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skin cancer

Higher EZH2 and Ki67 Expression May Be Associated With Aggressive Basal Cell Carcinoma

In a study reported in a research letter in JAMA Oncology, Rao et al found that high expression of EZH2 and Ki67 was associated with more-aggressive basal cell carcinoma.EZH2 is a histone methyltransferase of the polycomb repressive complex 2. EZH2 overexpression or gain of function mutations has...

skin cancer

sFRP2 in Aged Melanoma Tumor Cells Drives Metastasis and Therapy Resistance

Cancer risk increases with one's age as accumulated damage to our cells and chronic inflammation occur over time. Now, an international team of scientists led by The Wistar Institute has shown that aged tumor cells in melanoma behave differently from younger tumor cells, according to study results...

skin cancer

Vitamin D Level Associated With Melanoma Outcome Independent of C-Reactive Protein Level

In a study reported in the Journal of Clinical Oncology, Fang et al found that lower vitamin D levels were associated with poorer outcome in patients with melanoma independent of C-reactive protein (CRP) levels. Study Details The study involved data from 1,042 prospectively observed patients with ...

skin cancer

Microneedle Patch Delivers Localized Anti–PD-1 Antibody Immunotherapy to Melanoma in Preclinical Models

Biomedical engineering researchers at North Carolina State University (NC State) and the University of North Carolina at Chapel Hill (UNC Chapel Hill) have developed a technique that uses a patch embedded with microneedles to deliver cancer immunotherapy treatment directly to the site of melanoma....

skin cancer

Long Noncoding RNA SAMMSON Linked to Malignant Melanoma

In collaboration with researchers from Ghent University, Vlaams Instituut voor Biotechnologie (VIB) scientists from the University of Leuven have revealed a remarkable link between malignant melanoma and a noncoding RNA gene called SAMMSON. The SAMMSON gene is specifically expressed in human...

skin cancer

Study Explores Genomic and Transcriptomic Features of Anti–PD-1 Resistance in Advanced Melanoma

Immunotherapy using anti­–programmed cell death 1 (PD-1) antibodies has revolutionized the treatment of advanced melanoma and a growing list of other cancers. But 60% to 70% of melanoma tumors are resistant to anti–PD-1 antibodies, and there is an urgent need to understand how to...

skin cancer

Assessment of Survival Impact of Atypical Responses With Pembrolizumab Treatment in Advanced Melanoma

As reported by Hodi et al in the Journal of Clinical Oncology, use of conventional Response Evaluation Criteria in Solid Tumors (RECIST) to assess response may have underestimated the benefit of treatment with the programmed cell death protein 1 (PD-1) inhibitor pembrolizumab (Keytruda) in the...

skin cancer

Study Finds Most Patients With Melanoma Had Few Total Nevi and No Atypical Nevi

Although nevi are considered among the strongest risk factors for melanoma, most patients with melanoma had few total and no atypical nevi, according to a study of 566 patients with invasive cutaneous melanoma. “Three notable findings emerged from this case study,” Alan C. Geller, MPH, ...

skin cancer

Improved Melanoma-Specific Survival Reported With Wider Excision Margin in High-Risk Primary Melanoma

Wider excision margins in high-risk primary cutaneous melanoma were associated with improved melanoma-specific survival, according to long-term follow-up in a UK-led trial reported by Hayes et al in The Lancet Oncology. No significant improvement in overall survival was observed. The initial report ...

skin cancer

Melanoma-Specific Survival Significantly Higher With Wider Excision Margins

Among patients with high-risk, primary cutaneous melanomas, the risk of death from melanoma at a median follow-up of 8.8 years was significantly higher among those randomized to surgery with a 1-cm excision margin than among those randomized to surgery with a 3-cm excision margin. Although overall...

skin cancer

Anthony J. Olszanski, RPh, MD, on Immunotherapy and Melanoma

Anthony J. Olszanski, RPh, MD, of the Fox Chase Cancer Center, discusses the advances in immunotherapy generally and for melanoma in particular.

skin cancer
symptom management

Mario E. Lacouture, MD, on Management of Dermatologic Toxicities Associated With Targeted Therapies

Mario E. Lacouture, MD, of Memorial Sloan Kettering Cancer Center, discusses the effect on patients of dermatologic toxicities associated with targeted therapies: their psychosocial impact, financial burden, physiological pain, and potential to alter therapy. But the side effects of targeted...

skin cancer

John A. Thompson, MD, on Treatment Options for Advanced Melanoma

John A. Thompson, MD, of the Fred Hutchinson Cancer Research Center and Seattle Cancer Care Alliance, discusses the latest immunotherapeutics for advanced melanoma, including pembrolizumab, trametinib, nivolumab, and dabrafenib.

skin cancer

Jedd Wolchok, MD, PhD, and Anthony J. Olszanski, RPh, MD, on Results From the Checkmate 067 Trial on Nivolumab, Ipilimumab, and Advanced Melanoma

Anthony J. Olszanski, RPh, MD, of Fox Chase Cancer Center, and Jedd Wolchok, MD, PhD, of Memorial Sloan Kettering Cancer Center, discuss therapies for treatment-naive patients with advanced melanoma (Abstract LBA1).

skin cancer

Claus Garbe, MD, and Anthony J. Olszanski, RPh, MD, on The DECOG Trial on Sentinel Lymph Node–Positive Melanoma

Claus Garbe, MD, of the University of Tuebingen, and Anthony J. Olszanski, RPh, MD, of Fox Chase Cancer Center, discuss the survival of sentinel lymph node-positive melanoma patients with and without complete lymph node dissection (Abstract LBA9002).

skin cancer

Andrew James Martin, PhD, and Anthony J. Olszanski, RPh, MD, on Oral Nicotinamide to Reduce Nonmelanoma Skin Cancers

Andrew James Martin, PhD, of NHMRC Clinical Trials Centre, University of Sydney, and Anthony J. Olszanski, RPh, MD, of Fox Chase Cancer Center, discuss a form of vitamin B3 that reduced the incidence of new nonmelanoma skin cancers in high-risk patients (Abstract 9000).

skin cancer

Andrew James Martin, PhD, on Oral Nicotinamide for Nonmelanoma Skin Cancer

Andrew James Martin, PhD, of NHMRC Clinical Trials Centre, University of Sydney, discusses a form of vitamin B3 that reduced the incidence of new nonmelanoma skin cancers in high-risk patients (Abstract 9000).

skin cancer

Jedd Wolchok, MD, PhD, Summarizes Results From the CheckMate 067 Trial in Advanced Melanoma

Jedd Wolchok, MD, PhD, of Memorial Sloan Kettering Cancer Center discusses therapies for treatment-naive patients with advanced melanoma (Abstract LBA1).

skin cancer

Claus Garbe, MD, Summarizes Results of the DECOG Trial on SLNB-Positive Melanoma

Claus Garbe, MD, of the University of Tuebingen, discusses the survival of sentinel lymph node biopsy–positive melanoma patients with and without complete lymph node dissection (Abstract LBA9002).

skin cancer

Shailender Bhatia, MD, on Merkel Cell Carcinoma: Final Results of a Phase II Study

Shailender Bhatia, MD, of the Fred Hutchinson Cancer Center, discusses his paper on interleukin-12 DNA and regression of Merkel cell tumors (Abstract 504).

skin cancer
head and neck cancer
breast cancer

Catherine C. Park, MD, on Novel Clinical Paradigms

Catherine C. Park, MD, of the University of California, San Francisco, summarizes results from three clinical trials of radiation therapy for various cancers: metastatic melanoma, oropharyngeal squamous cell carcinoma, and breast cancer (Abstracts 215, 3, and LBA7).

skin cancer

Nivolumab Plus Ipilimumab Receives Expanded FDA Approval in Unresectable or Metastatic Melanoma Across BRAF Status

Bristol-Myers Squibb announced on January 23 that the U.S. Food and Drug Administration (FDA) has approved nivolumab (Opdivo) in combination with ipilimumab (Yervoy) for the treatment of patients with BRAF V600 wild-type and BRAF V600 mutation–positive unresectable or metastatic...

issues in oncology
skin cancer
issues in oncology

Inherited Genetic Markers May Predict Melanoma Survival and Help Plot Course of Disease

At NYU Langone Medical Center and its Laura and Isaac Perlmutter Cancer Center, researchers have discovered an inherited genetic marker that might provide clinicians with a personalized tool to gauge an individual’s survival and determine which patients require closer monitoring in the years...

skin cancer

Pregnancy-Associated Melanoma Is Linked With Higher Death Rates

Melanoma is on the rise in women of childbearing age. Those at the greatest risk, according to new Cleveland Clinic research, are women younger than 50 who are pregnant or have recently been pregnant. After adjusting for age, tumor location, and stage, researchers from Cleveland Clinic's...

palliative care
skin cancer
issues in oncology

Blood Test That Monitors ctDNA Better Than the Standard in Tracking Metastatic Melanoma

Physicians treating patients with metastatic melanoma may soon have a superior tool in their efforts to closely track the disease. A new study shows that a blood test that monitors blood levels of DNA fragments from dead cancer cells does a better job than the current standard test at tracking the...

skin cancer

Ocular Melanoma Research Fellowship Opportunity Announced

The American Association for Cancer Research (AACR) and the Ocular Melanoma Foundation (OMF) are pleased to announce a new partnership to provide a grant opportunity for researchers focused on ocular melanoma, which is diagnosed in approximately 2,000 adults in the United States each year....

skin cancer

May Is National Skin Cancer Awareness Month

According to the Skin Cancer Foundation, more than 3.5 million cases of skin cancer are diagnosed each year, with the incidences of skin cancer outnumbering all cases of breast, colon, lung, and prostate cancers combined. Of the three most common types of skin cancer—basal cell carcinoma, squamous...

gynecologic cancers
skin cancer

Conquer Cancer Foundation Past Grant Recipients Present Research Advances in Melanoma and Ovarian Cancer at 2014 ASCO Annual Meeting

The Conquer Cancer Foundation has an excellent track record of finding and funding the most promising young investigators. Past recipients Joyce F. Liu, MD, MPH, and Antoni Ribas, MD, PhD, received funding from the Conquer Cancer Foundation early in their career and at the 2014 ASCO Annual Meeting...

skin cancer

FDA Expands Pembrolizumab Label to Include Approval in Initial Treatment of Unresectable or Metastatic Melanoma

On December 18, 2015, the U.S. Food and Drug Administration (FDA) expanded the pembrolizumab (Keytruda) label to include approval of the drug for the treatment of patients with unresectable or metastatic melanoma. This expansion now includes the initial treatment of patients with unresectable or...

skin cancer
skin cancer
issues in oncology

Characterization of Pathogenic Mutations in Melanoma Progression

In a study reported in The New England Journal of Medicine, Shain et al identified the order of occurrence of mutations in the progression of melanoma as well as characterized point mutation burden and chromosomal instability during disease evolution. Study Details The study involved sequencing...

skin cancer
skin cancer

Australian Single-Center Experience With Cutaneous Toxicity From Use of BRAF Inhibitor Alone or With MEK Inhibitor in Metastatic Melanoma

In a retrospective single-center cohort study reported in JAMA Dermatology, Carlos et al identified the cutaneous toxicities associated with the use of the BRAF inhibitors dabrafenib (Tafinlar) and vemurafenib (Zelboraf) alone or dabrafenib combined with the MEK inhibitor trametinib (Mekinist)....

skin cancer

FDA Approves Single-Agent Nivolumab for Previously Untreated BRAF Wild-Type Advanced Melanoma

The U.S. Food and Drug Administration (FDA) today approved the programmed cell death protein 1 (PD-1) inhibitor nivolumab (Opdivo) as a single agent for the treatment of patients with BRAF V600 wild-type unresectable or metastatic melanoma. Clinical Trial Results The approval is based on data...

kidney cancer
lung cancer
skin cancer
lymphoma
kidney cancer
head and neck cancer

Kidney Failure and Its Treatment May Impact Cancer Risk

For patients with kidney failure, poor kidney function and immunosuppressant medications may increase their risk of developing different types of cancer. The findings, which are published by Yanik et al in the Journal of the American Society of Nephrology, suggest the need for persistent cancer...

skin cancer

Increased Risk of Second Nonmelanoma Skin Cancer Among Patients Receiving Immunosuppressive Therapy

Patients with rheumatoid arthritis treated with methotrexate had an increased risk of a second nonmelanoma skin cancer, and adding anti–tumor necrosis factor (TNF) may increase that risk, according to results of a retrospective cohort study reported in JAMA Dermatology. A similar association...

skin cancer

FDA Approves Cobimetinib in Combination With Vemurafenib for Advanced Melanoma

The U.S. Food and Drug Administration (FDA) approved cobimetinib (Cotellic) to be used in combination with vemurafenib (Zelboraf) to treat metastatic or unresectable melanoma, with the BRAF V600E or V600K mutation. “As we continue to advance our knowledge of tumor biology, we have...

skin cancer

No Difference in Overall Survival, Poorer Relapse-Free Survival With Adjuvant Intermittent vs High-Dose Interferon Alfa-2b in Stage III Melanoma

The final analysis of a European Dermatologic Cooperative Oncology Group phase III trial, reported in the Journal of Clinical Oncology by Mohr et al, showed that adjuvant intermittent vs standard high-dose intravenous interferon alfa-2b was associated with no difference in overall survival but...

skin cancer

FDA Approves Adjuvant Ipilimumab to Reduce the Risk of Melanoma Returning After Surgery

The U.S. Food and Drug Administration has expanded the approved use of ipilimumab (Yervoy) to include a new use as adjuvant therapy for patients who have cutaneous melanoma with pathologic involvement of regional lymph nodes of more than 1 mm and have undergone complete resection, including total...

issues in oncology
skin cancer
issues in oncology

Newly Discovered Tumor-Suppressor Gene Affects Melanoma Survival

Of the hundreds of genes that can be mutated in a single case of melanoma, only a handful may be true drivers of cancer. A new study published by Arafeh et al in Nature Genetics, a Weizmann Institute of Science team has revealed one of the drivers of a particularly deadly subset of melanomas that...

skin cancer

FDA Approves Talimogene Laherparepvec for Unresectable Recurrent Melanoma

The U.S. Food and Drug Administration (FDA) has approved the biologics license application for talimogene laherparepvec (Imlygic), a genetically modified oncolytic viral therapy indicated for the local treatment of unresectable cutaneous, subcutaneous and nodal lesions in patients with melanoma...

skin cancer

ASTRO 2015: Subset of Patients With Metastatic Melanoma Achieves Clinical Benefit From Combination of Immunotherapy and Radiation Therapy

Immunotherapy combined with palliative radiation therapy for a subset of patients with metastatic melanoma reduces the growth and spread of the cancer, according to research presented by Hiniker et al (Abstract 215) on October 20, 2015 at the American Society for Radiation Oncology’s...

skin cancer
issues in oncology

More Than 11 Moles on the Arm May Indicate Higher Risk of Melanoma

Researchers at King's College London have investigated a new method that could be used by general practitioners to quickly determine the number of moles on the entire body by counting the number found on a smaller “proxy” body area, such as an arm. These findings were published by...

lung cancer
skin cancer

Antioxidants May Increase the Rate of Metastasis, Protect Existing Tumors in Malignant Melanoma

Fresh research at Sahlgrenska Academy has found that antioxidants can double the rate of melanoma metastasis in mice. The results reinforce previous findings that antioxidants hasten the progression of lung cancer. According to Martin Bergö, PhD, people with cancer or an elevated risk of...

skin cancer

Evidence of Basal to Squamous Cell Phenotype Switch Under Vismodegib Treatment for Basal Cell Carcinoma

In a letter to The New England Journal of Medicine, Ransohoff et al describe genetic evidence of phenotype switching from basal cell to squamous cell carcinoma in a patient receiving vismodegib (Erivedge) for basal cell carcinoma. Hedgehog signaling pathway activation, a central feature of...

skin cancer

Surgical Resection Prolongs Survival for Patients Whose Melanoma Has Spread to the Abdomen

Surgical removal of melanoma that has metastasized to the abdomen appears to help patients live more than twice as long as those who receive only medical therapy, according to study results presented at the 2015 Clinical Congress of the American College of Surgeons. In more than 1,600 patients...

skin cancer

ECC 2015: Combination of Dabrafenib and Trametinib Superior to Vemurafenib Alone in Advanced Melanoma: Results of the COMBI-v Trial

The latest results from a trial of a combination of two targeted therapies (dabrafenib [Tafinlar] and trametinib [Mekinist]) to treat advanced melanoma have shown that patients are living significantly longer on the combined therapy than patients treated with vemurafenib (Zelboraf) alone. Caroline...

skin cancer

FDA Grants Accelerated Approval to Nivolumab in Combination With Ipilimumab in BRAF V600 Wild-Type, Unresectable, or Metastatic Melanoma

On September 30, 2015, the U.S. Food and Drug Administration (FDA) granted accelerated approval to nivolumab (Opdivo) in combination with ipilimumab (Yervoy) for the treatment of patients with BRAF V600 wild-type, unresectable, or metastatic melanoma. The FDA is scheduled to make a decision on ...

skin cancer
skin cancer
issues in oncology

Unprecedented Number of Mutations Identified in Rare Melanoma

A rare form of skin cancer known as desmoplasmic melanoma may possess the highest burden of gene mutations of any cancer, suggesting that immunotherapy may be a promising approach for treatment, according to an international team led by University of California San Francisco (UCSF) scientists. One...

skin cancer
issues in oncology
survivorship
issues in oncology
issues in oncology

Antifungal Agent Increases Risk of Cutaneous Squamous Cell Carcinoma in Some Lung Transplant Recipients

Voriconazole, commonly used to prevent and treat fungal infections in lung transplant recipients, significantly increases the risk for cutaneous squamous cell carcinoma in this population, according to a new study by University of California San Francisco researchers. The team recommends physicians ...

skin cancer

Phase III Trial Shows No Benefit of Adjuvant GM-CSF or Peptide Vaccine in High-Risk, Resected Melanoma

In a phase III trial (Eastern Cooperative Oncology Group-American College of Radiology Imaging Network Cancer Research Group E4697 trial) reported in the Journal of Clinical Oncology, Lawson et al found no relapse-free or overall survival benefit with adjuvant yeast-derived granulocyte-macrophage...

issues in oncology
skin cancer
issues in oncology

New Genetic Mutation Leading to Protein Repression Identified in Melanoma Cancer Cells

There is strong evidence that the protein complex APC/C may function as a tumor suppressor in multiple cancers including lymphoma, colorectal cancer, breast cancer, and now, melanoma. A new study has revealed that a genetic mutation leading to repression of a specific protein, Cdh1, which interacts ...

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