David H. Harpole, Jr, MD, on Perioperative Durvalumab Plus Chemotherapy in Resectable NSCLC
IASLC 2023 WCLC
David H. Harpole, Jr, MD, of Duke University Medical Center, discusses further exploratory analyses of patients with EGFR-mutated resectable non–small cell lung cancer (NSCLC) enrolled in the phase III AEGEAN study. In this trial, perioperative durvalumab plus neoadjuvant chemotherapy, vs neoadjuvant chemotherapy alone, significantly improved event-free survival and pathologic complete response (Abstract OA12.06).
Yasir Y. Elamin, MD, of The University of Texas MD Anderson Cancer Center, discusses findings from the BRIGHTSTAR study, in which brigatinib with local consolidative therapy was found to be safe in patients with ALK-rearranged advanced non–small cell lung cancer. This regimen yielded promising outcomes when compared with historical outcomes with brigatinib alone (Abstract OA22.04).
Seshiru Nakazawa, MD, PhD, of Dana-Farber Cancer Institute, discusses activating the MET tyrosine kinase domain mutation, which has been identified as the sole oncogenic mutation in a small but significant subset of patients with non–small cell lung cancer (NSCLC). According to Dr. Nakazawa’s findings, this mutation is potentially targetable with currently available MET tyrosine kinase inhibitors.
Gilberto de Lima Lopes, Jr, MD, MBA, of the Sylvester Comprehensive Cancer Center at the University of Miami, comments on four presentations from the 2023 World Conference on Lung Cancer for which he served as discussant: the global landscape of three types of lung cancer (squamous cell, adenocarcinoma, and small cell); findings from the Australian Registry and Biobank of Thoracic Cancers; the Registry of Genetic Alterations of Taiwan by comprehensive next-generation sequencing; and treatment decisions in octogenarians with non-small cell lung cancer.
Shirish M. Gadgeel, MD, of the Henry Ford Cancer Institute, discusses a 5-year follow-up study of patients with metastatic non–small cell lung cancer (NSCLC) who were treated with pembrolizumab plus chemotherapy. According to Dr. Gadgeel, the findings continue to support the use of pembrolizumab plus chemotherapy as a standard-of-care first-line treatment, including in tumors with a PD-L1 tumor proportion scores of less than 1%.
Ticiana A. Leal, MD, of Winship Cancer Institute at Emory University, discusses phase III findings from the LUNAR study of tumor treating fields (electric fields that disrupt cellular processes and lead to cell death) combined with the standard of care in patients with metastatic non–small cell lung cancer (NSCLC) after relapse on platinum treatment. The survival benefit of this regimen was especially profound in patients with tumor PD-L1 expression who received an immune checkpoint inhibitor as the standard of care, according to Dr. Leal (Abstract OA22.05).