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Geriatric Oncology

Cancer vs Non–Cancer-Related Deaths Among Older Patients Selected for Surgical Treatment

In a Canadian population-based cohort study reported in JAMA Surgery, Chesney et al found that the 5-year rate of cancer-related deaths exceeded that of non–cancer-related deaths among patients aged 70 or older undergoing surgery for cancer.   

Study Details

The study used data from ICES (formerly...

Breast Cancer

Expert Point of View: Evandro de Azambuja, MD, PhD

KAITLIN didnot meet its primary endpoint, either in the intent-to-treat or node-positive population,1 but in context with the APHINITY trial [1 year of adjuvant pertuzumab/trastuzumab plus chemotherapy],2 whose outcomes were similar at 3 years, you can appreciate that both arms did extremely...

Breast Cancer

KAITLIN Trial: No Subgroup Benefits More From T-DM1 Plus Chemotherapy for HER2-Positive Early Breast Cancer

In the phase III KAITLIN trial, replacing adjuvant taxane and trastuzu-mab with ado-trastuzumab emtansine (T-DM1) did not result in a significant improvement in invasive disease–free survival in the node-positive or intent-to-treat population of women with high-risk, HER2-positive early breast...

Skin Cancer
Immunotherapy

Pembrolizumab Shows Durable Antitumor Activity in Both Locally Advanced and Recurrent/Metastatic Squamous Cell Carcinomas

The results of the second interim analysis of the KEYNOTE-629 study of pembrolizumab in cutaneous squamous cell carcinoma confirmed durable antitumor activity in both the locally advanced and the recurrent/metastatic settings. Adverse events with pembrolizumab were generally consistent with its...

Breast Cancer
Immunotherapy

FDA Approves Pembrolizumab in Combination for High-Risk, Early-Stage Triple-Negative Breast Cancer

On July 26, the U.S. Food and Drug Administration (FDA) approved pembrolizumab (Keytruda) for high-risk, early-stage triple-negative breast cancer in combination with chemotherapy as a neoadjuvant treatment, and then continued as a single agent as adjuvant treatment after surgery.

The FDA also...

Prostate Cancer
COVID-19

Prostate Cancer Surgery Rates in Black vs White Men With Nonmetastatic Disease During the COVID-19 Pandemic

In a retrospective cohort study reported in JAMA Oncology, Bernstein et al found that prostatectomy rates during the initial wave of the COVID-19 pandemic were dramatically lower among Black men vs White men with previously untreated nonmetastatic prostate cancer.

Study Details

The study involved ...

Head and Neck Cancer
Palliative Care

Weekly Outpatient Palliative Care Interventions Among Patients With Head and Neck Cancer

Over 90% of patients with head and neck cancer receiving curative-intent chemoradiation therapy found weekly palliative care visits to be a valuable addition to their treatment, a recent study published by Bauman et al in the Journal of Palliative Medicine found.

Although palliative care is known...

Issues in Oncology
Global Cancer Care

Global Estimates of New Cancers Attributable to Alcohol Use in 2020

In a population-based study reported in The Lancet Oncology, Rumgay et al provided estimates of the global incidence of new cancers attributable to alcohol consumption, including the estimate that 4.1% of all new cases in 2020 were related to alcohol use.

Study Details  

In the study,...

Lymphoma
Immunotherapy

ASH 2020: Phase II ZUMA-12 Study Investigates Axicabtagene Ciloleucel for High-Risk Large B-Cell Lymphoma

The phase II ZUMA-12 trial found that axicabtagene ciloleucel, an autologous anti-CD19 chimeric antigen receptor (CAR) T-cell therapy, is a safe and effective therapy for patients with high-risk large B-cell lymphoma. These results were presented by Sattva S. Neelapu, MD, and colleagues at the 2020 ...

Breast Cancer
Myelodysplastic Syndromes

FDA Pipeline: Designations for Therapies in Myelodysplastic Syndromes and Triple-Negative Breast Cancer

Recently, the U.S. Food and Drug Administration (FDA) granted special designation status to treatments for myelodysplastic syndromes and advanced triple-negative breast cancer.

Breakthrough Therapy Designation for Venetoclax in Combination With Azacitidine for  Myelodysplastic Syndromes

...

Prostate Cancer

Nomograms for Predicting Outcomes With LuPSMA Therapy in Metastatic Castration-Resistant Prostate Cancer

In a retrospective study reported in The Lancet Oncology, Gafita et al developed nomograms for predicting overall survival and prostate-specific antigen (PSA) progression-free survival outcomes in men receiving lutetium-177–PSMA (LuPSMA) treatment for metastatic castration-resistant prostate...

Lung Cancer

Do Neuronal Autoantibodies Contribute to Cognitive Impairment in Patients With Lung Cancer?

In a German prospective cross-sectional study reported in JAMA Oncology, Bartels et al found that a high proportion of patients with lung cancer had neuronal antibodies that may be associated with increased risk of cognitive impairment.

As stated by the investigators, “Paraneoplastic neurological...

Lung Cancer
Issues in Oncology

Study Evaluates Residential Racial Segregation and NSCLC Treatment and Outcomes

Non–small cell lung cancer (NSCLC) accounts for 80% to 85% of cases of lung cancer; when it is diagnosed early, there is a 5-year survival rate of 50% to 80%. Black patients have a lower overall incidence of NSCLC than White patients but are more likely to be diagnosed at later stages. They also...

Lung Cancer
Genomics/Genetics

Pralsetinib in Advanced RET Fusion–Positive NSCLC: ARROW Trial

As reported in The Lancet Oncology by Justin F. Gainor, MD, and colleagues, an interim analysis of the phase I/II ARROW trial has shown that the oral RET inhibitor pralsetinib produced high response rates in previously treated and treatment-naive patients with advanced RET fusion–positive non–small ...

Lung Cancer
Immunotherapy

Addition of Ipilimumab to Nivolumab in Previously Treated, Immunotherapy-Naive Patients With Stage IV Squamous NSCLC

As reported in JAMA Oncology by Scott N. Gettinger, MD, and colleagues, the phase III Lung Cancer Master Protocol S1400I trial showed no improvement in overall survival with the addition of ipilimumab to nivolumab in previously treated, immune checkpoint inhibitor–naive patients with stage IV...

Issues in Oncology

Implementation of a Program Providing Free Cancer Screenings, Same-Day Results

Evidence shows that early detection and treatment of cancer can significantly improve health outcomes. However, women in Mississippi—particularly in underserved populations—experience high rates of late-stage cancer diagnoses.

A report published by Michelle Williams, PhD, and colleagues in the 

Breast Cancer

Outcomes in Patients With HER2-Low–Positive Breast Cancer Participating in Neoadjuvant Clinical Trials

In a pooled analysis of individual patient data from breast cancer neoadjuvant clinical trials reported in The Lancet Oncology, Carsten Denkert, MD, and colleagues found that pathologic complete response and survival rates for patients with HER2-low–positive vs HER2-zero tumors differed according...

Gynecologic Cancers
Immunotherapy

FDA Grants Regular Approval to Pembrolizumab/Lenvatinib for Advanced Endometrial Carcinoma

On July 21, the U.S. Food and Drug Administration (FDA) approved pembrolizumab (Keytruda) in combination with lenvatinib (Lenvima) for patients with advanced endometrial carcinoma that is not microsatellite instability–high (MSI-H) or mismatch repair–deficient (dMMR) who have disease progression...

COVID-19

Study Finds the COVID-19 Pandemic Created Significant Disruptions in Cancer Screenings at Federally Qualified Health Centers

A new study has found that the COVID-19 pandemic contributed to significant disruptions in breast, colorectal, and cervical cancer screenings at federally qualified health systems spanning 15 states across the United States. The postponed screenings have created backlogs that systems will need to...

Hematologic Malignancies
Symptom Management

Ruxolitinib for Glucocorticoid-Refractory or -Dependent Chronic Graft-vs-Host Disease After Allogeneic Stem Cell Transplantation

In the phase III REACH3 trial, reported in The New England Journal of Medicine, Robert Zeiser, MD, and colleagues found that ruxolitinib produced a significantly higher overall response rate vs investigator-selected control treatments in patients with glucocorticoid-refractory or -dependent chronic ...

Breast Cancer

Is There a Disease-Free Survival Benefit With Adjuvant Celecoxib in HER2-Negative Breast Cancer?

In the phase III REACT trial reported in JAMA Oncology, R. Charles Coombes, MD, PhD, and colleagues found no disease-free survival benefit with the addition of 2 years of adjuvant celecoxib vs placebo to conventional adjuvant treatment in patients with HER2-negative breast cancer.

Study Details

...

Skin Cancer
Immunotherapy

Interleukin-2 Pathway Agonist Bempegaldesleukin Plus Nivolumab in the First-Line Treatment of Metastatic Melanoma

In the phase II cohort of a phase I/II trial (PIVOT-02) reported in the Journal of Clinical Oncology, Adi Diab, MD, and colleagues found that the combination of the interleukin-2 pathway agonist bempegaldesleukin and nivolumab produced high response rates and extended progression-free survival in...

Lymphoma

Second-Line Pembrolizumab Plus Chemotherapy Regimen for Relapsed or Refractory Classic Hodgkin Lymphoma

In a phase II trial reported in the Journal of Clinical Oncology, Alison J. Moskowitz, MD, and colleagues found that second-line therapy with pembrolizumab plus gemcitabine, vinorelbine, and liposomal doxorubicin (GVD) in relapsed or refractory classic Hodgkin lymphoma produced responses in all...

Breast Cancer
Immunotherapy

Efficacy of Dendritic Cell Vaccines Plus Standard Therapy for Breast Cancer

A report published by Oba et al in the Journal for ImmunoTherapy of Cancer shares new data on combining standard treatment for breast cancer with a particular form of cancer immunotherapy—dendritic cell vaccines. The study is reportedly the first to demonstrate that in situ dendritic cell vaccines...

Gynecologic Cancers
Issues in Oncology

Transvaginal Ultrasound Screening Misses More Cases of Endometrial Cancer in Black Women vs White Women

A screening tool used to evaluate the need for endometrial cancer biopsies in women frequently misses the signs of this cancer in Black women, according to a new study published by Kemi M. Doll, MD, and colleagues in JAMA Oncology.

Dr. Doll, a gynecologic oncologist at the University of Washington ...

Lung Cancer
Genomics/Genetics

Study Identifies MET Amplification as a Driver for Some Non–Small Cell Lung Cancers

A study published by D. Ross Camidge, MD, PhD, and colleagues in the Journal of Thoracic Oncology has helped to define MET amplification as a rare but potentially actionable driver for non–small cell lung cancer (NSCLC).

Dr. Camidge said many of the major developments in the treatment of NSCLC...

Prostate Cancer

Addition of AKT Inhibitor Ipatasertib to Abiraterone/Prednisolone in Metastatic Castration-Resistant Prostate Cancer With PTEN Loss

In the phase III IPATential150 trial reported in The Lancet, Christopher Sweeney, MD, and colleagues found that the addition of the AKT inhibitor ipatasertib to abiraterone and prednisolone produced a significant improvement in progression-free survival among patients with metastatic...

Breast Cancer

Breast-Conserving Surgery Plus Radiotherapy May Yield Better Survival Than Mastectomy With or Without Radiotherapy

In a Swedish cohort study reported in JAMA Surgery, de Boniface et al found that breast-conserving surgery plus radiation therapy for women with breast cancer was associated with better survival vs mastectomy with or without radiotherapy in analysis adjusting for comorbidities and socioeconomic...

Sarcoma
Immunotherapy

Addition of Prime-Boost Vaccination Regimen to Atezolizumab in Soft-Tissue Sarcomas Expressing NY-ESO-1

In a phase II trial reported in the Journal of Clinical Oncology, Sant P. Chawla, MD, and colleagues found that the addition of the heterologous prime-boost vaccination regimen CMB305 to atezolizumab did not improve survival outcomes in patients with soft-tissue sarcomas expressing the...

Breast Cancer
Cost of Care

Study Estimates Costs Associated With Metastatic Breast Cancer Treatment May Increase Substantially in the Coming Decade

A study from the UNC Center for Health Promotion and Disease Prevention (HPDP) estimates that annual costs associated with metastatic breast cancer treatment among women in the United States will total $152.4 billion in 2030—nearly two and a half times the estimate for 2015 costs—due to an increase ...

Gastrointestinal Cancer
Immunotherapy

Atezolizumab Plus Bevacizumab in Malignant Peritoneal Mesothelioma

A phase II study published by Kanwal Raghav, MBBS, MD, and colleagues in Cancer Discovery found that combination treatment with the PD-L1 inhibitor atezolizumab and the VEGF inhibitor bevacizumab was well tolerated and resulted in a 40% objective response rate in patients with advanced malignant...

Leukemia
Immunotherapy

Combination Ficlatuzumab and Cytarabine Show Clinical Activity in Relapsed/Refractory Acute Myeloid Leukemia

Despite advances in the treatment of acute myeloid leukemia (AML), only 29.5% of patients with the cancer are alive 5 years after diagnosis. Even with aggressive therapy, just 30% of patients achieve a complete remission with a median survival of 7.5 months, making it imperative to develop novel...

Prostate Cancer

MRI-Targeted vs Standard Biopsy for Prostate Cancer Screening in Men With Elevated PSA Levels

In a Swedish population-based noninferiority trial (STHLM3-MRI) reported in The New England Journal of Medicine, Eklund et al found magnetic resonance imaging (MRI)-targeted biopsy was noninferior to standard biopsy in detecting clinically significant cancers in men with elevated prostate-specific...

Breast Cancer
Survivorship

Pregnancy Outcomes and Maternal Complications Among Survivors of Breast Cancer

In a systematic review and meta-analysis reported in the Journal of Clinical Oncology, Matteo Lambertini, MD, PhD, and colleagues found that breast cancer survivors were less likely to have subsequent pregnancy vs the general population and more likely to have preterm birth. However, no reduction...

Lung Cancer
Immunotherapy

Adding Perioperative Durvalumab to Neoadjuvant Chemotherapy in Stage IIIA NSCLC

In a Swiss phase II trial (SAKK 16/14) reported in the Journal of Clinical Oncology, Rothschild et al found that the addition of perioperative durvalumab to neoadjuvant cisplatin/docetaxel resulted in a high major pathologic response rate and an event-free survival rate of 73% in patients with...

Leukemia

Calaspargase Pegol vs Pegaspargase in Pediatric ALL

In a phase III trial (DFCI 11-001) reported in the Journal of Clinical Oncology, Vrooman et al found that the novel pegylated asparaginase formulation calaspargase pegol (calaspargase) given every 3 weeks was associated with similar serum asparaginase activity nadir values, survival outcomes, and...

Leukemia
Immunotherapy

Humanized CD19-Targeted CAR T-Cell Treatment in Patients With Relapsed or Refractory B-Cell ALL

In a pilot study reported by Myers et al in the Journal of Clinical Oncology, a humanized CD19-targeted chimeric antigen receptor (CAR) T-cell product developed by the investigators (huCART19) was found to produce durable remissions and prolonged CAR T-cell persistence in CAR-naive and CAR-exposed...

Lung Cancer
Genomics/Genetics

Consensus Statement From IASLC on Liquid Biopsy for Advanced NSCLC

As reported in the Journal of Thoracic Oncology by Christian Rolfo, MD, PhD, and colleagues, the International Association for the Study of Lung Cancer (IASLC) has issued a consensus statement on the use of liquid biopsy in advanced non–small cell lung cancer (NSCLC). Select recommendations are...

CNS Cancers
Immunotherapy

HER2-Specific CAR T-Cell Trial Addresses Pediatric Brain and Spinal Cord Tumors

Locoregional delivery of chimeric antigen receptor (CAR) T cells has resulted in objective responses in adults with glioblastoma, but the approach has not been evaluated in pediatric patients with brain and central nervous system tumors. The innovative, ongoing phase I BrainChild-01 trial is...

Breast Cancer
COVID-19

Initial Pandemic-Related Disruptions in Breast Cancer Care May Result in Increased Mortality Over the Next Decade

During the early months of the COVID-19 pandemic in 2020, elective medical procedures, including screenings for breast cancer, were curtailed to prioritize urgent medical needs and reduce the risk of spreading the coronavirus in health-care settings. A study showed that, as of May 2020, preventive...

Breast Cancer
Immunotherapy

Real-World Survival Outcomes With Pertuzumab Plus T-DM1 for HER2-Positive Metastatic Breast Cancer

In a Canadian population-based retrospective cohort study reported in JAMA Oncology, Ethier et al identified real-world survival outcomes among women receiving pertuzumab and trastuzumab emtansine (T-DM1) for stage IV HER2-positive breast cancer, observing that outcomes appeared to be poorer than...

Gastrointestinal Cancer

KIT Inhibitor Combination Shows Efficacy in Refractory GIST

In a phase Ib/IIa trial reported in JAMA Oncology, Wagner et al found that the combination of a type I KIT inhibitor, PLX9486, with the type II inhibitor sunitinib produced clinical benefit and improved progression-free survival rates in patients with refractory gastrointestinal stromal tumors...

Hematologic Malignancies

FDA Approves Belumosudil for Chronic Graft-vs-Host Disease

On July 16, the U.S. Food and Drug Administration (FDA) approved belumosudil (Rezurock), a kinase inhibitor, for adult and pediatric patients aged 12 years and older with chronic graft-vs-host disease after failure of at least two prior lines of systemic therapy.

KD025-213

Efficacy was evaluated...

Pancreatic Cancer
Genomics/Genetics

Prevalence of Homologous Recombination Deficiency in Patients With Pancreatic Cancer

In a systematic review and meta-analysis reported in the Journal of Clinical Oncology, Casolino et al identified the prevalence of homologous recombination deficiency (HRD) genes in patients with pancreatic ductal adenocarcinoma and found that the reported prevalence of HRD was higher with...

Immunotherapy
Skin Cancer

Study Identifies Gut Microbes Associated With Combination Immunotherapy Response and Adverse Events

Researchers have found that specific intestinal microbiota signatures may correlate with high-grade adverse events and response to combined CTLA-4 and PD-1 blockade treatment. The study, published by Andrews et al in Nature Medicine, also identified a potential new strategy to treat toxicity—while...

Issues in Oncology

Risk of Bleeding Complications During Central Venous Catheter Placement in Pediatric Patients With Cancer

In a retrospective cohort study reported in a research letter in JAMA Surgery, Stokes et al found that risk of minor bleeding events during central venous catheter placement in pediatric patients with cancer was significantly increased among those with platelet counts < 50 × 103/μL at the time...

Prostate Cancer

Addition of Docetaxel to Radiotherapy and ADT in Nonmetastatic Unfavorable-Risk Prostate Cancer

In a phase III trial reported in the Journal of Clinical Oncology, Anthony V. D’Amico, MD, PhD, and colleagues found that the addition of docetaxel to radiotherapy and androgen-deprivation therapy (ADT) did not improve overall survival in nonmetastatic, unfavorable-risk prostate cancer. However,...

COVID-19

Majority of Patients With Cancer Achieve Immune Response After COVID-19 Vaccination

In a U.S. and Swiss study, nearly all patients with cancer developed an immune response to COVID-19 mRNA vaccines 3 to 4 weeks after receiving their second dose. However, a small group of the patients exhibited no response, raising questions about how their protection against the virus will be...

CNS Cancers

Study Explores Ketogenic Diet and Intermittent Fasting in Patients With Brain Cancer

More research into the efficacy of a modified ketogenic diet may be beneficial for people with brain tumors, according to a new study published by Schreck et al in the journal Neurology. The diet, which is high in fat and low in carbohydrates, led to changes in the metabolism in the body and the...

Pancreatic Cancer

SBRT Plus Pembrolizumab/Trametinib vs Gemcitabine in Locally Recurrent Resected Pancreatic Cancer

In a Chinese phase II trial reported in The Lancet Oncology, Zhu et al found that stereotactic body radiotherapy (SBRT) plus pembrolizumab and trametinib produced a modest—but statistically significant—overall survival benefit vs SBRT plus gemcitabine in patients with locally recurrent resected...

Kidney Cancer

Oral Anticancer Agent Use in Patients With Metastatic Renal Cell Carcinoma

In a population-based cohort study reported in JCO Oncology Practice, Stephanie B. Wheeler, PhD, and colleagues found a low rate of oral anticancer agent use within 12 months after detection of metastatic disease in patients with renal cell carcinoma.

Study Details

The study used a novel, North ...

Prostate Cancer

Identification of Prognostic Transcriptional Profile in CTCs With Multiplex Liquid Biopsy in Metastatic Prostate Cancer

In a study reported in the Journal of Clinical Oncology, Sperger et al found that use of a novel liquid biopsy technology resulted in identification of a prognostic transcriptional profile in circulating tumor cells (CTCs) from patients with metastatic prostate cancer. The profile was prognostic...

Gastrointestinal Cancer
Immunotherapy

DESTINY-Gastric01 Exploratory Biomarker Analysis Examines Efficacy of Trastuzumab Deruxtecan-nxki Among Patients With HER2-Positive and HER2-Low Gastric Cancer

Trastuzumab deruxtecan-nxki demonstrated clinically meaningful benefit across specific subgroups of patients with HER2-positive and HER2-low advanced gastric cancer, according to findings from a post hoc exploratory biomarker analysis presented by Kohei Shitara, MD, and colleagues at the ESMO World ...

Pancreatic Cancer

APACT: 5-Year Overall Survival Data Suggest Improved Outcomes in Pancreatic Cancer With Nab-Paclitaxel Plus Gemcitabine

Five-year outcomes in the APACT trial uphold the overall survival benefit with nab-paclitaxel plus gemcitabine in the adjuvant treatment of patients with resected pancreatic cancer, according to Margaret A. Tempero, MD, Director of the University of California San Francisco Pancreas Center, who...

Gastrointestinal Cancer
Issues in Oncology

Effect of Obesity on Receipt of Chemotherapy in Patients With Colorectal Cancer

Obese patients with colorectal cancer receive lower cumulative doses of adjuvant chemotherapy relative to their body surface area than nonobese patients, according to results from a large meta-analysis reported by Slawinski et al at the ESMO World Congress on Gastrointestinal Cancer 2021 (Abstract...

Issues in Oncology

ASCO and COA Jointly Release Oncology Medical Home Standards

Today, ASCO and the Community Oncology Alliance (COA) jointly released new Oncology Medical Home (OMH) standards, which provide a comprehensive roadmap for oncology practices to deliver high-quality, evidence-based cancer care. These standards, which were published by Woofter et al in JCO Oncology...

Pancreatic Cancer

Expert Point of View: Thomas Seufferlein, MD, PhD

The invited discussant of APACT,Thomas Seufferlein, MD, PhD, Professor of Medicine at the University of Ulm in Germany, said the updated overall survival data “suggest an improved outcome with nab-paclitaxel plus gemcitabine vs gemcitabine alone…. The combination improves long-term survival and...

Colorectal Cancer
Survivorship

Quality of Life With General Practitioner– vs Surgeon-Led Colon Cancer Survivorship Care

In a 1-year interim analysis of a Dutch study (I CARE) reported in The Lancet Oncology, Vos et al found no clinically meaningful difference in changes in quality of life from baseline among patients with colon cancer with general practitioner– vs surgeon-led survivorship care. In addition,...

Thyroid Cancer

Cabozantinib in Previously Treated, Radioiodine-Refractory Differentiated Thyroid Cancer: COSMIC-311

As reported in The Lancet Oncology by Marcia S. Brose, MD, and colleagues, the phase III COSMIC-311 trial has shown that cabozantinib produced a numerically higher objective response rate and significantly prolonged progression-free survival vs placebo in patients with previously treated,...

Bladder Cancer
Immunotherapy

FDA Grants Regular Approval to Enfortumab Vedotin-ejfv for Locally Advanced or Metastatic Urothelial Cancer

On July 9, 2021, the U.S. Food and Drug Administration (FDA) approved enfortumab vedotin-ejfv (Padcev), a Nectin-4–directed antibody and microtubule inhibitor conjugate, for adult patients with locally advanced or metastatic urothelial cancer who have previously received a PD-1 or PD-L1 inhibitor...

Skin Cancer

Registry Provides Information on Pediatric Melanoma

Pediatric melanoma is a rare disease, with only around 400 cases diagnosed in the United States every year. To better understand this disease and how best to treat it, St. Jude Children’s Research Hospital scientists created a registry called Molecular Analysis of Childhood MELanocytic Tumors...

Prostate Cancer

Study Investigates Influence of Race on Receipt of Care for Prostate Cancer

Black men most likely to benefit from advanced prostate cancer therapies are 11% less likely to receive them than non-Black men. This happens despite apparent equal opportunities in obtaining health-care services, a new study focused on American veterans has shown.

Disparities Exposed

Published...

Hematologic Malignancies

Evaluation of Two Doses of Imetelstat in Patients With Relapsed or Refractory Myelofibrosis After JAK Inhibitor Treatment

In a phase II trial reported in the Journal of Clinical Oncology, John Mascarenhas, MD, and colleagues found that treatment with the telomerase inhibitor imetelstat at a dose of 9.4 mg/kg produced clinical benefit in patients with relapsed or refractory myelofibrosis after Janus-associated kinase...

Solid Tumors
Genomics/Genetics

Genomic Characteristics of Pediatric Rhabdomyosarcoma Tumors

In an analysis from an international consortium reported in the Journal of Clinical Oncology, Shern et al identified genomic characteristics and associated outcomes in pediatric rhabdomyosarcoma. Among the findings were that MYOD1 and TP53 mutations were associated with poorer outcomes.

As stated...

Multiple Myeloma
Immunotherapy

FDA Approves Daratumumab and Hyaluronidase-fihj With Pomalidomide and Dexamethasone for Pretreated Patients With Multiple Myeloma

On July 9, the U.S. Food and Drug Administration (FDA) approved daratumumab and hyaluronidase-fihj (Darzalex Faspro) in combination with pomalidomide and dexamethasone for adult patients with multiple myeloma who have received at least one prior line of therapy including lenalidomide and a...

Multiple Myeloma
COVID-19

Study Finds Response to COVID-19 Vaccination Varies Widely in Patients With Multiple Myeloma

Patients with multiple myeloma had a wide variety of responses to COVID-19 vaccines—in some cases, no detectable response at all—pointing to the need for antibody testing and precautions for these patients after vaccination, according to a study published by Van Oekelen et al in Cancer Cell.

Mount ...

Colorectal Cancer

Is There a Link Between Use of Antibiotics and Early-Onset Colorectal Cancer?

Study findings presented by Perrott et al at the ESMO World Congress on Gastrointestinal Cancer (Abstract SO-25) showed that the use of antibiotics may be linked to colon tumor formation across all patient age groups, especially in those younger than 50 years. These results raise fresh concerns...

Multiple Myeloma
Immunotherapy

BCMA-Directed CAR T-Cell Therapy Ciltacabtagene Autoleucel in Relapsed or Refractory Multiple Myeloma

In the phase Ib/II CARTITUDE-1 trial reported in The Lancet, Jesus G. Berdeja, MD, and colleagues found that ciltacabtagene autoleucel (cilta-cel), a chimeric antigen receptor (CAR) T-cell therapy with two B-cell maturation antigen (BCMA)-targeting single-domain antibodies, produced a high rate of...

Annual Report to the Nation: Rapid Decrease in Lung Cancer and Melanoma Deaths Lead Overall Continued Decline in Cancer Death Rate

Overall cancer death rates continue to decline in men and women for all racial and ethnic groups in the United States, according to the latest Annual Report to the Nation on the Status of Cancer. During 2001 to 2018, declines in lung cancer death rates accelerated, and death rates for melanoma...

Breast Cancer

Is Chemotherapy Associated With Complications or Poorer Outcomes Among Women Undergoing Immediate Breast Reconstruction?

In a cohort study reported in JAMA Surgery, Hart et al found that treatment with either neoadjuvant or adjuvant chemotherapy was not associated with an increased risk of complications or poorer patient-reported outcomes in women undergoing mastectomy for breast cancer with immediate breast...

Lymphoma
Survivorship

Parenthood Status and Use of Assisted Reproductive Techniques in Younger Hodgkin Lymphoma Survivors

In a Danish population-based study reported in the Journal of Clinical Oncology, Øvlisen et al found that parenthood rates in younger Hodgkin lymphoma survivors who did not experience early relapse were similar to those in the general population, but that use of assisted reproductive techniques...

Breast Cancer
Gynecologic Cancers

Study Examines Impact of COVID-19 on Breast and Cervical Cancer Screening Programs

The total number of cancer screening tests received by women through the Centers for Disease Control and Prevention’s (CDC) National Breast and Cervical Cancer Early Detection Program (Early Detection Program) declined by 87% for breast cancer and 84% for cervical cancer during April 2020 as...

Issues in Oncology

Study Recommends Improvements for Cancer Care at Network Sites

New research published in JNCCN—Journal of the National Comprehensive Cancer Network assessed the quality of cancer care delivered through extended sites coordinated by some of the country’s largest cancer centers. The study was developed to implement strategies for disseminating discoveries and...

Colorectal Cancer

Using ctDNA to Measure Minimal Residual Disease in Patients With Colorectal Cancer

A team of investigators in Japan used a personalized assay for circulating tumor DNA (ctDNA) levels in plasma to monitor minimal residual disease following surgery in patients with resectable colorectal cancer. Their subgroup analysis found statistically significant associations between ctDNA...

Pancreatic Cancer

Molecular Imaging May Improve the Staging and Treatment of Pancreatic Ductal Adenocarcinoma

For patients with pancreatic ductal adenocarcinoma, molecular imaging may improve staging and clinical management of the disease, according to research published by Röhrich et al in The Journal of Nuclear Medicine. In a retrospective study of patients with pancreatic ductal adenocarcinomas, the...

Leukemia

Arsenic Plus All-Trans Retinoic Acid for Pediatric Patients With Acute Promyelocytic Leukemia

In a Chinese study (CCLG-APL2016) reported in the Journal of Clinical Oncology, Zheng et al found that the combination of arsenic with all-trans retinoic acid (ATRA) was associated with good survival outcomes in pediatric patients with acute promyelocytic leukemia.

Study Details

The multicenter...

Hepatobiliary Cancer

Donafenib May Improve Survival vs Sorafenib in First-Line Treatment of Unresectable or Metastatic Hepatocellular Carcinoma

In a Chinese phase II/III trial reported in the Journal of Clinical Oncology, Qin et al found that donafenib, a multikinase inhibitor and deuterated sorafenib derivative, improved overall survival vs sorafenib in the first-line treatment of unresectable or metastatic hepatocellular carcinoma.

As...

Genomics/Genetics
Colorectal Cancer
Lung Cancer

Mechanisms of Acquired Resistance to KRAS G12C Inhibition in Patients With Cancer

In a study reported in The New England Journal of Medicine, Awad et al identified potential mechanisms of acquired resistance to the KRAS G12C inhibitor adagrasib in patients receiving the agent for treatment of KRAS G12C–mutant cancers.

As noted by the investigators, clinical trials of the KRAS...

Colorectal Cancer
Genomics/Genetics

Alkylating Signature in Colorectal Cancer May Be Linked to High Red Meat Intake

The association between the consumption of red and processed meats and the development of colorectal cancer, as well as pancreatic and prostate cancers, has been known since 2015, when the International Agency for Research on Cancer (IARC) classified the consumption of red meat as probably...

Colorectal Cancer
Genomics/Genetics

Retrospective Study Explores Variation in Colorectal Cancer Risk in Families With Lynch Syndrome

In a retrospective cohort study reported by Win et al in The Lancet Oncology, researchers in the International Mismatch Repair Consortium found marked variation in the risk of colorectal cancer in families with Lynch syndrome carrying the same pathogenic variant in DNA mismatch repair genes. The...

Gynecologic Cancers
Global Cancer Care

New Recommendations From WHO and HRP for the Screening and Treatment of Cervical Cancer

The World Health Organization (WHO) and the Human Reproduction Programme (HRP)—the main instrument within the United Nations system for research in human reproduction—have launched a new guideline to help countries make faster progress, more equitably, in the screening and treatment of cervical...

Breast Cancer

Study Finds Reduced Treatment Delays for Patients With Breast Cancer May Improve Survival Rates

Research published by Pratt et al in Annals of Surgical Oncology showed an increase in survival rates when treatment options—surgery, chemotherapy, and radiation—are completed within 38 weeks from the time of diagnosis for patients with breast cancer. 

Optimal Treatment Duration

The observational ...

Issues in Oncology

Individualized Nutritional Support for Patients With Cancer

Among 506 hospitalized patients with cancer at risk of malnutrition, individualized nutritional support reduced the risk of mortality compared to consumption of standard hospital food. The findings from a preplanned secondary analysis of the prospective, randomized, multicenter EFFORT trial,...

Colorectal Cancer
Immunotherapy

Addition of Pembrolizumab to Chemoradiotherapy in Total Neoadjuvant Therapy for Locally Advanced Rectal Cancer

As reported in JAMA Oncology by Osama E. Rahma, MD, and colleagues, initial results of the phase II NRG-GI002 trial showed no improvement in mean neoadjuvant rectal score with the addition of pembrolizumab to chemoradiotherapy in total neoadjuvant therapy for patients with locally advanced rectal...

CNS Cancers

Oncolytic Adenovirus for Malignant Glioma: Feasibility and Safety

In a first-in-human phase I trial reported in The Lancet Oncology, Fares et al found that neural stem cell delivery of an oncolytic adenovirus (NSC-CRAd-S-pk7) was safe and feasible in patients with newly diagnosed malignant glioma, with immunologic and histopathologic findings supporting continued ...

Gastroesophageal Cancer
Gastrointestinal Cancer

International Esodata Study Group Model for Predicting 90-Day Mortality After Esophagectomy

In a retrospective analysis reported by researchers from the International Esodata Study Group (IESG) in JAMA Surgery, D’Journo et al developed a model for predicting risk of 90-day mortality following esophagectomy for patients with esophageal or gastroesophageal junction cancer.

As stated by the ...

CNS Cancers

Effect of ALK Amplification and Mutation on Outcomes in High-Risk Neuroblastoma

In an analysis from the European Neuroblastoma Study Group (SIOPEN) HR-NBL1 high-risk neuroblastoma trial reported in the Journal of Clinical Oncology, Bellini et al found that ALK amplification and clonal mutation were associated with poorer outcomes in pediatric patients with high-risk...

Efficiency of Virtual Care for Oncology Patients During the COVID-19 Pandemic

In a single-institution study reported in JCO Oncology Practice, Hsiehchen et al found that replacement of in-person with telehealth visits among patients with cancer initiating systemic therapy during the COVID-19 pandemic was not associated with poorer efficiency in components of oncology care or ...

Assessment of Targeted Methylation-Based Multicancer Early Detection Test in Independent Validation Cohort

In a validation study reported in Annals of Oncology, Klein et al found that a targeted methylation-based multicancer early detection (MCED) assay using cell-free DNA (cfDNA) sequencing had high specificity for cancer signal detection and high accuracy in predicting cancer signal origin across a...

FDA Pipeline: Recent Designations in NSCLC, Leukemia, and Lymphoma

Recently, the U.S. Food and Drug Administration (FDA) issued regulatory decisions related to treatments for non–small cell lung cancer (NSCLC), acute leukemia, and mantle cell lymphoma.

Breakthrough Therapy Designation for Adagrasib in Advanced NSCLC With KRAS G12C Mutation

On June 24, 2021, the...

Phase III Trial Compares Induction Regimens in High-Risk Neuroblastoma

As reported in the Journal of Clinical Oncology by Garaventa et al, the phase III International Society of Pediatric Oncology European Neuroblastoma Group (SIOPEN) HR-NBL1.5 trial showed no significant differences in metastatic complete response rate or event-free survival with the Memorial Sloan...

Issues in Oncology

Despite Gains in Breast Cancer Survival, Black Women Continue to Experience Significant Mortality Disparities

Although breast cancer continues to be the most common cancer diagnosed in women in the United States, and remains the second-leading cause of cancer death, over the past several decades, the disease has affected Black and White women differently. According to the findings of a large retrospective...

Leukemia

Effect of Myeloid Progenitor Cell Product on the Risk of Infection During Induction Chemotherapy for AML

In a phase II trial reported in the Journal of Clinical Oncology, Desai et al found that the addition of the myeloid progenitor cell product romyelocel-L to granulocyte colony-stimulating factor (G-CSF) reduced the incidence of infection and antimicrobial use vs G-CSF alone during induction...

Mortgage Lending Bias and Survival Among Older Women With Breast Cancer in the United States

In a study reported in the Journal of Clinical Oncology, Beyer et al found that redlining (mortgage lending bias on the basis of property location) was associated with overall survival among older U.S. women with breast cancer, with an increasing redlining index (higher likelihood of mortgage loan...

FDA Approves Alternative to E coli–Derived Asparaginase for Leukemia and Lymphoma

On June 30, 2021, the U.S. Food and Drug Administration (FDA) approved asparaginase Erwinia chrysanthemi (recombinant)-rywn (Rylaze) as a component of a multiagent chemotherapeutic regimen for the treatment of acute lymphoblastic leukemia (ALL) and lymphoblastic lymphoma in adult and pediatric...

Genomics/Genetics

Study Explores Co-occurring Mutations in HER2 and HER3

Mutations in a gene related to HER2, a gene frequently implicated in breast cancers and a variety of other malignancies, can amplify activity that spurs tumor growth, according to a new study. The findings, published by Hanker et al in Cancer Cell, could explain why many patients with HER2...

COVID-19

Study Suggests Substantial Delays in Diagnosis and Treatment for Cancer During the COVID-19 Pandemic

A new study has found evidence of the adverse effects the COVID-19 pandemic had on cancer detection and surgical treatments. The study, published by Robin Yabroff, PhD, MBA, and colleagues in JNCI: The Journal of the National Cancer Institutefound a 10.2% decline in real-time electronic pathology ...

Gynecologic Cancers

Predicting Chemotherapy Resistance in Patients With Gestational Trophoblastic Neoplasia

In a retrospective cohort study reported in The Lancet Oncology, Braga et al identified metastatic disease, choriocarcinoma histology, and higher pretreatment human chorionic gonadotropin concentration as independent predictors of resistance to single-agent chemotherapy in women with low-risk...

Lymphoma

Recovery of Gonadal Function With PET-Adapted Regimen for Advanced Hodgkin Lymphoma

In a prospective analysis from the phase III Lymphoma Study Association AHL2011 trial reported in the Journal of Clinical Oncology, Demeestere et al found that patients with advanced Hodgkin lymphoma receiving a positron-emission tomography (PET)-adapted regimen had a reduced risk of gonadal...

Issues in Oncology
Gynecologic Cancers

Association Between Increased BMI and Endometrial Cancer Risk in Asian Women With Postmenopausal Bleeding

The link between obesity and the risk of endometrial cancer has been well documented. A recent study, however, showed that an even lower body mass index (BMI) than previously thought may be associated with an increased risk in Asian women with postmenopausal bleeding. The findings by Liu et al were ...

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