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kidney cancer
kidney cancer

Second-Line Lenvatinib Plus Everolimus Improves Progression-Free Survival vs Everolimus in Metastatic Renal Cell Carcinoma in Phase II Trial

In a phase II trial reported in The Lancet Oncology, Motzer et al found that the combination of the multi–tyrosine kinase inhibitor lenvatinib (Lenvima) plus the mTOR inhibitor everolimus (Afinitor) significantly improved progression-free survival vs everolimus alone in patients with...

kidney cancer
kidney cancer

Risk-Based Approach to Guide Surveillance After Resection for Renal Cell Carcinoma

As reported in the Journal of Clinical Oncology, Stewart-Merrill et al at Mayo Clinic, Rochester, have developed an approach to determining surveillance duration that attempts to balance risk of recurrence vs risk of non–renal cell carcinoma death after resection for renal cell carcinoma....

kidney cancer

ECC 2015: Nivolumab Improves Overall Survival in Patients With Advanced Kidney Cancer

The targeted drug nivolumab (Opdivo) significantly prolonged survival in patients with advanced kidney cancer whose disease had progressed after their first treatment, according to the results (Abstract 3LBA) presented at the 2015 European Cancer Congress (ECC) in Vienna, Austria, and published...

kidney cancer

ECC 2015: Cabozantinib Improves Survival in Patients With Advanced Kidney Cancer

Patients with advanced kidney cancer lived for nearly twice as long without their disease progressing if they were treated with cabozantinib (Cometriq), a drug that inhibits the action of tyrosine kinases. Toni Choueiri, MD, presented the research (Abstract 4LBA) at the Presidential Session of the...

kidney cancer
kidney cancer

Patient Characteristics in Trials of Targeted Therapies for Metastatic Renal Cell Carcinoma Differ From Those in Real-World Population

Patients with metastatic renal cell carcinoma treated with tyrosine kinase inhibitors in real-world clinical practice tend to be older and sicker than the patients enrolled in pivotal clinical trials of tyrosine kinase inhibitors. Conversely, patients with metastatic renal cell carcinoma treated...

kidney cancer
kidney cancer

Trebananib Plus Sunitinib Active in Metastatic Clear Cell Renal Cell Cancer

In a phase II study reported in the Journal of Clinical Oncology, Atkins et al found that combined treatment with the recombinant peptide-Fc fusion protein trebananib and the vascular endothelial growth factor (VEGF) inhibitor sunitinib (Sutent) was active in metastatic renal cell cancer and...

kidney cancer
kidney cancer

Omitting Doxorubicin From Postoperative Chemotherapy Has No Significant Survival Effect in Intermediate-Risk Wilms Tumor

In a phase III noninferiority trial (SIOP WT 2001) reported in The Lancet, Pritchard-Jones et al in the SIOP (International Society of Paediatric Oncology) Renal Tumours Study Group found that omission of doxorubicin from postoperative chemotherapy for stage II to III histologic intermediate-risk...

kidney cancer

FDA Grants Breakthrough Therapy Designation to Lenvatinib for Metastatic Renal Cell Carcinoma

The U.S. Food and Drug Administration (FDA) granted lenvatinib (Lenvima) Breakthrough Therapy designation for investigational use in patients with advanced or metastatic renal cell carcinoma who were previously treated with a vascular endothelial growth factor (VEGF)-targeted therapy. Lenvatinib...

kidney cancer
kidney cancer

Phase II Trial Indicates No Benefit of Sorafenib, Temsirolimus, or Bevacizumab Doublets vs Bevacizumab Alone in Advanced Renal Cell Carcinoma

In a randomized phase II trial (BEST; ECOG-ACRIN E2804) reported in the Journal of Clinical Oncology, Flaherty et al found that adding the VEGFR inhibitor sorafenib (Nexavar) or the mTOR inhibitor temsirolimus (Torisel) to the VEGF inhibitor bevacizumab (Avastin) or using sorafenib-temsirolimus in...

kidney cancer

Increased Use of Nephron-Sparing Surgery in Older Patients With Small Kidney Cancers

In a study reported in JAMA Surgery, Huang et al found that use of nephron-sparing surgery has more than doubled since 2001 among older patients with small kidney cancers. Use of nonsurgical approaches has remained stable. Study Details The study involved Surveillance, Epidemiology, and End...

kidney cancer
issues in oncology
issues in oncology

16-Gene Assay Recurrence Score Predicts Recurrence After Surgery for Localized Renal Cell Carcinoma

In a study reported in The Lancet Oncology, Rini et al developed a 16-gene assay and recurrence score that predicted postsurgery outcome in patients with stage I to III clear cell renal cell carcinoma. Development Phase In the development phase, examination of the association between expression...

kidney cancer

ASCO 2015: Study Clarifies Best Treatments for Non–Clear Cell Kidney Cancers

A head-to-head comparison of two biologic therapies used to treat a subset of patients with advanced kidney cancers provides much-needed clarity on the preferred method of first-line treatment. The phase II ASPEN trial, led by researchers at the Duke Cancer Institute, is the first and largest trial ...

kidney cancer
issues in oncology

ASCO 2015: Augmenting Standard Therapies Increases Cure Rates for High-Risk Wilms Tumor

Two phase III Children’s Oncology Group studies found that augmenting therapy with additional drugs improved outcomes for children with a high-risk form of Wilms tumor. These patients have a specific chromosomal abnormality associated with a poorer prognosis. In prior research, such patients...

hepatobiliary cancer
lymphoma
prostate cancer
kidney cancer

Cancer Rates Significantly Increased Among Patients With Hepatitis C

Results presented on April 24 at The International Liver Congress 2015 (Abstract O058) in Vienna, Austria, show that cancer rates in patients with the hepatitis C virus (HCV) were significantly increased compared to the non-HCV cohort. The researchers suggest an extrahepatic manifestation of HCV...

kidney cancer
kidney cancer

Durable Responses With Nivolumab in Previously Treated Advanced Renal Cell Carcinoma

In a phase I cohort-expansion study reported in the Journal of Clinical Oncology, McDermott et al found that nivolumab (Opdivo) produced durable responses in patients with previously treated advanced renal cell carcinoma. Responses continued after nivolumab discontinuation in some patients. Study...

kidney cancer
issues in oncology

Study Finds Lycopene May Be Associated With Lower Risk for Kidney Cancer in Postmenopausal Women

A higher intake by postmenopausal women of lycopene, an antioxidant found in foods like tomatoes, watermelon, and papaya, may lower the risk of renal cell carcinoma, a type of kidney cancer. A study describing these findings was published by Ho et al in Cancer. In 2014, 63,920 estimated new cases...

kidney cancer
kidney cancer

Adjuvant Sorafenib and Sunitinib Do Not Improve Outcomes in Locally Advanced Kidney Cancer

Findings from a federally funded study suggest that patients with locally advanced kidney cancer should not be treated with either adjuvant sorafenib (Nexavar) or sunitinib (Sutent). The average period to disease recurrence was similar between those who received sorafenib or sunitinib after surgery ...

kidney cancer
kidney cancer

Nivolumab Shows Activity in Previously Treated Metastatic Renal Cell Carcinoma

In a randomized phase II trial reported in the Journal of Clinical Oncology, Motzer et al found that the PD-1 immune checkpoint inhibitor antibody nivolumab was associated with antitumor activity and manageable toxicity at three dose levels in patients with metastatic renal cell carcinoma who had...

kidney cancer
kidney cancer

Surveillance Guidelines Miss 30% of Renal Cell Carcinoma Recurrences After Nephrectomy

In a study reported in the Journal of Clinical Oncology, Stewart et al found that 30% or more of renal cell carcinoma recurrences were missed using National Comprehensive Cancer Network (NCCN) and American Urological Association (AUA) guidelines for surveillance after surgery for renal cell...

kidney cancer

High-Dose Interleukin-2 Effective in Metastatic Renal Cell Cancer Pretreated With VEGF-Targeted Therapies

High-dose interleukin-2 can be effective in selected metastatic renal cell cancer patients pretreated with VEGF-targeted agents, according to research presented recently at the ESMO Symposium on Immuno-Oncology in Geneva (Abstract 4O). “Despite the wide and increasing range of therapies...

kidney cancer
kidney cancer

Patients With Advanced Papillary Kidney Cancer Respond Well to Bevacizumab/Erlotinib Combination Therapy

Researchers have found that patients with an advanced form of kidney cancer, for which there is no standard treatment and a very poor prognosis, respond well to a combination of two existing anticancer drugs. The combination of bevacizumab (Avastin) and erlotinib (Tarceva) produced excellent...

kidney cancer

New Research Shows Association of Kidney Cancer With Use of Aristolochic Acid

New research by the international Cancer Genomics of the Kidney consortium (CAGEKID) reveals an important connection between kidney cancer and exposure to aristolochic acid, an ingredient in some herbal remedies. The findings, published by Scelo et al in Nature Communications, have important...

gynecologic cancer
colorectal cancer
head and neck cancer
kidney cancer
lung cancer
issues in oncology
bladder cancer
issues in oncology

14 Million Major Medical Conditions Attributable to Cigarette Smoking

At least 14 million major medical conditions among U.S. adults aged 35 years and older were attributed to cigarette smoking by a study estimating the disease burden of cigarette smoking, which, according to the study’s authors, “remains immense.” Among current and former smokers,...

kidney cancer
kidney cancer

Partial Nephrectomy and Percutaneous Ablation for cT1 Renal Masses Produce Similar Rates of Local Tumor Recurrence

Recurrence-free survival rates were similar for patients with cT1 renal masses who underwent partial nephrectomy or percutaneous cryoablation, according to the results of a retrospective trial reported by Thompson et al in European Urology. However, metastases-free survival was superior for...

kidney cancer
issues in oncology

Genomic Sequencing Reveals Unique Genetic Alterations in Chromophobe Renal Cell Carcinoma

An international scientific collaboration led by Baylor College of Medicine as part of The Cancer Genome Atlas initiative has revealed clues about genetic alterations that may contribute to a rare form of kidney cancer. The study, which describes the landscape of somatic genomic alterations of...

kidney cancer
kidney cancer

Phase II Trial Supports Use of First-Line Sunitinib vs Everolimus in Sequential Therapy in Metastatic Renal Cell Carcinoma

As reported by Motzer et al in the Journal of Clinical Oncology, the randomized phase II RECORD-3 trial showed that first-line use of everolimus did not achieve noninferiority in progression-free survival vs sunitinib (Sutent) in patients with metastatic renal cell carcinoma receiving sequential...

kidney cancer
kidney cancer

Metabolic Enzyme Stops Growth of Most Common Type of Kidney Cancer

In an analysis of metabolites in human kidney tissue, a research team from the Perelman School of Medicine at the University of Pennsylvania identified an enzyme key to applying the brakes on tumor growth. The new study, published in Nature by Simon et al, demonstrated that an enzyme called FBP1,...

kidney cancer
kidney cancer

Study Confirms Clinical Benefit for Interleukin-2 Immunotherapy in Patients With Advanced Kidney Cancer

A retrospective study published online ahead of print in Urology by researchers at Roswell Park Cancer Institute found that patients with metastatic kidney cancer—even those with chronic renal insufficiency—can tolerate and benefit from high-dose interleukin-2 (HDIL-2) immunotherapy....

kidney cancer
kidney cancer

Final Overall Survival Results Show No Difference for Pazopanib vs Sunitinib in First-Line Treatment of Clear Cell Metastatic Renal Cell Carcinoma

A phase III trial reported in 2013 showed noninferiority of pazopanib (Votrient) vs sunitinib (Sutent) for progression-free survival in first-line treatment of clear cell metastatic renal cell carcinoma. In a letter to the editor in The New England Journal of Medicine, Motzer et al provided the...

kidney cancer
kidney cancer

Crossover Trial Indicates Preference for Pazopanib Over Sunitinib in Patients With Metastatic Renal Cell Carcinoma

A crossover trial reported in the Journal of Clinical Oncology by Escudier et al found that patients with metastatic renal cell carcinoma preferred pazopanib (Votrient) vs sunitinib (Sutent) treatment. Study Details In the double-blind study, 168 patients with no prior systemic therapy for...

skin cancer
kidney cancer

Antibody Could Be Used to Target Tumor-Enhancing Protein, Study Shows

In a phase I study published in PLOS ONE, treating patients with advanced melanoma and kidney cancer with an antibody that targets a tumor-enhancing protein was found to have an acceptable safety profile and showed preliminary evidence of antitumor activity. The findings by Morris et al shed light...

kidney cancer
kidney cancer

No Progression-Free Survival Difference for Dovitinib vs Sorafenib in Third-Line Targeted Treatment of Metastatic Renal Cell Carcinoma

Fibroblast growth factor (FGF) pathway activation may be a mechanism of escape from vascular endothelial growth factor (VEGF)-targeted therapies. In a phase III trial reported in The Lancet Oncology, Motzer et al compared the VEGF and FGF receptor tyrosine kinase inhibitor dovitinib vs sorafenib...

kidney cancer
supportive care

Expressive Writing Improves Symptoms and Physical Function in Patients With Renal Cell Carcinoma

In a trial reported in the Journal of Clinical Oncology, Milbury et al compared cancer symptoms, physical and mental function, depressive symptoms, fatigue, and sleep outcomes after sessions of expressive writing about cancer vs writing about neutral topics in patients with renal cell carcinoma....

kidney cancer

Cytoreductive Nephrectomy Improves Survival in Metastatic Renal Cell Carcinoma Patients With Longer Life Expectancy

Prior to the advent of targeted therapy, cytoreductive nephrectomy was associated with a 6-month improvement in overall survival in metastatic renal cell carcinoma. With the development of new and better targeted therapies for metastatic renal cell carcinoma, the appropriate use of cytoreductive...

kidney cancer
kidney cancer

Angiotensin System Inhibitors Improve Survival in Hypertensive Patients With Metastatic Renal Cell Carcinoma

According to a retrospective study, the use of angiotensin system inhibitors, such as lisinopril, captopril, and losartan, improved the survival of patients with metastatic renal cell carcinoma by 9 months, compared with patients who were not receiving these types of agents. Survival was even...

kidney cancer
kidney cancer
issues in oncology

Renal Cell Carcinoma Onset at ≤ 46 Years Could Serve as Marker for Genetic Testing

Approximately 5% to 8% of renal cell carcinoma cases are hereditary, and there are no guidelines for patient selection for germline mutation testing in this disease. In a study reported in the Journal of Clinical Oncology, Shuch et al from the National Cancer Institute assessed whether age at onset ...

kidney cancer
kidney cancer

No Difference in PFS for Temsirolimus vs Sorafenib as Second-Line Therapy After Sunitinib in Metastatic RCC

In the phase III INTORSECT trial reported in the Journal of Clinical Oncology, Hutson et al compared temsirolimus (Torisel) vs sorafenib (Nexavar) as second-line treatment in patients with metastatic renal cell carcinoma after progression on sunitinib (Sutent). There was no significant difference...

kidney cancer
kidney cancer

No Difference Between Temsirolimus/Bevacizumab vs Interferon Alfa/Bevacizumab in First-Line Therapy for Metastatic Renal Cell Carcinoma

In the phase III INTORACT trial reported in the Journal of Clinical Oncology, Rini et al compared temsirolimus (Torisel)/bevacizumab (Avastin) vs interferon alfa/bevacizumab in first-line treatment of metastatic renal cell carcinoma. There were no significant differences between the two regimens in ...

kidney cancer
kidney cancer

No Progression-Free Survival Difference With First-Line Axitinib vs Sorafenib in Metastatic Renal Cell Carcinoma

In a phase III trial reported in The Lancet Oncology, Thomas E. Hutson, DO, PharmD, of Baylor Sammons Cancer Center and colleagues compared the second-generation VEGFR inhibitor axitinib (Inlyta) with sorafenib (Nexavar) as first-line treatment of metastatic renal cell carcinoma. There was no...

kidney cancer

Phase II Study Supports Axitinib Dose Titration in Select Treatment-Naive Metastatic Renal Cell Carcinoma Patients

Axitinib plasma exposure may correlate with efficacy in metastatic renal cell carcinoma, according to population pharmacokinetic data. In a phase II study reported in The Lancet Oncology, Brian I. Rini, MD, of the Cleveland Clinic, and colleagues evaluated the effects of axitinib dose titration in...

gynecologic cancer
kidney cancer

New Nanopharmaceutical May Be Able to Overcome Resistance to Antiangiogenic Treatment

The nanopharmaceutical CRLX101, a novel inhibitor of topoisomerase-1 and hypoxia-inducible factor (HIF)-1 alpha, may be capable of overcoming resistance of tumors to antiangiogenic agents, according to preclinical and early clinical studies that have evaluated CRLX101 in combination with...

kidney cancer

Tivozanib Improves Progression-Free Survival but Not Overall Survival vs Sorafenib in Metastatic Renal Cell Carcinoma

Tivozanib is a selective tyrosine kinase inhibitor of vascular endothelial growth factor receptor 1 (VEGFR1), -2, and -3. In a phase III trial reported in Journal of Clinical Oncology by Robert J. Motzer, MD, of Memorial Sloan-Kettering Cancer Center (MSKCC) and colleagues, tivozanib was found to...

solid tumors
kidney cancer

Progression of Renal Cell Carcinoma Linked to Shifts in Tumor Metabolism

Investigators in The Cancer Genome Atlas (TCGA) Research Network have uncovered a connection between how tumor cells use energy from metabolic processes and the aggressiveness of the most common form of kidney cancer, clear cell renal cell carcinoma. Their findings demonstrate that normal...

kidney cancer

Study Finds Partial Kidney Removal Leads to Greater Survival and Cost Savings for Patients with Kidney Tumors

For patients with kidney tumors, a new study shows the health and economic advantages to removing just the tumor as opposed to the entire kidney. Robotic surgery, including the daVinci Surgical System and Firefly fluorescence imaging that lights up kidney tumors, are among the latest techniques to...

issues in oncology
kidney cancer
kidney cancer
issues in oncology

Trio of Biomarkers May Help Identify Kidney Cancer in Early Stages

A new immunoassay that tests for the presence of three biomarkers appears to be a valid screening method for the early detection of malignant kidney cancer, according to data published in Cancer Epidemiology, Biomarkers & Prevention, a journal of the American Association for Cancer Research....

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