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Kidney Cancer

Expert Point of View: Manuela Schmidinger, MD

“TARGETED AGENTS were a breakthrough in the treatment of renal cell carcinoma, and immunotherapy also works well, improving survival. In the past 2 years, combining a checkpoint inhibitor with targeted agents appears to work even better, and multiple combination trials are underway. The outcomes...

Kidney Cancer

Progress Made in Identifying Gene-Signature Biomarkers in Renal Cell Carcinoma

A NEW ANALYSIS of the phase III IMmotion151 trial identified gene signatures in renal cell carcinoma that correlate with improved progression-free survival in patients treated with atezolizumab (Tecentriq) plus bevacizumab (Avastin) vs sunitinib (Sutent). These findings were presented at the...

Kidney Cancer
Immunotherapy

Immunotherapy and Tyrosine Kinase Inhibitor Combination in Advanced Renal Cell Carcinoma

In the JAVELIN Renal 101 phase III study, the combination of the immune checkpoint inhibitor avelumab (Bavencio), a programmed death ligand-1 (PD-L1) blocking antibody, plus the tyrosine kinase inhibitor axitinib (Inlyta) significantly improved progression-free survival in previously untreated...

kidney cancer
immunotherapy

Laurence Albiges, MD, PhD, on RCC: Challenging Established Front-Line Treatment

Laurence Albiges, MD, PhD, of Gustave Roussy, discusses data from the global, phase III JAVELIN trial that compared axitinib plus avelumab vs sunitinib, which could lead to a new standard of care in renal cell carcinoma (Abstract LBA6_PR).

kidney cancer
immunotherapy

ESMO 2018: JAVELIN Renal 101: Avelumab Plus Axitinib in Previously Untreated Renal Cell Carcinoma

A combination of the immune checkpoint blocker avelumab (Bavencio) plus the tyrosine kinase inhibitor axitinib (Inlyta) improved progression-free survival (PFS) in previously untreated patients with advanced renal cell carcinoma (RCC) in the phase III JAVELIN Renal 101 study, according to results...

Solid Tumors
Kidney Cancer

Nivolumab Plus Ipilimumab in Intermediate- or Poor-Risk Advanced Renal Cell Carcinoma

In the Clinic provides overviews of novel oncology agents, addressing indications, mechanisms of action, administration recommendations, safety profiles, and other essential information needed for the appropriate clinical use of these drugs. On April 16, 2018, nivolumab (Opdivo) and ipilimumab...

bladder cancer
kidney cancer
immunotherapy

Cora N. Sternberg, MD, on Renal and Bladder Cancers: Focus on Immunotherapy

Cora N. Sternberg, MD, of San Camillo-Forlanini Hospital and the Israel Englander Institute of Precision Medicine at Weill Cornell, discusses results from the phase III CheckMate-025 study on nivolumab vs everolimus for mRCC; the CheckMate-214 study on nivolumab, ipilimumab, and sunitinib for treatment-naive advanced or metastatic clear-cell RCC; and immunotherapy for urothelial cancer for both first- line cisplatin-ineligible and second-line therapy after cisplatin chemotherapy.

kidney cancer
immunotherapy

Avelumab Plus Axitinib in Previously Untreated Patients With Advanced Kidney Cancer

The results of the pivotal phase III JAVELIN Renal 101 study—which evaluated avelumab (Bavencio) in combination with axitinib (Inlyta) compared with sunitinib (Sutent) as initial therapy for patients with advanced renal cell carcinoma—were recently announced. As part of a planned...

colorectal cancer
kidney cancer
hepatobiliary cancer
lung cancer
pancreatic cancer
issues in oncology
bladder cancer

Large Disparities in Cancer Mortality Rates Found Among Different Racial/Ethnic Populations in New York State

According to the American Cancer Society, cancer is the leading cause of death for Hispanics and Asian/Pacific Islanders in the United States. However, their cancer burden is less than that of non-Hispanic whites and especially non-Hispanic blacks, who bear the most disproportionate share of the...

Solid Tumors
Kidney Cancer

Nephrectomy May Be Avoided in Some Patients With Advanced Renal Cell Carcinoma

In the modern era of targeted therapy, some patients with metastatic renal cell carcinoma may be able to forgo nephrectomy and be treated with sunitinib (Sutent) alone, according to results of the phase III CARMENA trial reported during the Plenary Session at the 2018 ASCO Annual Meeting.1 The...

Solid Tumors
Kidney Cancer

Nivolumab Plus Ipilimumab in Advanced Renal Cell Carcinoma: A Shift in the Treatment Paradigm

For over a decade, vascular endothelial growth factor (VEGF) tyrosine kinase inhibitors have been the standard first-line agents in the management of patients with advanced or metastatic clear cell renal cell carcinoma.1-3 Historically, phase III trials of first-line VEGF therapies included...

Solid Tumors
Kidney Cancer

CheckMate 214: Nivolumab Plus Ipilimumab Improves Survival vs Sunitinib in Advanced Renal Cell Cancer

As reported in The New England Journal of Medicine by Robert J. Motzer, MD, of Memorial Sloan Kettering Cancer Center, and colleagues, the phase III CheckMate 214 trial has shown an overall survival advantage with nivolumab (Opdivo) plus ipilimumab (Yervoy) vs sunitinib (Sutent) in patients with...

kidney cancer
immunotherapy

2018 ASCO: KEYNOTE-427 Trial Evaluates Immunotherapy in Advanced Clear Cell Renal Cell Carcinoma

Interim results from cohort A of KEYNOTE-427, a phase II trial evaluating pembrolizumab (Keytruda) as first-line treatment for advanced clear cell renal cell carcinoma (RCC), were presented by McDermott et al at the 2018 ASCO Annual Meeting (Abstract 4500). Interim data showed an overall response...

kidney cancer
immunotherapy

Toni K. Choueiri, MD, and Elizabeth R. Plimack, MD, on RCC: Perspectives on KEYNOTE-427 and IMmotion151

Toni K. Choueiri, MD, of Dana-Farber Cancer Institute, and Elizabeth R. Plimack, MD, of Fox Chase Cancer Center, offer their analysis of two key studies presented in renal cell cancer.

kidney cancer
immunotherapy

Toni K. Choueiri, MD, and Lauren C. Harshman, MD on RCC: Results From the PROSPER Trial

Toni K. Choueiri, MD, and Lauren C. Harshman, MD, both of Dana-Farber Cancer Institute, discuss phase III study findings on perioperative nivolumab vs observation in patients with localized renal cell carcinoma undergoing nephrectomy (Abstract TPS4597).

kidney cancer
immunotherapy

Bernard J. Escudier, MD, on RCC: Results From the IMmotion151 Trial

Bernard J. Escudier, MD, of Gustave Roussy, discusses patient-reported outcomes for atezolizumab plus bevacizumab vs sunitinib in treatment-naive metastatic renal cell carcinoma (Abstract 4511).

kidney cancer
immunotherapy

David F. McDermott, MD, on RCC: Results of the KEYNOTE-427 Trial

David F. McDermott, MD, of Beth Israel Deaconess Medical Center, discusses study findings on pembrolizumab monotherapy as first-line therapy in advanced clear cell renal cell carcinoma (Abstract 4500).

kidney cancer
immunotherapy

Laurence Albiges, MD, PhD, and Toni K. Choueiri, MD, on RCC: Novel Combinations for Advanced Disease

Toni K. Choueiri, MD, of Dana-Farber Cancer Institute, and Laurence Albiges, MD, PhD, of Gustave Roussy, discuss two treatment studies: one testing pegilodecakin with nivolumab or pembrolizumab and the other evaluating an oral CXCR4 inhibitor in combination with axitinib (Abstracts 4509 & 4510).

kidney cancer

Laurence Albiges, MD, PhD, and Toni K. Choueiri, MD, on Metastatic RCC: Perspectives on the Carmena Trial

Toni K. Choueiri, MD, of Dana-Farber Cancer Institute, and Laurence Albiges, MD, PhD, of Gustave Roussy, discuss the implications of this study’s potentially practice-changing finding that nephrectomy is no longer the standard of care for patients with metastatic renal cell carcinoma (Abstract LBA3).

kidney cancer

Arnaud Méjean, MD, PhD, on RCC: Results From the Carmena Trial

Arnaud Méjean, MD, PhD, of the Hôpital Européen Georges Pompidou, discusses his study’s potentially practice-changing finding that nephrectomy is no longer the standard of care for patients with metastatic renal cell carcinoma (Abstract LBA3).

Kidney Cancer

Update on ATLAS Trial of Axitinib for RCC Recurrence Risk

Pfizer recently announced that the independent data monitoring committee for the phase III ATLAS trial, which is evaluating axitinib (Inlyta) as adjuvant therapy for patients at high risk of recurrent renal cell carcinoma (RCC) after nephrectomy, recommended stopping the trial at a planned interim...

Colorectal Cancer
Breast Cancer
Hepatobiliary Cancer
Lung Cancer
Kidney Cancer
Prostate Cancer
CNS Cancers
Leukemia

NCCN Clinical Practice Guidelines in Oncology (NCCN Guidelines®): 2018 Guidelines Updates

In 1996, the National Comprehensive Cancer Network® (NCCN®) published its first set of Clinical Practice Guidelines in Oncology (NCCN Guidelines®) covering 8 tumor types. Guidelines are now published for more than 60 tumor types and topics. Some of the key updates were presented at NCCN’s 23rd...

Solid Tumors
Kidney Cancer

Combined Immune Checkpoint and VEGF Inhibition: Exciting yet Challenging Time for Renal Cancer Therapeutics

The treatment paradigm for metastatic clear cell renal cell carcinoma continues to evolve at a rapid pace. We have recently approved agents that target the vascular endothelial growth factor receptor (VEGFR) pathway in the front-line setting—such as the tyrosine kinase inhibitor cabozantinib...

Solid Tumors
Kidney Cancer

Combined Immune Checkpoint and VEGF Inhibition as First-Line Therapy in Advanced Clear Cell Kidney Cancer

In a dose-finding, dose-expansion phase Ib trial (JAVELIN Renal 100) reported in The Lancet Oncology, Toni K. Choueiri, MD, of Dana-Farber Cancer Institute and Brigham and Women’s Hospital, and colleagues determined the maximum tolerated dose of the immune checkpoint inhibitor avelumab (Bavencio)...

kidney cancer
immunotherapy

FDA Approves Nivolumab/Ipilimumab Combination in Intermediate- or Poor-Risk Advanced RCC

On April 16, 2018, the U.S. Food and Drug Administration (FDA) granted approvals to nivolumab (Opdivo) and ipilimumab (Yervoy) in combination for the treatment of intermediate- or poor-risk previously untreated advanced renal cell carcinoma (RCC). CheckMate 214 The approvals were based on...

kidney cancer
immunotherapy

Nivolumab Plus Ipilimumab vs Sunitinib in Previously Untreated Advanced RCC

As reported in The New England Journal of Medicine by Motzer et al, the phase III CheckMate 214 trial has shown an overall survival advantage with nivolumab plus ipilimumab vs sunitinib in patients with previously untreated advanced renal cell carcinoma (RCC). Study Details In the open-label...

Bladder Cancer
Kidney Cancer
Prostate Cancer

GU Symposium Focuses on Prognostic Model in Urothelial Cancer, Novel Therapies for Prostate and Kidney Cancers

THE 2018 GENITOURINARY Cancers Symposium hosted an international audience of oncologists and other stakeholders to hear about the latest advances in the field. We have included coverage of many of the top news stories from the meeting in previous issues of The ASCO Post. Here are summaries of a few ...

kidney cancer
prostate cancer
bladder cancer

EAU 2018: Survey Shows Greater Suicide Rate in Patients With Urologic Cancers

A major UK survey has shown that patients with urologic cancer—such as prostate, bladder, or kidney cancer—are five times more likely to commit suicide than people without cancer. The analysis also shows that patients with cancer generally are around three times more likely to commit...

kidney cancer
immunotherapy

Activity of Combined Immune Checkpoint and VEGF Inhibition as First-Line Therapy in Advanced Clear Cell RCC

In the dose-finding, dose-expansion phase Ib JAVELIN Renal 100 trial reported in The Lancet Oncology, Choueiri et al identified the maximum tolerated dose of the immune checkpoint inhibitor avelumab (Bavencio) in combination with the vascular endothelial growth factor inhibitor axitinib...

Kidney Cancer
Immunotherapy

Positive Preliminary Data Seen for Axitinib Plus Pembrolizumab in Renal Cell Carcinoma

The combination of axitinib (Inlyta) plus pembrolizumab (Keytruda) can be added to the list of combination therapies that look promising in advanced renal cell carcinoma. In a phase Ib trial, almost three-quarters of patients with newly diagnosed advanced renal cell carcinoma treated with the...

Kidney Cancer

Cabozantinib in Advanced Renal Cell Carcinoma

ON DECEMBER 19, 2017, cabozantinib (Cabometyx) was granted regular approval for the treatment of advanced renal cell carcinoma.1,2 Cabozantinib was initially granted approval in 2016 for the treatment of patients with advanced renal cell carcinoma who had received prior antiangiogenic therapy. The...

Kidney Cancer
Immunotherapy

Expression of Endogenous Retroviruses May Explain Response to Immune Checkpoint Therapy in Renal Cell Cancer

RESULTS OF a new study suggest that expression of endogenous retroviruses may be associated with activation of immune checkpoint pathways in renal cell cancer.1 According to data presented at the 2018 ASCO-SITC Clinical Immuno-Oncology Symposium, abnormal expression of endogenous retroviruses may...

Kidney Cancer

EXPERT POINT OF VIEW: Sumanta K. Pal, MD

ASCO EXPERT Sumanta K. Pal, MD, of City of Hope, Duarte, California, commented, “IMmotion 151 is a positive trial and represents an important breakthrough. We have debated combination treatment strategies for advanced kidney cancer. This study looks at the combination of a programmed cell death...

Kidney Cancer
Immunotherapy

Atezolizumab Plus Bevacizumab Improves Progression-Free Survival in First-Line Treatment of Advanced Renal Cell Carcinoma

THE TYROSINE KINASE inhibitor sunitinib (Sutent) has been the mainstay of treatment for first-line treatment of advanced renal cell carcinoma for about a decade. The IMmotion151 study reported at the 2018 Genitourinary Cancers Symposium found that the combination of the immune checkpoint inhibitor...

kidney cancer

Patrick Schöffski, MD, MPH, on RCC: Final Results of the EORTC 90101 CREATE Trial

Patrick Schöffski, MD, MPH, of Catholic University Leuven, discusses findings on the effect of crizotinib on disease control in patients with advanced papillary renal cell carcinoma type 1 with MET mutations or amplification (Abstract 580).

kidney cancer
immunotherapy

Sumanta K. Pal, MD, on RCC: Results From Two Clinical Trials

Sumanta K. Pal, MD, of the City of Hope Comprehensive Cancer Center, discusses phase III study findings from IMmotion151, which looked at atezolizumab plus bevacizumab vs sunitinib in untreated metastatic renal cell carcinoma (RCC), and results from a safety and efficacy trial of axitinib in combination with pembrolizumab with advanced RCC (Abstracts 578 & 579).

kidney cancer

Daniel J. George, MD, on RCC: Study Results on Adjuvant Treatment

Daniel J. George, MD, of Duke University Medical Center, discusses phase III findings on adjuvant sunitinib in patients with high-risk renal cell carcinoma, in an exploratory pharmacogenomic analysis (Abstract 576).

kidney cancer

Daniel J. George, MD, on RCC: Results From the Alliance A031203 CABOSUN Trial

Daniel J. George, MD, of Duke University Medical Center, discusses study findings on cabozantinib vs sunitinib for previously untreated patients with advanced renal cell carcinoma of intermediate or poor risk, in a subgroup analysis of progression-free survival and objective response rates (Abstract 582).

kidney cancer
immunotherapy

Laurence Albiges, MD, PhD, on RCC: Results From the NIVOREN GETUG-AFU 26 Trial

Laurence Albiges, MD, PhD, of the Gustave Roussy Cancer Centre, discusses study findings on the safety and efficacy of nivolumab in metastatic renal cell carcinoma (Abstract 577).

kidney cancer
immunotherapy

2018 GU CANCERS SYMPOSIUM: Early-Phase Trial of Glutaminase Inhibitor CB-839 in Combination With Cabozantinib or Everolimus in Renal Cell Carcinoma

Data on CB-839, a first-in-class glutaminase inhibitor, will be presented by Tannir et al at the 2018 Genitourinary Cancers Symposium in San Francisco (Abstract 603). The data are from the CX-839-001 study, which includes cohorts evaluating the safety, efficacy and recommended phase II dose of ...

kidney cancer
immunotherapy

2018 GU CANCERS SYMPOSIUM: Combination Therapy Shows Antitumor Activity in Advanced Renal Cell Carcinoma

Combining the antiangiogenic agent axitinib (Inlyta) with the immunotherapy pembrolizumab (Keytruda) was found to have promising antitumor activity and no unexpected side effects in an early-phase clinical trial in patients with advanced kidney cancer who had not been previously treated. The full...

kidney cancer
immunotherapy

2018 GU CANCERS SYMPOSIUM: Adding Immunotherapy to Standard Treatment Slows Growth of Advanced Kidney Cancer—With Fewer Side Effects

In a phase III clinical trial of patients with previously untreated metastatic renal cell cancer combining the immunotherapy atezolizumab (Tecentriq) with the targeted therapy bevacizumab (Avastin) delayed cancer growth by about 3 months longer than sunitinib, another targeted therapy. The benefit...

kidney cancer
immunotherapy

Sumanta K. Pal, MD, on Renal Cancer Immunotherapy: Latest Developments

Sumanta K. Pal, MD, of the City of Hope, discusses immunotherapy as a front-line treatment for kidney cancer and the strategy of VEGF blockade with immunotherapy, which is emerging as a possible treatment modality.

Breast Cancer
Kidney Cancer

Reports From the Journal of Clinical Oncology

BREAST CANCER  Survival in Metastatic Triple-Negative Breast Cancer Explored in Retrospective Study  In a study reported in the Journal of Clinical Oncology, Stover et al found that cell-free (cf) DNA tumor fraction ≥ 10% was associated with worse survival in metastatic triple-negative breast...

kidney cancer
immunotherapy

Lenvatinib and Pembrolizumab Combination Receives Breakthrough Therapy Designation for Advanced Renal Cell Carcinoma

On January 9, Eisai and Merck announced that they received Breakthrough Therapy designation from the U.S. Food and Drug Administration (FDA) for Eisai's multiple receptor tyrosine kinase inhibitor lenvatinib (Lenvima) in combination with Merck's anti–programmed cell death protein 1...

kidney cancer

Activity of Hypoxia-Inducible Factor-2α Antagonist in Advanced Renal Cell Carcinoma

In a phase I trial reported in the Journal of Clinical Oncology, Courtney et al found that a first-in-class hypoxia-inducible factor-2α (HIF-2α) antagonist (PT2385) was active in patients with previously treated advanced clear cell renal cell carcinoma (RCC). Study Details In the...

kidney cancer
immunotherapy

FDA Grants Breakthrough Therapy Designation to Combination of Avelumab and Axitinib in Advanced Renal Cell Carcinoma

On December 21, the U.S. Food and Drug Administration (FDA) granted Breakthrough Therapy designation to avelumab (Bavencio) in combination with axitinib (Inlyta) for treatment-naive patients with advanced renal cell carcinoma. “A combination approach with an immunotherapy, whose activity may ...

Solid Tumors
Kidney Cancer

Sunitinib Malate for Adjuvant Treatment of Renal Cell Carcinoma

On November 16, 2017, sunitinib malate (Sutent) was approved for the adjuvant treatment of adult patients at high risk of recurrent renal cell carcinoma following nephrectomy.1,2 Supporting Efficacy Data Approval was based on the findings of the double-blind phase III S-TRAC trial in which 615...

Solid Tumors
Kidney Cancer

FDA Approves Cabozantinib for First-Line Treatment of Advanced Renal Cell Carcinoma

On December 19, 2017, the U.S. Food and Drug Administration (FDA) granted regular -approval to cabozantinib -(Cabometyx) for treatment of patients with advanced renal cell carcinoma (RCC). The FDA previously approved cabozantinib in 2016 for treatment of patients with advanced RCC who have...

kidney cancer

FDA Approves Cabozantinib for First-Line Treatment of Advanced Renal Cell Carcinoma

On December 19, 2017, the U.S. Food and Drug Administration (FDA) granted regular approval to cabozantinib (Cabometyx) for treatment of patients with advanced renal cell carcinoma (RCC). The FDA previously approved cabozantinib in 2016 for treatment of patients with advanced RCC who have received...

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