Peptide receptor radionuclide therapy (PRRT) with lutetium-177 (Lu-177) dotatate is a treatment for well-differentiated neuroendocrine tumors that the U.S. Food and Drug Administration approved in 2018, but clinicians have lacked a metric for predicting its benefit on an individual patient basis. Now, a clinical score system developed by researchers at Vanderbilt-Ingram Cancer Center that can guide PRRT decisions has been validated, according to a report published by Satya Das, MD, MSCI, and colleagues in JAMA Network Open.
Dr. Das, Assistant Professor of Medicine at Vanderbilt University Medical Center and lead of the neuroendocrine tumor program, and colleagues devised the clinical score system, which designates points according to organ involvement, types of prior treatment, symptoms, and other factors. Data from a 4-year study indicate that the scoring system may be a clinical tool for patients being considered for PRRT.
PRRT is a molecular and radiation therapy, where a cell-targeting protein is combined with a small amount of radioactive material to create a radiopeptide. When injected into a patient’s bloodstream, this radiopeptide binds to neuroendocrine tumor cells and delivers radiation directly to the cancer cells.
Clinical Score Details
The clinical score analysis divided 248 patients into groups greater than 4 points and less than or equal to 4 points. The researchers found that among patients who received three to four doses of PRRT, those with a score of 4 or less experienced a median progression-free survival which was not reached compared to 16.92 months in patients with a score of greater than 4. This same trend was observed with regard to overall survival.
Patients who received partial doses of one to two treatments had worse outcomes than those who received the full-dose regimen or no PRRT treatment at all. Researchers hypothesized that a minimum of three doses are needed to achieve a meaningful threshold of DNA damage in neuroendocrine tumors to stop tumor growth.
Satya Das, MD, MSCI
“The clinical score is the first validated clinical metric which can prognosticate the anticipated benefit from PRRT for a given patient, and we are already using it in the oncology clinic to guide patients about to start the therapy,” said Dr. Das.
The findings also suggest that treatment outcomes may be optimized when patients are less pretreated with other therapies and possess a lower degree of metastatic involvement. However, other results from ongoing clinical trials are needed to confirm this suggestion.
“The optimal sequencing of PRRT remains a great unknown in the field of neuroendocrine tumors. Our clinical score points toward the benefit of earlier utilization of PRRT with [Lu-177 dotatate], which is consistent with preclinical data suggesting the DNA damaging ability of the drug is optimized with lower disease volume,” said Dr. Das.
Disclosure: The research to develop a clinical score to guide PRRT treatment was supported by the VICC Gastrointestinal SPORE Career Enhancement Program Grant funded by the National Cancer Institute and the Vanderbilt Digestive Disease Research Center, with funding from the National Institutes of Health. For full disclosures of the study authors, visit jamanetwork.com.The content in this post has not been reviewed by the American Society of Clinical Oncology, Inc. (ASCO®) and does not necessarily reflect the ideas and opinions of ASCO®.