology
issues in oncology
cost of care

Study Finds Current Prices of Hematologic Cancer Drugs Are Not Justified

The costs associated with cancer drug prices have risen dramatically over the past 15 years, a trend concerning to many oncologists. In a new analysis, researchers at The University of Texas MD Anderson Cancer Center concluded that the majority of existing treatments for hematologic cancers are...

leukemia
issues in oncology

ETV6 Mutation May Trigger Lymphoblastic Leukemia

The results of a nearly 10-year investigation that identified a key gene mutation that can trigger acute lymphoblastic leukemia (ALL) and several other types of cancer were recently published by Noetzli et al in Nature Genetics. The findings have, for the first time, pinpointed a mutation that...

hematologic malignancies
leukemia
issues in oncology

Importance of Establishing Definitions to Increase Survival After Blood/Marrow Transplant

Blood and marrow transplantation is a potentially curative treatment for patients with leukemia or other life-threating blood diseases. With a goal of increasing survival rates, a research team led by Roswell Park Cancer Institute (RPCI) investigators verified patient outcome data submitted by more ...

leukemia
lymphoma
survivorship

Long-Term Follow-Up Suggests No Detrimental Survival Effect of Dexrazoxane in Pediatric Patients With Leukemia or Lymphoma

In an analysis of Children’s Oncology Group (COG) trials reported in the Journal of Clinical Oncology, Chow et al found that dexrazoxane use did not appear to be associated with poorer survival among pediatric patients with leukemia or lymphoma in long-term follow-up. Study Details The...

leukemia
issues in oncology

DNMT3A Mutations Predict Poorer Outcome in Younger Adults With AML Irrespective of NPM1 Genotype, but Type of Mutation Matters

In a UK study reported in the Journal of Clinical Oncology, Gale et al found that presence of DNMT3A mutations was associated with poorer prognosis in young adults with cytogenetic intermediate-risk acute myeloid leukemia (AML) irrespective of the presence of NPM1 mutation. Poorer outcome was found ...

leukemia
lymphoma
survivorship

ASCO 2015: Reduction in Late Mortality Among Childhood Cancer Survivors Linked to Improvements in Cancer Care

Survivors of childhood cancer in recent eras have shown a significant reduction in late mortality, and “for the first time, we have been able to attribute that to fewer deaths from treatment-related causes or fewer deaths from late effects of the primary therapy,” Gregory T....

leukemia

ASCO 2015: New Ibrutinib Combination Regimen Shows Substantial Benefits in Relapsed Chronic Lymphocytic Leukemia

First results from a randomized phase III study show that the combination of ibrutinib (Imbruvica) and bendamustine (Treanda)/rituximab (Rituxan) improves outcomes for patients with chronic lymphocytic leukemia (CLL) that progressed despite prior therapy. At a median follow-up of 17 months,...

hematologic malignancies
leukemia
multiple myeloma
lymphoma

Study Links Paternal Age to Child’s Risk of Developing Blood and Immune System Cancer in Adulthood

A new study links a father's age at birth to the risk that his child will develop blood and immune system cancers as an adult, particularly for only children. The study, published by Teras et al in the American Journal of Epidemiology, found no association between having an older mother and these...

leukemia

FDA Fast Track Designation Granted to AG-120 for Treatment of Patients With IDH1-Mutated Acute Myeloid Leukemia

The U.S. Food and Drug Administration had granted Fast Track designation to AG-120 for the treatment of patients with acute myeloid leukemia who harbor an isocitrate dehydrogenase-1 (IDH1) mutation. Agios Pharmaceuticals’ AG-120 is a first-in-class, oral, selective, potent inhibitor of the...

leukemia

Venetoclax Receives Breakthrough Therapy Designation in Relapsed/Refractory CLL With 17p Deletion

The U.S. Food and Drug Administration has granted Breakthrough Therapy designation to AbbVie’s investigational agent venetoclax (ABT-199) for the treatment of relapsed or refractory chronic lymphocytic leukemia (CLL) in patients with the 17p deletion. Venetoclax is an investigational oral...

leukemia

Subgroup of Elderly Patients With Acute Myeloid Leukemia May Benefit From Initial Intensive Induction Chemotherapy

Initial intensive induction chemotherapy may be of benefit in a subgroup of newly diagnosed elderly patients with acute myeloid leukemia (AML), according to a study by Ross et al in Oncology Research. However, relapse rates remained high. Elderly patients with AML generally experience worse...

leukemia

Addition of Ofatumumab to Chlorambucil Increases Progression-Free Survival in Previously Untreated CLL Patients Who Are Not Candidates for Fludarabine

In the phase III COMPLEMENT 1 trial reported in The Lancet, Hillmen et al found that the addition of the anti-CD20 antibody ofatumumab (Arzerra) to chlorambucil (Leukeran) increased progression-free survival among patients with chronic lymphocytic leukemia (CLL) who were not considered candidates...

leukemia

Single-Center Experience Indicates Relatively Good Prognosis After Allogeneic Stem Cell Transplantation Failure in CLL

In a retrospective single-center study reported in Journal of Clinical Oncology, Rozovski and colleagues found that chronic lymphocytic leukemia (CLL) patients with disease progression after allogeneic stem cell transplantation had a relatively good prognosis, with apparent benefit of salvage...

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