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prostate cancer

Higher Exposure to Radical Local Treatment Linked to Lower Mortality in Men With Very High-Risk Prostate Cancer

Men with very high-risk prostate cancer treated at hospitals with a high proportion of administered radical local treatment (radiotherapy or prostatectomy) have half of the mortality risk of men who are treated at hospitals with the lowest proportions, according to a new study conducted by...

prostate cancer

Hypofractionated Radiotherapy Not Inferior to Conventional Radiotherapy in Low-Risk Prostate Cancer

In a phase III noninferiority trial (NRG Oncology RTOG 0415) reported by Lee et al in the Journal of Clinical Oncology, W. Robert Lee, MD, MS, Med, of Duke University Medical Center, and colleagues found that hypofractionated radiotherapy was not inferior to conventional hypofractionated...

prostate cancer

Androgen-Deprivation Therapy May Increase Mortality in African American Men With Favorable-Risk Prostate Cancer

In a retrospective study analyzing patients' medical records, researchers at Brigham and Women's Hospital (BWH) found that race significantly affected longevity by increasing the likelihood of death after receiving androgen-deprivation therapy. These findings were published by Kovtun et al in...

prostate cancer

Sociodemographic and Clinical Predictors of Switching to Active Treatment From Observational Management in Low-Risk Prostate Cancer

Although active surveillance for patients with low-risk prostate cancer has become an increasingly acceptable strategy for disease management, many men opt for definitive therapies such as radical prostatectomy or radiation therapy. A new study of more than 2,200 patients with low-risk prostate...

prostate cancer

Patients With Low-Risk Prostate Cancer on Active Surveillance Experience Good Quality of Life

Active surveillance has become an increasingly important alternative to surgery, chemotherapy, or radiation treatment for men diagnosed with low-risk prostate cancer. However, what is the impact of active surveillance on health-related quality of life in patients selected or opting for this...

solid tumors
prostate cancer

No Survival Benefit for Cabozantinib Reported in Previously Treated Metastatic Castration-Resistant Prostate Cancer

Smith et al found no improvement in overall survival with cabozantinib (Cometriq) vs prednisone in patients with previously treated metastatic castration-resistant prostate cancer, in the phase III COMET-1 trial reported in the Journal of Clinical Oncology. Cabozantinib, which inhibits MET, VEGF...

prostate cancer

Early Evidence of Anti–PD-1 Activity in Enzalutamide-Resistant Prostate Cancer

Restoring tumor-specific immunity is a treatment strategy that works well in melanoma and lung cancer patients. Now a new study out of the Oregon Health & Science University (OSHU) Knight Cancer Institute is reviving hope that the approach also may help men with life-threatening prostate...

prostate cancer

PET/MRI: A One-Stop Imaging Test to Detect Prostate Cancer?

A University of Michigan study published by Piert et al in The Journal of Nuclear Medicine reported that the addition of molecular imaging based on F-18-choline positron-emission tomography (PET) improves the identification of significant prostate cancer over multiparametric prostate magnetic...

prostate cancer

Study Finds Incidence of Mutations in DNA-Repair Genes Significantly Higher in Men With Metastatic Prostate Cancer

The incidence of mutations in DNA-repair genes was significantly higher among men with metastatic prostate cancer than among men with localized disease (11.8% vs 4.6%), according to a study by Pritchard et al reported in The New England Journal of Medicine. In addition, the frequency ...

prostate cancer

Mixed Results With Hypofractionated vs Conventional Radiotherapy for Localized Prostate Cancer

Investigators of two European phase III trials have reached different conclusions on whether hypofractionated radiotherapy should replace conventional radiotherapy as a new standard of treatment in localized prostate cancer. The CHHiP trial findings favoring hypofractionation were reported by David ...

prostate cancer

Improved Survival Reported With Prostate Radiation Therapy Plus Androgen-Deprivation Therapy in Metastatic Prostate Cancer

The addition of prostate external-beam radiation therapy to androgen-deprivation therapy was associated with prolonged overall survival in men with newly diagnosed metastatic prostate cancer, according to a National Cancer Database analysis reported by Rusthoven et al in the Journal of Clinical...

prostate cancer

Tasquinimod Improves Radiographic PFS but Not OS in Metastatic Castration-Resistant Prostate Cancer

In a phase III trial reported in the Journal of Clinical Oncology, Sternberg et al found that tasquinimod, an oral therapy targeting components of the tumor microenvironment, increased radiographic progression-free survival but not overall survival vs placebo in men with chemotherapy-naive...

prostate cancer

SNMMI 2016: PET/CT Imaging of Prostate Cancer With Specific Agent May Be an Accurate Prebiopsy/Preoperative Guide

With surgical removal at the frontline of defense against prostate cancer, oncologists are considering prostate-specific molecular imaging at the point of initial biopsy and preoperative planning to root out the full extent of disease, researchers showed at the 2016 Annual Meeting of the Society of ...

prostate cancer

Toni K. Choueiri, MD, and Paul L. Nguyen, MD, on Prostate Cancer: Expert Perspectives on Four Studies

Toni K. Choueiri, MD, and Paul L. Nguyen, MD, both of the Dana-Farber Cancer Institute, discuss four key studies on high- and intermediate-risk prostate cancer, as well as localized disease (Abstracts 5001, 5003, 5023, and 5021).

prostate cancer

Celestia S. Higano, MD, and Chris Parker, MD, on the PROMIS Study of Elevated PSA

Celestia S. Higano, MD, of the University of Washington, and Chris Parker, MD, of the Royal Marsden Hospital, discuss findings from this confirmatory study evaluating the accuracy of MRI and TRUS biopsy in men with an elevated PSA (Abstract 5000).

prostate cancer

A. Oliver Sartor, MD, and Celestia S. Higano, MD, on Findings of the FIRSTANA Trial in Prostate Cancer

A. Oliver Sartor, MD, of Tulane University, and Celestia S. Higano, MD, of the University of Washington, discuss findings from this phase III study on cabazitaxel vs docetaxel in chemotherapy-naive patients with metastatic castration-resistant prostate cancer (Abstract 5006).

prostate cancer

FDA Approves New Diagnostic Imaging Agent to Detect Recurrent Prostate Cancer

On May 27, the U.S. Food and Drug Administration (FDA) approved fluciclovine F-18 (Axumin), a radioactive diagnostic agent for injection. Fluciclovine F-18 is indicated for positron-emission tomography (PET) imaging in men with suspected prostate cancer recurrence based on elevated...

prostate cancer

French Trial Shows Benefit of Adding Short-Term Hormone Therapy to Salvage Radiotherapy for Rising PSA After Prostatectomy

In the phase III GETUG-AFU 16 trial reported in The Lancet Oncology, Carrie et al found that adding short-term androgen suppression therapy to salvage radiotherapy was associated with improved biochemical or clinical progression-free survival among patients with prostate cancer who exhibited rising ...

prostate cancer

AUA 2016: IsoPSA, a Novel, Structure-Based Biomarker Test for Prostate Cancer, Explored in a Multicenter Prospective Trial

A promising new test is detecting prostate cancer more precisely than current tests by identifying molecular changes in the prostate-specific antigen (PSA) protein, according to Cleveland Clinic research presented at the 111th Annual Scientific Meeting of the American Urological Association (AUA)...

prostate cancer

AUA 2016: Relationship Between Testosterone Therapy and Prostate Cancer Explored

Men with low levels of the male sex hormone testosterone need not fear that testosterone replacement therapy will increase their risk of prostate cancer. This is the finding of an analysis of more than a quarter-million medical records of mostly white men in Sweden, research led by investigators at ...

prostate cancer

AUA 2016: Cell-Cycle Progression Score Provides Significant Prognostic Information in Patients With Gleason Score < 7

Myriad Genetics announced results from a study of the prognostic information provided by its Prolaris test in patients with prostate cancer and a Gleason score < 7 at the 111th Annual Scientific Meeting of the American Urological Association (AUA) (Abstract MP02-20). Prolaris is a novel 46-gene ...

prostate cancer

AUA 2016: BRCA Gene Mutations Associated With Increased Prostate Cancer Risk

Though predominantly known for their increased associations with breast cancer risk, germline mutations in the BRCA1 and BRCA2 genes are also associated with an increased susceptibility to other diseases, including prostate cancer. New data being presented during the 111th Annual Scientific Meeting ...

prostate cancer

AUA 2016: Adjuvant Chemotherapy After Radical Prostatectomy May Benefit Men at High Risk for Relapse

Not all men with prostate cancer benefit from adjuvant chemotherapy after radical prostatectomy; however, African American men and men with a higher tumor stage may, according to a new U.S. Department of Veterans Affairs (VA) study (Abstract PI LBA 06) featured at the 111th Annual Scientific...

prostate cancer

Stereotactic Body Radiation Therapy May Offer a Higher Cure Rate in Prostate Cancer Than More Traditional Approaches

A 5-year study published by Hannan et al in the European Journal of Cancer showed that stereotactic body radiation therapy (SBRT) to treat prostate cancer offers a higher cure rate than more traditional approaches, according to researchers at UT Southwestern Medical Center Harold C. Simmons...

prostate cancer

Hypofractionated Radiotherapy Not Inferior to Conventional Radiotherapy in Low-Risk Prostate Cancer

Hypofractionated radiotherapy was not inferior to conventional radiotherapy in terms of disease-free survival among men with low-risk prostate cancer, according to the results of the phase III NRG Oncology RTOG 0415 trial reported in the Journal of Clinical Oncology by Lee et al. However, it was...

prostate cancer

Preclinical Studies Show Many Androgen-Deprivation Therapies May Suppress Adaptive Immune Responses

Prostate cancer patients and their doctors may want to think twice about the best timing for chemotherapy or radiation therapy in conjunction with a common nonsurgical treatment, based on international research findings led by UT Southwestern Medical Center investigators. Researchers using mouse...

prostate cancer

Significantly Increased Risk of Noncancer Hospitalizations Following Diagnosis of Prostate Cancer in the Elderly

Elderly men had a significant increase in the risk of noncancer hospitalizations following the diagnosis of prostate cancer, according to a population-based retrospective cohort study conducted by Amit D. Raval, PhD, and colleagues at West Virginia University, Morgantown. Results were published in...

prostate cancer

Adding 6 Months of Androgen Suppression to Radiotherapy Improves Disease-Free Survival in Intermediate- and High-Risk Prostate Cancer

In the phase III EORTC 22991 trial reported in the Journal of Clinical Oncology, Bolla et al found that the addition of 6 months of androgen suppression to radiotherapy improved biochemical and clinical disease-free survival in patients with intermediate- and high-risk prostate cancer. Study...

prostate cancer

Widely Cited Prostate-Specific Antigen Screening Publications Influence Biopsy Rates and Associated Complications

While absolute rates of biopsy and postbiopsy complications have decreased following several benchmark prostate-specific antigen (PSA) screening publications, the relative risk for each patient continues to increase, according to a new study by Mayo Clinic researchers. The study is the largest to...

prostate cancer

Lower Vitamin D Levels Associated With Adverse Pathology at Prostatectomy in Men With Localized Prostate Cancer

In a study reported in the Journal of Clinical Oncology, Nyame et al found that lower serum 25-hydroxyvitamin D (25-OH D) levels were associated with an increased likelihood of adverse pathology at radical prostatectomy in men with localized prostate cancer. Study Details The cross-sectional...

solid tumors
prostate cancer

Survival Differs With Metastatic Site in Castration-Resistant Prostate Cancer

Overall survival differed according to the site of metastases in men with castration-resistant prostate cancer, according to a meta-analysis reported in the Journal of Clinical Oncology by Halabi et al. Study Details The study involved data from 8,820 men who received docetaxel chemotherapy in...

prostate cancer

Enzalutamide Improves Progression-Free Survival vs Bicalutamide in Nonmetastatic and Metastatic Castration-Resistant Prostate Cancer

Treatment with enzalutamide (Xtandi) tripled median progression-free survival vs bicalutamide in patients with nonmetastatic or metastatic castration-resistant prostate cancer, according to the phase II STRIVE trial reported in the Journal of Clinical Oncology by Penson et al. Study Details In...

prostate cancer

Hypofractionated Radiotherapy Not Noninferior to Standard Radiotherapy in Late Genitourinary and Gastrointestinal Toxicity in Prostate Cancer

Hypofractionated radiotherapy was not noninferior to conventionally fractionated radiotherapy in late genitourinary and gastrointestinal toxicity in patients with prostate cancer in the Dutch phase III HYPRO trial. These findings were reported by Aluwini et al in The Lancet Oncology. An earlier...

prostate cancer
supportive care

Severe Adverse Event Clusters Identified Using NCI Common Terminology Criteria in Advanced Prostate Cancer

Using the National Cancer Institute’s Common Terminology Criteria for Adverse Events (CTCAE), researchers from Columbia University, New York, and Fred Hutchinson Cancer Research Center, Seattle, identified six severe adverse events clusters in patients with advanced prostate cancer. The...

prostate cancer

Study Links Normal Stem Cells to Aggressive Prostate Cancer

A study that revealed new findings about prostate cells may point to future strategies for treating aggressive and therapy-resistant forms of prostate cancer. The study proved that the prostate basal cell layer contains adult stem cells, which possess a unique gene-expression profile resembling the ...

prostate cancer

Light Reflectance Technique May Improve Ability to Remove Prostate Cancer During Surgery

Researchers at UT Southwestern Medical Center have determined that light reflectance spectroscopy can differentiate between malignant and benign prostate tissue with 85% accuracy, a finding that may lead to real-time tissue analysis during prostate cancer surgery. These findings were reported...

prostate cancer

ASCO Endorses Cancer Care Ontario Guideline on Active Surveillance for Management of Localized Prostate Cancer

As reported by Ronald C. Chen, MD, MPH, of the University of North Carolina at Chapel Hill, and colleagues in the Journal of Clinical Oncology, ASCO has endorsed, with qualifications, the 2015 Cancer Care Ontario (CCO) guideline on active surveillance for management of localized prostate cancer....

prostate cancer

Study Finds Enzalutamide Increases Progression-Free Survival vs Bicalutamide in Metastatic Prostate Cancer

Use of the androgen receptor–inhibitor enzalutamide (Xtandi) more than doubled progression-free survival vs the nonsteroidal antiandrogen bicalutamide in patients with metastatic prostate cancer progressing on androgen-deprivation therapy, according to the randomized phase II TERRAIN trial...

solid tumors
prostate cancer

Increased Survival and Toxicity With Docetaxel, No Apparent Benefit of Zoledronic Acid in Prostate Cancer

As reported in The Lancet by James et al, results of the STAMPEDE trial, which used a multiarm, multistage seamless phase II/III design, showed increased survival and toxicity with docetaxel and little benefit of zoledronic acid when added to first-line long-term hormone therapy in patients with...

prostate cancer

Study Finds Association Between Androgen-Deprivation Therapy in Prostate Cancer and Risk of Alzheimer’s Disease

In a retrospective analysis reported in the Journal of Clinical Oncology, Nead et al found that use of androgen-deprivation therapy in the treatment of prostate cancer was associated with an increased risk of subsequent Alzheimer’s disease. Study Details In the study, a text-processing...

prostate cancer

Andrew J. Armstrong, MD, ScM, on New Treatment Options in Castration-Resistant Prostate Cancer

Andrew J. Armstrong, MD, ScM, of Duke Cancer Institute, discusses the recent practice-changing landmark studies that showed significant increases in survival for men with castration-resistant prostate cancer and led to updates in the NCCN Guidelines for this disease.

bladder cancer
prostate cancer

Derek Raghavan, MD, PhD: Roundup of Clinical Trial Results on Genitourinary Cancers

Derek Raghavan, MD, PhD, of the Levine Cancer Institute, gives his insights into key genitourinary cancer clinical trials presented at the 2015 ASCO Annual Meeting and his thoughts on where the research is headed.

prostate cancer

Nicholas David James, MD, PhD, and Celestia S. Higano, MD, on Results From the STAMPEDE Trial on Hormone-Naive Prostate Cancer

Celestia S. Higano, MD, of the University of Washington, and Nicholas David James, MD, PhD, of Warwick Medical School, discuss data showing improvements in survival from adding docetaxel in men starting long-term hormone therapy for the first time (Abstract 5001).

prostate cancer

Howard M. Sandler, MD, and Christopher Sweeney, MBBS, on Results of the RTOG 0521 Trial on Localized, High-Risk Prostate Cancer

Christopher Sweeney, MBBS, of Dana-Farber Cancer Institute, and Howard M. Sandler, MD, of Cedars-Sinai Medical Center, discuss the improvement of overall survival with the use of adjuvant chemotherapy following androgen suppression and radiotherapy (Abstract LBA5002).

prostate cancer

Christian Carrie, MD, and Celestia S. Higano, MD, on Results of the GETUG-AFU 16 Trial on Prostate Cancer

Christian Carrie, MD, of Centre Léon Bérard, and Celestia S. Higano, MD, of the University of Washington, discuss short hormonal therapy and radiotherapy as salvage treatment for relapse after radical prostatectomy (Abstract 5006).

prostate cancer

Howard I. Scher, MD, on the Prostate Cancer Working Group 3 Consensus

Howard I. Scher, MD, of Memorial Sloan Kettering Cancer Center, discusses the updated criteria that will guide clinical trial design and conduct for therapeutics being tested in castration-resistant prostate cancer (Abstract 5000).

prostate cancer

Howard M. Sandler, MD, Summarizes Results of the RTOG 0521 Trial on Localized, High-Risk Prostate Cancer

Howard M. Sandler, MD, of Cedars-Sinai Medical Center discusses the improvement of overall survival with the use of adjuvant chemotherapy following androgen suppression and radiotherapy (Abstract LBA5002).

prostate cancer

Christopher Sweeney, MBBS, Summarizes the ENZAMET and ENZARAD Trials for Prostate Cancer

Christopher Sweeney, MBBS, of Dana-Farber Cancer Institute discusses the EnzaMet and EnzaRad study designs, eligibility requirements, and endpoints (Abstracts TPS5077 and TPS5078).

survivorship
supportive care
prostate cancer

Christopher J. Recklitis, PhD, MPH, on The Risk of Suicide After a Cancer Diagnosis

Christopher J. Recklitis, PhD, MPH, of the Dana-Farber Cancer Institute, discusses what is known about suicide after cancer, the risks faced by prostate cancer patients within the first year after diagnosis, and challenges across the treatment trajectory

prostate cancer

A. Oliver Sartor, MD, on Results of the ALSYMPCA Trial for Castration-Resistant Prostate Cancer

A. Oliver Sartor, MD, of Tulane University School of Medicine, discusses the latest results of a clinical trial on radium-223 dichloride and the improvement in overall survival of men with advanced prostate cancer (Abstracts 2510, 2530).

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