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Skin Cancer
Immunotherapy
Symptom Management

Adverse Events in Patients With Melanoma Treated With Ipilimumab: Results of a Toxicity Monitoring Program

In a single-institution study reported in JCO Oncology Practice, Menjak et al found that a nurse-led telephone surveillance program for toxicity associated with ipilimumab in patients with metastatic melanoma led to earlier identification of toxicities and earlier intervention, with an apparent...

Breast Cancer
Symptom Management

Low-Dose Tamoxifen for Reduction of Mammographic Density in Women Undergoing Breast Cancer Screening

In the Swedish phase II KARISMA study reported in the Journal of Clinical Oncology, Eriksson et al found noninferior mammographic density reduction and reduced vasomotor symptoms following tamoxifen therapy at 2.5, 5, and 10 mg vs the standard dose of 20 mg among women undergoing breast cancer...

gynecologic cancers
symptom management

Supriya Chopra, MD, on Cervical Cancer: Reducing Late Effects of Bowel Toxicity

Supriya Chopra, MD, of Tata Memorial Centre, discusses a final analysis of the phase III PARCER trial, which showed that image-guided intensity-modulated radiotherapy is superior to conventional radiotherapy in reducing bowel toxicity in women with cervical cancer. Acute diarrhea was also reduced, with no difference in disease-related outcomes (ID# 10224).

gynecologic cancers
survivorship
symptom management

Lauren Thomaier, MD, on Predicting Chemotherapy-Induced Peripheral Neuropathy in Gynecologic Cancer Survivors

Lauren Thomaier, MD, of the University of Minnesota, discusses the genetic variants found to be associated with an increase in chemotherapy-induced neuropathy symptoms in a cohort of gynecologic cancer survivors. Combining these variants with clinical characteristics may provide an important treatment tool (ID# 10253).

Hematologic Malignancies
Supportive Care
Symptom Management

Ruxolitinib Improves Outcomes in Steroid-Refractory or Steroid-Dependent Graft-vs-Host Disease

Ruxolitinib was superior to best available therapy in achieving efficacy as determined by best overall response and duration of response, with acceptable safety in adolescents and adults with steroid-dependent or steroid-refractory chronic graft-vs-host disease effects. These findings were shown in ...

Lung Cancer
Symptom Management

FDA Approves Trilaciclib to Reduce Chemotherapy-Induced Bone Marrow Suppression in Adults Being Treated for SCLC

On February 12, the U.S. Food and Drug Administration (FDA) approved trilaciclib (Cosela) as the first therapy in its class to reduce the frequency of chemotherapy-induced bone marrow suppression in adults receiving certain types of chemotherapy for extensive-stage small cell lung cancer (SCLC)....

Leukemia
Symptom Management
COVID-19

FDA Pipeline: Breakthrough Designations in CML and for Cachexia, EUA for COVID-19

Recently, the U.S. Food and Drug Administration (FDA) issued a Breakthrough Therapy designation to asciminib for chronic myeloid leukemia (CML); a Breakthrough Device designation to an assay designed to help select patients with cachexia for treatment with an investigational therapeutic; and an...

Supportive Care
Symptom Management

ASH 2021 Guidelines for Prevention and Treatment of Venous Thromboembolism in Patients With Cancer

As reported in Blood Advances by Gary H. Lyman, MD, MPH, FASCO, FRCP, and colleagues, the American Society of Hematology (ASH) has issued evidence-based guidelines intended to assist patients, clinicians, and other health-care professionals in decisions regarding the prevention and treatment of...

Hematologic Malignancies
Supportive Care
Symptom Management

Sitagliptin Added to Tacrolimus/Sirolimus Prophylaxis Regimen for Acute Graft-vs-Host Disease After HSCT

In a phase II trial reported in The New England Journal of Medicine, Sherif S. Farag, MD, PhD, of Indiana University School of Medicine, and colleagues, found that the addition of the dipeptidyl peptidase 4 (DPP-4; CD26) inhibitor sitagliptin to tacrolimus and sirolimus prophylaxis resulted in a...

Hematologic Malignancies
Symptom Management
Supportive Care

Trading One Disease for Another: Patients With Chronic Graft-vs-Host Disease May Face Lifelong Complications

The field of allogeneic stem cell transplantation continues to improve survival for patients with previously incurable blood cancers. However, up to 50% of patients who undergo transplantation with donor cells will develop chronic graft-vs-host disease, a potentially deadly condition that can also...

Hematologic Malignancies
Supportive Care
Symptom Management

Addition of Abatacept to Acute Graft-vs-Host Disease Prophylaxis

In a phase II trial (ABA2) reported in the Journal of Clinical Oncology, Watkins et al found that the addition of T-cell costimulation blockade with abatacept to calcineurin inhibitor (CNI)/methotrexate (MTX)–based graft-vs-host disease prophylaxis resulted in reduced rates of acute graft-vs-host...

Breast Cancer
Symptom Management
Issues in Oncology

Expert Point of View: Virginia Kaklamani, MD

Press conference moderator Virginia Kaklamani, MD, of UT Health San Antonio, and Leader of the Breast Cancer Program, UT Health San Antonio MD Anderson Cancer Center, weighed in on this study. “This study compared patients’ reports with physicians’ reports about the severity of symptoms. It is a...

Breast Cancer
Symptom Management
Issues in Oncology

Severity of Patients’ Symptoms May Be Underrecognized During and After Breast Radiotherapy

Physicians may commonly underrecognize radiation-associated symptoms and their severity compared with self-reports of patients with breast cancer, according to a large study comparing patient-­reported outcomes with physician assessments of four common radiation-associated symptoms: pain, pruritus, ...

Leukemia
Immunotherapy
Symptom Management

Preemptive Tocilizumab for Cytokine-Release Syndrome in Pediatric Patients With B-Cell ALL Receiving CAR T-Cell Therapy

In a single-institution study reported in the Journal of Clinical Oncology, Kadauke et al found that risk-adapted tocilizumab reduced the expected incidence of grade 4 cytokine-release syndrome in pediatric patients receiving CD19-directed chimeric antigen receptor (CAR) T-cell...

Hematologic Malignancies
Symptom Management

Risk of Atrial Fibrillation and Associated Outcomes After Allogeneic Hematopoietic Stem Cell Transplantation

In a single-institution study reported in the Journal of Clinical Oncology, Chang et al found that atrial fibrillation occurs in a substantial proportion of patients who have undergone allogeneic hematopoietic cell transplantation (HCT) and is associated with poor outcomes. Study Details The...

Breast Cancer
Geriatric Oncology
Symptom Management

Novel Risk Tool for Predicting Severe Toxicity in Older Patients Receiving Chemotherapy for Early-Stage Breast Cancer

As reported in the Journal of Clinical Oncology, Allison Magnuson, DO, and colleagues have developed a risk tool for predicting severe toxicity in patients aged 65 and older receiving chemotherapy for early-stage breast cancer. Study Details The prospective cohort study included 473 patients...

Hematologic Malignancies
Symptom Management

Addition of Sitagliptin to Tacrolimus/Sirolimus Prophylaxis for Acute Graft-vs-Host Disease

In a phase II trial reported in The New England Journal of Medicine, Farag et al found that the addition of the dipeptidyl peptidase 4 (DPP-4; CD26) inhibitor sitagliptin to tacrolimus and sirolimus prophylaxis resulted in a low rate of acute graft-vs-host disease among patients with hematologic...

Symptom Management

Electronic Patient Self-Reporting of Adverse Events During Cancer Chemotherapy: eRAPID System

In a single-institution phase III trial reported in the Journal of Clinical Oncology, Absolom et al found that use of the electronic patient self-reporting of adverse events: patient information and advice (eRAPID) system was associated with improvements in patient-reported outcomes vs usual care...

Prostate Cancer
Symptom Management

Study Finds Inflammation Due to Androgen-Deprivation Therapy May Contribute to Fatigue, Other Side Effects in Men With Prostate Cancer

Many patients with prostate cancer are treated with androgen-deprivation therapy. However, patients receiving androgen-deprivation therapy often experience higher levels of fatigue, depression, and cognitive impairment. In a new study published by Hoogland et al in the journal Cancer, researchers...

Symptom Management

Risk for Osteonecrosis of the Jaw After Treatment With Zoledronic Acid for Metastatic Bone Disease

In an observational cohort study reported in JAMA Oncology, Catherine H. Van Poznak, MD, FASCO, and colleagues found that the 3-year incidence of osteonecrosis of the jaw was 2.8% among patients with cancer receiving zoledronic acid for metastatic bone disease. Shorter dosing interval, fewer teeth, ...

Palliative Care
Symptom Management

Reducing the Risk of Lymphedema in Patients With Cancer

Although the exact incidence of treatment-related lymphedema among cancer survivors is unknown—most likely due to its prolonged latency period—it can be a lifelong chronic side effect that negatively impacts survivors’ quality of life. Although the condition is often linked to treatment for breast...

Gastrointestinal Cancer
Symptom Management

Initiative to Increase Referrals of Patients With Gastrointestinal Cancer to a Specialized Rehabilitation Program

In a single-institution study reported in JCO Oncology Practice, Nadler et al describe the development of an intervention at Princess Margaret Cancer Centre, Toronto, that succeeded in increasing referrals of patients with gastrointestinal cancer to a cancer rehabilitation program. As stated by the ...

Breast Cancer
Symptom Management
Issues in Oncology

SABCS 2020: Patients With Breast Cancer Undergoing Radiotherapy May Have Underrecognized Side Effects

Among patients with breast cancer treated with radiotherapy, symptoms were commonly underrecognized in reports of pain, pruritus, edema, and fatigue, with younger patients and Black patients having significantly increased odds of symptom underrecognition. These findings were reported by Reshma...

Hematologic Malignancies
Symptom Management

ASH 2020: Ruxolitinib for Steroid-Refractory/Steroid-Dependent Chronic Graft-vs-Host Disease

Ruxolitinib was superior to best available therapy in achieving efficacy as determined by overall response and duration of response, with acceptable safety in adolescents and adults with steroid-dependent or steroid-refractory chronic graft-vs-host disease. Findings from the phase III REACH3 trial...

Hematologic Malignancies
Symptom Management

ASH 2020: Study Finds Prophylactic Tranexamic Acid Has No Effect on Bleeding in Patients With Hematologic Malignancies

The clot stabilizer tranexamic acid performed no better than placebo when administered prophylactically to prevent bleeding in patients with hematologic malignancies who also received routine prophylactic platelet transfusions, according to findings presented by Terry B. Gernsheimer, MD, and...

Lymphoma
Leukemia
Hepatobiliary Cancer
Symptom Management
Lung Cancer
Immunotherapy

FDA Pipeline: Agents in DLBCL, SCLC, AML, and More

Recently, the U.S. Food and Drug Administration (FDA) has issued regulatory decisions for agents to treat diffuse large B-cell lymphoma (DLBCL), small cell lung cancer (SCLC), acute myeloid leukemia (AML), biliary tract cancer, and graft-vs-host disease. Priority Review for Loncastuximab Tesirine...

Symptom Management

Expert Point of View: Therese Marie Mulvey, MD, FASCO

Therese Marie Mulvey, MD, FASCO, Director of Quality Safety and Value at the Massachusetts General Hospital North Shore Cancer Center, Boston, told The ASCO Post that this “provocative and elegant” study underscores the importance of listening to patients. “Baseline patient-reported symptoms are...

Symptom Management

Ask Patients With Advanced Cancer About Fatigue: The Answer May Reveal Survival Odds

Fatigue could be an important baseline stratification factor for cancer treatment, according to data presented during the 2020 ASCO Quality Care Symposium.1 An analysis of four SWOG treatment trials has found an association between patient fatigue and outcomes in advanced cancer. Data from the...

Geriatric Oncology
Symptom Management

Expert Point of View: Monika K. Krzyzanowska, MD

Formal discussant of the abstract, Monika K. Krzyzanowska, MD, a medical oncologist at Princess Margaret Cancer Centre and Professor of Medicine at the University of Toronto, said this study extends the evidence base on geriatric assessment in oncology and shows that geriatric assessment should be...

Symptom Management
Geriatric Oncology

Reducing Symptomatic Toxicity Burden in Older Patients With Advanced Cancer Via Geriatric Assessment

As the number of older patients with cancer continues to rise, interventions that reduce the high rates of symptoms, toxicity, and distress in this population are urgently needed. Research presented during the 2020 ASCO Quality Care Symposium has added to the growing body of evidence supporting...

symptom management

Anne M. Barry-Weers, RN, on Decreasing Hospitalizations for Patients Receiving IV Chemotherapy

Anne M. Barry-Weers, RN, of Aurora Health Care/Aurora Cancer Care in Milwaukee, discusses strategies that helped patients with cancer to better manage their chemotherapy-related symptoms at home, thus reducing visits to the emergency department and inpatient admissions, and improving treatment costs (Abstract 11).

geriatric oncology
symptom management

Marie A. Flannery, PhD, and Eva Culakova, PhD, on Managing Symptoms in Older Adults With Advanced Cancer

Marie A. Flannery, PhD, and Eva Culakova, PhD, both of the University of Rochester, discuss a geriatric assessment tool that helped reduce symptomatic toxicities, as measured by Patient-Reported Outcomes Common Terminology Criteria for Adverse Events (Abstract 138).

Breast Cancer
Symptom Management

Can Routine Scans Help Predict Which Patients With Breast Cancer May Be at Risk for Heart Disease?

Automated analysis of the routine scans of patients with breast cancer may help to predict which women have a greater risk of developing cardiovascular disease, according to research presented by Gal et al at the 12th European Breast Cancer Conference (Abstract 7). Women who have been treated for...

breast cancer
symptom management

Monika K. Krzyzanowska, MD, MPH, on Early-Stage Breast Cancer: Ambulatory Toxicity Management in the AToM Study

Monika K. Krzyzanowska, MD, MPH, of the Princess Margaret University Health Network, discusses study findings on remote proactive telephone-based toxicity management for patients with breast cancer receiving chemotherapy. Although the telehealth program was associated with fewer grade 3 toxicities and a slight decline in quality of life, it did not lead to fewer emergency department visits and hospitalizations (Abstract LBA87).

Supportive Care
Symptom Management

Olanzapine for Children and Adolescents Receiving Highly Emetogenic Chemotherapy

In a single-center Indian phase III trial reported in the Journal of Clinical Oncology, Naik et al found that the addition of olanzapine to standard antiemetic treatment significantly increased the rate of complete response (CR; defined as no vomiting or use of rescue medication) among children and ...

Symptom Management

Primary Prevention Strategies for Avoiding Cardiotoxicity in Patients With Cancer: A Growing Area of Research

Cancer is not for the faint of heart, and sometimes neither is the treatment, according to information presented during the ASCO20 Virtual Education Program.1 Approximately 30% of patients who receive cancer therapy will have cardiovascular complications.2 What’s more, in anthracycline-treated...

Symptom Management
Breast Cancer

Strategies for Early Detection and Management of Lymphedema

The standard of care since 2003, sentinel lymph node biopsy has dramatically reduced the risk of lymphedema in early breast cancer, but more than 6% of patients still develop the condition. At the ASCO20 Virtual Education Program, Nicole L. Stout, DPT, CLT-LANA, FAPTA, Research Assistant Professor...

Breast Cancer
Symptom Management

Effect of Axillary Surgery Approach and Nodal Irradiation on Risk of Lymphedema in Patients With Breast Cancer

In a prospective lymphedema screening trial reported in the Journal of Clinical Oncology, Naoum et al found that although regional lymph node radiation increased the incidence of breast cancer–related lymphedema, the primary driver of risk was the type of axillary surgery used. Study Details The...

Supportive Care
Symptom Management

New MASCC/ISOO Guidelines for Managing Mucositis

Updated clinical practice guidelines for managing mucositis—a common and often debilitating complication of cancer therapy—were recently published by Elad et al in the journal Cancer. The new guidelines summary, which will provide health-care professionals with better tools to deliver care for...

Supportive Care
Symptom Management

Updated ASCO Guideline Revisits Evidence on Prevention and Treatment of Chemotherapy-Induced Neuropathy

Peripheral neuropathy is one of the most prominent chronic side effects of chemotherapy and can linger for years, causing discomfort as well as impaired functionality and quality of life. Yet oncologists have struggled to identify definitive treatment and prevention strategies. In an effort to help ...

Supportive Care
Symptom Management

Neuroleptic Strategies for Improving Terminal Agitation in Patients With Cancer and Delirium

In a small single-center randomized trial reported in The Lancet Oncology, David Hui, MD, MS, MSc, and colleagues found that increasing haloperidol dose, rotating to chlorpromazine, and combining haloperidol and chlorpromazine each appeared to improve refractory agitation in patients with terminal...

Hematologic Malignancies
Symptom Management

Addition of Antithymocyte Globulin to Graft-vs-Host Disease Prophylaxis in Matched Sibling Donor Stem Cell Transplant

In a Chinese trial reported in the Journal of Clinical Oncology, Chang et al found that the addition of antithymocyte globulin to standard graft-vs-host disease prophylaxis reduced the risk of acute graft-vs-host disease in patients undergoing human leukocyte antigen (HLA)-matched sibling donor...

Immunotherapy
Symptom Management

Study Identifies Factors That May Predict Toxicities in Patients Treated With CAR T-Cell Therapy

Chimeric antigen receptor (CAR) T-cell therapy has proved to be a valuable treatment option for patients with lymphoma in whom other therapies have failed. In clinical trials, the cellular immunotherapy was shown to provide durable remissions for nearly 40% of patients with large B-cell lymphoma....

Supportive Care
Symptom Management

Teriparatide for Medication-Related Osteonecrosis of the Jaw

In an Australian study reported in the Journal of Clinical Oncology, Sim et al found that the osteoanabolic agent teriparatide improved the rate of resolution of medication-related osteonecrosis of the jaw lesions vs placebo in a population of patients who had previous exposure to either...

Symptom Management

PICOS Score May Help Identify Patients With Brain Metastases at Risk of VTE

In a study published by Wolpert et al in the European Journal of Cancer, venous thromboembolic events (VTE) were reported in 12% of a cohort of patients with cancer that had metastasized to the brain. Researchers identified thrombogenicity of primary tumor, immobilization, chemotherapy, obesity,...

Symptom Management

Small Study Finds Olanzapine Reduces Nausea and Vomiting Caused by Advanced Cancer

The antipsychotic agent olanzapine may be helpful in reducing nausea and vomiting caused by advanced cancer, according to results of a study by Loprinzi et al published recently in JAMA Oncology. “There was a dramatic reduction [in nausea and vomiting] within 24 hours in the people who received...

Hematologic Malignancies
Symptom Management

Ruxolitinib Improves Response Rates in Glucocorticoid-Refractory Acute Graft-vs-Host Disease After Allogeneic SCT

In the phase III REACH2 trial reported in TheNew England Journal of Medicine, Robert Zeiser, MD, of the Department of Hematology, Oncology, and Stem Cell Transplantation, University Medical Center Freiburg, Germany, and colleagues found that the JAK1/2 inhibitor ruxolitinib improved response rate...

Integrative Oncology
Symptom Management
Pain Management

Highlights From Complementary and Integrative Medicine Research and Implications for Clinical Practice

Due to COVID-19, this year’s ASCO Annual Meeting was convened using a virtual format. It was multidisciplinary, featuring more than 250 oral and 2,500 poster presentations from around the world in 24 disease-based and specialty tracks. Among the exciting talks in the session on symptoms and...

Leukemia
Lymphoma
Myelodysplastic Syndromes
Symptom Management

EHA25 Virtual: Roundup of Findings in Leukemia, Lymphoma, and More

Advances in the treatment of hematologic malignancies and some of their associated symptoms were presented during EHA25 Virtual, an ongoing online conference from the European Hematology Association (EHA). Advances in the Treatment of High-Risk CLL: CLL2-GIVe Results In the CLL2-GIVe trial, the...

Symptom Management

FDA Approves Pegfilgrastim Biosimilar, Pegfilgrastim-apgf

On June 11, the U.S. Food and Drug Administration (FDA) approved a biosimilar to pegfilgrastim (Neulasta), pegfilgrastim-apgf (Nyvepria), to decrease the incidence of febrile neutropenia in patients with nonmyeloid malignancies receiving myelosuppressive anticancer drugs associated with a...

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