Rohit K. Jain, MD, MPH, on Urothelial Carcinoma: New Data on Cabozantinib Plus Pembrolizumab
2024 ASCO GU Cancers Symposium
Rohit K. Jain, MD, MPH, of the H. Lee Moffitt Cancer Center and Research Institute, discusses a novel phase II trial of pembrolizumab plus cabozantinib. The study showed this combination may be efficacious as first-line therapy for patients with metastatic urothelial carcinoma, including those who are ineligible for cisplatin. Further investigation with a focus on predictive biomarkers is ongoing (Abstract 539).
Syed Muneeb Alam, MD, of Memorial Sloan Kettering Cancer Center, discusses study findings evaluating links among microsatellite instability status, tumor mutational burden, and response to immune checkpoint blockade in patients with microsatellite instability–high urothelial carcinoma (Abstract 536).
Neeraj Agarwal, MD, of Huntsman Cancer Institute at the University of Utah, discusses results of the CONTACT-2 trial, which showed cabozantinib plus atezolizumab improved radiographic progression–free survival of patients with metastatic castration-resistant prostate cancer vs a second novel hormonal therapy (NHT) in patients who had experienced disease progression on a prior NHT and have extrapelvic nodal or visceral disease. The benefits were more pronounced in patients with liver metastasis and in those who previously received docetaxel (Abstract 18).
Andrew Johns, MD, of The University of Texas MD Anderson Cancer Center, discusses efficacy, safety, and tolerability data on tivozanib. The agent yielded a modest clinical benefit in a minority of patients with advanced clear cell renal cell carcinoma who received prior immune checkpoint–based therapies, cabozantinib, and lenvatinib with or without everolimus (Abstract 419).
Umang Swami, MD, of Huntsman Cancer Institute at the University of Utah, describes the molecular and immunologic mechanisms of metastatic tropism in advanced prostate cancer, data that may facilitate future drug development. In patients with metastatic disease, specific sites are associated with differential overall survival, but the biological reasons have not been fully explored (Abstract 21).
Amanda Nizam, MD, of the Cleveland Clinic, discusses results from the UNITE study, which shows patients with advanced urothelial cancer who were treated with enfortumab vedotin-ejfv (EV) after switch maintenance avelumab had outcomes consistent with data with EV in platinum- and immune checkpoint inhibitor–refractory disease (Abstract 537).