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Prostate Cancer
COVID-19

Prostate Cancer Surgery Rates in Black vs White Men With Nonmetastatic Disease During the COVID-19 Pandemic

In a retrospective cohort study reported in JAMA Oncology, Bernstein et al found that prostatectomy rates during the initial wave of the COVID-19 pandemic were dramatically lower among Black men vs White men with previously untreated nonmetastatic prostate cancer. Study Details The study involved...

Prostate Cancer

Bone-Protecting Agents Shown to Reduce Fracture Rate in Men With Metastatic Prostate Cancer

Prostate cancer experts have often stated it is important to add a bone-protecting agent for patients on treatment for metastatic castration-resistant prostate cancer. Recent evidence in support of this recommendation comes from a study presented during the 2021 ASCO Annual Meeting, confirming a...

Prostate Cancer

Nomograms for Predicting Outcomes With LuPSMA Therapy in Metastatic Castration-Resistant Prostate Cancer

In a retrospective study reported in The Lancet Oncology, Gafita et al developed nomograms for predicting overall survival and prostate-specific antigen (PSA) progression-free survival outcomes in men receiving lutetium-177–PSMA (LuPSMA) treatment for metastatic castration-resistant prostate...

Prostate Cancer

Addition of AKT Inhibitor Ipatasertib to Abiraterone/Prednisolone in Metastatic Castration-Resistant Prostate Cancer With PTEN Loss

In the phase III IPATential150 trial reported in The Lancet, Christopher Sweeney, MD, and colleagues found that the addition of the AKT inhibitor ipatasertib to abiraterone and prednisolone produced a significant improvement in progression-free survival among patients with metastatic...

Prostate Cancer

MRI-Targeted vs Standard Biopsy for Prostate Cancer Screening in Men With Elevated PSA Levels

In a Swedish population-based noninferiority trial (STHLM3-MRI) reported in The New England Journal of Medicine, Eklund et al found magnetic resonance imaging (MRI)-targeted biopsy was noninferior to standard biopsy in detecting clinically significant cancers in men with elevated prostate-specific...

prostate cancer

PSMA PET-Positive Metastatic Castration-Resistant Prostate Cancer

In this video, Drs. Matthew R. Smith, Xin Gao, and Alicia K. Morgans discuss the emerging role of PSMA (prostate-specific membrane antigen)-targeted therapy in metastatic castration-resistant prostate cancer. Dr. Smith presents a case of a 67-year-old man with metastatic castration-resistant prostate cancer who experienced disease progression following abiraterone acetate plus prednisone and subsequent treatment with docetaxel, as well as extensive bone metastases and para-aortic adenopathy on PSMA-PET/CT. The faculty discuss the implications of the recent phase III VISION trial of 177Lu-PSMA-617 and the adverse events associated with this novel radioligand therapy.

prostate cancer
genomics/genetics

Metastatic Castration-Resistant Prostate Cancer and DNA Repair Gene Alterations

In this video, Drs. Matthew R. Smith, Xin Gao, and Alicia K. Morgans discuss the role of PARP inhibitors in the treatment of metastatic castration-resistant prostate cancer and homologous recombination repair deficiency, focusing on data from the PROfound trial. Dr. Smith presents a case of a 67-year-old man with metastatic castration-resistant prostate cancer who experienced disease progression despite treatment with enzalutamide, and the faculty discuss the use of docetaxel vs olaparib when tumor genomic testing reports pathogenic mutations in BRCA2 or ATM.

prostate cancer

High-Volume De Novo Metastatic Castration-Sensitive Prostate Cancer

In this video, Drs. Matthew R. Smith, Xin Gao, and Alicia K. Morgans discuss the management of metastatic castration-sensitive prostate cancer, focusing on data from the phase III PEACE-1 trial. The faculty present the case of a 61-year-old man with de novo metastatic high-volume castration-sensitive prostate cancer and extensive bone metastases, discussing the appropriateness of adding docetaxel or abiraterone acetate to androgen-deprivation therapy.

prostate cancer

Low-Volume Recurrent Metastatic Castration-Sensitive Prostate Cancer

In this video, Drs. Matthew R. Smith, Xin Gao, and Alicia K. Morgans discuss the management of metastatic castration-sensitive prostate cancer, focusing on data from the phase III TITAN trial. The faculty present the case of a 73-year-old man with recurrent, low-volume/low-risk metastatic castration-sensitive prostate cancer and emphasize the importance of considering the addition of novel hormonal therapies to androgen-deprivation therapy for the treatment of such patients.

Prostate Cancer

Addition of Docetaxel to Radiotherapy and ADT in Nonmetastatic Unfavorable-Risk Prostate Cancer

In a phase III trial reported in the Journal of Clinical Oncology, Anthony V. D’Amico, MD, PhD, and colleagues found that the addition of docetaxel to radiotherapy and androgen-deprivation therapy (ADT) did not improve overall survival in nonmetastatic, unfavorable-risk prostate cancer. However,...

Prostate Cancer

Identification of Prognostic Transcriptional Profile in CTCs With Multiplex Liquid Biopsy in Metastatic Prostate Cancer

In a study reported in the Journal of Clinical Oncology, Sperger et al found that use of a novel liquid biopsy technology resulted in identification of a prognostic transcriptional profile in circulating tumor cells (CTCs) from patients with metastatic prostate cancer. The profile was prognostic...

Prostate Cancer

Expert Point of View: Mary-Ellen Taplin, MD

Invited discussant of the VISION trial, Mary-Ellen Taplin, MD, of Dana-Farber Cancer Institute, Boston, commented on the study, noting that she was a co-investigator of the trial. “Patients with metastatic castration-resistant prostate cancer have a number of treatment options. There are 10...

Prostate Cancer

VISION Trial: Novel PSMA-Targeted Radiotherapy Improves Outcomes in Metastatic Prostate Cancer

Lutetium-177–PSMA-617 (LuPSMA)—an investigational radiolabeled small molecule—significantly improved radiographic progression-free survival and overall survival when added to the standard of care compared with the standard of care alone for men with metastatic castration-resistant prostate cancer...

Prostate Cancer

Study Investigates Influence of Race on Receipt of Care for Prostate Cancer

Black men most likely to benefit from advanced prostate cancer therapies are 11% less likely to receive them than non-Black men. This happens despite apparent equal opportunities in obtaining health-care services, a new study focused on American veterans has shown. Disparities Exposed Published by...

Prostate Cancer

Reducing Prostate Cancer Disparity by Bringing Care to Underserved Populations

The dire cancer incidence and mortality statistics for Black patients compared with White patients are well known. Collectively, Black individuals have the highest mortality rate and shortest survival of any racial or ethnic group in the United States for most cancers. Black men also have the...

Prostate Cancer

Immunotherapy May Be Effective for Subset of Patients With Prostate Cancer

In recent years, cancer immunotherapy has been effective in treating patients with immunogenic—or “hot”—tumors with increased levels of inflammation and the presence of immune cells in and around the tumors. Prostate cancer, however, is considered a “cold” tumor, with few immune cells recognizing...

Prostate Cancer

VISION Trial: Lu-177–PSMA-617 Radioligand Therapy Prolongs Survival When Added to Standard of Care in Metastatic Castration-Resistant Prostate Cancer

As reported in The New England Journal of Medicine by Oliver Sartor, MD, and colleagues, the phase III VISION trial has shown prolonged progression-free and overall survival with lutetium-177–PSMA-617 (Lu-177–PSMA-617) radioligand therapy plus standard care vs standard care alone in previously...

Multiple Myeloma
Hematologic Malignancies
Gynecologic Cancers
Prostate Cancer

FDA Pipeline: Priority Reviews in Multiple Myeloma, Cervical Cancer, Neutropenia, and Myelofibrosis

Over the past month, the U.S. Food and Drug Administration (FDA) has granted Priority Review to therapies for multiple myeloma, cervical cancer, chemotherapy-induced neutropenia, and myelofibrosis. The FDA also granted a number of Breakthrough Therapy designations, including those for treatments in ...

prostate cancer
issues in oncology

Neeraj Agarwal, MD, on Treatment Patterns and Disparities in Patients With Prostate Cancer

Neeraj Agarwal, MD, of Huntsman Cancer Institute at the University of Utah, discusses three studies that examined real-world treatment patterns and utilization of advanced therapies in men with metastatic castration-sensitive prostate cancer, which served to highlight the ways in which Black men may be treated differently (Abstracts 5072, 5073, 5704).

prostate cancer

Neeraj Agarwal, MD, on Prostate Cancer: Androgen-Deprivation Therapy With Orteronel or Bicalutamide

Neeraj Agarwal, MD, of Huntsman Cancer Institute at the University of Utah, discusses phase III data from the SWOG S1216 trial, which evaluated the clinical benefit of using androgen-deprivation therapy with either orteronel (or TAK-700, a CYP17 inhibitor) or bicalutamide in patients with newly diagnosed metastatic hormone-sensitive prostate cancer (Abstract 5001).

prostate cancer
issues in oncology

Peter C. Black, MD, on Prostate Cancer Health-Care Disparities: Expert Perspective

Peter C. Black, MD, of the Vancouver Prostate Centre, University of British Columbia, reviews three studies on early detection and treatment of Black patients with prostate cancer: a large-scale analysis of genomic profiling; the use of PSA screening; and integrating a patient-specific genomic classifier to improve risk classification and treatment recommendations for Black men (Abstracts 5003, 5004, and 5005).

Prostate Cancer

All-Cause Mortality Risk With Adjuvant vs Early Salvage Radiotherapy After Radical Prostatectomy

In a retrospective cohort study reported in the Journal of Clinical Oncology, Tilki et al found that adjuvant radiotherapy was associated with reduced risk for all-cause mortality vs early salvage radiotherapy among men at high risk for disease recurrence following radical prostatectomy. As stated...

prostate cancer

Karim Fizazi, MD, PhD, on Prostate Cancer: Abiraterone Acetate, Prednisone, and Radiotherapy in Metastatic Disease

Karim Fizazi, MD, PhD, of Institut Gustave Roussy, discusses first results from the phase III PEACE1 trial, which showed that abiraterone plus androgen-deprivation therapy and docetaxel improves radiographic progression-free survival in men with de novo metastatic prostate cancer (Abstract 5000).

Prostate Cancer

Novel PSMA-Targeted Radiotherapy Improves Radiographic Progression-Free and Overall Survival in Metastatic Prostate Cancer

Lutetium-177–PSMA-617 (Lu-177–PSMA-617)—an investigational radioligand therapy—significantly improved radiographic progression-free survival and overall survival when added to standard of care compared with standard of care alone for men with metastatic castration-resistant prostate cancer whose...

prostate cancer

Michael J. Morris, MD, on Prostate Cancer: LuPSMA in the Metastatic Setting

Michael J. Morris, MD, of Memorial Sloan Kettering Cancer Center, discusses phase III results of the VISION study, which showed that lutetium-177–PSMA-617 (LuPSMA), a targeted radioligand therapy, plus standard-of-care treatment improves radiographic progression-free survival and extends overall survival compared with standard of care alone in men with metastatic castration-resistant prostate cancer (Abstract LBA4).

Prostate Cancer

FDA Approves Piflufolastat F-18 Injection, a PSMA PET Imaging Agent, for the Detection of Metastatic or Recurrent Prostate Cancer

On May 27, the U.S. Food and Drug Administration (FDA) approved piflufolastat F-18 injection (Pylarify), an F-18–labeled prostate-specific membrane antigen (PSMA)-targeted positron-emission tomography (PET) imaging agent, to identify suspected metastasis or recurrence of prostate cancer. This is...

Leukemia
Prostate Cancer

Cancer Has Taught Me to Live With Purpose

I have had two life-threatening cancers over the past 3 decades and can say without equivocation that there is never a good time to get cancer. My first cancer diagnosis happened in 1992, just weeks after I had accepted the position of Chief Executive Officer of Hughes Electronics. The job meant a...

Prostate Cancer

Fluciclovine F-18 PET/CT vs Conventional Imaging Alone in Guiding Postsurgery Salvage Radiotherapy for Prostate Cancer

In a single-institution phase II/III trial (EMPIRE-1) reported in The Lancet, Ashesh B. Jani, MD, and colleagues found that use of fluciclovine F-18 positron-emission tomography/computed tomography (PET/CT) in addition to conventional imaging to guide postprostatectomy salvage radiotherapy was...

Prostate Cancer

2021 Genitourinary Cancers Symposium: Advancements in the Care of Older Adults With Prostate Cancer

The 2021 Genitourinary (GU) Cancers Symposium was held in a virtual format on February 11–13 and featured the latest developments in the understanding and treatment of genitourinary cancers. The impact of prostate cancer therapies on outcomes in older adults continues to be a growing area of...

Prostate Cancer

Increased PSA Screening Linked to Lower Risk of Advanced Prostate Cancer at Diagnosis and Death From the Disease in Younger Black Patients

Younger Black men undergoing frequent prostate-specific antigen (PSA) screening appear to have both a lower risk of metastasis at the time of prostate cancer diagnosis and of fatal disease, according to data from an observational study by Qiao et al presented at a presscast in advance of the 2021...

Prostate Cancer

Apalutamide in Metastatic Castration-Sensitive Prostate Cancer: Final Overall Survival Analysis of the TITAN Trial

As reported in the Journal of Clinical Oncology by Kim N. Chi, MD, and colleagues, the final overall survival analysis of the phase III TITAN trial showed significant benefit with apalutamide plus androgen-deprivation therapy vs placebo plus androgen-deprivation therapy in patients with metastatic...

Prostate Cancer
Issues in Oncology

Prospective Study Explores Prostate Cancer and Treatment Outcomes By Race

A study designed to enroll an equal number of Black and White men with advanced prostate cancer confirmed key findings that have been evident in retrospective analyses and suggest potential new avenues for treating Black patients who disproportionately die of the disease. Researchers at Duke Cancer ...

Prostate Cancer

Variations in Testing and Treatment Across Medical Specialties for Men Initiating Active Surveillance for Prostate Cancer

In a study reported in JCO Oncology Practice, Lai et al found that although the majority of men who have initiated active surveillance for prostate cancer are followed by urologists, some are managed by physicians in other specialties, and that testing and subsequent treatment patterns vary across...

Issues in Oncology
Bladder Cancer
Prostate Cancer

YouTube Videos on Bladder Cancer: Study Focuses on Quality of Content

Social media platforms are valuable tools for educating patients about serious health topics, but they can also spread false and biased information with potentially harmful results, according to recent research published by Stacy Loeb, MD, MSc, and colleagues in European Urology. Researchers...

Breast Cancer
Lung Cancer
Prostate Cancer

Safety of Stereotactic Body Radiotherapy for Patients With Multiple Metastases

In the phase I NRG-BR001 trial reported in JAMA Oncology, Chmura et al found that stereotactic body radiotherapy (SBRT) could be used safely to treat multiple metastases in patients with breast, lung, and prostate cancers.   Study Details The trial was conducted within a consortium of North...

Kidney Cancer
Bladder Cancer
Prostate Cancer
Immunotherapy

Genitourinary Oncology Highlights 2020–2021 Almanac

Landmark changes in the treatment of genitourinary cancers have occurred over the past year, as summarized in this year’s Genitourinary Oncology Almanac from The ASCO Post. Starting with our area of focus, metastatic renal cell carcinoma, the saga continues with two more positive phase III trials...

Prostate Cancer
Genomics/Genetics

Effect of Genomic Prostate Score Testing on Choice of Active Surveillance in a Predominantly Black Patient Population

In the ENACT study, reported in the Journal of Clinical Oncology, Murphy et al found that use of the 12-gene Genomic Prostate Score (GPS) in a predominantly Black patient population with relatively low-risk prostate cancer tended to be associated with reduced selection of active...

Pancreatic Cancer
Hepatobiliary Cancer
Colorectal Cancer
Breast Cancer
Skin Cancer
Lung Cancer
Prostate Cancer
Issues in Oncology

Estimated Shifts in Cancer Incidence and Death Over Next 2 Decades

In the next 2 decades, rankings of incidence and death across cancer types in the United States will undergo important changes, according to new research published by Lola Rahib, PhD, and colleagues in JAMA Network Open. The study estimates that pancreatic cancer is on course to become the...

Prostate Cancer

Expert Point of View: Richard K. Valicenti, MD, FASTRO

“The absolute risk reduction in metastasis ranges from 2% to 12% by 10 years. Given this heterogeneity, there is a strong rationale for better prognostic markers to personalize treatment of prostate cancer. Nearly all men treated with androgen-deprivation therapy have variable side effects that...

Prostate Cancer

Novel Decision-Making Tool for Androgen-Deprivation Therapy for Patients With Prostate Cancer

According to a retrospective study, the combined clinical and cell-cycle risk (CCR) score may be able to accurately predict which patients with intermediate- and high-risk prostate cancer will have little additional benefit from androgen-deprivation therapy added to dose-escalated radiotherapy and...

Prostate Cancer
Genomics/Genetics

Mutations in CTCs May Predict Clinical Outcomes in Patients With Metastatic Castration-Resistant Prostate Cancer

Various genetic alterations in circulating tumor cells (CTCs) were associated with clinical outcomes and resistance to hormone therapy in patients with metastatic castration-resistant prostate cancer, according to research published by Gupta et al in Molecular Cancer Research. Although only a...

Colorectal Cancer
Breast Cancer
Prostate Cancer

Does Consumption of Ultra-Processed Food and Drink Increase Colorectal Cancer Risk?

Consumption of ultra-processed food and drink could increase the risk of developing colorectal cancer. This was the conclusion of a large study published by Romaguera et al in Clinical Nutrition based on questionnaires about food behaviors completed by around 8,000 people in Spain. The study, the...

Prostate Cancer

Adding Apalutamide to Abiraterone/Prednisone Extends Radiographic Progression-Free but Not Overall Survival

The phase III ACIS trial met its primary endpoint at 6 months showing that apalutamide plus abiraterone acetate/prednisone (AAP) extended radiographic progression-free survival vs abiraterone acetate/prednisone alone in patients with chemotherapy-naive metastatic castration-resistant prostate...

Prostate Cancer

Comparing Radiotherapy Regimens for Biochemically Recurrent Prostate Cancer After Radical Prostatectomy

A dose-intensified approach to salvage radiotherapy failed to show superiority to a conventional-dose strategy in patients with biochemically recurrent prostate cancer who had undergone radical prostatectomy, according to the phase III SAKK 09/10 trial presented at the 2021 Genitourinary Cancers...

Prostate Cancer

LuPSMA Outperforms Cabazitaxel for Metastatic Castration-Resistant Prostate Cancer in Phase II Trial

Following disease progression on docetaxel, prostate-specific membrane antigen (PSMA)-targeted radionuclide therapy reduced the risk of disease progression or death by 37% vs cabazitaxel in men with metastatic castration-resistant prostate cancer in the TheraP phase II trial reported at the 2021...

Issues in Oncology
Prostate Cancer

Patient Refusal of Provider-Recommended Locoregional Treatment for Prostate Cancer: Sociodemographic Factors

In a study reported in JCO Oncology Practice, Dee et al found that the rate of refusal of provider-recommended locoregional treatment for localized prostate adenocarcinoma has increased over time, with Black and Asian men with intermediate- or higher-risk disease being more likely to refuse such...

prostate cancer

Sandy Srinivas, MD, on Managing Metastatic Castration-Resistant Prostate Cancer

Sandy Srinivas, MD, of Stanford Cancer Institute, discusses the increasing number of ways to deliver life-prolonging therapy to patients with advanced prostate cancer, including more accurate imaging techniques; PET tracers to help better detect, diagnose, and treat disease; PARP inhibitors for BRCA and other mutations; and new sequencing of drugs.

Prostate Cancer
Issues in Oncology

Can Treatment for Prostate Cancer Affect Smell and Taste?

One in six men being treated for advanced prostate cancer reported experiencing a reduced sense of smell and taste, according to a study published by Alonzi et al in the journal Supportive Care in Cancer. The study authors noted that a reduced sense of smell and taste among some patients with...

Prostate Cancer

Meta-analysis of Intermediate Clinical Endpoints as Surrogates for Overall Survival in Localized Prostate Cancer

In a meta-analysis reported in The Lancet Oncology, Gharzai et al found that commonly used intermediate clinical endpoints in clinical trials in localized prostate cancer do not correlate well with overall survival, apart from metastasis-free survival—supporting the establishment of metastasis-free ...

Prostate Cancer

ASCO Guideline Update Offers Four Standards of Care for Noncastrate Advanced, Recurrent, or Metastatic Prostate Cancer

A recent ASCO guideline update, prompted by data from several phase III randomized controlled trials, summarizes the evidence supporting the best initial treatment options for the management of noncastrate advanced, recurrent, or metastatic prostate cancer. The hope is that the guideline will help...

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