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Sarcoma
Immunotherapy

Does Pembrolizumab Monotherapy Demonstrate Benefit in Rare Sarcomas?

Pembrolizumab monotherapy induced responses in patients with rare sarcomas that varied by histotype, according to findings presented by Jean-Yves Blay, MD, at the ESMO Virtual Congress 2020 (Abstract 1619O). Methods Dr. Blay presented first results from a cohort of patients with rare sarcomas in...

Sarcoma

Surgery With or Without Preoperative Radiotherapy for Primary Retroperitoneal Sarcoma

As reported in The Lancet Oncology by Bonvalot et al, the phase III EORTC-62092 (STRASS) trial showed that the addition of preoperative radiotherapy to surgery did not improve abdominal recurrence–free survival in patients with primary retroperitoneal sarcoma. Study Details In the open-label trial, ...

Sarcoma

First-Line Pazopanib vs Doxorubicin in Patients Aged 60 or Older With Metastatic Soft-Tissue Sarcoma

In a German Intergroup phase II study reported in the Journal of Clinical Oncology, Grünwald et al found that progression-free survival with first-line pazopanib was noninferior to doxorubicin in patients aged 60 years or older with inoperable metastatic soft-tissue sarcoma. Pazopanib was also...

Sarcoma

Comparing Pazopanib to Doxorubicin in Patients Aged 60 and Older With Soft-Tissue Sarcoma

Doxorubicin is a standard of care in patients with advanced inoperable soft-tissue sarcoma. In the EPAZ study, German researchers tested whether pazopanib showed comparable efficacy to doxorubicin in the first-line treatment of elderly patients with soft-tissue sarcoma. Grünwald et al reported in...

Sarcoma

Addition of Pazopanib to Preoperative Chemoradiotherapy in Children and Adults With Soft-Tissue Sarcoma

In an interim analysis of a joint Children’s Oncology Group and NRG Oncology phase II trial (ARST1321) reported in The Lancet Oncology, Aaron R. Weiss, DO, and colleagues found that the addition of pazopanib to preoperative chemoradiotherapy significantly increased the rate of pathologic...

sarcoma

Patricia Pautier, MD, on Leiomyosarcoma: Doxorubicin and Trabectedin for First-Line Treatment

Patricia Pautier, MD, of Institut Gustave Roussy, discusses final results of the phase II LMS-02 study, which showed the combination of doxorubicin and trabectedin to be an effective first-line therapy for patients with leiomyosarcoma, with an acceptable safety profile (Abstract 11506).

Sarcoma

Standard vs Histology-Tailored Neoadjuvant Chemotherapy for High-Risk Soft-Tissue Sarcoma

As reported in the Journal of Clinical Oncology by Alessandro Gronchi, MD, and colleagues, final results of a phase III trial conducted by the Italian, French, and Polish Sarcoma Groups showed no disease-free or overall survival benefit with use of histology-tailored vs standard...

Sarcoma

FDA Approves Pomalidomide for Kaposi Sarcoma

On May 14, 2020, the U.S. Food and Drug Administration (FDA) expanded the indication of pomalidomide (Pomalyst) to include treating adult patients with acquired immunodeficiency syndrome (AIDS)-related Kaposi sarcoma after failure of highly active antiretroviral therapy and those with Kaposi...

Sarcoma
Skin Cancer
CNS Cancers

Early Signs of Activity With Immunotherapies in Low-Incidence Cancers

Immunotherapy is showing promise for patients with rare cancers, offering new treatment opportunities and clinical trials to those with previously limited options. At the 2020 ASCO-SITC Clinical Immuno-Oncology Symposium, presenters discussed the use of immunotherapy in three low-incidence cancers: ...

Sarcoma

Outcomes in Patients With Retroperitoneal Soft-Tissue Sarcoma by Hospital Type

In a study reported in JCO Oncology Practice, Villano et al found that increased hospital surgical volume was associated with overall improved survival in patients undergoing surgery for retroperitoneal soft-tissue sarcoma. However, increased volume was associated with poorer survival in patients...

Sarcoma

Is Ivosidenib Active in Patients With Advanced IDH1-Mutated Chondrosarcoma?

In a phase I study reported in the Journal of Clinical Oncology, William D. Tap, MD, and colleagues found that the selective mutant-IDH1 inhibitor ivosidenib produced no objective responses but resulted in durable disease control in a cohort of patients with advanced chondrosarcoma. As noted by...

Sarcoma

Tazemetostat for Advanced Epithelioid Sarcoma

On January 23, 2020, tazemetostat was granted accelerated approval for the treatment of adults and pediatric patients aged 16 and older with metastatic or locally advanced epithelioid sarcoma not eligible for complete resection.1,2 Supporting Efficacy Data Approval was based on the finding of...

Sarcoma

Cabozantinib for Advanced Ewing Sarcoma or Osteosarcoma

In the French phase II CABONE trial reported in The Lancet Oncology, Italiano et al found that the MET and VEGFR2 inhibitor cabozantinib was active in patients with advanced Ewing sarcoma or osteosarcoma. Study Details In the multicenter trial, 81 evaluable patients aged ≥ 12 years with progressive ...

Sarcoma

Immunogenomic Profiling of Osteosarcoma

Comprehensive profiling of tumor samples taken from patients with osteosarcoma showed that multiple factors contribute to the traditionally poor responses observed with immune checkpoint inhibitor treatment in patients with this malignancy, according to new research published by Wu et al in Nature...

Sarcoma
Immunotherapy

Immunotherapy Combination in Previously Treated Advanced Sarcoma

In a single-institution phase II study reported in JAMA Oncology, Kelly et al found that the combination of talimogene laherparepvec (T-VEC) and pembrolizumab produced durable responses in patients with previously treated advanced sarcoma. As noted by the investigators, T-VEC has been found to...

Sarcoma

FDA Approves Tazemetostat for Epithelioid Sarcoma

On January 23, the U.S. Food and Drug Administration (FDA) granted accelerated approval to tazemetostat (Tazverik) for adults and pediatric patients aged 16 years and older with metastatic or locally advanced epithelioid sarcoma not eligible for complete resection. “Epithelioid sarcoma accounts...

Sarcoma

Pathologic Fracture and Prognosis in Adult and Pediatric Patients With High-Grade Osteosarcoma

In a study reported in the Journal of Clinical Oncology, Kelley et al found that pathologic fracture was associated with poorer overall survival among adult—but not pediatric—patients with primary central high-grade osteosarcoma of the extremities. Study Details The study involved retrospective...

Immunotherapy
Skin Cancer
Sarcoma
Kidney Cancer

Three Studies Examine Relationship Between B-Cell Enrichment and Response to Immunotherapy

The likelihood of a patient responding to immune checkpoint blockade may depend on B cells in the tumor, located within specialized immune-cell clusters known as tertiary lymphoid structures, according to three studies all recently published in Nature. The studies showed that enrichment of B cells...

multiple myeloma
sarcoma
immunotherapy

Edward A. Stadtmauer, MD, on Advanced Multiple Myeloma and Sarcoma: First-in-Human Assessment of CRISPR-Edited T Cells

Edward A. Stadtmauer, MD, of the University of Pennsylvania Abramson Cancer Center, discusses phase I results of immune cells, modified with CRISPR/Cas9 technology, and infused in three patients (two with multiple myeloma and one with sarcoma). Researchers observed the cells expand and bind to their tumor targets with no serious side effects (Abstract 49).

Sarcoma

Maintenance Chemotherapy Improves Survival in High-Risk Rhabdomyosarcoma

In the phase III RMS 2005 trial reported by Gianni Bisogno, MD, and colleagues in The Lancet Oncology, maintenance vinorelbine and low-dose continuous cyclophosphamide was associated with nonsignificant improvement in disease-free survival and significantly improved overall survival vs no further...

Sarcoma

High-Dose Chemotherapy vs Standard Chemotherapy and Whole-Lung Irradiation in Ewing Sarcoma With Pulmonary Metastases

As reported in the Journal of Clinical Oncology by Dirksen et al, the R2Pulm trial showed no significant event-free or overall survival benefit with busulfan/melphalan high-dose chemotherapy with autologous stem cell rescue (BuMel) vs standard chemotherapy with whole-lung irradiation in patients...

Lung Cancer
Multiple Myeloma
Sarcoma

FDA Pipeline: Breakthrough Therapy Designation in Lung Cancer, Orphan Drug Designations in Myeloma and Soft-Tissue Sarcoma

Recently, the U.S. Food and Drug Administration (FDA) granted Breakthrough Therapy designation to tepotinib for metastatic non–small cell lung cancer harboring MET exon 14 skipping alterations, and Orphan Drug designations to novel chimeric antigen receptor T-cell therapies in both multiple myeloma ...

Breast Cancer
Kidney Cancer
Sarcoma
Lymphoma
Multiple Myeloma

Notable Presentations at ASCO 2019 Included Studies in Sarcoma, Lymphoma, Myeloma, and Breast and Kidney Cancers

The 2019 ASCO Annual Meeting featured a wealth of presentations on important topics. In addition to our regular news coverage of the meeting, we present below some highlights of other studies that add to our knowledge base for treatment of various cancers. Olaratumab in Soft-Tissue Sarcoma...

sarcoma

Pazopanib in Advanced Extraskeletal Myxoid Chondrosarcoma

Findings from a cohort of a phase II study reported by Stacchiotti et al in The Lancet Oncology indicated activity of the antiangiogenic agent pazopanib in advanced extraskeletal myxoid chondrosarcoma. As noted by the investigators, this rare sarcoma has low sensitivity to cytotoxic chemotherapy,...

leukemia
lung cancer
sarcoma
immunotherapy

FDA Pipeline: Label Update for Durvalumab in NSCLC; Applications Accepted in Epithelioid Sarcoma, AML

Recently, the U.S. Food and Drug Administration (FDA) approved the inclusion of overall survival from the PACIFIC trial in the U.S. prescribing information for durvalumab and accepted applications for a new drug in the treatment of epithelioid sarcoma and two orphan drugs in the treatment of acute...

sarcoma

Addition of Preoperative NBTXR3 to Radiotherapy in Locally Advanced Soft-Tissue Sarcoma

In the phase II/III Act.In.Sarc trial reported in The Lancet Oncology, Bonvalot et al found that preoperative addition of the radioenhancer hafnium oxide nanoparticle NBTXR3 to radiotherapy may improve outcomes in patients with locally advanced soft-tissue sarcoma. The agent acts to increase...

sarcoma

Cediranib in Alveolar Soft-Part Sarcoma

In the phase II CASPS trial reported in The Lancet Oncology, Judson et al found evidence of activity of cediranib in alveolar soft-part sarcoma. In the double-blind trial, 48 patients from 12 sites in the United Kingdom, Spain, and Australia were randomly assigned 2:1 between July 2011 and July...

Sarcoma

Addition of a Tyrosine Kinase Inhibitor to Immunotherapy in Advanced Sarcomas

In a phase II trial reported in The Lancet Oncology, Breelyn Wilky, MD, and colleagues found evidence of activity of axitinib plus pembrolizumab in advanced sarcomas, including alveolar soft-part sarcoma. Study Details The study involved 33 patients with advanced or metastatic sarcomas, including...

sarcoma

SARC024: Regorafenib in Metastatic Osteosarcoma

In the phase II SARC024 trial in sarcoma subtypes reported in the Journal of Clinical Oncology, Davis and colleagues found that regorafenib improved progression-free survival vs placebo in the cohort of patients with metastatic osteosarcoma. The double-blind study included 42 patients from 12 U.S. ...

sarcoma
immunotherapy

William D. Tap, MD, on Soft-Tissue Sarcomas: ANNOUNCE Trial on Doxorubicin and Olaratumab

William D. Tap, MD, of Memorial Sloan Kettering Cancer Center, discusses negative study findings on doxorubicin plus olaratumab vs doxorubicin plus placebo, which showed no difference in overall survival between the two treatments in patients with advanced soft-tissue sarcomas. The manufacturer is currently withdrawing olaratumab from the global market (Abstract LBA3).  

sarcoma

2019 ASCO: Vincristine and Irinotecan With or Without Temozolomide in Relapsed or Refractory Rhabdomyosarcoma

In the European phase II VIT-091 trial, researchers examined the efficacy of the combination of vincristine and irinotecan with or without the addition of temozolomide in children and adults with relapsed or refractory rhabdomyosarcoma. Their results were presented by Defachelles et al at the 2019...

Immunotherapy
Breast Cancer
Lung Cancer
Prostate Cancer
Kidney Cancer
Bladder Cancer
Colorectal Cancer
Pancreatic Cancer
Sarcoma
Leukemia
Skin Cancer
Head and Neck Cancer

NCCN Clinical Practice Guidelines in Oncology: 2019 Updates

In 1996, the National Comprehensive Cancer Network® (NCCN®) published its first set of Clinical Practice Guidelines in Oncology (NCCN Guidelines®), covering eight tumor types. NCCN Guidelines are now published for more than 70 tumor types and topics. Some of the key updates for 2019 were presented...

cns cancers
solid tumors
leukemia
multiple myeloma
sarcoma

FDA Pipeline: Designations in Myeloma, Adenoid Cystic Carcinoma, and Kaposi Sarcoma, Plus ODAC Votes

This week, the U.S. Food and Drug Administration granted designations in relapsed or refractory multiple myeloma, adenoid cystic carcinoma, and Kaposi sarcoma; and the FDA’s Oncologic Drugs Advisory Committee (ODAC) held votes on treatments for tenosynovial giant cell tumor and acute...

sarcoma
immunotherapy

Axitinib Plus Pembrolizumab in Advanced Sarcomas

In a phase II trial reported in The Lancet Oncology, Wilky et al found evidence of activity of axitinib plus pembrolizumab in advanced sarcomas, including alveolar soft-part sarcoma. Study Details The study involved 33 patients with advanced or metastatic sarcomas, including alveolar soft-part...

Breast Cancer
Pancreatic Cancer
Sarcoma
Immunotherapy
Issues in Oncology

AACR Study Presentations Include New Data in Breast and Prostate Cancers, Sarcoma, and High-Risk Individuals

THE 2019 American Association for Cancer Research (AACR) Annual Meeting was held March 29 to April 3 in Atlanta. In addition to our regular coverage of news stories from the meeting, here are some brief highlights of additional noteworthy studies. Stage IV HER2-Positive Breast Cancer: Surgery or No ...

sarcoma

Phase II Study of Regorafenib in Metastatic Osteosarcoma

As reported in the Journal of Clinical Oncology by Davis et al, outcomes in the osteosarcoma cohort of the phase II SARC024 trial indicated a progression-free survival benefit with regorafenib vs placebo in previously treated metastatic osteosarcoma. Study Details The randomized...

sarcoma

Access Program to Be Established for Patients After Olaratumab Is Withdrawn From the Global Market

On April 25, Eli Lilly and Company announced that the company has been working to facilitate the withdrawal of olaratumab from the market for the treatment of advanced soft-tissue sarcoma. Lilly's actions to withdraw olaratumab from the market follow completion of the international phase III...

sarcoma
immunotherapy

AACR 2019: HER2-Targeted CAR T-Cell Therapy Plus Chemotherapy in Advanced Sarcoma

A small phase I study by Navai et al investigated a combination of lymphodepletion chemotherapy and HER2-specific chimeric antigen receptor (CAR) T-cell therapy for pediatric and adult patients with advanced HER2-positive sarcoma. The combination showed promising antitumor activity and was found to ...

Sarcoma

Sarcoma Coalition Launched as Collaboration of Advocacy Organizations

Those dealing with sarcoma know that resources and support can be difficult to find. Members of the newly formed Sarcoma Coalition are working together to change that. The Sarcoma Coalition is a nonprofit collaboration of sarcoma advocacy organizations from around the country working toward a...

sarcoma
issues in oncology
symptom management

Gastric Acid Suppressants May Reduce Survival Outcomes in Patients With Sarcoma Treated With Pazopanib

It is estimated that 20% to 33% of patients undergoing cancer treatment are concomitantly using a gastric acid suppressant, most commonly a proton pump inhibitor (including omeprazole and esomeprazole magnesium) or a histamine H2-receptor blocker (such as ranitidine). A study by Mir et al...

sarcoma

Clinical Significance of Indeterminate Pulmonary Nodules at Diagnosis in Pediatric Rhabdomyosarcoma

In a study reported in the Journal of Clinical Oncology, Vaarwerk et al found that presence of indeterminate pulmonary nodules at diagnosis of pediatric rhabdomyosarcoma did not adversely affect treatment outcome in otherwise localized disease. The study involved 316 patients from the European...

sarcoma
immunotherapy

Results Reported From the Phase III ANNOUNCE Trial of Olaratumab in Soft-Tissue Sarcoma

The recently reported results of ANNOUNCE, the phase III study of olaratumab in combination with doxorubicin in patients with advanced or metastatic soft-tissue sarcoma, did not confirm the clinical benefit of olaratumab in combination with doxorubicin as compared to doxorubicin, a...

sarcoma
issues in oncology

Regionalization of Surgery for Retroperitoneal Sarcoma Surgery to High-Volume Hospitals

In a study reported in the Journal of Oncology Practice, Villano et al found that regionalization of retroperitoneal sarcoma surgery—recognized as a complex cancer surgery—to high-volume hospitals has been slower than that observed for similarly complex pancreatic cancer surgery over...

sarcoma

Regorafenib in Previously Treated Metastatic Osteosarcoma

In a phase II trial reported in The Lancet Oncology, Duffaud et al found evidence of activity of regorafenib (Stivarga) in a cohort of adult patients with previously treated metastatic osteosarcoma. This noncomparative, double-blind trial involves 4 cohorts of patients, consisting of those with...

Colorectal Cancer
Sarcoma

FDA Approves Levoleucovorin for Treatment in Osteosarcoma, Colorectal Cancer

The U.S. Food and Drug Administration (FDA) recently approved levoleucovorin (Khapzory) injection, a folate analog, for three indications: rescue after high-dose methotrexate therapy in patients with osteosarcoma; diminishing the toxicity associated with overdosing on folic acid antagonists or...

sarcoma

Factors Affecting Prognosis in Localized Paratesticular Rhabdomyosarcoma

In a study reported in the Journal of Clinical Oncology, Walterhouse et al found that age ≥ 10 years at diagnosis and tumor size > 5 cm are adverse prognostic features in localized paratesticular rhabdomyosarcoma. Study Details The study was a pooled analysis of data from North American and ...

colorectal cancer
sarcoma

FDA Approves Levoleucovorin for Treatment in Osteosarcoma, Colorectal Cancer

The U.S. Food and Drug Administration (FDA) recently approved levoleucovorin (Khapzory) injection, a folate analog, for three indications: rescue after high-dose methotrexate therapy in patients with osteosarcoma; diminishing the toxicity associated with overdosage of folic acid...

sarcoma
immunotherapy

Patient-Partnered Genomics Study Identifies Immunotherapy as a Potential Treatment for Angiosarcomas

Angiosarcoma of the head, face, neck, or scalp is a rare cancer associated with high rates of local recurrence, distant metastasis, and poor prognosis. Because angiosarcoma is so rare, it is difficult to conduct large-scale research in the cancer. To address this issue, the Broad Institute of MIT...

sarcoma

High-Dose Chemotherapy and Autologous SCT vs Standard Chemotherapy in Localized High-Risk Ewing Sarcoma

As reported in the Journal of Clinical Oncology by Whelan et al, combined trials (EURO-EWING99 and Ewing-2008) have shown evidence of improved outcomes with high-dose therapy with busulfan and melphalan (BuMel) and autologous stem cell transplant (SCT) vs standard chemotherapy with vincristine,...

sarcoma

FDA Grants Rare Pediatric Disease Designation to CLR 131 in Treatment of Osteosarcoma

The U.S. Food and Drug Administration (FDA) has granted Rare Pediatric Disease designation to CLR 131 for the treatment of osteosarcoma. CLR 131 has received Rare Pediatric Disease designation in four pediatric cancers: neuroblastoma, rhabdomyosarcoma, Ewing’s sarcoma, and now...

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