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kidney cancer

Intermittent Sunitinib Appears Feasible in Previously Untreated Metastatic Renal Cell Carcinoma

In a phase II study reported in the Journal of Clinical Oncology, Ornstein et al found that an intermittent schedule of sunitinib (Sutent) may be feasible in patients with previously untreated metastatic renal cell carcinoma. Study Details In the study, 37 patients with clear cell metastatic...

kidney cancer

ASCO Clinical Practice Guideline on Management of Small Renal Masses

As reported in the Journal of Clinical Oncology by Antonio Finelli, MD, of Princess Margaret Cancer Centre, Toronto, and colleagues, ASCO has released a clinical practice guideline on management of small renal masses. The guideline was derived from an expert panel literature search for and...

Kidney Cancer

A Decade of Impact: Conquer Cancer Foundation/Kidney Cancer Association Young Investigator Awards

   The Kidney Cancer Association has supported 12 kidney cancer research projects through the Conquer Cancer Foundation of ASCO Young Investigator Award (YIA) program over the past decade. Early seed funding from the Kidney Cancer Association is advancing research, improving the lives of ...

Kidney Cancer

Clinical Trials Actively Recruiting Patients With Renal Cell Carcinoma

The information contained in this Clinical Trials Resource Guide includes actively recruiting clinical studies focused on immunotherapy as treatment for renal cell carcinoma. These studies are researching combination chemotherapies; immunotherapies; radiosurgery techniques; stereotactic body...

Kidney Cancer

Study Finds Cabozantinib of Clinical Benefit vs Sunitinib in Advanced Renal Cell Carcinoma

A randomized phase II clinical trial evaluating cabozantinib (Cabometyx) compared with standard-of-care sunitinib (Sutent) as first-line therapy for patients with advanced renal cell carcinoma has found that cabozantinib reduced the rate of disease progression or death by 34% compared with...

Kidney Cancer

Adjuvant Sunitinib for Renal Cell Carcinoma: Not Ready for Prime Time

In renal cell carcinoma and other cancer types, a consistent paradigm in drug development exists: Observe efficacy of a drug in the metastatic setting and move quickly to explore the agent in the adjuvant setting. In the cytokine era, there were multiple efforts to characterize whether adjuvant...

Kidney Cancer

Adjuvant Sunitinib Improves Disease-Free Survival in High-Risk Renal Cell Carcinoma After Nephrectomy

In the phase III S-TRAC trial reported at the recent European Society for Medical Oncology meeting and in The New England Journal of Medicine by Alain Ravaud, MD, PhD, of Bordeaux University Hospital, and colleagues, adjuvant sunitinib (Sutent) significantly prolonged disease-free survival vs...

Kidney Cancer

Vaccine Therapy in Metastatic Renal Cell Carcinoma: Past, Present, and Future

As reviewed in this issue of The ASCO Post, Brian Rini, MD, and colleagues recently reported results from the phase III IMPRINT trial,1 which randomized HLA-A*02–positive patients with treatment-naive metastatic clear cell variant renal cell carcinoma, in favorable- and intermediate- risk...

Kidney Cancer

Phase III Trial Shows No Survival Benefit of Adding First-Line IMA901 Vaccine to Sunitinib in Advanced Renal Cell Carcinoma

In the phase III IMPRINT trial reported in The Lancet Oncology, Brian I. Rini, MD, of the Cleveland Clinic Taussig Cancer Institute, and colleagues found no overall survival benefit of adding the multipeptide cancer vaccine IMA901 to sunitinib (Sutent) in the first-line treatment of locally...

kidney cancer

SITC Publishes First Kidney Cancer Treatment Guideline to Focus on Immunotherapy

The first evidence-based consensus statement on cancer immunotherapy for the treatment of patients with the most common type of kidney cancer, renal cell carcinoma, has been published by the Society for Immunotherapy of Cancer (SITC) in the Journal for ImmunoTherapy of Cancer by Rini et al. The...

kidney cancer

Study Finds Cabozantinib of Clinical Benefit vs Sunitinib in Advanced Kidney Cancer

A randomized phase II clinical trial evaluating cabozantinib (Cabometyx) compared with standard-of-care sunitinib (Sutent) as first-line therapy for patients with advanced kidney cancer has found the experimental drug reduced the rate of disease progression or death by 34% compared with sunitinib....

Kidney Cancer

Phase III Study of Sunitinib Is First to Show Benefit in Adjuvant Setting for Treatment of Renal Cell Carcinoma

Sunitinib (Sutent) improved disease-free survival by more than 1 year when used as adjuvant treatment for high-risk locoregional renal cell carcinoma following nephrectomy, but with the cost of toxicity. S-TRAC is the first phase III trial showing a benefit for adjuvant therapy in renal cell...

Kidney Cancer

Cabozantinib Improves Progression-Free Survival and Response Rates vs Sunitinib in First-Line Treatment of Metastatic Kidney Cancer

Cabozantinib (Cabometyx) improved progression-free survival and response rates in patients with untreated metastatic renal cell carcinoma compared with the standard of care, sunitinib (Sutent), according to the results of a phase II multicenter randomized trial called CABOSUN reported at the 2016...

kidney cancer

Study Finds Adjuvant Sunitinib Improves Disease-Free Survival in High-Risk Renal Cell Carcinoma After Nephrectomy

In the phase III S-TRAC trial reported at the 2016 European Society for Medical Oncology Congress and in The New England Journal of Medicine by Ravaud et al, adjuvant sunitinib (Sutent) significantly prolonged disease-free survival vs placebo in patients with high-risk renal cell carcinoma after...

Lung Cancer
Skin Cancer
Kidney Cancer

Modification of Dosage Regimen for Nivolumab in Renal Cell Carcinoma, Melanoma, and NSCLC

In the Clinic provides overviews of novel oncology agents, addressing indications, mechanisms, administration recommendations, safety profiles, and other essential information needed for the appropriate clinical use of these drugs. On September 13, 2016, the U.S. Food and Drug Administration...

kidney cancer

Is Nivolumab Active in Recurrent Advanced Urothelial Carcinoma?

In the phase I/II CheckMate 032 trial reported in The Lancet Oncology, Sharma et al found that nivolumab (Opdivo) was active in locally advanced or metastatic urothelial carcinoma progressing after platinum-based therapy. In the study, 78 patients with urothelial carcinoma of the renal pelvis,...

kidney cancer

ESMO 2016: Cabozantinib Improves Progression-Free Survival in Metastatic Renal Cell Carcinoma

Cabozantinib (Cabometyx, Cometriq) significantly improves progression-free survival and response rate in patients with metastatic renal cell carcinoma compared to sunitinib (Sutent), according to research presented by Choueiri et al at the 2016 European Society for Medical Oncology (ESMO)...

kidney cancer

Does Adding IMA901 Vaccine to Sunitinib Improve Survival in Advanced Renal Cell Carcinoma?

In the phase III IMPRINT trial reported in The Lancet Oncology, Rini et al found no overall survival benefit of adding the multipeptide cancer vaccine IMA901 to sunitinib (Sutent) in the first-line treatment of locally advanced or metastatic renal cell carcinoma. IMA901 contains 10 tumor-associated ...

kidney cancer

ESMO 2016: Longer Disease-Free Survival in Phase III Trial of Sunitinib as Adjuvant Treatment for Kidney Cancer

A phase III trial of sunitinib (Sutent) has met its primary endpoint of disease-free survival for adjuvant treatment of high-risk renal cell carcinoma after nephrectomy, reported Ravaud et al at the European Society for Medical Oncology (ESMO) 2016 Congress in Copenhagen (Abstract LBA11_PR)....

kidney cancer

Alain Ravaud, MD, PhD, on RCC: Results of the S-TRAC Trial (French Language Version)

Alain Ravaud, MD, PhD, of Bordeaux University Hospital, discusses in French phase III findings on sunitinib vs placebo as adjuvant treatment for high-risk renal cell carcinoma after nephrectomy. (Abstract LBA11)

kidney cancer

Alain Ravaud, MD, PhD, on RCC: Results of the S-TRAC Trial

Alain Ravaud, MD, PhD, of Bordeaux University Hospital, discusses phase III findings on sunitinib vs placebo as adjuvant treatment for high-risk renal cell carcinoma after nephrectomy. (Abstract LBA11)

kidney cancer

Toni K. Choueiri, MD, on Metastatic RCC: Results From the ALLIANCE A031203 Trial

Toni K. Choueiri, MD, of the Dana-Farber Cancer Institute, discusses study findings on cabozantinib vs sunitinib as initial targeted therapy for patients with metastatic renal cell carcinoma of poor and intermediate risk. (Abstract LBA30) Follow him on Twitter: @DrChoueiri

Kidney Cancer

Extended Active Surveillance Prior to Systemic Therapy May Be Safe in Some Patients With Metastatic Renal Cell Carcinoma

In a phase II trial reported in The Lancet Oncology, Brian I. Rini, MD, of the Cleveland Clinic Taussig Cancer Institute, and colleagues found that some patients with metastatic renal cell carcinoma can safely undergo active surveillance for an extended duration prior to initiation of systemic...

kidney cancer
lung cancer
skin cancer

Combining AM0010 and Pembrolizumab Produced Antitumor Activity in Patients With Advanced Solid Tumors

A multibasket phase Ib study evaluating the clinical activity, tolerability, and antitumor activity of the cytokine-based immunotherapy AM0010 alone or in combination with the immune checkpoint inhibitor pembrolizumab (Keytruda) has found that in monotherapy, objective responses to AM0010 were ...

Kidney Cancer
Breast Cancer

I’ve Survived Cancer for Over 71 Years

Even though I was just 3 years old when my symptoms first appeared, the memory is still fresh in my mind to this day, 71 years later. I had just come home from a friend’s birthday party and was sitting on the front patio steps immobilized by severe stomach pain. My parents said I was feeling ill...

kidney cancer

Everolimus Plus Bevacizumab Shows Activity in Advanced Non–Clear Cell Renal Cell Carcinoma

The combination of everolimus (Afinitor, Zortress) and bevacizumab (Avastin) was associated with clinical benefit in advanced non–clear cell renal cell carcinoma with a major papillary component, according to a single-center phase II trial reported by Voss et al in the Journal of Clinical...

kidney cancer
lung cancer
skin cancer

FDA Modifies Dosage Regimen for Nivolumab

On September 13, 2016, the U.S. Food and Drug Administration (FDA) modified the dosage regimen for nivolumab (Opdivo) for the currently approved indications for renal cell carcinoma, metastatic melanoma, and non–small cell lung cancer (NSCLC). The currently approved recommended dosage...

Bladder Cancer
Kidney Cancer
Prostate Cancer

Multitude of Mentors Help Shape an Illustrious Career in Oncology

Sumanta K. Pal, MD, has had a longer career in oncology than many other colleagues his age. Perhaps the reason for that may center on his starting college at the age 13 and medical school at the age of 17. Today this internationally recognized leader in genitourinary cancers is Assistant Professor ...

kidney cancer

Is Obesity a Prognostic Factor for Improved Survival in Metastatic Renal Cell Carcinoma?

In a study investigating the clinical and biologic effects of body mass index on treatment outcomes in patients with metastatic renal cell carcinoma, Albiges et al found that obese patients treated with targeted therapy had improved survival and progression-free survival compared with patients with ...

kidney cancer

Accumulation of Metabolite Fumarate May Be Linked to Hereditary Leiomyomatosis and Renal Cell Cancer

Researchers funded by the Medical Research Council (MRC) have shown that when the metabolite fumarate accumulates in a hereditary form of renal cancer, it leads to an epigenetic reprogramming that drives cancer, according to a study published by Sciacovelli et al in Nature. The tumor growth...

kidney cancer
lung cancer
skin cancer

Incidence of PD-1 Inhibitor–Related Pneumonitis in Advanced NSCLC, Renal Cell Carcinoma, and Melanoma

In a systematic review and meta-analysis reported in JAMA Oncology, Nishino et al identified the rates of PD-1 (programmed cell death protein 1) inhibitor–related pneumonitis in patients with advanced non–small cell lung cancer (NSCLC), renal cell carcinoma, and melanoma. Rates were...

kidney cancer

Extended Active Surveillance Prior to Systemic Therapy May Be Safe in Some Patients With Metastatic Renal Cell Carcinoma

In a phase II trial reported in The Lancet Oncology, Rini et al found that some patients with metastatic renal cell carcinoma can safely undergo active surveillance for an extended duration prior to initiation of systemic therapy. Indolent growth of metastases is known to occur in some patients...

Kidney Cancer

Quality of Life With Nivolumab vs Everolimus in Advanced Renal Cell Carcinoma

Patients with previously treated advanced renal cell carcinoma receiving nivolumab (Opdivo) in the phase III CheckMate 025 trial had improved health-related quality of life compared with those receiving everolimus (Afinitor), as reported by David Cella, PhD, of Northwestern University, Chicago, et...

Kidney Cancer

Final Results of METEOR Trial: Cabozantinib vs Everolimus in Advanced Renal Cell Carcinoma

As reported by Toni K. Choueiri, MD, of Dana-Farber Cancer Institute, et al in The Lancet Oncology, the final results of the phase III METEOR trial indicate significantly improved overall survival with cabozantinib (Cabometyx) vs everolimus (Afinitor) in patients with advanced renal cell carcinoma...

kidney cancer

Metabolic Gene-Expression Profile May Identify Kidney Cancer Patients Unlikely to Benefit From Nivolumab

Renal cell carcinomas (RCC) positive for the protein programmed death ligand 1 (PD-L1) from patients who did not respond to treatment with the anti–PD-1 therapeutic nivolumab (Opdivo) had significantly higher expression of genes associated with metabolism, compared with PD-L1–positive...

kidney cancer

European Study Finds Chromosome 1q Gain Linked to Poorer Outcome in Wilms Tumor Treated With Preoperative Chemotherapy

In a study reported in the Journal of Clinical Oncology, Chagtai et al of the International Society of Paediatric Oncology (SIOP) Renal Tumours Study Group found that chromosome 1q gain was associated with poorer event-free survival in patients with Wilms tumor treated with preoperative...

kidney cancer

Poorer Outcome in Favorable-Histology Wilms Tumor Associated With Chromosome 1q Gain Reported in U.S. Study

The Children’s Oncology Group found that chromosome 1q gain is associated with poorer event-free and overall survival in patients with favorable-histology Wilms tumor. Gratias et al reported these findings in the Journal of Clinical Oncology. Study Details The study involved analysis of...

kidney cancer

When Combined With Targeted Therapy, Cytoreductive Nephrectomy May Improve Survival in Metastatic RCC

In a National Cancer Data Base study reported in the Journal of Clinical Oncology, Hanna et al found that cytoreductive nephrectomy may improve survival in patients receiving targeted therapy for metastatic renal cell carcinoma. Study Details The study involved data from 15,390 patients treated...

kidney cancer

Final Results of METEOR Trial Show Cabozantinib Improves Overall Survival vs Everolimus in Advanced RCC

As reported by Choueiri et al in The Lancet Oncology, the final results of the phase III METEOR trial indicate significantly improved overall survival with cabozantinib (Cabometyx) vs everolimus (Afinitor) in patients with advanced renal cell carcinoma (RCC) that had progressed after previous...

solid tumors
kidney cancer

Improved Quality of Life Reported With Nivolumab vs Everolimus in Advanced Renal Cell Carcinoma

Patients with previously treated advanced renal cell carcinoma receiving nivolumab (Opdivo) in the phase III CheckMate 025 trial had improved health-related quality of life compared with those receiving everolimus (Afinitor), as reported by Cella et al in The Lancet Oncology. Study Details In the ...

kidney cancer

ASCO 2016: Nivolumab Extends Survival for Patients With Advanced Renal Cell Carcinoma Treated Beyond Disease Progression

In a large randomized study, the immunotherapy drug nivolumab (Opdivo), an anti­­–PD-1 (programmed cell death protein 1) monoclonal antibody, was shown to be a safe and effective therapy for kidney cancer even in patients who continued treatment after their disease progressed. Results ...

Kidney Cancer

Lenvatinib in Combination With Everolimus in Advanced Renal Cell Carcinoma

In the Clinic provides overviews of novel oncology agents, addressing indications, mechanisms, administration recommendations, safety profiles, and other essential information needed for the appropriate clinical use of these drugs. On May 13, 2016, lenvatinib (Lenvima) was approved for use in...

kidney cancer

David F. McDermott, MD, and Toni K. Choueiri, MD, on Advanced RCC: Nivolumab in Previously Treated Patients

David F. McDermott, MD, of Beth Israel Deaconess Medical Center, and Toni K. Choueiri, MD, of the Dana-Farber Cancer Institute, discuss an update on data from phase I and II studies of nivolumab given to patients with metastatic renal cell carcinoma, including long-term overall survival and potential predictors of benefit (Abstract 4507).

Kidney Cancer

FDA Approves Lenvatinib in Combination With Everolimus in Advanced Renal Cell Carcinoma

On May 13, 2016, the U.S. Food and Drug Administration (FDA) approved lenvatinib capsules (Lenvima) in combination with everolimus (Afinitor) for the treatment of advanced renal cell carcinoma following one prior antiangiogenic therapy. Lenvatinib was first approved in 2015 for the treatment of...

Kidney Cancer

Curb Your Enthusiasm: No Benefit of Adjuvant Sorafenib or Sunitinib in Nonmetastatic Renal Cell Carcinoma

Renal cell carcinoma is the most common cancer of the kidneys. Up to 30% of patients present with advanced/metastatic disease, and recurrence can develop in patients at high risk treated by nephrectomy for localized tumors. Renal cell carcinoma is notoriously resistant to chemotherapy and...

Kidney Cancer

No Disease-Free Survival Benefit of Adjuvant Sunitinib or Sorafenib in High-Risk Nonmetastatic Renal Cell Carcinoma

In the phase III ECOG-ACRIN E2805 trial reported in The Lancet by Naomi B. Haas, MD, of Abramson Cancer Center, University of Pennsylvania, and colleagues, no benefit of adjuvant vascular endothelial growth factor receptor (VEGFR) inhibitor treatment with sunitinib or sorafenib (Nexavar) was...

Kidney Cancer

Crizotinib Active in Orphan Kidney Malignancy

Crizotinib (Xalkori) achieved overall and durable responses in advanced inoperable papillary renal cell carcinoma type 1 characterized by somatic MET mutations, according to an investigator-initiated trial conducted by the European Organization for Research and Treatment of Cancer (EORTC).1 “To...

Kidney Cancer

Cabozantinib in Advanced Renal Cell Carcinoma

In the Clinic provides overviews of novel oncology agents, addressing indications, mechanisms, administration recommendations, safety profiles, and other essential information needed for the appropriate clinical use of these drugs. On April 25, 2016, a tablet formulation of cabozantinib...

kidney cancer

FDA Approves Lenvatinib in Combination With Everolimus in Advanced Renal Cell Carcinoma

On May 13, 2016, the U.S. Food and Drug Administration (FDA) approved lenvatinib capsules (Lenvima), in combination with everolimus (Afinitor) for the treatment of advanced renal cell carcinoma following one prior antiangiogenic therapy. Lenvatinib was first approved in 2015 for the treatment...

Kidney Cancer

FDA Approves Cabozantinib in Patients With Renal Cell Carcinoma Who Have Received Prior Antiangiogenic Therapy

On April 25, 2016, the U.S. Food and Drug Administration (FDA) approved cabozantinib ­(Cabometyx) tablets for the treatment of advanced renal cell carcinoma in patients who have received prior antiangiogenic therapy. Cabozantinib is a dual tyrosine kinase inhibitor of MET and VEGFR2. The capsule...

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