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lung cancer

FDA Expands Indications for Pembrolizumab to Include Metastatic SCLC With Disease Progression on or After Other Therapies

On June 17, the U.S. Food and Drug Administration (FDA) granted accelerated approval to the anti–programmed cell death protein 1 (PD-1) therapy pembrolizumab (Keytruda) as monotherapy for the treatment of patients with metastatic small cell lung cancer (SCLC) with disease...

lung cancer
issues in oncology

Radiotherapy Increases Adverse Cardiovascular Event Risk for Patients With Lung Cancer

A new retrospective study led by investigators from Brigham and Women’s Hospital and Dana-Farber Cancer Institute examined outcomes for patients after receiving treatment for locally advanced non–small cell lung cancer (NSCLC), finding that the average radiation dose delivered to the...

lung cancer
immunotherapy

KEYNOTE-001: 5-Year Overall Survival With Pembrolizumab in Advanced NSCLC

Long-term follow-up of the phase I KEYNOTE-001 study reported in the Journal of Clinical Oncology by Garon et al showed that pembrolizumab monotherapy was associated with an estimated 5-year overall survival of 23.2% for treatment-naive patients and 15.5% for previously treated patients with...

lung cancer

Justin F. Gainor, MD, on Non–Small Cell Lung Cancer: Clinical Activity and Tolerability of Selective RET Inhibitor

Justin F. Gainor, MD, of Massachusetts General Hospital, discusses updated findings from the ARROW study in which BLU-667, a selective RET inhibitor, demonstrated clinical activity and tolerability in patients with advanced RET fusion–positive non–small cell lung cancer (Abstract 9008).

lung cancer

Luis G. Paz-Ares, MD, PhD, on Small Cell Lung Cancer: Efficacy and Safety of Lurbinectedin

Luis G. Paz-Ares, MD, PhD, of Hospital Universitario 12 de Octubre, discusses study findings on the second-line use of lurbinectedin in patients with both resistant and sensitive small cell lung cancer (Abstract 8506).

Lung Cancer

Addition of Bevacizumab to Erlotinib Improves Progression-Free Survival in EGFR-Mutated, Nonsquamous NSCLC

In an interim analysis of the phase III NEJ026 trial reported in The Lancet Oncology, Makoto Maemondo, MD, and colleagues found that the addition of bevacizumab to erlotinib improved progression-free survival in patients with EGFR-positive, nonsquamous non–small cell lung cancer (NSCLC). In the...

lung cancer
immunotherapy

2019 ASCO: NEOSTAR: Neoadjuvant Nivolumab Plus Ipilimumab in Early-Stage, Resectable NSCLC

Neoadjuvant treatment with nivolumab plus ipilimumab resulted in an overall major pathologic response rate of 33% of treated patients with early-stage, resectable non–small cell lung cancer (NSCLC). With these results, the combination immunotherapy met the prespecified trial...

Lung Cancer

Survey Finds Prophylactic Cranial Irradiation Use in Decline for Extensive-Stage Small Cell Lung Cancer

Delivery of prophylactic cranial irradiation to patients with extensive-stage small cell lung cancer (SCLC) has declined significantly since the publication of a study by Takahashi et al, according to a recent survey of academic radiation oncologists.1 Data presented at the 2019 Multidisciplinary...

Lung Cancer

Pembrolizumab Improves Survival vs Chemotherapy in Previously Untreated Advanced NSCLC With PD-L1 Expression ≥ 1%

As reported in The Lancet by Tony S.K. Mok, MD, of Chinese University of Hong Kong, and colleagues, the KEYNOTE-042 trial has shown an improvement in overall survival with pembrolizumab vs standard chemotherapy in previously untreated patients with locally advanced or metastatic non–small cell lung ...

Immunotherapy
Lung Cancer

KEYNOTE-001 Shows Long-Term Survival Benefit With Pembrolizumab in Advanced NSCLC

Before the introduction of immunotherapy with checkpoint inhibitors, the 5-year life expectancy for patients with advanced non–small cell lung cancer (NSCLC) was 5.5%. This dismal outlook has changed. Treatment with the immune checkpoint inhibitor pembrolizumab dramatically improved overall...

lung cancer
immunotherapy

IMpower130: Addition of First-Line Atezolizumab to Chemotherapy in Metastatic Nonsquamous NSCLC

As reported in The Lancet Oncology by West et al, the phase III IMpower130 trial found that the addition of atezolizumab to carboplatin plus nab-paclitaxel significantly improved overall and progression-free survival in first-line treatment of stage IV nonsquamous non–small cell lung cancer...

lung cancer
immunotherapy

Gilberto Lopes, MD, MBA, on the RELAY Trial in Metastatic NSCLC: Erlotinib and Ramucirumab in EGFR Mutant–Positive Disease

Gilberto Lopes, MD, MBA, of the Sylvester Comprehensive Cancer Center at the University of Miami, offers commentary on phase III findings from the RELAY study, which showed that erlotinib plus ramucirumab led to superior progression-free survival in previously untreated patients with EGFR mutant–positive NSCLC (Abstract 9000).  

lung cancer
immunotherapy

Miriam Knoll, MD, and Richard J. White, DO, on Non–Small Cell Lung Cancer: Predicting Radiotherapy/Immunotherapy Treatment Outcomes

Miriam Knoll, MD, of Hackensack University Medical Center, and Richard J. White, DO, of Allegheny Health Network, discuss improved overall survival among younger female patients with non–small cell lung cancer who have a lower comorbidity score, lower grade, private insurance, and treatment with intensity-modulated radiation therapy (Abstract 9024).

lung cancer
immunotherapy

Suresh S. Ramalingam, MD, on Non–Small Cell Lung Cancer: Pemetrexed, Bevacizumab, or Both as Maintenance Therapy

Suresh S. Ramalingam, MD, of Winship Cancer Institute, Emory University, discusses findings from the ECOG-ACRIN 5508 study, which showed that single-agent bevacizumab or pemetrexed is the optimal maintenance therapy for advanced nonsquamous NSCLC (Abstract 9002).

issues in oncology
lung cancer

Richard L. Schilsky, MD, and R. Donald Harvey, PharmD, BCOP, on Advanced Non–Small Cell Lung Cancer: Expanding the Criteria for Clinical Trial Eligibility

Richard L. Schilsky, MD, of ASCO, and R. Donald Harvey, PharmD, BCOP, of Winship Cancer Institute of Emory University, discuss their study findings that expanding the clinical trial eligibility criteria for patients with advanced NSCLC would enable nearly twice as many people to be considered for participation (Abstract LBA108).

lung cancer
issues in oncology

2019 ASCO: Expansion of Clinical Trial Inclusion Criteria in Patients With Advanced NSCLC

A study that examined 10,500 health records of patients with advanced non–small cell lung cancer from ASCO’s CancerLinQ database found that the use of expanded clinical trial inclusion criteria—as proposed by ASCO and Friends of Cancer Research in 2017—would nearly double...

lung cancer
immunotherapy

David J. Kwiatkowski, MD, PhD, on Non–Small Cell Lung Cancer: Neoadjuvant Immunotherapy for Resectable Disease

David J. Kwiatkowski, MD, PhD, of Brigham and Women’s Hospital and Dana-Farber Cancer Institute, discusses an interim analysis and biomarker data from a multicenter study showing that 19% of patients with NSCLC had a major pathologic response to preoperative treatment with atezolizumab (Abstract 8503).

lung cancer

Hirotsugu Kenmotsu, MD, on Nonsquamous Non–Small Cell Lung Cancer: Pemetrexed Plus Cisplatin vs Vinorelbine Plus Cisplatin

Hirotsugu Kenmotsu, MD, of Shizuoka Cancer Center, discusses the phase III JIPANG trial findings, which showed that pemetrexed plus cisplatin was not superior to vinorelbine plus cisplatin in terms of recurrence-free survival for patients with completely resected nonsquamous non–small cell lung cancer (Abstract 8501).

lung cancer

Taofeek Kunle Owonikoko, MD, PhD, on Small Cell Lung Cancer: Tremelimumab and Durvalumab With or Without Radiation

Taofeek Kunle Owonikoko, MD, PhD, of Emory University, discusses the findings of his phase II study, which assessed the efficacy of combined immune checkpoint inhibitors with or without radiation in relapsed small cell lung cancer (Abstract 8515).

lung cancer
immunotherapy

Edward B. Garon, MD, on Advanced Non–Small Cell Lung Cancer: KEYNOTE-001 Trial on Pembrolizumab

Edward B. Garon, MD, of the David Geffen School of Medicine at the University of California, Los Angeles, discusses long-term survival data on patients with advanced non–small cell lung cancer treated with pembrolizumab and those with PD-L1 expressed in at least half of their tumor cells (Abstract LBA9015).

lung cancer
immunotherapy

2019 ASCO: KEYNOTE-001: 5-Year Survival Data for Patients With Advanced NSCLC Treated With Pembrolizumab

Five-year data from the phase Ib KEYNOTE-001 trial showed that treatment with pembrolizumab was safe and effective and substantially increased overall survival in patients with advanced non–small cell lung cancer (NSCLC). Specifically, 23.2% of people who had not previously been treated with...

lung cancer
immunotherapy

Addition of Bevacizumab to Carboplatin/Pemetrexed in Nonsquamous NSCLC

New research published by Bagley et al in JNCCN—Journal of the National Comprehensive Cancer Network used a large real-world data set to demonstrate a modest but consistent survival benefit associated with adding bevacizumab to carboplatin/pemetrexed in advanced nonsquamous non–small...

lung cancer

FDA Approves the NovoTTF-100L System in Combination With Chemotherapy for Malignant Pleural Mesothelioma

On May 23, the U.S. Food and Drug Administration (FDA) approved the NovoTTF-100L System in combination with pemetrexed plus platinum-based chemotherapy for the first-line treatment of unresectable locally advanced or metastatic malignant pleural mesothelioma. NovoTTF-100L is a noninvasive,...

Lung Cancer

FDA Expands Pembrolizumab Indication for NSCLC in First-Line Setting

On April 14, the U.S. Food and Drug Administration (FDA) approved pembrolizumab (Keytruda) for the first-line treatment of patients with stage III non–small cell lung cancer (NSCLC) who are not candidates for surgical resection or definitive chemoradiation, or those with metastatic NSCLC....

Lung Cancer

Two Prominent Lung Cancer Organizations Join Forces to Launch GO2 Foundation for Lung Cancer

Two of the nation’s leading lung cancer organizations—the Bonnie J. Addario Lung Cancer Foundation (ALCF) and the Lung Cancer Alliance (LCA)—announced in April their merger to form the GO2 Foundation for Lung Cancer. The new organization, which has offices in Washington, DC, and the San Francisco...

breast cancer
lung cancer
issues in oncology

ACCURE Trial: Improving Racial Disparities in Treatment for Patients With Early-Stage Lung and Breast Cancers

Results from a study published by Cykert et al in The Journal of the National Medical Association show that a pragmatic system-based intervention within cancer treatment centers can nearly eliminate existing disparities in treatment and outcomes for black patients with early-stage...

Lung Cancer

Evidence Mounts for Tumor Mutational Burden as Biomarker of Immune Checkpoint Inhibitor Benefit in NSCLC

The search for biomarkers to identify patients who are likely to respond to immunotherapy continues. According to biomarker tissue and blood analysis of patients enrolled in the phase III MYSTIC trial, high tumor mutational burden in both tissue and blood identified patients with non–small cell...

Immunotherapy
Breast Cancer
Lung Cancer
Prostate Cancer
Kidney Cancer
Bladder Cancer
Colorectal Cancer
Pancreatic Cancer
Sarcoma
Leukemia
Skin Cancer
Head and Neck Cancer

NCCN Clinical Practice Guidelines in Oncology: 2019 Updates

In 1996, the National Comprehensive Cancer Network® (NCCN®) published its first set of Clinical Practice Guidelines in Oncology (NCCN Guidelines®), covering eight tumor types. NCCN Guidelines are now published for more than 70 tumor types and topics. Some of the key updates for 2019 were presented...

lung cancer

Long-Term Results With Local Consolidative Therapy vs Maintenance Therapy or Observation in Oligometastatic NSCLC

In long-term follow-up of a phase II study reported in the Journal of Clinical Oncology, Gomez et al confirmed superior outcomes with local consolidative therapy vs maintenance therapy or observation in patients with oligometastatic non–small cell lung cancer (NSCLC). In the open-label,...

breast cancer
lung cancer
skin cancer

Lifetime Risk of Brain Metastases in Elderly Survivors of Breast, Lung, and Skin Cancers

Elderly survivors of breast cancer, lung cancer, and melanoma face risk of brain metastasis later in life, and may require extra surveillance in the years following initial cancer treatment, according to results of a study published by Ascha et al in Cancer Epidemiology, Biomarkers, &...

Immunotherapy
Lung Cancer

Pembrolizumab as Third-Line Option for Extensive-Stage Small Cell Lung Cancer

USE OF the anti–programmed cell death protein 1 (anti–PD-1) checkpoint inhibitor pembrolizumab after two or more prior lines of therapy led to responses in patients with advanced small cell lung cancer (SCLC) in a pooled analysis of two clinical trials: phase Ib KEYNOTE-028 and phase II...

Lung Cancer

Expert Point of View: Roy S. Herbst, MD, PhD

FORMAL STUDY discussant, Roy S. Herbst, MD, PhD, Chief of Medical Oncology at the Yale Cancer Center, New Haven, Connecticut, stated that the findings of the TATTON analyses are “compelling,” and the combination of osimertinib plus savolitinib can be considered a “win,” although randomized trials...

Lung Cancer

Osimertinib Plus Savolitinib in Advanced NSCLC Driven by MET Resistance

THE ADDITION of the MET inhibitor savolitinib to the EGFR inhibitor osimertinib led to activity in patients with MET-amplified, EGFR-mutated non–small lung cancer (NSCLC) with acquired resistance to previous therapies, according to interim results from two expansion cohorts of a phase Ib clinical...

lung cancer
immunotherapy

Association Between Clinical Outcomes and Patient Characteristics/Genomic Profiles in Lung Cancer

As reported in JAMA, Singal et al used a clinicogenomic database in routine clinical practice to identify associations between treatment outcomes and patient characteristics or tumor genomic profiles in the setting of non–small cell lung cancer (NSCLC). The study cohort of 4,064 patients...

lung cancer

ESTRO 38: Radical Hemithoracic Therapy in Patients With Mesothelioma

Patients with mesothelioma are twice as likely to survive for 2 years or longer if they are treated with a high dose of radiation to the affected side of the trunk, according to research presented by Minatel et al at ESTRO 38, the annual congress of the European Society for Radiotherapy...

lung cancer
issues in oncology

Survey Finds Rates of Physician-Patient Discussions About Lung Cancer Screening Are Declining

A study examining trends in patient-reported physician-patient discussions about lung cancer screening and the association of these discussions with smokers’ attempts to quit and intent to quit has found that discussions about screening have declined since 2012. Moreover, they were not...

Lung Cancer

Local Consolidative Therapy Linked to Survival Benefit in Oligometastatic Non–Small Cell Lung Cancer

A retrospective analysis of nearly 200 patients treated with local consolidative therapy for oligometastatic non–small cell lung cancer (NSCLC) has found improved overall survival associated with aggressive consolidation.1 According to data presented at the 2019 Multidisciplinary Thoracic Cancers...

lung cancer

Erlotinib Plus Bevacizumab vs Erlotinib Alone in EGFR-Positive, Advanced Nonsquamous NSCLC

In an interim analysis of the phase III NEJ026 trial reported in The Lancet Oncology, Saito et al found that the addition of bevacizumab to erlotinib improved progression-free survival in patients with EGFR-positive, nonsquamous non–small cell lung cancer (NSCLC). In the open-label...

Lung Cancer

Young People Get Lung Cancer, Too

I’ve been in excellent physical shape my whole life. Growing up, it was my dream to play Division 1 soccer in college, and I trained hard throughout high school to achieve that goal. My dream came true, in 2005, when I was invited to play soccer at East Carolina University. I was eager to bond...

Lung Cancer

Online Tool May Improve Guideline Concordance for Patients With Lung Cancer

An online tool that allows patients to input their clinical and pathologic features as well as explore treatment options in a structured manner based on National Comprehensive Cancer Network® Clinical Practice Guidelines in Oncology (NCCN Guidelines) may help drive smoking cessation and testing for ...

Lung Cancer

Role of Repeat PET/CT Scans in Ensuring Accuracy of Staging of Locally Advanced NSCLC

Findings from a new study highlight the importance of timing in initial staging positron-emission tomography (PET) and/or computed tomography (CT) scans for patients with locally advanced non–small cell lung cancer (NSCLC) receiving chemoradiation therapy.1 According to data presented at the 2019...

Lung Cancer

Mitigating Frailty and Sarcopenia to Improve Treatment Outcomes in Lung Cancer

Frailty and sarcopenia are common conditions among patients with lung cancer and are linked with decreased survival as well as increased surgical complications, chemotherapy toxicity, and cost of care. If a survey of oncologists at the 2019 Multidisciplinary Thoracic Cancers Symposium is any...

lung cancer
issues in oncology

Combined Crowd Innovation and AI in Producing Algorithms for Radiotherapy Targeting

In a study reported in JAMA Oncology, Mak et al found that a crowd innovation contest produced automated artificial intelligence (AI) algorithms “that replicated the skills of a highly trained physician” in segmenting lung tumors for radiotherapy targeting. The investigators also noted...

Issues in Oncology
Lung Cancer

Shared Decision-Making in Lung Cancer Screening: Whence? Whither?

We read with interest a recent article published on ASCOPost.com, which summarized a paper on the role of shared decision-making in lung cancer screening.1,2 The summary and original report highlight a mandate by the Centers for Medicare & Medicaid Services (CMS) that bears careful...

lung cancer

Deep-Learning Model May Improve Predictions of Survival and Specific Outcomes in Lung Cancer

A study by Xu et al in Clinical Cancer Research evaluating deep-learning networks that analyze time-series computed tomography (CT) images of patients with locally advanced NSCLC has found these networks can integrate imaging scans at multiple time points to improve clinical outcome...

lung cancer
immunotherapy

KEYNOTE-042: Pembrolizumab vs Chemotherapy in Previously Untreated Locally Advanced or Metastatic NSCLC With PD-L1 Expression ≥ 1%

As reported in The Lancet by Mok et al, the KEYNOTE-042 trial has shown an improvement in overall survival with pembrolizumab vs standard chemotherapy in previously untreated patients with locally advanced or metastatic non–small cell lung cancer (NSCLC) without a sensitizing EGFR mutation or ...

lung cancer

Five-Fraction SBRT for Centrally Located, Inoperable NSCLC

In the phase I/II NRG Oncology/RTOG 0813 study reported in the Journal of Clinical Oncology, Bezjak et al found that five-fraction stereotactic body radiotherapy (SBRT) was associated with relatively low rates of serious treatment-related toxicity and good outcomes in patients with centrally...

lung cancer

Prophylactic Irradiation of Chest Wall Procedure Sites in Malignant Pleural Mesothelioma

In a phase III trial reported in the Journal of Clinical Oncology, Bayman et al found that prophylactic radiotherapy to the chest wall after diagnostic or therapeutic procedures did not reduce the risk of chest wall metastases in patients with malignant pleural mesothelioma. In the open-label,...

lung cancer
immunotherapy

FDA Expands Pembrolizumab Indication for NSCLC in First-Line Setting

Today, the U.S. Food and Drug Administration (FDA) approved pembrolizumab (Keytruda) for the first-line treatment of patients with stage III non–small cell lung cancer (NSCLC) who are not candidates for surgical resection or definitive chemoradiation, or those with metastatic NSCLC....

lung cancer
immunotherapy

ELCC 2019: Does Maintenance Immunotherapy Improve Survival in Patients With Advanced SCLC?

Maintenance immunotherapy did not improve survival in patients with extensive-stage small cell lung cancer (SCLC), according to late-breaking results from the CheckMate 451 study presented today by Owonikoko et al at the European Lung Cancer Congress 2019 (Abstract LBA1_PR). Around 60% to 70% of...

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