kidney cancer

Study Finds Adjuvant Sunitinib Improves Disease-Free Survival in High-Risk Renal Cell Carcinoma After Nephrectomy

In the phase III S-TRAC trial reported at the 2016 European Society for Medical Oncology Congress and in The New England Journal of Medicine by Ravaud et al, adjuvant sunitinib (Sutent) significantly prolonged disease-free survival vs placebo in patients with high-risk renal cell carcinoma after...

Lung Cancer
Skin Cancer
Kidney Cancer

Modification of Dosage Regimen for Nivolumab in Renal Cell Carcinoma, Melanoma, and NSCLC

In the Clinic provides overviews of novel oncology agents, addressing indications, mechanisms, administration recommendations, safety profiles, and other essential information needed for the appropriate clinical use of these drugs. On September 13, 2016, the U.S. Food and Drug Administration...

kidney cancer

Is Nivolumab Active in Recurrent Advanced Urothelial Carcinoma?

In the phase I/II CheckMate 032 trial reported in The Lancet Oncology, Sharma et al found that nivolumab (Opdivo) was active in locally advanced or metastatic urothelial carcinoma progressing after platinum-based therapy. In the study, 78 patients with urothelial carcinoma of the renal pelvis,...

kidney cancer

ESMO 2016: Cabozantinib Improves Progression-Free Survival in Metastatic Renal Cell Carcinoma

Cabozantinib (Cabometyx, Cometriq) significantly improves progression-free survival and response rate in patients with metastatic renal cell carcinoma compared to sunitinib (Sutent), according to research presented by Choueiri et al at the 2016 European Society for Medical Oncology (ESMO)...

kidney cancer

Does Adding IMA901 Vaccine to Sunitinib Improve Survival in Advanced Renal Cell Carcinoma?

In the phase III IMPRINT trial reported in The Lancet Oncology, Rini et al found no overall survival benefit of adding the multipeptide cancer vaccine IMA901 to sunitinib (Sutent) in the first-line treatment of locally advanced or metastatic renal cell carcinoma. IMA901 contains 10 tumor-associated ...

kidney cancer

ESMO 2016: Longer Disease-Free Survival in Phase III Trial of Sunitinib as Adjuvant Treatment for Kidney Cancer

A phase III trial of sunitinib (Sutent) has met its primary endpoint of disease-free survival for adjuvant treatment of high-risk renal cell carcinoma after nephrectomy, reported Ravaud et al at the European Society for Medical Oncology (ESMO) 2016 Congress in Copenhagen (Abstract LBA11_PR)....

kidney cancer

Alain Ravaud, MD, PhD, on RCC: Results of the S-TRAC Trial (French Language Version)

Alain Ravaud, MD, PhD, of Bordeaux University Hospital, discusses in French phase III findings on sunitinib vs placebo as adjuvant treatment for high-risk renal cell carcinoma after nephrectomy. (Abstract LBA11)

kidney cancer

Alain Ravaud, MD, PhD, on RCC: Results of the S-TRAC Trial

Alain Ravaud, MD, PhD, of Bordeaux University Hospital, discusses phase III findings on sunitinib vs placebo as adjuvant treatment for high-risk renal cell carcinoma after nephrectomy. (Abstract LBA11)

kidney cancer

Toni K. Choueiri, MD, on Metastatic RCC: Results From the ALLIANCE A031203 Trial

Toni K. Choueiri, MD, of the Dana-Farber Cancer Institute, discusses study findings on cabozantinib vs sunitinib as initial targeted therapy for patients with metastatic renal cell carcinoma of poor and intermediate risk. (Abstract LBA30) Follow him on Twitter: @DrChoueiri

Kidney Cancer

Extended Active Surveillance Prior to Systemic Therapy May Be Safe in Some Patients With Metastatic Renal Cell Carcinoma

In a phase II trial reported in The Lancet Oncology, Brian I. Rini, MD, of the Cleveland Clinic Taussig Cancer Institute, and colleagues found that some patients with metastatic renal cell carcinoma can safely undergo active surveillance for an extended duration prior to initiation of systemic...

kidney cancer
lung cancer
skin cancer

Combining AM0010 and Pembrolizumab Produced Antitumor Activity in Patients With Advanced Solid Tumors

A multibasket phase Ib study evaluating the clinical activity, tolerability, and antitumor activity of the cytokine-based immunotherapy AM0010 alone or in combination with the immune checkpoint inhibitor pembrolizumab (Keytruda) has found that in monotherapy, objective responses to AM0010 were ...

Kidney Cancer
Breast Cancer

I’ve Survived Cancer for Over 71 Years

Even though I was just 3 years old when my symptoms first appeared, the memory is still fresh in my mind to this day, 71 years later. I had just come home from a friend’s birthday party and was sitting on the front patio steps immobilized by severe stomach pain. My parents said I was feeling ill...

kidney cancer

Everolimus Plus Bevacizumab Shows Activity in Advanced Non–Clear Cell Renal Cell Carcinoma

The combination of everolimus (Afinitor, Zortress) and bevacizumab (Avastin) was associated with clinical benefit in advanced non–clear cell renal cell carcinoma with a major papillary component, according to a single-center phase II trial reported by Voss et al in the Journal of Clinical...

kidney cancer
lung cancer
skin cancer

FDA Modifies Dosage Regimen for Nivolumab

On September 13, 2016, the U.S. Food and Drug Administration (FDA) modified the dosage regimen for nivolumab (Opdivo) for the currently approved indications for renal cell carcinoma, metastatic melanoma, and non–small cell lung cancer (NSCLC). The currently approved recommended dosage...

Bladder Cancer
Kidney Cancer
Prostate Cancer

Multitude of Mentors Help Shape an Illustrious Career in Oncology

Sumanta K. Pal, MD, has had a longer career in oncology than many other colleagues his age. Perhaps the reason for that may center on his starting college at the age 13 and medical school at the age of 17. Today this internationally recognized leader in genitourinary cancers is Assistant Professor ...

kidney cancer

Is Obesity a Prognostic Factor for Improved Survival in Metastatic Renal Cell Carcinoma?

In a study investigating the clinical and biologic effects of body mass index on treatment outcomes in patients with metastatic renal cell carcinoma, Albiges et al found that obese patients treated with targeted therapy had improved survival and progression-free survival compared with patients with ...

kidney cancer

Accumulation of Metabolite Fumarate May Be Linked to Hereditary Leiomyomatosis and Renal Cell Cancer

Researchers funded by the Medical Research Council (MRC) have shown that when the metabolite fumarate accumulates in a hereditary form of renal cancer, it leads to an epigenetic reprogramming that drives cancer, according to a study published by Sciacovelli et al in Nature. The tumor growth...

kidney cancer
lung cancer
skin cancer

Incidence of PD-1 Inhibitor–Related Pneumonitis in Advanced NSCLC, Renal Cell Carcinoma, and Melanoma

In a systematic review and meta-analysis reported in JAMA Oncology, Nishino et al identified the rates of PD-1 (programmed cell death protein 1) inhibitor–related pneumonitis in patients with advanced non–small cell lung cancer (NSCLC), renal cell carcinoma, and melanoma. Rates were...

kidney cancer

Extended Active Surveillance Prior to Systemic Therapy May Be Safe in Some Patients With Metastatic Renal Cell Carcinoma

In a phase II trial reported in The Lancet Oncology, Rini et al found that some patients with metastatic renal cell carcinoma can safely undergo active surveillance for an extended duration prior to initiation of systemic therapy. Indolent growth of metastases is known to occur in some patients...

Kidney Cancer

Quality of Life With Nivolumab vs Everolimus in Advanced Renal Cell Carcinoma

Patients with previously treated advanced renal cell carcinoma receiving nivolumab (Opdivo) in the phase III CheckMate 025 trial had improved health-related quality of life compared with those receiving everolimus (Afinitor), as reported by David Cella, PhD, of Northwestern University, Chicago, et...

Kidney Cancer

Final Results of METEOR Trial: Cabozantinib vs Everolimus in Advanced Renal Cell Carcinoma

As reported by Toni K. Choueiri, MD, of Dana-Farber Cancer Institute, et al in The Lancet Oncology, the final results of the phase III METEOR trial indicate significantly improved overall survival with cabozantinib (Cabometyx) vs everolimus (Afinitor) in patients with advanced renal cell carcinoma...

kidney cancer

Metabolic Gene-Expression Profile May Identify Kidney Cancer Patients Unlikely to Benefit From Nivolumab

Renal cell carcinomas (RCC) positive for the protein programmed death ligand 1 (PD-L1) from patients who did not respond to treatment with the anti–PD-1 therapeutic nivolumab (Opdivo) had significantly higher expression of genes associated with metabolism, compared with PD-L1–positive...

kidney cancer

European Study Finds Chromosome 1q Gain Linked to Poorer Outcome in Wilms Tumor Treated With Preoperative Chemotherapy

In a study reported in the Journal of Clinical Oncology, Chagtai et al of the International Society of Paediatric Oncology (SIOP) Renal Tumours Study Group found that chromosome 1q gain was associated with poorer event-free survival in patients with Wilms tumor treated with preoperative...

kidney cancer

Poorer Outcome in Favorable-Histology Wilms Tumor Associated With Chromosome 1q Gain Reported in U.S. Study

The Children’s Oncology Group found that chromosome 1q gain is associated with poorer event-free and overall survival in patients with favorable-histology Wilms tumor. Gratias et al reported these findings in the Journal of Clinical Oncology. Study Details The study involved analysis of...

kidney cancer

When Combined With Targeted Therapy, Cytoreductive Nephrectomy May Improve Survival in Metastatic RCC

In a National Cancer Data Base study reported in the Journal of Clinical Oncology, Hanna et al found that cytoreductive nephrectomy may improve survival in patients receiving targeted therapy for metastatic renal cell carcinoma. Study Details The study involved data from 15,390 patients treated...

kidney cancer

Final Results of METEOR Trial Show Cabozantinib Improves Overall Survival vs Everolimus in Advanced RCC

As reported by Choueiri et al in The Lancet Oncology, the final results of the phase III METEOR trial indicate significantly improved overall survival with cabozantinib (Cabometyx) vs everolimus (Afinitor) in patients with advanced renal cell carcinoma (RCC) that had progressed after previous...

solid tumors
kidney cancer

Improved Quality of Life Reported With Nivolumab vs Everolimus in Advanced Renal Cell Carcinoma

Patients with previously treated advanced renal cell carcinoma receiving nivolumab (Opdivo) in the phase III CheckMate 025 trial had improved health-related quality of life compared with those receiving everolimus (Afinitor), as reported by Cella et al in The Lancet Oncology. Study Details In the ...

kidney cancer

ASCO 2016: Nivolumab Extends Survival for Patients With Advanced Renal Cell Carcinoma Treated Beyond Disease Progression

In a large randomized study, the immunotherapy drug nivolumab (Opdivo), an anti­­–PD-1 (programmed cell death protein 1) monoclonal antibody, was shown to be a safe and effective therapy for kidney cancer even in patients who continued treatment after their disease progressed. Results ...

Kidney Cancer

Lenvatinib in Combination With Everolimus in Advanced Renal Cell Carcinoma

In the Clinic provides overviews of novel oncology agents, addressing indications, mechanisms, administration recommendations, safety profiles, and other essential information needed for the appropriate clinical use of these drugs. On May 13, 2016, lenvatinib (Lenvima) was approved for use in...

kidney cancer

David F. McDermott, MD, and Toni K. Choueiri, MD, on Advanced RCC: Nivolumab in Previously Treated Patients

David F. McDermott, MD, of Beth Israel Deaconess Medical Center, and Toni K. Choueiri, MD, of the Dana-Farber Cancer Institute, discuss an update on data from phase I and II studies of nivolumab given to patients with metastatic renal cell carcinoma, including long-term overall survival and potential predictors of benefit (Abstract 4507).

Kidney Cancer

FDA Approves Lenvatinib in Combination With Everolimus in Advanced Renal Cell Carcinoma

On May 13, 2016, the U.S. Food and Drug Administration (FDA) approved lenvatinib capsules (Lenvima) in combination with everolimus (Afinitor) for the treatment of advanced renal cell carcinoma following one prior antiangiogenic therapy. Lenvatinib was first approved in 2015 for the treatment of...

Kidney Cancer

Curb Your Enthusiasm: No Benefit of Adjuvant Sorafenib or Sunitinib in Nonmetastatic Renal Cell Carcinoma

Renal cell carcinoma is the most common cancer of the kidneys. Up to 30% of patients present with advanced/metastatic disease, and recurrence can develop in patients at high risk treated by nephrectomy for localized tumors. Renal cell carcinoma is notoriously resistant to chemotherapy and...

Kidney Cancer

No Disease-Free Survival Benefit of Adjuvant Sunitinib or Sorafenib in High-Risk Nonmetastatic Renal Cell Carcinoma

In the phase III ECOG-ACRIN E2805 trial reported in The Lancet by Naomi B. Haas, MD, of Abramson Cancer Center, University of Pennsylvania, and colleagues, no benefit of adjuvant vascular endothelial growth factor receptor (VEGFR) inhibitor treatment with sunitinib or sorafenib (Nexavar) was...

Kidney Cancer

Crizotinib Active in Orphan Kidney Malignancy

Crizotinib (Xalkori) achieved overall and durable responses in advanced inoperable papillary renal cell carcinoma type 1 characterized by somatic MET mutations, according to an investigator-initiated trial conducted by the European Organization for Research and Treatment of Cancer (EORTC).1 “To...

Kidney Cancer

Cabozantinib in Advanced Renal Cell Carcinoma

In the Clinic provides overviews of novel oncology agents, addressing indications, mechanisms, administration recommendations, safety profiles, and other essential information needed for the appropriate clinical use of these drugs. On April 25, 2016, a tablet formulation of cabozantinib...

kidney cancer

FDA Approves Lenvatinib in Combination With Everolimus in Advanced Renal Cell Carcinoma

On May 13, 2016, the U.S. Food and Drug Administration (FDA) approved lenvatinib capsules (Lenvima), in combination with everolimus (Afinitor) for the treatment of advanced renal cell carcinoma following one prior antiangiogenic therapy. Lenvatinib was first approved in 2015 for the treatment...

Kidney Cancer

FDA Approves Cabozantinib in Patients With Renal Cell Carcinoma Who Have Received Prior Antiangiogenic Therapy

On April 25, 2016, the U.S. Food and Drug Administration (FDA) approved cabozantinib ­(Cabometyx) tablets for the treatment of advanced renal cell carcinoma in patients who have received prior antiangiogenic therapy. Cabozantinib is a dual tyrosine kinase inhibitor of MET and VEGFR2. The capsule...

kidney cancer

FDA Approves Cabozantinib in Patients With Renal Cell Carcinoma Who Have Received Prior Antiangiogenic Therapy

On April 25, 2016, the U.S. Food and Drug Administration (FDA) approved cabozantinib (Cabometyx) tablets for the treatment of advanced renal cell carcinoma in patients who have received prior antiangiogenic therapy. Cabozantinib is a dual tyrosine kinase inhibitor of MET and VEGFR2. The...

solid tumors
kidney cancer

Study Finds Apitolisib Less Effective Than Everolimus in Metastatic Renal Cell Carcinoma

As reported in the Journal of Clinical Oncology by Powles et al, the dual PI3K/mTOR inhibitor apitolisib was inferior to the mTOR inhibitor everolimus (Afinitor) in progression-free survival in a phase II trial in patients with metastatic clear cell renal cell carcinoma progressing on or after...

kidney cancer

No Disease-Free Survival Benefit of Adjuvant Sunitinib or Sorafenib in High-Risk Nonmetastatic Renal Cell Carcinoma

In a phase III trial (ECOG-ACRIN E2805) reported in The Lancet by Haas et al, no benefit of adjuvant VEGFR (vascular endothelial growth factor receptor) inhibitor treatment with sunitinib or sorafenib (Nexavar) was observed vs placebo in patients with completely resected high-risk nonmetastatic...

Kidney Cancer

Genomic, Molecular Differences in Tumor Biology May Explain Inferior Survival in African Americans With Kidney Cancer

African Americans who develop metastatic renal cell carcinoma have had worse survival historically than whites. With the advent of targeted therapy, the hope is that the gap in survival would be narrowed. However, a new study has shown that survival for African Americans with metastatic renal cell...

kidney cancer
kidney cancer

Removal of Complex Renal Tumors Performed Safely by Robotic Surgery in Selected Patients

Renal cell carcinoma can sometimes spread to the inferior vena cava, posing a threat to the heart and brain. Robotic nephrectomy for inferior vena cava tumor thrombus has favorable outcomes in selected patients compared with open surgery, which can have a high rate of complications, reported Abaza...

kidney cancer

Two Contenders for Second-Line Treatment of Advanced Renal Cell Carcinoma

Options for second-line therapy of advanced/metastatic renal cell carcinoma are expanding. Updates from the CheckMate 025 and METEOR ­trials presented at the 2016 Genitourinary Cancers Symposium solidify the value of both nivolumab (Opdivo, an immune checkpoint inhibitor) and cabozantinib...

kidney cancer

Eric Jonasch, MD, on Kidney Cancer: Current and Novel Treatment Options

Eric Jonasch, MD, of The University of Texas, MD Anderson Cancer Center, discusses the progress being made in kidney cancer treatment and the clinical trials that focused on sunitinib, sorafenib, and everolimus, among others.

kidney cancer

Cora N. Sternberg, MD, on New Targets in Renal Cell Carcinoma

Cora N. Sternberg, MD, of San Camillo Forlanini Hospital, summarizes a teaching lecture on new targets in renal cell carcinoma, and discusses what to expect for the future of treating RCC.

kidney cancer

Brian I. Rini, MD, on A Cancer Vaccine for Renal Cell Carcinoma

Brian I. Rini, MD, of the Cleveland Clinic Taussig Cancer Institute, discusses the results from a phase III study investigating a multipeptide cancer vaccine in patients receiving sunitinib as first-line therapy for advanced/metastatic renal cell carcinoma (Abstract 17LBA).

kidney cancer

Robert J. Motzer, MD, on Phase III Results of CheckMate 025 Nivolumab vs Everolimus in Advanced RCC

Robert J. Motzer, MD, of Memorial Sloan Kettering Cancer Center, discusses the results of this study, which could well change the treatment paradigm in patients with previously treated metastatic renal cell carcinoma (Abstract 3LBA).

kidney cancer

Toni K. Choueiri, MD, on Cabozantinib vs Everolimus in Patients With Advanced Renal Cell Carcinoma

Toni K. Choueiri, MD, of the Dana-Farber Cancer Institute, discusses results of the phase III METEOR trial in advanced renal cell carcinoma, which evaluated the efficacy of cabozantinib compared to everolimus in patients with disease progression after VEGFR-targeted therapy (Abstract 4LBA).

kidney cancer

Toni Choueiri, MD: Renal Cancer Update

Toni Choueiri, MD, of the Dana-Farber Cancer Institute, summarizes key points from a session he chaired on clear and non-clear cell renal cancer, including information on molecular genetics and its impact on treatment, how to treat patients with non-clear cell histology, and the best strategy for treating clear cell cancer.

kidney cancer

Hans-Joerg Hammers, MD, PhD, on Renal Cancer: Using Immune Checkpoint Blockers in the Clinic

Hans-Joerg Hammers, MD, PhD, of the Sidney Kimmel Comprehensive Cancer Center at Johns Hopkins, summarizes this keynote lecture on kidney cancer, which included discussion of the current role of PD-1 monotherapy and future PD-1 combination therapies for renal cell carcinoma.

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