Chee K. Lee, PhD, MBBS, on Durvalumab, Tremelimumab, and Chemotherapy in NSCLC
IASLC 2023 WCLC
Chee K. Lee, PhD, MBBS, of the University of Sydney, discusses findings of the ILLUMINATE study, which showed durvalumab and tremelimumab with chemotherapy yielded antitumor activity in patients with non–small cell lung cancer (NSCLC) whose tumors progressed after receiving EGFR inhibitors. This result was especially marked in those with EGFR T790M–negative tumors (Abstract OA09.04).
David H. Harpole, Jr, MD, of Duke University Medical Center, discusses further exploratory analyses of patients with EGFR-mutated resectable non–small cell lung cancer (NSCLC) enrolled in the phase III AEGEAN study. In this trial, perioperative durvalumab plus neoadjuvant chemotherapy, vs neoadjuvant chemotherapy alone, significantly improved event-free survival and pathologic complete response (Abstract OA12.06).
Shirish M. Gadgeel, MD, of the Henry Ford Cancer Institute, discusses a 5-year follow-up study of patients with metastatic non–small cell lung cancer (NSCLC) who were treated with pembrolizumab plus chemotherapy. According to Dr. Gadgeel, the findings continue to support the use of pembrolizumab plus chemotherapy as a standard-of-care first-line treatment, including in tumors with a PD-L1 tumor proportion scores of less than 1%.
Benjamin Besse, MD, PhD, of the Gustave Roussy Cancer Centre, discusses phase II findings from the HERTHENA-Lung01 study, which showed patients with previously treated EGFR-mutated non–small cell lung cancer may benefit from the antibody-drug conjugate patritumab deruxtecan after EGFR tyrosine kinase inhibitor (TKI) and platinum-based chemotherapy (Abstract OA05.03). The phase III HERTHENA-Lung02 trial is ongoing.
Tom E. Stinchcombe, MD, of Duke Cancer Institute, discusses an analysis of the rate of second primary lung cancer from the CALGB (Alliance) 140503 trial of lobar vs sublobar resection for T1a N0 non–small cell lung cancer (NSCLC). The data have implications for surveillance and screening strategies for patients with resected stage I disease (Abstract OA12.03).
Seshiru Nakazawa, MD, PhD, of Dana-Farber Cancer Institute, discusses activating the MET tyrosine kinase domain mutation, which has been identified as the sole oncogenic mutation in a small but significant subset of patients with non–small cell lung cancer (NSCLC). According to Dr. Nakazawa’s findings, this mutation is potentially targetable with currently available MET tyrosine kinase inhibitors.