Stephanie Walker on Increasing the Participation of Black Women With Metastatic Breast Cancer in Clinical Trials

2022 ASCO Annual Meeting


Stephanie Walker, a former nurse and current activist with the Metastatic Breast Cancer Alliance, discusses findings from the BECOME project (Black Experience of Clinical Trials and Opportunities for Meaningful Engagement). They show that, even though Black patients comprise between 4% and 6% of all clinical trial participants, Black women with metastatic breast cancer are willing to consider taking part if steps were taken to increase their awareness, build trust through clear communication with health-care providers, involve people of shared racial/ethnic identity and health experience, and help patients find and access trials (Abstract 1014).


Disclaimer: This video transcript has not been proofread or edited and may contain errors.
My project for ASCO this year was to include or increase participation of black men and women with metastatic breast cancer in clinical trials. First of all, I think we need to inform. We not only need to inform the patients about clinical trials, but we also need to inform you as a healthcare provider to ask us. Because the majority of the patients that were asked on this survey, if they knew about clinical trials, they didn't know. I think it is part of the job of the healthcare provider to ask us. Don't assume that we don't know about it, or we know about it and choose not to. Don't assume that we can't afford it. Don't assume that we're not educated enough to do this. Everybody needs to be informed. Next, we need to inspire. You need to inspire us as the patient. You need to help build that bond regarding trust and the healthcare provider, which is you. We need to inspire trust, even though we know the trials and tribulations in the past, we need to go forward. You need to ensure that we know where we can get in touch with people regarding the clinical trials. We also need to ensure that we know how to utilize the resources, to look for clinical trials or where to find those. Also, you need to address the barriers. Financial is the biggest barrier that we have. You need to help us by providing a meal because a clinical trial is all day. Or parking. We have childcare that we need to attend to. Help address some of those little barriers. They may seem little to you, but they are huge barriers for us. If you take care of the barriers, ensure that we know where to contact or where to enroll in clinical trials, inspire, develop the trust, and we need to inform the patient and yourself about including and talking to us about clinical trials. With that being said, we are going to do a follow-up study to reach those that we were unable to reach, which were those people in rural communities that are not connected to internet or not connected to a university-based institution, because 80% of all the cancer patients are treated in community-based cancer centers. I encourage you to look at other methods of including us in clinical trials. Instead of having me fly from the east coast to the west coast, to do a clinical trial or fly from the east coast to the west coast, to get CT scans when I can get them five minutes down the road. I need you to address some of those logistics, some of the barriers regarding finances. I also need you to know us. Get to know your patients in that 15 minutes, I know is a short period of time that you have to spend with us in the office, but you also need to inform us. Do not assume. Inform us of clinical trials.

Related Videos

Pancreatic Cancer

Rainer Fietkau, MD, on Pancreatic Cancer: Initial Trial Results on Sequential Chemotherapy and Chemoradiotherapy

Rainer Fietkau, MD, of Germany’s University Hospital Erlangen, discusses phase III findings of the CONKO-007 trial, which examined the role of sequential chemotherapy and chemoradiotherapy administered to patients with nonresectable locally advanced pancreatic cancer following standard-of-care chemotherapy (Abstract 4008).

Pancreatic Cancer

Pamela L. Kunz, MD, on Pancreatic Neuroendocrine Tumors: A Final Analysis of Temozolomide or Temozolomide Plus Capecitabine

Pamela L. Kunz, MD, of the Yale University School of Medicine, discusses new findings from the ECOG-ACRIN E2211 trial, which showed the longest progression-free survival and highest response rates with temozolomide plus capecitabine reported to date for patients with pancreatic neuroendocrine tumors. The presence of a deficiency of MGMT, the drug-resistance gene, was associated with greater odds of an objective response (Abstract 4004).


Courtney D. DiNardo, MD, MSCE, and Jorge E. Cortes, MD, on CML: New Efficacy and Safety Results for Asciminib

Courtney D. DiNardo, MD, MSCE, of The University of Texas MD Anderson Cancer Center, and Jorge E. Cortes, MD, of Georgia Cancer Center at Augusta University, discuss phase III results from the ASCEMBL trial, which showed that after more than 2 years of follow-up, asciminib continued to yield superior efficacy and better safety and tolerability vs bosutinib in patients with chronic myeloid leukemia (CML) in chronic phase. These results continue to support the use of this kinase inhibitor as a new CML therapy, says Dr. Cortes, with the potential to transform the standard of care (Abstract 7004).

Breast Cancer

Erika Hamilton, MD, on Metastatic Breast Cancer: Safety Follow-up Data on T-DXd vs T-DM1

Erika Hamilton, MD, of Sarah Cannon Research Institute at Tennessee Oncology, discusses phase III data from the DESTINY-Breast03 study, which reinforced the consistent safety profile of fam-trastuzumab deruxtecan-nxki (T-DXd) vs ado-trastuzumab emtansine (T-DM1) in patients with HER2-positive unresectable and/or metastatic breast cancer. The findings also support T-DXd’s risk benefit over that of T-DM1 (Abstract 1000).

Colorectal Cancer

Michael J. Overman, MD, and Jeanne Tie, MBChB, MD, on Colon Cancer: Guiding Adjuvant Chemotherapy With ctDNA

Michael J. Overman, MD, of The University of Texas MD Anderson Cancer Center, and Jeanne Tie, MBChB, MD, of Peter MacCallum Cancer Centre, discuss results from the DYNAMIC trial, in which a circulating tumor DNA (ctDNA)-guided approach reduced the use of adjuvant chemotherapy without compromising recurrence-free survival in patients with stage II colon cancer (Abstract LBA100).