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Karim Chamie, MD, on Bladder Cancer: Final Results on N-803 and Bacillus Calmette-Guérin

2022 ASCO Annual Meeting

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Karim Chamie, MD, of the University of California, Los Angeles, discusses final clinical results on combining the superagonist N-803 with bacillus Calmette-Guérin (BCG) in patients whose carcinoma in situ and high-grade non–muscle-invasive bladder cancers are unresponsive to BCG alone. Of note, cystectomy was avoided in more than 90% of patients with 2 years of follow-up (Abstract 4508).



Transcript

Disclaimer: This video transcript has not been proofread or edited and may contain errors.
So, patients with high-grade BCG unresponsive bladder cancer have limited treatment options. They often are offered either a radical cystectomy, which is a life altering operation which involves removal of the entire bladder and the surrounding organs, or treatments with systemic immunotherapies, such as pembrolizumab. With the QUILT-3032 study, what we did was we utilized intravesical IL-15 super-agonists in combination with BCG for patients with BCG-unresponsive bladder cancer. It's a phase two, phase three single arm study in which we enrolled 84 patients with CIS, plus or minus papillary disease, and an additional 77 patients with papillary disease only. Patients received 50 mg of BCG plus 400 mcg of N-803. This was done intravascularly once a week for six weeks, followed by three weekly treatments, similar to SWAG protocols. Our primary endpoint was safety and efficacy. Specifically, as far as efficacy, it was complete response rate at any time, and durability, which meant watching patients respond to therapy and median duration. What we found was that 71% of patients with carcinoma in situ responded at any time, and the median duration of that response was 26.2 months. Which is a phenomenal finding, because patients now have the option of being able to have intravesical therapy and maintaining their bladder for at least two years in this cohort. This compares favorably to checkpoint inhibitors, such as pembrolizumab, where they found 41% of patients had a complete response rate at any time, and the median duration of that response was about a year. The BLA for this treatment, namely N-803 plus BCG, was submitted and we hope to attain approval of this vitally important drug for this critically unmet need and frail cohort of patients.

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