On April 17, the U.S. Food and Drug Administration (FDA) approved omidubicel-onlv (Omisirge) for use in adult and pediatric patients aged 12 years and older with hematologic malignancies who are planned for umbilical cord blood transplantation following myeloablative conditioning to reduce the time to neutrophil recovery and the incidence of infection.
Safety and efficacy were evaluated in Study P0501 (ClinicalTrials.gov identifier NCT02730299), an open-label, multicenter, randomized trial of omidubicel-onlv transplantation or unmanipulated cord blood (UCB) unit transplantation following myeloablative conditioning in patients with hematologic malignancies. In total, 125 patients were randomly assigned: 62 patients to receive omidubicel-onlv and 63 to the UCB group. Fifty-two patients were transplanted with omidubicel-onlv receiving a median CD34+ cell dose of 9.0 × 106 cells/kg (range = 2.1–47.6 × 106 cells/kg). Fifty-six patients were transplanted in the UCB arm with one or two cord units (66% received two cord units). In the 42 patients with reported postthaw cell dose, the median CD34+ cell dose was 0.2 x 106 cells/kg (range = 0.0–0.8 × 106 cells/kg). Multiple conditioning regimens were used, including total body irradiation–based or chemotherapy-based options.
The main efficacy outcome measures were time to neutrophil recovery following transplantation and the incidence of Blood and Marrow Transplant Clinical Trials Network (BMT CTN) grade 2/3 bacterial or grade 3 fungal infections through day 100 posttransplantation. The median time to neutrophil recovery was 12 days for those receiving omidubicel-onlv (95% confidence interval [CI] = 10–15 days) and 22 days in the UCB arm (95% CI = 19–25 days). Eighty-seven percent of patients in the omidubicel-onlv arm and 83% percent in the UCB arm achieved neutrophil recovery. The incidence of BMT CTN grade 2/3 bacterial or grade 3 fungal infections through day 100 posttransplantation was 39% and 60%, respectively, in the two groups.
Similar to approved UCB products, the prescribing information contains a Boxed Warning for fatal or life-threatening infusion reactions, graft-vs-host disease (GVHD), engraftment syndrome, and graft failure. Among 117 patients who received omidubicel-onlv for any disease, infusion reactions occurred in 47% of patients, acute GVHD in 58%, chronic GVHD in 35%, and graft failure in 3%.
In patients with hematologic malignancies in Study P0501, the most common grade 3 to 5 adverse reactions were pain (33%), mucosal inflammation (31%), hypertension (25%), and gastrointestinal toxicity (19%).
The recommended omidubicel-onlv dose is two sequential infusions consisting of the following:
This application was granted Priority Review, Breakthrough designation, and Orphan Drug designation.