Melinda L. Telli, MD, on Breast Cancer: Neoadjuvant Talazoparib for Early HER2-Negative Disease
2021 ASCO Annual Meeting
Melinda L. Telli, MD, of Stanford University, discusses results of a phase II study on neoadjuvant talazoparib in germline BRCA1/2 mutation–positive, early HER2-negative breast cancer. In this setting, talazoparib monotherapy was active and yielded pathologic complete response rates comparable to those observed with combination anthracycline and taxane-based chemotherapy regimens (Abstract 505).
Sumanta K. Pal, MD, of City of Hope, discusses results from a phase II study that sought to determine whether adding berzosertib, a selective ATR inhibitor, to the standard upfront chemotherapy regimen of cisplatin with gemcitabine may improve outcomes in patients with metastatic urothelial carcinoma (Abstract 4507).
Linda R. Mileshkin, MBBS, MD, of the Peter MacCallum Cancer Centre, discusses phase III findings from the OUTBACK trial, which showed that adjuvant chemotherapy given after standard cisplatin-based chemoradiation for women with locally advanced cervical cancer did not improve either overall or progression-free survival (Abstract LBA3).
Debora S. Bruno, MD, of Seidman Cancer Center at Cleveland Medical Center, discusses study findings that show Black patients with advanced or metastatic non–small cell lung cancer tend to be less likely to undergo biomarker testing or to be treated in clinical trials than White patients. Recommended broad-based testing, says Dr. Bruno, may help ensure equal access to quality care and clinical trials (Abstract 9005).
Andrew Tutt, PhD, MBChB, of the Institute of Cancer Research, London, discusses findings from the phase III OlympiA trial, which showed that adjuvant olaparib, a PARP inhibitor, following adjuvant or neoadjuvant chemotherapy, may improve invasive disease–free survival in patients with germline BRCA-mutated and high-risk HER2-negative early breast cancer, which might lead to a new indication in this setting (Abstract LBA1).
Ingrid A. Mayer, MD, of Vanderbilt University Medical Center, discusses phase III results from a trial that showed patients with triple-negative breast cancer who had residual invasive disease after neoadjuvant chemotherapy had lower-than-expected invasive disease–free survival, regardless of study treatment with platinum-based chemotherapy or capecitabine (Abstract 605).