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kidney cancer

Cancer Has Given Me a Greater Appreciation for Life

I’ve been blessed with good health for most of my life, and I was careful to keep it that way. I don’t smoke, I eat a healthy diet, and I maintain a healthy weight. I also was fortunate to be born with pretty good genes and have no family history of cancer. In fact, except for an occasional...

Kidney Cancer

Tivozanib Improves Progression-Free but Not Overall Survival vs Sorafenib in Metastatic Renal Cell Carcinoma

The investigational agent tivozanib is a selective tyrosine kinase inhibitor of vascular endothelial growth factor receptor (VEGFR)-1, -2, and -3. In a phase III trial reported in the Journal of Clinical Oncology by Robert J. Motzer, MD, of Memorial Sloan-Kettering Cancer Center (MSKCC), and...

kidney cancer

Sequencing Sorafenib and Sunitinib in Either Order Does Not Affect Survival in Metastatic Renal Cell Carcinoma

The explosion of new therapies for metastatic renal cell carcinoma is a welcome advance, but studies have not yet defined optimal sequencing of the newer therapies. According to the phase III SWITCH trial, it matters little whether therapy for metastatic renal cell carcinoma begins with sorafenib...

kidney cancer

Cytoreductive Nephrectomy Improves Survival in Metastatic Renal Cell Carcinoma Patients With Longer Life Expectancy

Prior to the advent of targeted therapy, cytoreductive nephrectomy was associated with a 6-month improvement in overall survival in patients with metastatic renal cell carcinoma. With new and better targeted therapies for the disease, the appropriate use of cytoreductive nephrectomy has been...

Kidney Cancer
Prostate Cancer

Five Key Studies in Prostate Cancer and Renal Cell Carcinoma

The 10th Genitourinary Cancers Symposium, sponsored by ASCO, the American Society for Radiation Oncology, and the Society of Urologic Oncology, was held January 29–February 1, 2014, in San Francisco. The more than 630 abstracts presented addressed essential research in genitourinary malignancies,...

kidney cancer

A Conversation With Arie Belldegrun, MD, FACS, and Allan Pantuck, MD, MS, FACS

Cancer Immunotherapy What is the role of immunotherapy in the treatment of metastatic renal cell carcinoma? The harnessing of the immune system as an effective treatment for cancer was recently selected by the journal Science as the top scientific Breakthrough of the Year for 2013.1 With this...

kidney cancer

State-of-the-Art Update on Renal Cell Carcinoma

During the course of the 2014 Genitourinary Cancers Symposium, The ASCO Post had the opportunity to speak with several of the world’s leading authorities about the state of the art in screening, diagnosis, and treatment for prostate and kidney cancers. In this second installment of a two-part...

kidney cancer

A Conversation With David I. Quinn, MBBS, PhD, FRACP

First-Line Therapy Please describe current medical oncology approaches to first-line therapy for metastatic renal cell carcinoma. The current first-line therapy for most patients with good- to intermediate-risk metastatic renal cell carcinoma is a vascular endothelial growth factor (VEGF)...

Lung Cancer
Sarcoma
Head and Neck Cancer
Kidney Cancer

New Research Presented in Wilms Tumor, Pediatric Sarcoma, Head and Neck Cancer, and Non–Small Cell Lung Cancer

In the past few months, numerous presentations from this year’s ASCO Annual Meeting have been covered in depth in the pages of The ASCO Post and online at ASCOPost.com. The brief summaries below capture additional important highlights that have not been covered thus far. We hope you will find them...

Kidney Cancer

Anti–PD-1 Agent Shows Activity in Renal Cell Carcinoma

Renal cell carcinoma can be added to the growing list of tumors that respond to programmed death (PD)-1 immune checkpoint inhibitors, according to the results of the CheckMate trials, presented at the 2014 ASCO Annual Meeting. The phase II CheckMate-010 trial evaluated three doses of nivolumab as a ...

Kidney Cancer

Ongoing Clinical Trials Actively Recruiting Patients With Kidney Cancer

The information in this Clinical Trials Resource Guide includes actively recruiting clinical studies for patients with kidney cancer. The list includes a pilot study and observational, randomized, and nonrandomized phase II and phase III studies evaluating new therapies, combination therapies,...

kidney cancer

Advanced Robotic Technology Used to Remove Kidney Tumor in First-Time Outpatient Procedure

Keck Medical Center of the University of Southern California (USC) has become the first medical center in the world to use a new robotic technology in an outpatient procedure for a patient with kidney cancer. Urologic surgeons at the USC Institute of Urology, part of Keck Medicine of USC, used a...

Kidney Cancer

Patients With Advanced Papillary Kidney Cancer Respond Well to Bevacizumab/Erlotinib Combination Therapy

Researchers have found that patients with an advanced form of kidney cancer, for which there is no standard treatment and a very poor prognosis, respond well to a combination of two existing anticancer drugs. The combination of bevacizumab (Avastin) and erlotinib (Tarceva) produced excellent...

Kidney Cancer

Nivolumab in Previously Treated Metastatic Renal Cell Cancer

The approval of multiple inhibitors of either the VEGF or mTOR pathway provided an incremental advance in the treatment of metastatic clear cell renal cancer. However, the agents have several important limitations: For example, the optimal clinical effect appears to be dependent on chronic...

kidney cancer

Nivolumab Shows Activity in Previously Treated Metastatic Renal Cell Carcinoma

In a randomized phase II trial reported in the Journal of Clinical ­Oncology, Robert J. Motzer, MD, of Memorial Sloan Kettering Cancer Center, New York, and colleagues found that the programmed cell death protein-1 (PD-1) immune checkpoint inhibitor antibody nivolumab (Opdivo) was associated with...

kidney cancer

No Survival Benefit From Adjuvant Sorafenib or Sunitinib in Kidney Cancer

Adjuvant therapy with sorafenib (Nexavar) or sunitinib (Sutent) failed to make any inroads in improving disease-free survival in patients with locally advanced kidney cancer in the randomized, placebo-controlled, multicenter, phase III Adjuvant Sorafenib and Sunitinib for Unfavorable Renal...

breast cancer
gynecologic cancers
kidney cancer
skin cancer
cost of care

NCCN Posters of Interest Included Studies in Kidney, Breast, and Endometrial Cancers, Melanoma, and Cost Issues

The quality and quantity of original research presented at the National Comprehensive Cancer Network (NCCN) Annual Conference continue to grow since poster sessions debuted a few years ago. The ASCO Post offers summaries for just a few that caught our eye, out of more than 65 presented this year....

Kidney Cancer

Intensified Therapy Improves Survival in Wilms Tumor Patients With Rare Genetic Abnormality

Data from two phase III studies led by the Children’s Oncology Group show that augmenting or intensifying therapy for children with high-risk Wilms tumor improved relapse-free survival. These children are deemed to be at high risk due to a specific chromosomal abnormality that confers worse...

Kidney Cancer

Predicting Recurrence After Surgery in Renal Cell Carcinoma: 16-Gene Assay Recurrence Score Ushers in New Era

In a study reported in The Lancet Oncology and reviewed in this issue of The ASCO Post, Brian Rini, MD, of the Cleveland Clinic Taussig Cancer Institute, and colleagues showed that a 16-gene assay recurrence score could predict postoperative outcome in patients with stage I to III clear cell renal...

Kidney Cancer

16-Gene Assay Recurrence Score Predicts Recurrence After Surgery for Localized Renal Cell Carcinoma

In a study reported in The Lancet Oncology, Brian Rini, MD, of the Cleveland Clinic Taussig Cancer Institute, and colleagues developed a 16-gene assay and recurrence score that predicted postoperative outcome in patients with stage I to III clear cell renal cell carcinoma.1 Development Phase In the ...

Kidney Cancer

Lenvatinib/Everolimus: Robust Combination in Metastatic Renal Cell Carcinoma

The combination of lenvatinib (Lenvima) plus everolimus (Afinitor) significantly extended progression-free survival compared with everolimus alone in metastatic renal cell carcinoma, according to a randomized phase II trial.1 Median progression-free survival for patients who received the...

Kidney Cancer

FDA Grants Breakthrough Therapy Designation to Lenvatinib for Metastatic Renal Cell Carcinoma

The U.S. Food and Drug Administration (FDA) granted lenvatinib (Lenvima) Breakthrough Therapy designation for investigational use in patients with advanced or metastatic renal cell carcinoma who were previously treated with a vascular endothelial growth factor (VEGF)-targeted therapy. Lenvatinib...

Kidney Cancer

My Positive Attitude Is Keeping Me Alive

Until I was diagnosed with stage III renal cell carcinoma in early 2008, I had no firsthand experience with cancer. To my knowledge, there is no history of cancer in my immediate family, and despite a smoking habit I picked up when I was young, I had been in relatively good health in the 56 years...

Kidney Cancer

Patient Characteristics Differ in Some Clinical Trials From Real-World Population

Patients with metastatic renal cell carcinoma treated with tyrosine kinase inhibitors in real-world clinical practice tend to be older and sicker than the patients enrolled in pivotal clinical trials of these agents. In addition, patients with metastatic renal cell carcinoma treated with the mTOR...

Kidney Cancer

Nivolumab and Cabozantinib Improve Outcomes vs Everolimus in Previously Treated Advanced Renal Cell Carcinoma

The CheckMate 025 trial, reported in The New England Journal of Medicine by Robert J. Motzer, MD, and colleagues, showed that treatment with the programmed cell death protein (PD-1) checkpoint inhibitor nivolumab (Opdivo) increased overall survival vs the mTOR inhibitor everolimus (Afinitor) in...

Kidney Cancer

Phase III METEOR Trial Finds Cabozantinib Improves Progression-Free Survival vs Everolimus in Advanced Renal Cell Carcinoma

Cabozantinib (Cometriq) nearly doubled progression-free survival compared with standard everolimus (Afinitor) therapy in patients with advanced renal cell carcinoma, according to the phase III METEOR trial.1 Additionally, a preplanned interim analysis found an encouraging trend toward overall...

Kidney Cancer

Nivolumab Produces Survival Benefit in Advanced Renal Cell Carcinoma

Patients with advanced renal cell carcinoma treated with nivolumab (Opdivo) were 27% less likely to die than those receiving everolimus (Afinitor), in a planned interim analysis of the open-label phase III CheckMate 025 trial.1 These positive results prompted an early termination of the study by...

Solid Tumors
Kidney Cancer

Changing Landscape in the Treatment of Metastatic Renal Cell Carcinoma: Findings With Nivolumab and Cabozantinib

In the October 25 issue of The ASCO Post, we presented two important studies in previously treated advanced renal cell carcinoma, including the paper by Motzer et al “Nivolumab versus everolimus in advanced renal-cell carcinoma” (CheckMate 025), published in The New England Journal of Medicine,...

Breast Cancer
Kidney Cancer
Prostate Cancer
Skin Cancer

Quick Takes From ECC 2015 Include New Data in Melanoma, Prostate and Breast Cancers, and Renal Cell Carcinoma

The 2015 European Cancer Congress (ECC), held recently in Vienna, represented the combined efforts of the European Cancer Organisation (ECCO), the European Society for Medical Oncology (ESMO), and other partner organisations, constituting the largest European platform for oncology education. At...

Kidney Cancer
Skin Cancer

Nivolumab Receives Two FDA Approvals in November

Nivolumab (Opdivo) is a monoclonal antibody that binds to the programmed cell death protein 1 (PD-1) receptor and blocks its interaction with its ligands PD-L1 and PD-L2, releasing PD-1 pathway–mediated inhibition of the immune response. Late last month, the U.S. Food and Drug Administration (FDA)...

Kidney Cancer

Nivolumab in Advanced Renal Cell Carcinoma After Antiangiogenic Therapy

In the Clinic provides overviews of novel oncology agents, addressing indications, mechanisms, administration recommendations, safety profiles, and other essential information needed for the appropriate clinical use of these drugs.   On November 23, 2015, nivolumab (Opdivo) was approved for use in...

issues in oncology
kidney cancer

Molecular Characterization of Papillary Renal Cell Carcinoma Shows Differences Between Type 1 and 2 Tumors

Comprehensive molecular characterization of primary papillary renal cell carcinoma, reported in The New England Journal of Medicine by The Cancer Genome Atlas Research Network, showed that type 1 and 2 papillary renal cell carcinomas were distinct types of disease based on differences in genetic...

kidney cancer

FDA Approves Nivolumab to Treat Advanced Kidney Cancer

The U.S. Food and Drug Administration today approved nivolumab (Opdivo) to treat patients with metastatic renal cell carcinoma who have received a prior antiangiogenic therapy. Nivolumab is a monoclonal antibody that binds to the PD-1 receptor and blocks its interaction with PD-L1 and PD-L2,...

kidney cancer
lung cancer
skin cancer
lymphoma
kidney cancer
head and neck cancer

Kidney Failure and Its Treatment May Impact Cancer Risk

For patients with kidney failure, poor kidney function and immunosuppressant medications may increase their risk of developing different types of cancer. The findings, which are published by Yanik et al in the Journal of the American Society of Nephrology, suggest the need for persistent cancer...

kidney cancer
issues in oncology

Increased Meat Consumption May Be Linked to Elevated Kidney Cancer Risk

Diets high in meat may lead to an increased risk of developing renal cell carcinoma through intake of carcinogenic compounds created by certain cooking techniques, such as barbecuing and pan-frying. As part of a new study from The University of Texas MD Anderson Cancer Center, published by...

kidney cancer
kidney cancer

Second-Line Lenvatinib Plus Everolimus Improves Progression-Free Survival vs Everolimus in Metastatic Renal Cell Carcinoma in Phase II Trial

In a phase II trial reported in The Lancet Oncology, Motzer et al found that the combination of the multi–tyrosine kinase inhibitor lenvatinib (Lenvima) plus the mTOR inhibitor everolimus (Afinitor) significantly improved progression-free survival vs everolimus alone in patients with...

kidney cancer
kidney cancer

Risk-Based Approach to Guide Surveillance After Resection for Renal Cell Carcinoma

As reported in the Journal of Clinical Oncology, Stewart-Merrill et al at Mayo Clinic, Rochester, have developed an approach to determining surveillance duration that attempts to balance risk of recurrence vs risk of non–renal cell carcinoma death after resection for renal cell carcinoma....

kidney cancer

ECC 2015: Nivolumab Improves Overall Survival in Patients With Advanced Kidney Cancer

The targeted drug nivolumab (Opdivo) significantly prolonged survival in patients with advanced kidney cancer whose disease had progressed after their first treatment, according to the results (Abstract 3LBA) presented at the 2015 European Cancer Congress (ECC) in Vienna, Austria, and published...

kidney cancer

ECC 2015: Cabozantinib Improves Survival in Patients With Advanced Kidney Cancer

Patients with advanced kidney cancer lived for nearly twice as long without their disease progressing if they were treated with cabozantinib (Cometriq), a drug that inhibits the action of tyrosine kinases. Toni Choueiri, MD, presented the research (Abstract 4LBA) at the Presidential Session of the...

kidney cancer
kidney cancer

Patient Characteristics in Trials of Targeted Therapies for Metastatic Renal Cell Carcinoma Differ From Those in Real-World Population

Patients with metastatic renal cell carcinoma treated with tyrosine kinase inhibitors in real-world clinical practice tend to be older and sicker than the patients enrolled in pivotal clinical trials of tyrosine kinase inhibitors. Conversely, patients with metastatic renal cell carcinoma treated...

kidney cancer
kidney cancer

Trebananib Plus Sunitinib Active in Metastatic Clear Cell Renal Cell Cancer

In a phase II study reported in the Journal of Clinical Oncology, Atkins et al found that combined treatment with the recombinant peptide-Fc fusion protein trebananib and the vascular endothelial growth factor (VEGF) inhibitor sunitinib (Sutent) was active in metastatic renal cell cancer and...

kidney cancer
kidney cancer

Omitting Doxorubicin From Postoperative Chemotherapy Has No Significant Survival Effect in Intermediate-Risk Wilms Tumor

In a phase III noninferiority trial (SIOP WT 2001) reported in The Lancet, Pritchard-Jones et al in the SIOP (International Society of Paediatric Oncology) Renal Tumours Study Group found that omission of doxorubicin from postoperative chemotherapy for stage II to III histologic intermediate-risk...

kidney cancer

FDA Grants Breakthrough Therapy Designation to Lenvatinib for Metastatic Renal Cell Carcinoma

The U.S. Food and Drug Administration (FDA) granted lenvatinib (Lenvima) Breakthrough Therapy designation for investigational use in patients with advanced or metastatic renal cell carcinoma who were previously treated with a vascular endothelial growth factor (VEGF)-targeted therapy. Lenvatinib...

kidney cancer
kidney cancer

Phase II Trial Indicates No Benefit of Sorafenib, Temsirolimus, or Bevacizumab Doublets vs Bevacizumab Alone in Advanced Renal Cell Carcinoma

In a randomized phase II trial (BEST; ECOG-ACRIN E2804) reported in the Journal of Clinical Oncology, Flaherty et al found that adding the VEGFR inhibitor sorafenib (Nexavar) or the mTOR inhibitor temsirolimus (Torisel) to the VEGF inhibitor bevacizumab (Avastin) or using sorafenib-temsirolimus in...

kidney cancer

Increased Use of Nephron-Sparing Surgery in Older Patients With Small Kidney Cancers

In a study reported in JAMA Surgery, Huang et al found that use of nephron-sparing surgery has more than doubled since 2001 among older patients with small kidney cancers. Use of nonsurgical approaches has remained stable. Study Details The study involved Surveillance, Epidemiology, and End...

kidney cancer
issues in oncology
issues in oncology

16-Gene Assay Recurrence Score Predicts Recurrence After Surgery for Localized Renal Cell Carcinoma

In a study reported in The Lancet Oncology, Rini et al developed a 16-gene assay and recurrence score that predicted postsurgery outcome in patients with stage I to III clear cell renal cell carcinoma. Development Phase In the development phase, examination of the association between expression...

kidney cancer

ASCO 2015: Study Clarifies Best Treatments for Non–Clear Cell Kidney Cancers

A head-to-head comparison of two biologic therapies used to treat a subset of patients with advanced kidney cancers provides much-needed clarity on the preferred method of first-line treatment. The phase II ASPEN trial, led by researchers at the Duke Cancer Institute, is the first and largest trial ...

kidney cancer
issues in oncology

ASCO 2015: Augmenting Standard Therapies Increases Cure Rates for High-Risk Wilms Tumor

Two phase III Children’s Oncology Group studies found that augmenting therapy with additional drugs improved outcomes for children with a high-risk form of Wilms tumor. These patients have a specific chromosomal abnormality associated with a poorer prognosis. In prior research, such patients...

hepatobiliary cancer
lymphoma
prostate cancer
kidney cancer

Cancer Rates Significantly Increased Among Patients With Hepatitis C

Results presented on April 24 at The International Liver Congress 2015 (Abstract O058) in Vienna, Austria, show that cancer rates in patients with the hepatitis C virus (HCV) were significantly increased compared to the non-HCV cohort. The researchers suggest an extrahepatic manifestation of HCV...

kidney cancer
kidney cancer

Durable Responses With Nivolumab in Previously Treated Advanced Renal Cell Carcinoma

In a phase I cohort-expansion study reported in the Journal of Clinical Oncology, McDermott et al found that nivolumab (Opdivo) produced durable responses in patients with previously treated advanced renal cell carcinoma. Responses continued after nivolumab discontinuation in some patients. Study...

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