Daniel E. Spratt, MD, on Prostate Cancer: Short-Term Adjuvant vs Neoadjuvant Hormone Therapy
2020 ASTRO Annual Meeting
Daniel E. Spratt, MD, of the University of Michigan Rogel Cancer Center, discusses a pooled analysis of two phase III trials showing adjuvant androgen-deprivation therapy (ADT) improves biochemical control and reduces distant metastasis when compared with a neoadjuvant approach, with no difference in late gastrointestinal or genitourinary toxicities. The analysis also showed that delaying radiotherapy to deliver neoadjuvant ADT did not benefit most patients (Abstract 32).
Justin Oh, MD, of the University of British Columbia, discusses results from the ASCENDE-RT trial, which compared a low-dose–rate brachytherapy boost to a dose-escalated external-beam boost for patients with high- and intermediate-risk prostate cancers (Abstract 127).
Cynthia Menard, MD, of the University of Montreal, discusses a study on the use of prostate-specific membrane antigen PET and CT to guide treatment. The scans led to high rates of new lesion detection and therefore intensification of radiotherapy for patients with prostate cancer, without an increase in side effects (Abstract 34).
Juliane Hörner-Rieber, MD, of Heidelberg University Hospital, discusses phase III results of the MINT trial, which showed that conventionally fractionated intensity-modulated radiotherapy with a simultaneous integrated boost was noninferior to three-dimensional conformal radiotherapy followed by a sequential boost for both local control and cosmesis in patients with breast cancer (Abstract 19).
Neha Vapiwala, MD, of the University of Pennsylvania, who served as a discussant for LBA1, summarizes her review of this study of patients with prostate cancer who had biochemical recurrence in the post-prostatectomy setting, who were candidates for salvage radiotherapy, and who received either conventional imaging or PET scans to help determine the course of treatment.
Jeff M. Michalski, MD, MBA, of the Washington University School of Medicine, discusses a Children’s Oncology Group study that confirmed data previously reported: Involved-field radiotherapy is noninferior to posterior fossa radiotherapy in patients with average risk-medulloblastoma. However, low-dose craniospinal irradiation is not as effective as standard-dose irradiation in younger children (Abstract 1).