Christian Pfister, MD, PhD, on Bladder Cancer: New Overall Survival Data on Perioperative Chemotherapy
2023 ASCO Annual Meeting
Christian Pfister, MD, PhD, of Rouen University Hospital, discusses phase III results from the VESPER trial, which showed that dose-dense methotrexate, vinblastine, doxorubicin, and cisplatin provided a better overall survival rate at 5 years and improved disease-specific survival compared with gemcitabine as perioperative chemotherapy in patients with muscle-invasive bladder cancer (Abstract LBA4507).
Disclaimer: This video transcript has not been proofread or edited and may contain errors.
Since 20 year, VESPER is the only randomized [inaudible 00:00:12] trial comparing the efficacy of GC or dose-dense MVAC in perioperative setting in muscle-invasive bladder cancer. On a period of 5 years, we randomized 500 patients in 28 French cancer centers. 56 patient in the neoadjuvant group and the [inaudible 00:00:36] majority, 88% of patient in the neoadjuvant group. The primary endpoint of the VESPER trial was a progression-free survival of 3 years, with [inaudible 00:00:49]. On [inaudible 00:00:52], we present the overall survival at 5 year, and the disease-specific survival of the trial. Dose-dense MVAC allow better overall survival at 5 years than GC in the perioperative setting. In the neoadjuvant group, overall survival was significantly higher, with a 5-year wait of 66 verus 57 persons. Moreover, dose-dense MVAC improved significantly disease-specific survival at 5 years in the perioperative setting. Interestingly, we stratified the 5-year overall survival curve by [inaudible 00:01:36], and dose cisplatin receive.
This representation clearly divides the study population in three group, and confirms the importance of cumulative cisplatin dose. We have the first group pool of all survival with less than four full-dose cisplatin, median of overall survival for GC-arm with four full-dose cisplatin, and higher survival with dose-dense MVAC with four or more full-cisplatin dose. My take-home message are VESPER is worthy of milestone in the history of chemotherapy for muscle-invasive bladder cancer. Dose-dense MVAC provides a better overall survival at 5 years, and significantly improved disease-specific survival over GC in the perioperative setting. Our result confirms the indisputable superiority of dose-dense MVAC over GC as neoadjuvant chemotherapy. Finally, VESPER is practice-changing and showed tumoral impact on clinical cancer research in bladder cancer.
Jason J. Luke, MD, of the University of Pittsburgh Medical Center Hillman Cancer Center, discusses adjuvant pembrolizumab, which, in previous results, improved distant metastasis– and recurrence-free survival in patients with resected stage IIB or IIC melanoma vs placebo. After a median follow-up of 39.4 months, adjuvant pembrolizumab continued to show a benefit over placebo, with no new safety signals (Abstract LBA9505).
Rana R. McKay, MD, of the University of California, San Diego, and Toni K. Choueiri, MD, of Dana-Farber Cancer Institute and Harvard Medical School, discuss results from the phase III CONTACT-03 study, showing that, for patients with metastatic renal cell carcinoma (RCC), adding the PD-L1 inhibitor atezolizumab to cabozantinib did not improve clinical outcomes compared with treatment with cabozantinib alone. In addition, higher toxicities were observed in the combination arm (Abstract LBA4500).
Lisa A. Carey, MD, of the University of North Carolina at Chapel Hill, and Dennis J. Slamon, MD, PhD, of the University of California, Los Angeles, discuss phase III study findings on ribociclib plus endocrine therapy as adjuvant treatment in patients with hormone receptor–positive, HER2-negative early breast cancer. When added to standard-of-care endocrine therapy, ribociclib improved invasive disease–free survival with a well-tolerated safety profile (Abstract LBA500).
James Chih-Hsin Yang, MD, PhD, of the National Taiwan University Hospital and National Taiwan University Cancer Center, discusses the latest data from the phase III KEYNOTE-789 study, which evaluated the efficacy and safety of pemetrexed plus platinum chemotherapy (carboplatin or cisplatin) with or without pembrolizumab in the treatment of adults with EGFR tyrosine kinase inhibitor–resistant, EGFR–mutated, metastatic nonsquamous non–small cell lung cancer (NSCLC) (Abstract LBA9000).
Guillermo Garcia-Manero, MD, of The University of Texas MD Anderson Cancer Center, discusses phase III findings from the COMMANDS trial. Compared with epoetin alfa, luspatercept improved red blood cell transfusion independence and erythroid response, as well as the duration of response in erythropoiesis-stimulating agent–naive, transfusion-dependent patients with lower‐risk myelodysplastic syndromes (Abstract 7003).