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skin cancer

Human Papillomavirus Vaccine in Cutaneous Basaloid Squamous Cell Carcinomas

Squamous cell carcinoma is the second-most-common form of skin cancer. Evidence suggests the human papillomavirus (HPV) plays a role in the development of some types of this skin cancer. Two years ago, a 97-year-old woman whose right leg was covered with squamous cell tumors went to see...

cns cancers
skin cancer
immunotherapy

First-Line Treatment With Checkpoint Inhibitors in Patients With Melanoma Brain Metastases

An analysis of newly diagnosed patients with cutaneous melanoma brain metastases treated with checkpoint blockade immunotherapy has found the treatment was associated with an increase in median overall survival of 12.4 months compared with 5.2 months—a 1.4-fold improvement. The benefit was...

breast cancer
skin cancer

Flight Attendants May Be at Increased Risk of Breast, Skin Cancers

Flight attendants showed an elevated incidence of several types of cancer compared with the general population, according to findings published by McNeely et al in Environmental Health. “Our findings of higher rates of several cancers among flight attendants is striking given the low rates...

skin cancer
immunotherapy

New Guide Helps Clinicians Navigate Immunotherapy in Merkel Cell Carcinoma

Fred Hutchinson Cancer Research Center researchers have published a new guide to help clinicians navigate a recent revolution in care for advanced Merkel cell carcinoma. The guide was published in JNCCN–Journal of the National Comprehensive Cancer Network, and it accompanies NCCN’s new...

skin cancer
immunotherapy

FDA Accepts sBLA for Pembrolizumab as Adjuvant Therapy in Advanced Melanoma

The U.S. Food and Drug Administration (FDA) has accepted for standard review a new supplemental biologics license application (sBLA) for pembrolizumab (Keytruda) as adjuvant therapy in the treatment of patients with resected, high-risk stage III melanoma. The Prescription Drug User Fee Act, or...

skin cancer

Educational Interventions Decrease Sunburns Among Operators of Heavy Equipment

The implementation of educational interventions among heavy equipment operators, or operating engineers, in Michigan significantly increased the use of sunscreen and decreased the number of sunburns, reported Duffy et al in Cancer Epidemiology, Biomarkers & Prevention. “The rates of...

skin cancer
immunotherapy

MAGE-A3 Immunotherapeutic as Adjuvant Therapy for MAGE-A3–Positive Stage III Melanoma

In the phase III DERMA trial reported in The Lancet Oncology, Dreno et al found that an adjuvant MAGE-A3 immunotherapeutic provided no benefit vs placebo in patients with resected MAGE-A3–positive stage IIIB or IIIC melanoma. Development of the agent for use in melanoma has been stopped. The ...

skin cancer

FDA Approves Encorafenib and Binimetinib in Combination for Unresectable or Metastatic Melanoma With BRAF Mutations

Today, the U.S. Food and Drug Administration (FDA) approved encorafenib (Braftovi) and binimetinib (Mektovi) in combination for patients with unresectable or metastatic melanoma with a BRAF V600E or V600K mutation, as detected by an FDA-approved test. Approval was based on the randomized,...

skin cancer
immunotherapy

Activity of the PD-1 Inhibitor Cemiplimab in Advanced Cutaneous Squamous Cell Carcinoma

As reported at the 2018 ASCO Annual Meeting (Abstract 9519) and in The New England Journal of Medicine by Migden et al, results of early-phase testing show activity of the programmed cell death protein 1 (PD-1) inhibitor cemiplimab in advanced cutaneous squamous cell carcinoma. Currently, no...

skin cancer
immunotherapy

Older Patients With Melanoma Fare Better on Anti–PD-1 Immunotherapy Than Younger Patients

Recent research has shown that the tumor microenvironment in older patients promoted melanoma metastasis and resistance to targeted therapy with a BRAF inhibitor. Now, a new study investigating the relationships among age, response to anti–programmed cell death protein 1 (PD-1)...

skin cancer
immunotherapy

2018 ASCO: 2-Year Update of Pivotal JAVELIN Merkel 200 Trial Shows Continued Durable Responses With Avelumab

Updated efficacy and safety data from the international, multicenter JAVELIN Merkel 200 trial of avelumab (Bavencio) in patients with metastatic Merkel cell carcinoma were presented by Nghiem et al at the 2018 ASCO Annual Meeting (Abstract 9507). 2-Year Follow-up At the 2-year follow-up update of ...

skin cancer

Paolo A. Ascierto, MD, on Melanoma: Results From the COLUMBUS Trial

Paolo A. Ascierto, MD, of the Istituto Nazionale Tumori–Fondazione Pascale, discusses phase III study findings on encorafenib plus binimetinib vs vemurafenib or encorafenib in BRAF-mutant melanoma (Abstract 9504).

skin cancer

Emily S. Ruiz, MD, MPH, on Squamous Cell Carcinoma: Expert Perspective

Emily S. Ruiz, MD, MPH, of Brigham and Women’s Cancer Center, discusses new developments in the treatment of squamous cell skin cancer and what she sees on the therapeutic horizon (Abstracts e18703, 9519, and 9577).

skin cancer
immunotherapy

Danny Rischin, MD, on Squamous Cell Carcinoma: Treatment Trial Results

Danny Rischin, MD, of Peter MacCallum Cancer Centre, discusses phase II study findings on cemiplimab, a human monoclonal anti–PD-1 antibody, in patients with metastatic cutaneous squamous cell carcinoma (Abstract 9519).

lung cancer
skin cancer
issues in oncology
immunotherapy

Survival in Male vs Female Patients Receiving Immune Checkpoint Inhibitors

In a systematic review and meta-analysis reported in The Lancet Oncology, Conforti et al found a significant difference in overall survival benefit favoring male vs female patients receiving immune checkpoint inhibitor therapy for advanced cancers. Study Details The study involved database...

skin cancer

Outcomes for Cutaneous SCC of the Lip With Vermilion vs Cutaneous Location

In a study reported in JAMA Dermatology, Wang et al found that risk of nodal metastasis was higher for cutaneous squamous cell carcinoma (SCC) of the lip with vermilion vs cutaneous location. Disease-specific and overall survival were similar for the two locations. Study Details The retrospective ...

skin cancer
immunotherapy

Activity of T Cells From Patients With Metastatic Melanoma Resistant to Immune Checkpoint Inhibitor Treatment

In a study reported in Annals of Oncology, Andersen et al found that tumor-infiltrating lymphocytes isolated from metastatic melanoma lesions in patients with disease progression after checkpoint inhibitor therapy remain functional. Moreover, they concluded these tumor-infiltrating...

skin cancer

FDA to Conduct Priority Review of Cemiplimab as a Potential Treatment for Advanced Cutaneous Squamous Cell Carcinoma

On April 30, the U.S. Food and Drug Administration (FDA) accepted for priority review the biologics license application (BLA) for cemiplimab for the treatment of patients with metastatic cutaneous squamous cell carcinoma or patients with locally advanced cutaneous squamous cell carcinoma who...

skin cancer

Canadian Study Explores the Economic Burden of Workplace Sun Exposure and Nonmelanoma Skin Cancer

A study by Mofidi et al in the Journal of Occupational and Environmental Hygiene has estimated the total and per-case costs of newly diagnosed nonmelanoma skin cancers in Canada in 2011 caused by workplace sun exposure. Using a range of secondary sources, including official government records and...

skin cancer

Men With Nonmelanoma Skin Cancer History May Have Reduced Risk of Death From Melanoma

Skin cancer survivors know firsthand that the disease is most treatable when detected early, so they’re more likely to be vigilant about skin exams—and new research shows that such vigilance pays off. After studying more than 900 cases of melanoma reported through the Health...

skin cancer
immunotherapy

FDA Approves Dabrafenib Plus Trametinib for Adjuvant Treatment of Melanoma With BRAF V600E or V600K Mutations

On April 30, 2018, the U.S. Food and Drug Administration (FDA) granted regular approval to dabrafenib (Tafinlar) and trametinib (Mekinist) in combination for the adjuvant treatment of patients with melanoma with BRAF V600E or V600K mutations (as detected by an FDA-approved test) and involvement of...

skin cancer

Link Between Risk of Alzheimer’s Disease and Melanoma, Nonmelanoma Skin Cancers

Although literature demonstrates a decreased risk of Alzheimer's disease in individuals with various cancers—including squamous cell cancers (SCC) and basal cell cancers (BCC)—there is a paucity of literature to substantiate an association between malignant melanoma and...

skin cancer

Follicular Extension in Actinic Keratosis and Invasion in Squamous Cell Carcinoma

Actinic keratoses may show extension down into follicles, not only in cases with full-thickness epidermal atypia (bowenoid actinic keratosis), but also in cases with atypia limited to the epidermal basalis. Previous studies have demonstrated that, in bowenoid actinic keratosis, follicular...

lymphoma
skin cancer

Reciprocal Risks of Lymphoid Neoplasms and Cutaneous Melanoma

In a study reported in the Journal of the National Cancer Institute, Herr et al found that patients with specific types of primary lymphoid neoplasms were at increased risk of second primary cutaneous melanoma, with the reciprocal association also being observed. Occurrence of second primary...

skin cancer
immunotherapy

AACR 2018: Adjuvant Pembrolizumab in High-Risk Stage III Melanoma

As reported at the 2018 American Association for Cancer Research (AACR) Annual Meeting (Abstract CT001) and in The New England Journal of Medicine by Eggermont et al, the phase III EORTC 1325/KEYNOTE 054 trial has shown that adjuvant pembrolizumab (Keytruda) significantly prolonged recurrence-free...

skin cancer
immunotherapy

AACR 2018: TLR9 Agonist CMP-001/Pembrolizumab Combination Shows Early Efficacy in Patients With Metastatic Melanoma Resistant to Anti–PD-1

A combination of CMP-001, an intratumoral Toll-like receptor 9 (TLR9) agonist, and pembrolizumab (Keytruda) was well tolerated and had clinical activity in patients with metastatic melanoma resistant to programmed cell death protein 1 (PD-1) checkpoint inhibition, according to preliminary data...

skin cancer

Epacadostat Combined With Pembrolizumab in Patients With Unresectable or Metastatic Melanoma

On April 6, an external data monitoring committee commented on results from the phase III ECHO-301/KEYNOTE-252 trial of the investigational IDO1 inhibitor epacadostat plus pembrolizumab (Keytruda) in patients with unresectable or metastatic melanoma. The committee determined that the study did not...

cns cancers
skin cancer
immunotherapy

Nivolumab/Ipilimumab or Nivolumab Alone in Melanoma Brain Metastases

In an Australian phase II trial reported in The Lancet Oncology, Long et al found that the combination of nivolumab (Opdivo) and ipilimumab (Yervoy) and nivolumab alone showed intracranial activity in patients with melanoma brain metastases. Study Details In the open-label trial, 76 evaluable...

skin cancer

Notch Signaling and Treatment With Vismodegib in Basal Cell Carcinoma

A study by Eberl et al in Cancer Cell has pinpointed a mechanism that controls how basal cell cancers respond to treatment and offers new ideas for controlling this disease. Basal cell carcinomas are incredibly common—somewhere between 1 million to 3 million diagnosed each year—and...

skin cancer

EMA to Review Cemiplimab as a Potential Treatment for Advanced Cutaneous Squamous Cell Carcinoma

On April 3, the European Medicines Agency (EMA) accepted for review the Marketing Authorization Application (MAA) for cemiplimab for the treatment of patients with metastatic cutaneous squamous cell carcinoma (CSCC) or patients with locally advanced CSCC who are not candidates for surgery....

skin cancer
immunotherapy

First-Line Avelumab in Metastatic Merkel Cell Carcinoma

In a preplanned interim analysis of a phase II trial (JAVELIN Merkel 200 part B) reported in JAMA Oncology, D’Angelo et al found that avelumab was active in the first-line treatment of metastatic Merkel cell carcinoma. Avelumab was approved in March 2017 for treatment of patients aged ≥ 12 ...

skin cancer

AAD Issues Guidelines for Treatment of Nonmelanoma Skin Cancer

Skin cancer is the most common cancer in the United States, and nonmelanoma skin cancer is the most common type of skin cancer, affecting more than 3 million Americans every year. Moreover, nonmelanoma skin cancer incidence is growing at an exponential rate—between 1976–1984 and...

skin cancer
immunotherapy

SSO 2018: Outcomes of Patients With Metastatic Melanoma Selected for Surgery After Immunotherapy

Immunotherapy has transformed the treatment of metastatic melanoma, with 3-year survival rates surpassing 50% for appropriate patients. However, many of these patients still require surgery, but very little research has been done on this group of patients to determine whether surgery after...

skin cancer

April K.S. Salama, MD, on Melanoma: Treating Recurrent or Progressive Distant Disease

April K.S. Salama, MD, of Duke Cancer Institute, talks about how to select systemic therapy for a patient with previously treated metastatic melanoma.

skin cancer

Encorafenib Plus Binimetinib vs Vemurafenib and Encorafenib Alone in Advanced BRAF-Mutant Melanoma

In the phase III COLUMBUS trial reported in The Lancet Oncology, Dummer et al found that the combination of the BRAF inhibitor encorafenib and the MEK inhibitor binimetinib improved progression-free survival vs vemurafenib (Zelboraf) in patients with advanced BRAF V600–mutant melanoma....

skin cancer

MEK1/2 Inhibition in Metastatic Uveal Melanoma

In a phase III trial (SUMIT) reported in the Journal of Clinical Oncology, Carvajal et al found that the addition of the oral MEK1/2 inhibitor selumetinib to dacarbazine did not significantly improve progression-free survival in patients with metastatic uveal melanoma. Study Details In the...

skin cancer

Adjuvant Vemurafenib in Resected BRAF V600–Mutant Melanoma

In the international phase III BRIM8 trial reported in The Lancet Oncology, Maio et al found inconclusive evidence of benefit of adjuvant vemurafenib treatment in patients with BRAF V600–mutant melanoma.   Study Details In the double-blind trial, 498 patients with fully resected...

skin cancer
immunotherapy

Circulating Tumor DNA and Pseudoprogression in Metastatic Melanoma Treated with Anti–PD-1 Antibodies

In a study reported in JAMA Oncology, Lee et al found that measurement of circulating tumor DNA (ctDNA) can help distinguish between pseudoprogression (radiologic progression prior to response) and true progression in patients with metastatic melanoma receiving anti­–programmed cell death ...

skin cancer
immunotherapy

Body Mass Index and Outcomes With Targeted Therapy, Immunotherapy, or Chemotherapy in Metastatic Melanoma

In a study reported in The Lancet Oncology, McQuade et al found that obesity was associated with improved outcomes in treatment of metastatic melanoma with targeted therapy or immunotherapy—but not chemotherapy—with a survival benefit appearing to be restricted to obese male patients....

skin cancer

U.S. Incidence and Projected Rise of Merkel Cell Carcinoma

The number of U.S. cases of Merkel cell carcinoma is rising about six times faster than most other cancers, and at nearly twice the rate of melanoma. Paulson et al reported these findings in The Journal of the American Academy of Dermatology, which are based on research conducted at the University...

skin cancer
immunotherapy

Patients With Melanoma Treated With Anti–PD-1 Antibodies Beyond RECIST Progression

A pooled analysis by the U.S. Food and Drug Administration (FDA) has shown a benefit of treatment beyond progression, as defined by RECIST criteria, in many patients receiving anti–programmed cell death protein 1 (PD-1) antibodies for unresectable or metastatic melanoma. The analysis was ...

skin cancer

Presurgical Targeted Therapy Delays Relapse of High-Risk Stage III Melanoma

A pair of targeted therapies given before and after surgery for melanoma produced at least a sixfold increase in time to progression compared to standard-of-care surgery for patients with stage III disease, Amaria et al reported in The Lancet Oncology. Patients who had no sign of disease at surgery ...

skin cancer
immunotherapy

Study Finds Desmoplastic Melanoma Highly Responsive to PD-1/PD-L1 Blockade

Desmoplastic melanoma is a rare subtype of melanoma that is commonly found on sun-exposed areas, such as the head and neck, and usually seen in older patients. Treatment is difficult, as these tumors are often resistant to chemotherapy and lack actionable mutations commonly found in other types of...

skin cancer
immunotherapy

Durable Complete Responses After Discontinuation of Immunotherapy in Metastatic Melanoma

As reported in the Journal of Clinical Oncology by Robert and colleagues, a high proportion of patients with metastatic melanoma achieving complete response on pembrolizumab (Keytruda) in the phase Ib KEYNOTE-001 trial maintained complete response for prolonged durations after treatment...

breast cancer
colorectal cancer
lung cancer
skin cancer
issues in oncology

Growing Socioeconomic and Racial Disparities in Management of Brain Metastases

Increasing use of a potentially life-saving treatment for metastatic cancer is leaving too many vulnerable patients behind, according to a new study from Yale Cancer Center/Smilow Cancer Hospital published by Kann et al in JNCCN – Journal of the National Comprehensive Cancer Network. The...

skin cancer
immunotherapy

Adjuvant Pembrolizumab Improves Recurrence-Free Survival in Stage III Resected High-Risk Melanoma

On January 8, Merck and the European Organisation for Research and Treatment of Cancer (EORTC) announced that the phase III EORTC1325/KEYNOTE-054 trial investigating pembrolizumab (Keytruda) as monotherapy for surgically resected high-risk melanoma met its primary endpoint of recurrence-free...

breast cancer
skin cancer
issues in oncology
gastrointestinal cancer

Study Finds Increased Risk in Common Cancers in Female Night Shift Workers

In 2007, the International Agency for Research on Cancer classified shift work with circadian disruption or chronodisruption as a probable human carcinogen. Now, a meta-analysis investigating whether long-term shift work increases the risks of common cancers in women has found that, overall, night...

skin cancer

FDA Accepts sNDA, Grants Priority Review to Adjuvant Dabrafenib/Trametinib in BRAF V600E/K Mutation–Positive Melanoma

On December 22, the U.S. Food and Drug Administration (FDA) accepted a supplemental New Drug Application (sNDA) and granted Priority Review designation to dabrafenib (Tafinlar) in combination with trametinib (Mekinist) for the adjuvant treatment of patients with stage III melanoma with BRAF V600E...

skin cancer

Nivolumab for Adjuvant Treatment of Melanoma Granted Regular Approval by FDA

On December 20, 2017, the U.S. Food and Drug Administration (FDA) granted regular approval to the anti–programmed cell death protein 1 (PD-1) monoclonal antibody nivolumab (Opdivo) for the adjuvant treatment of patients with melanoma with involvement of lymph nodes, or in patients with...

skin cancer

Adjuvant Dabrafenib/Trametinib Combination Granted FDA Breakthrough Therapy Designation for Stage III Melanoma With BRAF V600 Mutation

On October 23, Novartis announced that the U.S. Food and Drug Administration (FDA) has granted Breakthrough Therapy designation for dabrafenib (Tafinlar) in combination with trametinib (Mekinist) for the adjuvant treatment of patients with stage III melanoma with a BRAF V600 mutation following...

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