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Marcus O. Butler, MD, on Uveal Melanoma: Tebentafusp and Evidence of Tumor Response

AACR Annual Meeting 2023

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Marcus O. Butler, MD, of Toronto’s Princess Margaret Cancer Centre, discusses evidence of tumor response in orbital lesions treated with tebentafusp in patients with metastatic uveal melanoma. Tebentafusp is a first-in-class novel bispecific protein, the first therapy to show superior overall survival compared with standard therapy for metastatic uveal melanoma. Based on these study findings, a role for this agent as a neoadjuvant treatment warrants further investigation. (Abstract LB 118/1)



Transcript

Disclaimer: This video transcript has not been proofread or edited and may contain errors.
Tebentafusp is approved for HLA-A*02:01 positive patients with uveal melanoma that is metastatic. It is the first drug to show an overall survival benefit for patients with this disease. Although local control of uveal melanoma is quite high, patients do develop metastatic disease and a small minority of patients will have recurrence of their disease in the eye or progression of disease in the eye. It is hypothesized that the immune privileged sight in the eye would result in a lack of activity of tebentafusp, because tebentafusp is a bispecific molecule which targets gp100-expressing tumor cells and CD3 T-cells to activate these T-cells. In this study, we looked at a pooled analysis of patients with uveal melanoma who had disease in the eye that was detectable as well as metastatic disease and were treated with tebentafusp. We also assessed 37 tumors of the eye too and as well as metastatic lesions to assess gp100 expression antigen processing machinery, as well as CD3 and CD8 expression. Across the three trials, 12 uveal melanoma patients were identified who had detectable orbital lesions. Five of these patients had target lesions that were measurable. Four of these patients had responses to tebentafusp and one had stable disease. Interestingly, tumor shrinkage and stability of the orbital lesions was observed in patients who had progression of disease elsewhere. One of seven of the patients with non-target lesions showed a response and none had evidence of progression. Out of the seven non-target orbital lesions, none progressed with two achieving complete responses and five remaining stable. We also, in our translational studies, found that gp100 immunohistochemistry staining of the primary eye tumors was very high compared to metastatic lesions, and that antigen processing machinery continues to be expressed in these tumors. CD3 and CD8 numbers, however, were generally lower in the eye, suggesting the immune privileged state of the eye. We also looked at adverse events occurring with tebentafusp in patients with measurable disease or detectable disease in the eye. There were five patients with adverse events and seven of the nine adverse events were intraocular local edema. None of the adverse events resulted in discontinuation of therapy. In conclusion, this analysis demonstrated a high expression of gp100 and antigen processing machinery, as well as low T-cell infiltration in primary tumors of the eye with uveal melanoma. Additionally, we saw activity where we saw tumor shrinkage in patients treated with tebentafusp in the metastatic setting. Most of the eye related adverse events were mild. This exciting preliminary data suggests that tebentafusp may have activity for primary tumors and neoadjuvant studies as well as adjuvant studies are being planned and are soon to be conducted.

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