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sarcoma
immunotherapy

Emily Z. Keung, MD, on Interactions of Sarcoma, Immune Infiltrates, and Checkpoint Blockade

Emily Z. Keung, MD, of The University of Texas MD Anderson Cancer Center, discusses the complex interactions of immune infiltrates and neoadjuvant immune checkpoint blockade (ICB) in patients with resectable soft-tissue sarcoma. These interactions may hold the key to understanding pathologic response to ICB and ICB resistance (Abstract 379).

Sarcoma

From Cancer Survivor to Citizen Astronaut

When I was diagnosed with osteosarcoma of my left femur nearly 20 years ago, I remember telling my parents that I didn’t want to die. The diagnosis was terrifying because all the people I knew who had cancer had passed away, and I thought this cancer would kill me, too. That evening, my dad went...

Sarcoma

Addition of Vincristine, Topotecan, and Cyclophosphamide to Five-Drug Interval-Compressed Chemotherapy for Ewing Sarcoma

As reported in the Journal of Clinical Oncology by Leavey et al, the phase III Children’s Oncology Group AEWS1031 trial showed no improvement in event-free or overall survival with the addition of vincristine, topotecan, and cyclophosphamide (VTC) to standard five-drug interval-compressed...

Sarcoma

Risk-Based Treatment of Pediatric and Young Adult Synovial Sarcoma

In a report from the Children’s Oncology Group ARST0332 study published in the Journal of Clinical Oncology, Venkatamani et al found that risk-based treatment of pediatric and young adult patients with synovial sarcoma produced favorable outcomes in those with nonmetastatic disease. Outcomes in...

Sarcoma

Activity of Nab-sirolimus in Malignant Perivascular Epithelioid Cell Tumors

In the phase II AMPECT trial reported in the Journal of Clinical Oncology, Wagner et al found that the mTOR inhibitor nab-sirolimus produced a substantial rate of durable responses and a high disease control rate in patients with malignant perivascular epithelioid cell tumors. As stated by the...

Sarcoma

Combination of Lenvatinib and Etoposide/Ifosfamide for Relapsed or Refractory Osteosarcoma

In the phase I/II ITCC-050 trial reported in The Lancet Oncology, Gaspar et al found that the combination of lenvatinib with etoposide/ifosfamide showed antitumor activity, including good progression-free survival outcomes, in patients with relapsed or refractory osteosarcoma. Study Details...

Sarcoma
Immunotherapy

Small Study Evaluates Combination Ipilimumab/Nivolumab in Patients With Angiosarcoma

In a small study of 16 patients with angiosarcoma published by Michael Wagner, MD, and colleagues in the Journal for ImmunoTherapy of Cancer, 4 patients experienced a partial or complete response to treatment with a combination of the immunotherapies ipilimumab and nivolumab, and another 2 patients ...

Gastrointestinal Cancer
Sarcoma

VOYAGER Trial: Avapritinib vs Regorafenib in Molecularly Unselected Previously Treated Advanced GIST

As reported in the Journal of Clinical Oncology by Yoon-Koo Kang, MD, and colleagues, the phase III VOYAGER trial showed no improvement in progression-free survival with avapritinib vs regorafenib as third- or later-line treatment of patients with molecularly unselected, locally advanced,...

Sarcoma

Vincristine/Irinotecan With or Without Temozolomide for Relapsed or Refractory Rhabdomyosarcoma

In a European phase II trial (VIT-0910) reported in the Journal of Clinical Oncology, Defachelles et al found that the combination of vincristine/irinotecan with vs without temozolomide produced better outcomes—albeit with increased toxicity—in children and adults with relapsed or refractory...

Sarcoma

ASTRO Issues New Clinical Guideline on Radiation Therapy for Adult Patients With Soft-Tissue Sarcoma

A new clinical guideline from the American Society for Radiation Oncology (ASTRO) published by Kilian E. Salerno, MD, and colleagues in Practical Radiation Oncology provides guidance on the use of radiation therapy to treat adult patients with soft-tissue sarcomas. Recommendations outline optimal...

Sarcoma
Immunotherapy

Addition of Prime-Boost Vaccination Regimen to Atezolizumab in Soft-Tissue Sarcomas Expressing NY-ESO-1

In a phase II trial reported in the Journal of Clinical Oncology, Sant P. Chawla, MD, and colleagues found that the addition of the heterologous prime-boost vaccination regimen CMB305 to atezolizumab did not improve survival outcomes in patients with soft-tissue sarcomas expressing the...

Sarcoma

Predicting Survival in Patients With Extremity and Trunk Sarcomas in the United States

An examination of the online nomogram Sarculator demonstrated it is as effective at predicting overall survival of certain patients with sarcoma in the United States as it is in Europe, according to research presented by Voss et al at the Society of Surgical Oncology 2021 International Conference...

Immunotherapy
Gastroesophageal Cancer
Gastrointestinal Cancer
Colorectal Cancer
Bladder Cancer
Skin Cancer
Sarcoma
Hepatobiliary Cancer

FDA Pipeline: Priority Reviews for Immunotherapies in Gastric Cancers, Anal Cancer

The U.S. Food and Drug Administration (FDA) recently granted Priority Review to nivolumab as either adjuvant or first-line therapy in several types of gastric cancers, as well as to a novel PD-1 inhibitor for locally advanced or metastatic squamous cell carcinoma of the anal canal. The FDA also...

Sarcoma

Addition of Gemcitabine to Pazopanib for Refractory Soft-Tissue Sarcoma

In the German phase II PAPGEMO trial reported in JAMA Oncology, Hans-Joachim Schmoll, MD, PhD, and colleagues found that the combination of pazopanib and gemcitabine improved 12-week progression-free survival vs pazopanib alone in patients with anthracycline- or ifosfamide-refractory soft-tissue...

Immunotherapy
Solid Tumors
Sarcoma

Progress Report on Checkpoint Inhibitors in Rare Tumors

Immune checkpoint inhibitors may prove to be effective in treating patients with two rare cancer types—leptomeningeal metastases and angiosarcoma, according to early-phase clinical trials reported at the 2020 Annual Meeting of the Society for Immunotherapy of Cancer (SITC), which was held virtually ...

Sarcoma

Complexity of Designing Clinical Trials for Sarcoma: Shifting Focus to Constellation of Subtypes

Sarcoma has bedeviled researchers for many years because of its heterogeneity. Sarcoma encompasses more than 100 different subtypes, which makes it difficult to design studies to identify effective therapies. As researchers dig deeper into the constellation of subtypes of sarcoma, some therapies...

Sarcoma

Preoperative Radiotherapy Dose Reduction in Patients With Myxoid Liposarcoma

In the phase II DOREMY trial reported in JAMA Oncology, Lansu et al found that a reduction in preoperative radiotherapy dose was effective and associated with reduced morbidity in patients with myxoid liposarcoma. A stated by the investigators, “Currently, preoperative radiotherapy for all...

Sarcoma

Tazemetostat in Patients With Advanced Epithelioid Sarcoma and Loss of INI1/SMARCB1

As reported in The Lancet Oncology by Mrinal Gounder, MD, and colleagues, findings in a cohort of a phase II basket trial showed that the oral EZH2 inhibitor tazemetostat produced durable responses in some patients with advanced epithelioid sarcoma with loss of INI1 or SMARCB1 (the gene encoding...

sarcoma

Matti S. Aapro, MD, on Curing Sarcomas: An Expert Review

Matti S. Aapro, MD, of the Genolier Cancer Center, reviews the state of the science in sarcoma treatment: specialized surgery, disease diversity, emerging therapies, and the diagnostic approach to soft-tissue disease.

Sarcoma
Immunotherapy

Does Pembrolizumab Monotherapy Demonstrate Benefit in Rare Sarcomas?

Pembrolizumab monotherapy induced responses in patients with rare sarcomas that varied by histotype, according to findings presented by Jean-Yves Blay, MD, at the ESMO Virtual Congress 2020 (Abstract 1619O). Methods Dr. Blay presented first results from a cohort of patients with rare sarcomas in...

Sarcoma

Surgery With or Without Preoperative Radiotherapy for Primary Retroperitoneal Sarcoma

As reported in The Lancet Oncology by Bonvalot et al, the phase III EORTC-62092 (STRASS) trial showed that the addition of preoperative radiotherapy to surgery did not improve abdominal recurrence–free survival in patients with primary retroperitoneal sarcoma. Study Details In the open-label trial, ...

Sarcoma

First-Line Pazopanib vs Doxorubicin in Patients Aged 60 or Older With Metastatic Soft-Tissue Sarcoma

In a German Intergroup phase II study reported in the Journal of Clinical Oncology, Grünwald et al found that progression-free survival with first-line pazopanib was noninferior to doxorubicin in patients aged 60 years or older with inoperable metastatic soft-tissue sarcoma. Pazopanib was also...

Sarcoma

Comparing Pazopanib to Doxorubicin in Patients Aged 60 and Older With Soft-Tissue Sarcoma

Doxorubicin is a standard of care in patients with advanced inoperable soft-tissue sarcoma. In the EPAZ study, German researchers tested whether pazopanib showed comparable efficacy to doxorubicin in the first-line treatment of elderly patients with soft-tissue sarcoma. Grünwald et al reported in...

Sarcoma

Addition of Pazopanib to Preoperative Chemoradiotherapy in Children and Adults With Soft-Tissue Sarcoma

In an interim analysis of a joint Children’s Oncology Group and NRG Oncology phase II trial (ARST1321) reported in The Lancet Oncology, Aaron R. Weiss, DO, and colleagues found that the addition of pazopanib to preoperative chemoradiotherapy significantly increased the rate of pathologic...

sarcoma

Patricia Pautier, MD, on Leiomyosarcoma: Doxorubicin and Trabectedin for First-Line Treatment

Patricia Pautier, MD, of Institut Gustave Roussy, discusses final results of the phase II LMS-02 study, which showed the combination of doxorubicin and trabectedin to be an effective first-line therapy for patients with leiomyosarcoma, with an acceptable safety profile (Abstract 11506).

Sarcoma

Standard vs Histology-Tailored Neoadjuvant Chemotherapy for High-Risk Soft-Tissue Sarcoma

As reported in the Journal of Clinical Oncology by Alessandro Gronchi, MD, and colleagues, final results of a phase III trial conducted by the Italian, French, and Polish Sarcoma Groups showed no disease-free or overall survival benefit with use of histology-tailored vs standard...

Sarcoma

FDA Approves Pomalidomide for Kaposi Sarcoma

On May 14, 2020, the U.S. Food and Drug Administration (FDA) expanded the indication of pomalidomide (Pomalyst) to include treating adult patients with acquired immunodeficiency syndrome (AIDS)-related Kaposi sarcoma after failure of highly active antiretroviral therapy and those with Kaposi...

Sarcoma
Skin Cancer
CNS Cancers

Early Signs of Activity With Immunotherapies in Low-Incidence Cancers

Immunotherapy is showing promise for patients with rare cancers, offering new treatment opportunities and clinical trials to those with previously limited options. At the 2020 ASCO-SITC Clinical Immuno-Oncology Symposium, presenters discussed the use of immunotherapy in three low-incidence cancers: ...

Sarcoma

Outcomes in Patients With Retroperitoneal Soft-Tissue Sarcoma by Hospital Type

In a study reported in JCO Oncology Practice, Villano et al found that increased hospital surgical volume was associated with overall improved survival in patients undergoing surgery for retroperitoneal soft-tissue sarcoma. However, increased volume was associated with poorer survival in patients...

Sarcoma

Is Ivosidenib Active in Patients With Advanced IDH1-Mutated Chondrosarcoma?

In a phase I study reported in the Journal of Clinical Oncology, William D. Tap, MD, and colleagues found that the selective mutant-IDH1 inhibitor ivosidenib produced no objective responses but resulted in durable disease control in a cohort of patients with advanced chondrosarcoma. As noted by...

Sarcoma

Tazemetostat for Advanced Epithelioid Sarcoma

On January 23, 2020, tazemetostat was granted accelerated approval for the treatment of adults and pediatric patients aged 16 and older with metastatic or locally advanced epithelioid sarcoma not eligible for complete resection.1,2 Supporting Efficacy Data Approval was based on the finding of...

Sarcoma

Cabozantinib for Advanced Ewing Sarcoma or Osteosarcoma

In the French phase II CABONE trial reported in The Lancet Oncology, Italiano et al found that the MET and VEGFR2 inhibitor cabozantinib was active in patients with advanced Ewing sarcoma or osteosarcoma. Study Details In the multicenter trial, 81 evaluable patients aged ≥ 12 years with progressive ...

Sarcoma

Immunogenomic Profiling of Osteosarcoma

Comprehensive profiling of tumor samples taken from patients with osteosarcoma showed that multiple factors contribute to the traditionally poor responses observed with immune checkpoint inhibitor treatment in patients with this malignancy, according to new research published by Wu et al in Nature...

Sarcoma
Immunotherapy

Immunotherapy Combination in Previously Treated Advanced Sarcoma

In a single-institution phase II study reported in JAMA Oncology, Kelly et al found that the combination of talimogene laherparepvec (T-VEC) and pembrolizumab produced durable responses in patients with previously treated advanced sarcoma. As noted by the investigators, T-VEC has been found to...

Sarcoma

FDA Approves Tazemetostat for Epithelioid Sarcoma

On January 23, the U.S. Food and Drug Administration (FDA) granted accelerated approval to tazemetostat (Tazverik) for adults and pediatric patients aged 16 years and older with metastatic or locally advanced epithelioid sarcoma not eligible for complete resection. “Epithelioid sarcoma accounts...

Sarcoma

Pathologic Fracture and Prognosis in Adult and Pediatric Patients With High-Grade Osteosarcoma

In a study reported in the Journal of Clinical Oncology, Kelley et al found that pathologic fracture was associated with poorer overall survival among adult—but not pediatric—patients with primary central high-grade osteosarcoma of the extremities. Study Details The study involved retrospective...

Immunotherapy
Skin Cancer
Sarcoma
Kidney Cancer

Three Studies Examine Relationship Between B-Cell Enrichment and Response to Immunotherapy

The likelihood of a patient responding to immune checkpoint blockade may depend on B cells in the tumor, located within specialized immune-cell clusters known as tertiary lymphoid structures, according to three studies all recently published in Nature. The studies showed that enrichment of B cells...

multiple myeloma
sarcoma
immunotherapy

Edward A. Stadtmauer, MD, on Advanced Multiple Myeloma and Sarcoma: First-in-Human Assessment of CRISPR-Edited T Cells

Edward A. Stadtmauer, MD, of the University of Pennsylvania Abramson Cancer Center, discusses phase I results of immune cells, modified with CRISPR/Cas9 technology, and infused in three patients (two with multiple myeloma and one with sarcoma). Researchers observed the cells expand and bind to their tumor targets with no serious side effects (Abstract 49).

Sarcoma

Maintenance Chemotherapy Improves Survival in High-Risk Rhabdomyosarcoma

In the phase III RMS 2005 trial reported by Gianni Bisogno, MD, and colleagues in The Lancet Oncology, maintenance vinorelbine and low-dose continuous cyclophosphamide was associated with nonsignificant improvement in disease-free survival and significantly improved overall survival vs no further...

Sarcoma

High-Dose Chemotherapy vs Standard Chemotherapy and Whole-Lung Irradiation in Ewing Sarcoma With Pulmonary Metastases

As reported in the Journal of Clinical Oncology by Dirksen et al, the R2Pulm trial showed no significant event-free or overall survival benefit with busulfan/melphalan high-dose chemotherapy with autologous stem cell rescue (BuMel) vs standard chemotherapy with whole-lung irradiation in patients...

Lung Cancer
Multiple Myeloma
Sarcoma

FDA Pipeline: Breakthrough Therapy Designation in Lung Cancer, Orphan Drug Designations in Myeloma and Soft-Tissue Sarcoma

Recently, the U.S. Food and Drug Administration (FDA) granted Breakthrough Therapy designation to tepotinib for metastatic non–small cell lung cancer harboring MET exon 14 skipping alterations, and Orphan Drug designations to novel chimeric antigen receptor T-cell therapies in both multiple myeloma ...

Breast Cancer
Kidney Cancer
Sarcoma
Lymphoma
Multiple Myeloma

Notable Presentations at ASCO 2019 Included Studies in Sarcoma, Lymphoma, Myeloma, and Breast and Kidney Cancers

The 2019 ASCO Annual Meeting featured a wealth of presentations on important topics. In addition to our regular news coverage of the meeting, we present below some highlights of other studies that add to our knowledge base for treatment of various cancers. Olaratumab in Soft-Tissue Sarcoma...

sarcoma

Pazopanib in Advanced Extraskeletal Myxoid Chondrosarcoma

Findings from a cohort of a phase II study reported by Stacchiotti et al in The Lancet Oncology indicated activity of the antiangiogenic agent pazopanib in advanced extraskeletal myxoid chondrosarcoma. As noted by the investigators, this rare sarcoma has low sensitivity to cytotoxic chemotherapy,...

leukemia
lung cancer
sarcoma
immunotherapy

FDA Pipeline: Label Update for Durvalumab in NSCLC; Applications Accepted in Epithelioid Sarcoma, AML

Recently, the U.S. Food and Drug Administration (FDA) approved the inclusion of overall survival from the PACIFIC trial in the U.S. prescribing information for durvalumab and accepted applications for a new drug in the treatment of epithelioid sarcoma and two orphan drugs in the treatment of acute...

sarcoma

Addition of Preoperative NBTXR3 to Radiotherapy in Locally Advanced Soft-Tissue Sarcoma

In the phase II/III Act.In.Sarc trial reported in The Lancet Oncology, Bonvalot et al found that preoperative addition of the radioenhancer hafnium oxide nanoparticle NBTXR3 to radiotherapy may improve outcomes in patients with locally advanced soft-tissue sarcoma. The agent acts to increase...

sarcoma

Cediranib in Alveolar Soft-Part Sarcoma

In the phase II CASPS trial reported in The Lancet Oncology, Judson et al found evidence of activity of cediranib in alveolar soft-part sarcoma. In the double-blind trial, 48 patients from 12 sites in the United Kingdom, Spain, and Australia were randomly assigned 2:1 between July 2011 and July...

Sarcoma

Addition of a Tyrosine Kinase Inhibitor to Immunotherapy in Advanced Sarcomas

In a phase II trial reported in The Lancet Oncology, Breelyn Wilky, MD, and colleagues found evidence of activity of axitinib plus pembrolizumab in advanced sarcomas, including alveolar soft-part sarcoma. Study Details The study involved 33 patients with advanced or metastatic sarcomas, including...

sarcoma

SARC024: Regorafenib in Metastatic Osteosarcoma

In the phase II SARC024 trial in sarcoma subtypes reported in the Journal of Clinical Oncology, Davis and colleagues found that regorafenib improved progression-free survival vs placebo in the cohort of patients with metastatic osteosarcoma. The double-blind study included 42 patients from 12 U.S. ...

sarcoma
immunotherapy

William D. Tap, MD, on Soft-Tissue Sarcomas: ANNOUNCE Trial on Doxorubicin and Olaratumab

William D. Tap, MD, of Memorial Sloan Kettering Cancer Center, discusses negative study findings on doxorubicin plus olaratumab vs doxorubicin plus placebo, which showed no difference in overall survival between the two treatments in patients with advanced soft-tissue sarcomas. The manufacturer is currently withdrawing olaratumab from the global market (Abstract LBA3).  

sarcoma

2019 ASCO: Vincristine and Irinotecan With or Without Temozolomide in Relapsed or Refractory Rhabdomyosarcoma

In the European phase II VIT-091 trial, researchers examined the efficacy of the combination of vincristine and irinotecan with or without the addition of temozolomide in children and adults with relapsed or refractory rhabdomyosarcoma. Their results were presented by Defachelles et al at the 2019...

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