Sherene Loi, MD, PhD, on Triple-Negative Breast Cancer: Phase II Study Results of Nivolumab, Carboplatin, and Paclitaxel
Sherene Loi, MD, PhD, of Australia’s Peter McCallum Cancer Centre, discusses recent data showing that for patients with stage I/II triple-negative breast cancer, 12 weeks of a neoadjuvant nonanthracycline chemotherapy regimen with nivolumab may be efficacious with either concurrent or lead-in nivolumab. Those with immune-enriched tumors had high pathologic complete response rates, identifying a subpopulation for whom a 12-week anthracycline-free chemotherapy regimen with nivolumab may be appropriate (Abstract LBO1-03).
Peter Schmid, MD, PhD, of Queen Mary University of London and Barts Cancer Institute, discusses phase III findings from KEYNOTE-522 showing that neoadjuvant pembrolizumab plus chemotherapy followed by adjuvant pembrolizumab continues to show a clinically meaningful improvement in event-free survival compared with neoadjuvant chemotherapy alone in patients with early-stage triple-negative breast cancer (TNBC) (Abstract LBO1-01).
Nicholas C. Turner, MD, PhD, of The Royal Marsden Hospital NHS Foundation Trust, and the Institute of Cancer Research, London, discusses the monarchE trial, which evaluated molecular profiling of archived primary tumor tissue from patients with hormone receptor–positive, HER2-negative, node-positive, high-risk early-stage breast cancer and its potential association with clinical outcomes. Adjuvant abemaciclib plus endocrine therapy (ET) maintained invasive disease–free survival benefit compared with ET alone across all molecular subtypes as measured by RNA sequencing (Abstract GS03-06).
Reshma Jagsi, MD, DPhil, of Emory University Winship Cancer Institute, discusses the IDEA trial of endocrine therapy without radiotherapy after breast-conserving surgery for postmenopausal patients between the ages of 50 and 69 with stage I breast cancer. The regimen demonstrated a low risk of relapse in this population, with a genomic assay used in combination with classic clinical and biological features for treatment selection (Abstract GS02-08).
Amy Tiersten, MD, of the Icahn School of Medicine at Mount Sinai and Tisch Cancer Institute, discusses findings from the ASPIRE trial, which showed the combination of anastrozole, palbociclib, trastuzumab, and pertuzumab in the front-line setting was well tolerated and effective, with a clinical benefit rate of 97% in patients with previously untreated hormone receptor–positive, HER2-positive metastatic breast cancer (Abstract RF02-01).
Nadia Harbeck, MD, PhD, of LMU University Hospital and Ludwig Maximilian University of Munich, and Daniel Kates-Harbeck, of the West German Study Group and an MD Candidate at Ludwig Maximilian University of Munich, discuss a learning-based neural network developed by Mr. Kates-Harbeck to predict treatment outcomes in early breast cancer as well as potentially other tumor types (Abstract PO 04 1-10).