FDA Approves Nirogacestat for Desmoid Tumors

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On November 27, the U.S. Food and Drug Administration (FDA) approved the selective gamma secretase inhibitor nirogacestat (Ogsiveo) for adult patients with progressing desmoid tumors who require systemic treatment. This is the first approved treatment for desmoid tumors.

DeFi Trial

Efficacy was evaluated in DeFi ( identifier NCT03785964), an international, multicenter, 1:1 randomized, double-blind, placebo-controlled trial in 142 patients with progressing desmoid tumors not amenable to surgery. Patients were eligible if the desmoid tumor had progressed within 12 months of screening. Patients were randomly assigned to receive 150 mg of nirogacestat or placebo orally twice daily until disease progression or unacceptable toxicity.

The major efficacy outcome measure was progression-free survival based on Response Evaluation Criteria in Solid Tumors version 1.1 as assessed by blinded independent central review or on clinical progression by the investigator (and adjudicated by independent review). Median progression-free survival was not reached in the nirogacestat arm (95% confidence interval [CI] = not reached to not reached) and 15.1 months (95% CI =  8.4 months to not reached) in the placebo arm (hazard ratio [HR] = 0.29, 95% CI = 0.15–0.55, P < .001). An exploratory analysis of progression-free survival based on only radiographic progression demonstrated a hazard ratio of 0.31 (95% CI = 0.16–0.62).

Objective response rate was an additional efficacy outcome measure. Objective response rate was 41% (95% CI = 29.8%–53.8%) in the nirogacestat arm and 8% (95% CI = 3.1%–17.3%) for those receiving placebo (P < .001). Additionally, efficacy results were supported by change from baseline in patient-reported worst pain favoring the nirogacestat arm.

The most common adverse reactions in patients receiving nirogacestat were diarrhea, ovarian toxicity, rash, nausea, fatigue, stomatitis, headache, abdominal pain, cough, alopecia, upper respiratory tract infection, and dyspnea.

The recommended nirogacestat dose is 150 mg administered orally twice daily with or without food until disease progression or unacceptable toxicity. Each 150 mg dose consists of three 50 mg tablets.

This review used the Real-Time Oncology Review pilot program, which streamlined data submission prior to the filing of the entire clinical application, and the Assessment Aid, a voluntary submission from the applicant to facilitate the FDA’s assessment.

This application was granted Priority Review, Breakthrough Therapy designation, Fast Track designation, and Orphan Drug designation.

The content in this post has not been reviewed by the American Society of Clinical Oncology, Inc. (ASCO®) and does not necessarily reflect the ideas and opinions of ASCO®.