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breast cancer
immunotherapy

Hope S. Rugo, MD, on Triple-Negative Breast Cancer: Treatment Findings From KEYNOTE-355 on Pembrolizumab and Chemotherapy

Hope S. Rugo, MD, of the University of California, San Francisco, discusses phase III results from the KEYNOTE-355 study of pembrolizumab plus chemotherapy, which improved overall survival vs chemotherapy alone in patients with previously untreated locally recurrent, inoperable, or metastatic...

breast cancer

KEYNOTE-355: Pembrolizumab Plus Chemotherapy Improves Progression-Free Survival in PD-L1–Enriched Advanced Triple-Negative Breast Cancer

Pembrolizumab plus chemotherapy improved progression-free survival vs chemotherapy alone as first-line treatment of advanced or metastatic triple-negative breast cancer, according to the results of KEYNOTE-355.1 Progression-free survival was significantly improved with pembrolizumab plus...

breast cancer

Margetuximab-cmkb Plus Chemotherapy Prolongs Progression-Free Survival in Heavily Pretreated HER2 Positive Breast Cancer

As reported in JAMA Oncology by Hope S. Rugo, MD, of the University of California San Francisco Helen Diller Family Comprehensive Cancer Center, and colleagues, the phase III SOPHIA trial has shown significantly prolonged progression-free survival with margetuximab-cmkb plus chemotherapy vs...

breast cancer

New Evidence Drives Need for Revised Guideline on Hormone-Sensitive Advanced Breast Cancer

A recently updated ASCO guideline offers both new and revised guidance on the treatment of hormone receptor–positive, HER2-negative metastatic breast cancer.1 “ASCO regularly updates its guidelines to make sure everything is current and valuable for oncologists and patients. About a year ago,...

Highlights From the 2021 ASCO Annual Meeting

Despite the ongoing challenges of the COVID-19 pandemic, the practice-changing studies presented at the 2021 ASCO Annual Meeting clarified the continuing momentum in the oncology community to improve the lives of our patients.  Immunotherapy demonstrated efficacy in cancers where it had not been...

breast cancer
immunotherapy

A New Era of Hope for Patients With Triple-Negative Breast Cancer

Triple-negative breast cancer is a particularly devastating subtype of breast cancer, as it is often diagnosed in young women and is associated with an exceptionally poor prognosis. The “triple-negative” designation indicates that the three key features driving most breast cancers (estrogen...

breast cancer
immunotherapy

Margetuximab-cmkb: A Novel Agent Overshadowed by an Abundance of Options in HER2-Positive Breast Cancer

It is incredible to reflect upon the scientific advances in the treatment of HER2-positive breast cancer over the past 23 years. Once considered the worst subtype of breast cancer, HER2-positive disease is now associated with the best long-term outcomes in this age of targeted treatments. With a...

breast cancer
immunotherapy

Margetuximab-cmkb Plus Chemotherapy Prolongs Progression-Free Survival in Heavily Pretreated HER2-Positive Breast Cancer

As reported in JAMA Oncology by Hope S. Rugo, MD, of the University of California San Francisco Helen Diller Family Comprehensive Cancer Center, and colleagues, the phase III SOPHIA trial has shown significantly prolonged progression-free survival with margetuximab-cmkb plus chemotherapy vs...

breast cancer

Alpelisib Plus Fulvestrant in PIK3CA-Mutant, Hormone Receptor–Positive, HER2-Negative Advanced Breast Cancer After Disease Progression

As reported in The Lancet Oncology by Hope S. Rugo, MD, and colleagues, findings in one cohort of the phase II BYLieve trial indicated activity of the PI3Kα-selective inhibitor and degrader alpelisib plus fulvestrant in patients with PIK3CA-mutated, hormone receptor–positive, HER2-negative advanced ...

breast cancer

Updates From Selected Clinical Trials in Breast Cancer

Each year, following the San Antonio Breast Cancer Symposium (SABCS), The ASCO Post asks Jame Abraham, MD, FACP, to offer his picks of the most important and most clinically relevant research presented at this meeting. The following are summaries of studies that caught Dr. Abraham’s attention from ...

breast cancer
immunotherapy

Margetuximab-cmkb vs Trastuzumab in Heavily Pretreated Patients With HER2-Positive Breast Cancer: SOPHIA Trial

As reported in JAMA Oncology by Hope S. Rugo, MD, and colleagues, the phase III SOPHIA trial has shown significantly prolonged progression-free survival with margetuximab-cmkb plus chemotherapy vs trastuzumab plus chemotherapy in patients with HER2-positive breast cancer who experienced disease...

breast cancer

KEYNOTE-355: Pembrolizumab Plus Chemotherapy Improves Progression-Free Survival in PD-L1–Enriched Advanced Triple-Negative Breast Cancer

Pembrolizumab plus chemotherapy improved progression-free survival vs chemotherapy alone as first-line treatment of advanced or metastatic triple-negative breast cancer, according to the results of KEYNOTE-355.1 Progression-free survival was significantly improved with pembrolizumab plus...

breast cancer

PALOMA-3 Exploratory Analysis: Who Benefits Most From Palbociclib?

The phase III PALOMA-3 trial significantly reduced the risk of disease progression by 50% in patients with hormone receptor–positive/HER2-negative advanced breast cancer, but the improvement in overall survival did not reach statistical significance.1 An exploratory subgroup analysis has now shown...

2020 Class of Giants of Cancer Care Announced

The Eighth Annual Giants of Cancer Care class of inductees was recently announced by OncLive, a multimedia resource focused on providing oncology professionals with relevant information on patient care. The virtual awards ceremony will be held on November 5 at 7.30 PM EST and will be available...

breast cancer

Phase III SOPHIA Trial Evaluates Margetuximab/Chemotherapy vs Trastuzumab/Chemotherapy for HER2-Positive Breast Cancer

The second interim analysis of the phase III SOPHIA trial demonstrated a significant, though modest, improvement in progression-free survival, response rate, and clinical benefit with the addition of margetuximab to chemotherapy vs trastuzumab plus chemotherapy in patients with HER2-positive...

breast cancer

Alpelisib Deemed Effective in Advanced Breast Cancer After Treatment With CDK4/6 Inhibitor

The phase II BYLieve trial indicates the effectiveness of the PIK3CA inhibitor alpelisib in patients with PIK3CA-positive, hormone receptor–positive/HER2-negative advanced breast cancer previously treated with a cyclin-dependent kinase (CDK) 4/6 inhibitor plus an aromatase inhibitor. These results...

breast cancer

Study Finds Alpelisib Effective After CDK4/6 Inhibition in Advanced Breast Cancer

The PIK3CA inhibitor alpelisib appears to be effective in patients with PIK3CA-positive, hormone receptor–positive/HER2-negative advanced breast cancer previously treated with a cyclin-dependent kinase (CDK) 4/6 inhibitor plus an aromatase inhibitor, according to the phase II BYLieve trial.1 More...

solid tumors

Hope S. Rugo, MD, on Talazoparib for Advanced Solid Tumors: Reduced Hospitalization and Supportive Care

Hope S. Rugo, MD, of the University of California, San Francisco, discusses an integrated analysis of five clinical trials, in phases I through III, for a variety of advanced cancers. Findings show that patients treated with talazoparib monotherapy had lower hospitalization rates (compared to those ...

breast cancer
immunotherapy

Updates From Selected Clinical Trials in Breast Cancer

Each year, The ASCO Post asks Jame Abraham, MD, FACP, Chairman of the Department of Hematology and Medical Oncology at Taussig Cancer Institute and Professor of Medicine at the Cleveland Clinic Lerner College of Medicine, to offer his picks for the most important research presented at 2019 San...

breast cancer
immunotherapy

Immunotherapy ‘Comes of Age’ in Breast Cancer

Immunotherapeutics in breast cancer will likely not be limited to late-stage triple-negative breast cancer. Earlier lines, combination regimens, and expansion into different disease subtypes should become part of this emerging landscape, according to Hope S. Rugo, MD, FASCO, Professor of Medicine...

immunotherapy
breast cancer

Small Study Explores Impact of Novel Regimen on Pembrolizumab for Triple-Negative Breast Cancer

In the phase II KEYNOTE-890 trial, patients with inoperable advanced triple-negative breast cancer who received one intratumoral tavokinogene telseplasmid injection followed by electroporation and pembrolizumab, several patients with skin or subcutaneous tumors saw metastatic lesions disappear,...

breast cancer
immunotherapy

Phase III SOPHIA Trial Evaluates Margetuximab/Chemotherapy vs Trastuzumab/Chemotherapy for HER2-Positive Breast Cancer

The second interim analysis of the phase III SOPHIA trial demonstrated a significant though modest improvement in progression-free survival, response rate, and clinical benefit with the addition of margetuximab to chemotherapy vs trastuzumab plus chemotherapy in patients with HER2-positive...

breast cancer
immunotherapy

Conference Highlights From the 2019 San Antonio Breast Cancer Symposium

More than 7,500 specialists in breast oncology from over 90 countries attended the 2019 San Antonio Breast Cancer Symposium (SABCS) held last December. Researchers convened to present a wide-ranging array of abstracts and posters featuring important new data in the treatment of breast cancer....

breast cancer
immunotherapy

Expert Point of View: Kevin Kalinsky, MD, MS

Commenting on SAFIR02-IMMUNO for The ASCO Post, Kevin Kalinsky, MD, MS, Associate Professor of Medicine at ­NewYork-Presbyterian Hospital/Columbia University Irving Medical Center, said the findings of the analysis were in accordance with other studies in metastatic breast cancer, but they came...

breast cancer

Triple-Negative Breast Cancer Responds to Novel Therapy

The phase II KEYNOTE-890 trial is a small but interesting study in patients with inoperable advanced triple-negative breast cancer. After one injection of intratumoral tavokinogene telseplasmid, a plasmid encoding the proinflammatory cytokine interleukin-12 (IL-12), followed by electroporation and...

Expert Point of View: Hope S. Rugo, MD, FASCO, and Laura J. Esserman, MD, MBA, FASCO

Hope S. Rugo, MD, FASCO, Professor of Medicine, Director of Breast Oncology and Clinical Trials at the University of California, San Francisco (UCSF), Helen Diller Family Comprehensive Cancer Center, said the residual cancer burden index is being increasingly used in medical oncology. “The...

breast cancer

Hope S. Rugo, MD, on Metastatic Triple-Negative Breast Cancer: Retrospective Analysis of PD-L1 Immunohistochemistry Assays

Hope S. Rugo, MD, of the University of California San Francisco Comprehensive Cancer Center, discusses a retrospective analysis on the effectiveness of the VENTANA PD-L1 SP142 assay, the Dako 22C3 assay, and the VENTANA SP263 assay as predictors of response to atezolizumab plus nab-paclitaxel in...

breast cancer
immunotherapy

Hope S. Rugo, MD, on HER2-Positive Metastatic Breast Cancer: SOPHIA Trial of Chemotherapy Plus Margetuximab or Trastuzumab

Hope S. Rugo, MD, of the University of California San Francisco Comprehensive Cancer Center, discusses trial data on margetuximab plus chemotherapy, which improved progression-free survival in patients with previously treated HER2-positive metastatic breast cancer when compared with trastuzumab...

breast cancer
immunotherapy

Promising New Treatments for Triple-Negative Breast Cancer: Immunotherapy and Other Targeted Therapies

Clinical trials continue to demonstrate that combining immunotherapy with chemotherapy and other targeted therapies can improve survival for patients with triple-negative breast cancer, according to results presented at the 21st Annual Lynn Sage Breast Cancer Symposium in Chicago. Nearly 700...

breast cancer
immunotherapy

SOPHIA Trial Tests Margetuximab in Heavily Pretreated Patients With HER2-Positive Metastatic Breast Cancer

In the phase III SOPHIA trial of 536 heavily pretreated patients with HER2-positive metastatic breast cancer, the novel anti-HER2 antibody margetuximab plus chemotherapy led to significant improvements in progression-free survival, response, and clinical benefit compared with...

2019 ASCO Educational Book Explores Practice-Changing Cancer Research

The 2019 ASCO Annual Meeting included groundbreaking science that has the potential to influence oncology care for years to come—but how should that science be applied in practice? The National Library of Medicine–indexed 2019 ASCO Educational Book aims to answer that question with compelling,...

breast cancer
immunotherapy

Peter Schmid, MD, PhD, and Hope S. Rugo, MD, on Breast Cancer: Next Steps in Immunotherapy

Hope S. Rugo, MD, of the University of California, San Francisco, and Peter Schmid, MD, PhD, of Barts Cancer Institute, Queen Mary University of London, discuss ongoing trials of immunotherapy for early triple-negative breast cancer; immunotherapy in other disease subtypes such as estrogen...

breast cancer
immunotherapy

Peter Schmid, MD, PhD, and Hope S. Rugo, MD, on Metastatic Triple-Negative Breast Cancer: Atezolizumab Plus Nab-paclitaxel

Hope S. Rugo, MD, of the University of California, San Francisco, and Peter Schmid, MD, PhD, of Barts Cancer Institute, Queen Mary University of London, discuss an update of the IMpassion130 interim overall survival analysis of atezolizumab plus nab-paclitaxel in previously untreated locally...

breast cancer
immunotherapy

Hope S. Rugo, MD, and Matteo Lambertini, MD, PhD, on the SOPHIA Trial in HER2-Positive Metastatic Breast Cancer: Chemotherapy Plus Margetuximab vs Trastuzumab

Matteo Lambertini, MD, PhD, of the University of Genova and Policlinico San Martino Hospital, and Hope S. Rugo, MD, of the University of California, San Francisco, discuss findings from the SOPHIA trial on margetuximab plus chemotherapy vs trastuzumab plus chemotherapy in patients with...

breast cancer

Postprogression Treatment of Estrogen Receptor–Positive Breast Cancer: Future Approaches

AT THE 2019 Miami Breast Cancer Conference, William J. Gradishar, MD, FASCO, presented a vision of the future in the treatment of advanced hormone receptor–positive breast cancer.1 The refinement of disease subsets, the development of agents targeting the PI3K/AKT/mTOR pathway, the use of novel...

breast cancer

Selected Abstracts From the San Antonio Breast Cancer Symposium

Each year, The ASCO Post asks Jame Abraham, MD, FACP, Director of the Breast Oncology Program at Taussig Cancer Institute and Professor of Medicine at the Cleveland Clinic Lerner College of Medicine, to offer his picks for the most important research presented at the 2018 San Antonio Breast Cancer ...

breast cancer

Hope S. Rugo, MD, on Metastatic Breast Cancer: Treatment for Pretreated Hormone Receptor–Positive Disease

Hope S. Rugo, MD, of the University of California, San Francisco, discusses how treatment with a lower dose of palbociclib (100 mg vs 125 mg) in combination with fulvestrant or tamoxifen is associated with a lower rate of high-grade neutropenia (Abstract PD2-12).

breast cancer
immunotherapy

Hope S. Rugo, MD, on Immunotherapy for Breast Cancer: Expert Perspective

Hope S. Rugo, MD, of the University of California, San Francisco, summarizes a spotlight session she chaired, which included discussion of new immunotherapy drug combinations, predictive factors, and the immune microenvironment.

breast cancer
immunotherapy

Current Perspectives on the Treatment of Breast Cancer

“We are on the cusp of a new way to treat breast cancer,” Mary L. (Nora) Disis, MD, said in summarizing advances using immunology to treat breast cancer. Immune checkpoint inhibitors, adaptive T-cell therapies, and vaccines can enlist and rev up the immune system and be combined with chemotherapy...

breast cancer

Updates of Key Studies Differ on Relative Benefit of Nab-Paclitaxel in Breast Cancer

TWO IMPORTANT STUDIES, both updates of earlier findings and presented at the 2017 San Antonio Breast Cancer Symposium, provided different findings as to the relative benefit of nanoparticle albumin-bound (nab)-paclitaxel (Abraxane), vs solvent-based paclitaxel in breast cancer.  “The two studies...

Expert Point of View: Hope S. Rugo, MD

The Formal discussant of this presentation, Hope S. Rugo, MD, of the University of California, San Francisco, said, “Tailoring treatment to biology results in incremental improvements in outcome.” She continued: “This analysis gives us excellent data on the natural history of mostly hormone...

solid tumors
breast cancer

Making Our Future Plans Happen Now

The following essay by Hope S. Rugo, MD, is adapted from The Big Casino: America’s Best Cancer Doctors Share Their Most Powerful Stories, which was coedited by Stan Winokur, MD, and Vincent Coppola and published in May 2014. The book is available on Amazon.com and thebigcasino.org. I was in...

breast cancer

Pembrolizumab Moving Forward in Triple-Negative Breast Cancer

In the treatment of triple-negative breast cancer, checkpoint inhibition is making inroads in both early- and late-stage disease, and the line of treatment and expression of the programmed cell death ligand 1 (PD-L1) could be important in determining outcomes, according to studies reported at the...

breast cancer

Two Studies Show Scalp Cooling Reduces Hair Loss in Women Receiving Chemotherapy for Breast Cancer

An interim analysis of the SCALP trial, reported in JAMA by Julie Nangia, MD, of Baylor College of Medicine, and colleagues, showed that use of a scalp-cooling device significantly reduced hair loss in women receiving chemotherapy for stage I or II breast cancer compared with no scalp cooling.1 The ...

breast cancer

Targeting the Androgen Receptor in Breast Cancer

One of the most active areas of research in breast cancer involves the targeting of the androgen receptor. Trials underway for androgen receptor antagonists and modulators, alone and in various combinations of available agents and novel therapies, are yielding encouraging early results. At the 2017 ...

breast cancer

Abemaciclib Active in Metastatic Breast Cancer

In the single-arm phase II MONARCH 1 trial, the investigational cyclin-dependent kinase 4/6 (CDK4/6) inhibitor abemaciclib achieved an objective response in about 20% of heavily pretreated patients with metastatic hormone receptor–positive, HER2-negative breast cancer and a disease control rate of...

solid tumors

CDK4/6 Inhibitors: Where They Are Now and Where They Are Headed in the Future

Geoffrey I. Shapiro, MD, PhD, Director of the Early Drug Development Center at the Dana-Farber Cancer Institute, Boston, explained the current research initiatives involving cyclin D–dependent kinase (CDK) 4/6 inhibitors. Mechanism of Action How do CDK4/6 inhibitors work at the cellular level in...

breast cancer

Equivalent Response Rates With Trastuzumab or a Trastuzumab Biosimilar Plus Taxane in HER2-Positive Metastatic Breast Cancer

In part 1 of the Heritage study, a phase III equivalence trial reported in JAMA, Hope S. Rugo, MD, of the University of California Helen Diller Family Comprehensive Cancer Center, San Francisco, and colleagues found that treatment with trastuzumab (Herceptin) or a proposed trastuzumab biosimilar...

ASCO Honors Researchers, Scientists for Significant Advances in Cancer Treatment and Care

ASCO and the Conquer Cancer Foundation (CCF) proudly announce the winners of ASCO’s Special Awards, the Society’s highest honors, and the CCF Women Who Conquer Cancer Mentorship Award. The recipients of these awards include researchers, patient advocates, and global oncology leaders who have worked ...

symptom management

Dexamethasone Mouthwash in Preventing Everolimus-Related Stomatitis in Women With Breast Cancer

In the phase II SWISH study reported in The Lancet Oncology, Rugo et al found that use of a dexamethasone-based mouthwash may prevent everolimus-related stomatitis in postmenopausal women receiving everolimus (Afinitor) for hormone receptor–positive, HER2-negative metastatic breast cancer....

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