The American College of Radiology (ACR) recently issued a statement applauding steps to reign in medical imaging and radiation oncology self-referral included in the President’s fiscal year 2015 budget. However, prior authorization for imaging services, also included in the FY2015 budget, is unnecessary and will ultimately raise costs, interfere in the doctor-patient relationship and restrict ready access to imaging care, maintained the ACR.
Government Accountability Office (GAO) reports have examined self-referral of medical imaging and radiation oncology services and found significant and inappropriate increases in referrals when physicians are allowed to self-refer. This drains Medicare of hundreds of millions of dollars each year, according to the ACR.
“Imaging use and associated costs are down significantly since 2006. Only self-referred imaging grew significantly since the middle of last decade. It is past time for government to address self-referral,” said Paul H. Ellenbogen, MD, FACR, Chair of the ACR Board of Chancellors.
Downside of Prior Authorization
Radiology benefits managers and prior authorization programs take medical decisions out of doctors’ hands, may delay or deny lifesaving imaging, and often result in longer waiting times for patients to receive care. A 2011 Moran Company report found that prior imaging authorization would produce no meaningful cost savings, could cost insurers and the government more than it saves, and impose tremendous administrative burdens on already strapped physician practices, commented the ACR.
“The Sustainable Growth Rate Repeal and Medicare Provider Payment Modernization Act of 2014 would require ordering providers to consult physician-developed appropriateness criteria when prescribing advanced medical imaging studies for Medicare patients. This is a far more effective and efficient policy than blanket prior authorization,” said Dr. Ellenbogen.
He continued, “Electronic ordering systems, based on these criteria, are compatible with hospital electronic health records systems and are shown to reduce duplicate and unnecessary scanning and associated costs without taking decisions out of doctors’ hands or affecting access to care. This approach enjoys bicameral, bipartisan support. We will continue to work with Congress to advance this policy.” ■