Byoung Chul Cho, MD, PhD, on NSCLC: Genetic Mutations and Immunotherapy vs Chemotherapy in KEYNOTE-042
AACR Virtual Annual Meeting 2020 I
Byoung Chul Cho, MD, PhD, of Yonsei Cancer Center and Severance Hospital, discusses the STK11 and KEAP1 mutations in non–small cell lung cancers, and their relationship to the efficacy of pembrolizumab monotherapy vs platinum-based chemotherapy as first-line treatment for PD-L1–positive advanced disease (Abstract CT084).
Grant A. McArthur, MBBS, PhD, of the Peter MacCallum Cancer Centre, discusses phase III results from a study of previously untreated patients with BRAF V600 mutation–positive advanced melanoma. His team evaluated whether combining vemurafenib and cobimetinib with atezolizumab improved the durability of responses compared with targeted therapies plus placebo (Abstract CT012).
Lajos Pusztai, MD, PhD, of Yale Cancer Center, discusses study results on durvalumab in combination with olaparib and paclitaxel as neoadjuvant treatment in patients with high-risk HER2-negative stage II/III breast cancer. Compared with patients who received chemotherapy alone, the combination improved pathologic complete response, even in women with triple-negative breast cancer (Abstract CT011).
Edward B. Garon, MD, of the University of California, Los Angeles, David Geffen School of Medicine, discusses results from a small study in METex14-mutated advanced non–small cell lung cancer and brain metastases. The trial suggested capmatinib showed antitumor activity in the brain, regardless of prior therapy, and a manageable safety profile (Abstract CT082).
Edward B. Garon, MD, of the University of California, Los Angeles David Geffen School of Medicine, discusses KEYNOTE-189 trial findings that showed adding pembrolizumab to pemetrexed plus platinum—which previously was found to improve overall and progression-free survival—is also safe and has manageable toxicity in long-term use for patients with metastatic nonsquamous non–small cell lung cancer (Abstract CT085).
Ryan J. Sullivan, MD, of Massachusetts General Hospital Cancer Center, discusses early results on COM701, a first-in-class immune checkpoint inhibitor, which showed preliminary antitumor activity as a monotherapy and in combination with nivolumab in a variety of heavily pretreated patients with advanced or metastatic solid tumors (Abstract CT031).