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Kidney Cancer

Expert Point of View: Alessandro Volpe, MD

Formal discussant of this abstract, Alessandro Volpe, MD, of the University of Eastern Piedmont Hospital, Maggiore Della Carita Hospital, Novara, Italy, commented that nephron-sparing surgery is recommended for clinical stage T1 tumors; however, when compared with ablation, the advantages of...

Kidney Cancer

Evolving Role for Cryoablation in Treating Small Renal Masses

Selected “healthy” patients with clinical T1 renal cell carcinoma may be safely treated with percutaneous cryoablation, according to a single-center study of experience at the Mayo Clinic.1 “In healthier patients, our experience shows that cryoablation achieved good short-term oncologic control...

kidney cancer

AACR 2017: Combination Immunotherapies Show Clinical Activity in Metastatic RCC in Pilot Study

Immunologic changes observed in an early study of patients with metastatic renal cell carcinoma (RCC) raised the possibility for a larger clinical study of combination immunotherapy, according to findings reported by researchers at The University of Texas MD Anderson Cancer Center. The results of...

kidney cancer

Analysis of High-Risk Subgroup in ASSURE Trial of Sunitinib or Sorafenib in Renal Cell Carcinoma

In an analysis of the phase III ASSURE trial reported in JAMA Oncology, Haas et al found no disease-free or overall survival benefit of adjuvant sunitinib (Sutent) or sorafenib (Nexavar) vs placebo in a high-risk subset of patients with clear cell renal cell carcinoma histology and pT3, pT4, or...

Kidney Cancer

Intermittent Sunitinib in Metastatic Renal Cell Carcinoma

In a phase II study reported in the Journal of Clinical Oncology, Moshe C. Ornstein, MD, of Cleveland Clinic Taussig Cancer Institute, and colleagues found that an intermittent schedule of sunitinib (Sutent) may be feasible in patients with previously untreated metastatic renal cell carcinoma. In...

Kidney Cancer

Active Surveillance Appears to Be Safe for Small Renal Masses

The prospective Delayed Intervention and Surveillance for Small Renal Masses (DISSRM) registry shows that over the intermediate term, active surveillance appears to be as safe as primary intervention for carefully selected, older, sicker patients with small renal masses.1 As the data mature,...

kidney cancer

Sumanta K. Pal, MD, on Advanced Renal Cancer: Treatment Challenges

Sumanta K. Pal, MD, of the City of Hope, summarizes a session he co-chaired on the opportunities and challenges in systemic therapy for advanced renal cancer, including imaging as a biomarker of response and optimal selection of front-line treatments. (General Session 9)

kidney cancer

Rana R. McKay, MD, on RCC: Continuing Benefit After Halting Treatment

Rana R. McKay, MD, of the University of California, San Diego, discusses study findings on PD-1/PD-L1 responders with metastatic renal cell carcinoma who discontinue therapy for immune-related adverse events. (Abstract 467)

kidney cancer

W. Marston Linehan, MD, on Renal Cell Carcinoma: Genetic Predisposition

W. Marston Linehan, MD, of the National Cancer Institute, discusses the genetic basis of the different types of kidney cancer, which provides the key to clinical management.

kidney cancer

Sumanta K. Pal, MD, on RCC and Tumor Profiling

Sumanta K. Pal, MD, of the City of Hope, discusses the evolution of circulating tumor DNA profile from first-line to second-line therapy in metastatic renal cell carcinoma. (Abstract 434)

kidney cancer

Toni K. Choueiri, MD, on Untreated RCC: Phase II Trial Results

Toni K. Choueiri, MD, of the Dana-Farber Cancer Institute, discusses study findings on atezolizumab with or without bevacizumab vs sunitinib in patients with untreated metastatic renal cell carcinoma. (Abstract 431)

kidney cancer

Toni K. Choueiri, MD, on Papillary RCC: Phase II Trial Results

Toni K. Choueiri, MD, of the Dana-Farber Cancer Institute, discusses a single-arm biomarker-based study of savolitinib in patients with advanced papillary renal cell cancer. (Abstract 436)

kidney cancer

2017 GU Cancers Symposium: Atezolizumab Plus Bevacizumab Shows Potential in Metastatic Renal Cell Carcinoma

Results from the phase II IMmotion150 study that compared atezolizumab (Tecentriq) plus bevacizumab (Avastin) and atezolizumab monotherapy to sunitinib (Sutent) alone in patients with previously untreated, locally advanced or metastatic renal cell carcinoma were presented at the 2017 Genitourinary...

kidney cancer

2017 GU Cancers Symposium: In Advanced Kidney Cancer, Antibiotic Use Lowers Efficacy of Immunotherapy

A new retrospective analysis suggests that immunotherapy may be less effective in patients who receive antibiotics less than a month before starting treatment. In the study, cancer worsened more quickly in such patients than in those who did not receive antibiotics (with median progression-free...

kidney cancer

2017 GU Cancers Symposium: Some Patients With Renal Cell Carcinoma Experience Long-Term Tumor Control Even After Stopping Immunotherapy Early

Early findings from a new study appear to challenge the current standard practice for immune checkpoint inhibitor therapy—continuing treatment until cancer worsens. Among patients with advanced kidney cancer who stopped programmed cell death protein 1/programmed cell death ligand 1...

kidney cancer

Intermittent Sunitinib Appears Feasible in Previously Untreated Metastatic Renal Cell Carcinoma

In a phase II study reported in the Journal of Clinical Oncology, Ornstein et al found that an intermittent schedule of sunitinib (Sutent) may be feasible in patients with previously untreated metastatic renal cell carcinoma. Study Details In the study, 37 patients with clear cell metastatic...

kidney cancer

ASCO Clinical Practice Guideline on Management of Small Renal Masses

As reported in the Journal of Clinical Oncology by Antonio Finelli, MD, of Princess Margaret Cancer Centre, Toronto, and colleagues, ASCO has released a clinical practice guideline on management of small renal masses. The guideline was derived from an expert panel literature search for and...

Kidney Cancer

A Decade of Impact: Conquer Cancer Foundation/Kidney Cancer Association Young Investigator Awards

   The Kidney Cancer Association has supported 12 kidney cancer research projects through the Conquer Cancer Foundation of ASCO Young Investigator Award (YIA) program over the past decade. Early seed funding from the Kidney Cancer Association is advancing research, improving the lives of ...

Kidney Cancer

Clinical Trials Actively Recruiting Patients With Renal Cell Carcinoma

The information contained in this Clinical Trials Resource Guide includes actively recruiting clinical studies focused on immunotherapy as treatment for renal cell carcinoma. These studies are researching combination chemotherapies; immunotherapies; radiosurgery techniques; stereotactic body...

Kidney Cancer

Study Finds Cabozantinib of Clinical Benefit vs Sunitinib in Advanced Renal Cell Carcinoma

A randomized phase II clinical trial evaluating cabozantinib (Cabometyx) compared with standard-of-care sunitinib (Sutent) as first-line therapy for patients with advanced renal cell carcinoma has found that cabozantinib reduced the rate of disease progression or death by 34% compared with...

Kidney Cancer

Adjuvant Sunitinib for Renal Cell Carcinoma: Not Ready for Prime Time

In renal cell carcinoma and other cancer types, a consistent paradigm in drug development exists: Observe efficacy of a drug in the metastatic setting and move quickly to explore the agent in the adjuvant setting. In the cytokine era, there were multiple efforts to characterize whether adjuvant...

Kidney Cancer

Adjuvant Sunitinib Improves Disease-Free Survival in High-Risk Renal Cell Carcinoma After Nephrectomy

In the phase III S-TRAC trial reported at the recent European Society for Medical Oncology meeting and in The New England Journal of Medicine by Alain Ravaud, MD, PhD, of Bordeaux University Hospital, and colleagues, adjuvant sunitinib (Sutent) significantly prolonged disease-free survival vs...

Kidney Cancer

Vaccine Therapy in Metastatic Renal Cell Carcinoma: Past, Present, and Future

As reviewed in this issue of The ASCO Post, Brian Rini, MD, and colleagues recently reported results from the phase III IMPRINT trial,1 which randomized HLA-A*02–positive patients with treatment-naive metastatic clear cell variant renal cell carcinoma, in favorable- and intermediate- risk...

Kidney Cancer

Phase III Trial Shows No Survival Benefit of Adding First-Line IMA901 Vaccine to Sunitinib in Advanced Renal Cell Carcinoma

In the phase III IMPRINT trial reported in The Lancet Oncology, Brian I. Rini, MD, of the Cleveland Clinic Taussig Cancer Institute, and colleagues found no overall survival benefit of adding the multipeptide cancer vaccine IMA901 to sunitinib (Sutent) in the first-line treatment of locally...

kidney cancer

SITC Publishes First Kidney Cancer Treatment Guideline to Focus on Immunotherapy

The first evidence-based consensus statement on cancer immunotherapy for the treatment of patients with the most common type of kidney cancer, renal cell carcinoma, has been published by the Society for Immunotherapy of Cancer (SITC) in the Journal for ImmunoTherapy of Cancer by Rini et al. The...

kidney cancer

Study Finds Cabozantinib of Clinical Benefit vs Sunitinib in Advanced Kidney Cancer

A randomized phase II clinical trial evaluating cabozantinib (Cabometyx) compared with standard-of-care sunitinib (Sutent) as first-line therapy for patients with advanced kidney cancer has found the experimental drug reduced the rate of disease progression or death by 34% compared with sunitinib....

Kidney Cancer

Phase III Study of Sunitinib Is First to Show Benefit in Adjuvant Setting for Treatment of Renal Cell Carcinoma

Sunitinib (Sutent) improved disease-free survival by more than 1 year when used as adjuvant treatment for high-risk locoregional renal cell carcinoma following nephrectomy, but with the cost of toxicity. S-TRAC is the first phase III trial showing a benefit for adjuvant therapy in renal cell...

Kidney Cancer

Cabozantinib Improves Progression-Free Survival and Response Rates vs Sunitinib in First-Line Treatment of Metastatic Kidney Cancer

Cabozantinib (Cabometyx) improved progression-free survival and response rates in patients with untreated metastatic renal cell carcinoma compared with the standard of care, sunitinib (Sutent), according to the results of a phase II multicenter randomized trial called CABOSUN reported at the 2016...

kidney cancer

Study Finds Adjuvant Sunitinib Improves Disease-Free Survival in High-Risk Renal Cell Carcinoma After Nephrectomy

In the phase III S-TRAC trial reported at the 2016 European Society for Medical Oncology Congress and in The New England Journal of Medicine by Ravaud et al, adjuvant sunitinib (Sutent) significantly prolonged disease-free survival vs placebo in patients with high-risk renal cell carcinoma after...

Lung Cancer
Skin Cancer
Kidney Cancer

Modification of Dosage Regimen for Nivolumab in Renal Cell Carcinoma, Melanoma, and NSCLC

In the Clinic provides overviews of novel oncology agents, addressing indications, mechanisms, administration recommendations, safety profiles, and other essential information needed for the appropriate clinical use of these drugs. On September 13, 2016, the U.S. Food and Drug Administration...

kidney cancer

Is Nivolumab Active in Recurrent Advanced Urothelial Carcinoma?

In the phase I/II CheckMate 032 trial reported in The Lancet Oncology, Sharma et al found that nivolumab (Opdivo) was active in locally advanced or metastatic urothelial carcinoma progressing after platinum-based therapy. In the study, 78 patients with urothelial carcinoma of the renal pelvis,...

kidney cancer

ESMO 2016: Cabozantinib Improves Progression-Free Survival in Metastatic Renal Cell Carcinoma

Cabozantinib (Cabometyx, Cometriq) significantly improves progression-free survival and response rate in patients with metastatic renal cell carcinoma compared to sunitinib (Sutent), according to research presented by Choueiri et al at the 2016 European Society for Medical Oncology (ESMO)...

kidney cancer

Does Adding IMA901 Vaccine to Sunitinib Improve Survival in Advanced Renal Cell Carcinoma?

In the phase III IMPRINT trial reported in The Lancet Oncology, Rini et al found no overall survival benefit of adding the multipeptide cancer vaccine IMA901 to sunitinib (Sutent) in the first-line treatment of locally advanced or metastatic renal cell carcinoma. IMA901 contains 10 tumor-associated ...

kidney cancer

ESMO 2016: Longer Disease-Free Survival in Phase III Trial of Sunitinib as Adjuvant Treatment for Kidney Cancer

A phase III trial of sunitinib (Sutent) has met its primary endpoint of disease-free survival for adjuvant treatment of high-risk renal cell carcinoma after nephrectomy, reported Ravaud et al at the European Society for Medical Oncology (ESMO) 2016 Congress in Copenhagen (Abstract LBA11_PR)....

kidney cancer

Alain Ravaud, MD, PhD, on RCC: Results of the S-TRAC Trial (French Language Version)

Alain Ravaud, MD, PhD, of Bordeaux University Hospital, discusses in French phase III findings on sunitinib vs placebo as adjuvant treatment for high-risk renal cell carcinoma after nephrectomy. (Abstract LBA11)

kidney cancer

Alain Ravaud, MD, PhD, on RCC: Results of the S-TRAC Trial

Alain Ravaud, MD, PhD, of Bordeaux University Hospital, discusses phase III findings on sunitinib vs placebo as adjuvant treatment for high-risk renal cell carcinoma after nephrectomy. (Abstract LBA11)

kidney cancer

Toni K. Choueiri, MD, on Metastatic RCC: Results From the ALLIANCE A031203 Trial

Toni K. Choueiri, MD, of the Dana-Farber Cancer Institute, discusses study findings on cabozantinib vs sunitinib as initial targeted therapy for patients with metastatic renal cell carcinoma of poor and intermediate risk. (Abstract LBA30) Follow him on Twitter: @DrChoueiri

Kidney Cancer

Extended Active Surveillance Prior to Systemic Therapy May Be Safe in Some Patients With Metastatic Renal Cell Carcinoma

In a phase II trial reported in The Lancet Oncology, Brian I. Rini, MD, of the Cleveland Clinic Taussig Cancer Institute, and colleagues found that some patients with metastatic renal cell carcinoma can safely undergo active surveillance for an extended duration prior to initiation of systemic...

kidney cancer
lung cancer
skin cancer

Combining AM0010 and Pembrolizumab Produced Antitumor Activity in Patients With Advanced Solid Tumors

A multibasket phase Ib study evaluating the clinical activity, tolerability, and antitumor activity of the cytokine-based immunotherapy AM0010 alone or in combination with the immune checkpoint inhibitor pembrolizumab (Keytruda) has found that in monotherapy, objective responses to AM0010 were ...

Kidney Cancer
Breast Cancer

I’ve Survived Cancer for Over 71 Years

Even though I was just 3 years old when my symptoms first appeared, the memory is still fresh in my mind to this day, 71 years later. I had just come home from a friend’s birthday party and was sitting on the front patio steps immobilized by severe stomach pain. My parents said I was feeling ill...

kidney cancer

Everolimus Plus Bevacizumab Shows Activity in Advanced Non–Clear Cell Renal Cell Carcinoma

The combination of everolimus (Afinitor, Zortress) and bevacizumab (Avastin) was associated with clinical benefit in advanced non–clear cell renal cell carcinoma with a major papillary component, according to a single-center phase II trial reported by Voss et al in the Journal of Clinical...

kidney cancer
lung cancer
skin cancer

FDA Modifies Dosage Regimen for Nivolumab

On September 13, 2016, the U.S. Food and Drug Administration (FDA) modified the dosage regimen for nivolumab (Opdivo) for the currently approved indications for renal cell carcinoma, metastatic melanoma, and non–small cell lung cancer (NSCLC). The currently approved recommended dosage...

Bladder Cancer
Kidney Cancer
Prostate Cancer

Multitude of Mentors Help Shape an Illustrious Career in Oncology

Sumanta K. Pal, MD, has had a longer career in oncology than many other colleagues his age. Perhaps the reason for that may center on his starting college at the age 13 and medical school at the age of 17. Today this internationally recognized leader in genitourinary cancers is Assistant Professor ...

kidney cancer

Is Obesity a Prognostic Factor for Improved Survival in Metastatic Renal Cell Carcinoma?

In a study investigating the clinical and biologic effects of body mass index on treatment outcomes in patients with metastatic renal cell carcinoma, Albiges et al found that obese patients treated with targeted therapy had improved survival and progression-free survival compared with patients with ...

kidney cancer

Accumulation of Metabolite Fumarate May Be Linked to Hereditary Leiomyomatosis and Renal Cell Cancer

Researchers funded by the Medical Research Council (MRC) have shown that when the metabolite fumarate accumulates in a hereditary form of renal cancer, it leads to an epigenetic reprogramming that drives cancer, according to a study published by Sciacovelli et al in Nature. The tumor growth...

kidney cancer
lung cancer
skin cancer

Incidence of PD-1 Inhibitor–Related Pneumonitis in Advanced NSCLC, Renal Cell Carcinoma, and Melanoma

In a systematic review and meta-analysis reported in JAMA Oncology, Nishino et al identified the rates of PD-1 (programmed cell death protein 1) inhibitor–related pneumonitis in patients with advanced non–small cell lung cancer (NSCLC), renal cell carcinoma, and melanoma. Rates were...

kidney cancer

Extended Active Surveillance Prior to Systemic Therapy May Be Safe in Some Patients With Metastatic Renal Cell Carcinoma

In a phase II trial reported in The Lancet Oncology, Rini et al found that some patients with metastatic renal cell carcinoma can safely undergo active surveillance for an extended duration prior to initiation of systemic therapy. Indolent growth of metastases is known to occur in some patients...

Kidney Cancer

Quality of Life With Nivolumab vs Everolimus in Advanced Renal Cell Carcinoma

Patients with previously treated advanced renal cell carcinoma receiving nivolumab (Opdivo) in the phase III CheckMate 025 trial had improved health-related quality of life compared with those receiving everolimus (Afinitor), as reported by David Cella, PhD, of Northwestern University, Chicago, et...

Kidney Cancer

Final Results of METEOR Trial: Cabozantinib vs Everolimus in Advanced Renal Cell Carcinoma

As reported by Toni K. Choueiri, MD, of Dana-Farber Cancer Institute, et al in The Lancet Oncology, the final results of the phase III METEOR trial indicate significantly improved overall survival with cabozantinib (Cabometyx) vs everolimus (Afinitor) in patients with advanced renal cell carcinoma...

kidney cancer

Metabolic Gene-Expression Profile May Identify Kidney Cancer Patients Unlikely to Benefit From Nivolumab

Renal cell carcinomas (RCC) positive for the protein programmed death ligand 1 (PD-L1) from patients who did not respond to treatment with the anti–PD-1 therapeutic nivolumab (Opdivo) had significantly higher expression of genes associated with metabolism, compared with PD-L1–positive...

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