Solid Tumors
Kidney Cancer

Nephrectomy May Be Avoided in Some Patients With Advanced Renal Cell Carcinoma

In the modern era of targeted therapy, some patients with metastatic renal cell carcinoma may be able to forgo nephrectomy and be treated with sunitinib (Sutent) alone, according to results of the phase III CARMENA trial reported during the Plenary Session at the 2018 ASCO Annual Meeting.1 The...

Solid Tumors
Kidney Cancer

Nivolumab Plus Ipilimumab in Advanced Renal Cell Carcinoma: A Shift in the Treatment Paradigm

For over a decade, vascular endothelial growth factor (VEGF) tyrosine kinase inhibitors have been the standard first-line agents in the management of patients with advanced or metastatic clear cell renal cell carcinoma.1-3 Historically, phase III trials of first-line VEGF therapies included...

Solid Tumors
Kidney Cancer

CheckMate 214: Nivolumab Plus Ipilimumab Improves Survival vs Sunitinib in Advanced Renal Cell Cancer

As reported in The New England Journal of Medicine by Robert J. Motzer, MD, of Memorial Sloan Kettering Cancer Center, and colleagues, the phase III CheckMate 214 trial has shown an overall survival advantage with nivolumab (Opdivo) plus ipilimumab (Yervoy) vs sunitinib (Sutent) in patients with...

kidney cancer

Toni K. Choueiri, MD, and Elizabeth R. Plimack, MD, on RCC: Perspectives on KEYNOTE-427 and IMmotion151

Toni K. Choueiri, MD, of Dana-Farber Cancer Institute, and Elizabeth R. Plimack, MD, of Fox Chase Cancer Center, offer their analysis of two key studies presented in renal cell cancer.

kidney cancer

Toni K. Choueiri, MD, and Lauren C. Harshman, MD on RCC: Results From the PROSPER Trial

Toni K. Choueiri, MD, and Lauren C. Harshman, MD, both of Dana-Farber Cancer Institute, discuss phase III study findings on perioperative nivolumab vs observation in patients with localized renal cell carcinoma undergoing nephrectomy (Abstract TPS4597).

kidney cancer

Bernard J. Escudier, MD, on RCC: Results From the IMmotion151 Trial

Bernard J. Escudier, MD, of Gustave Roussy, discusses patient-reported outcomes for atezolizumab plus bevacizumab vs sunitinib in treatment-naive metastatic renal cell carcinoma (Abstract 4511).

kidney cancer

David F. McDermott, MD, on RCC: Results of the KEYNOTE-427 Trial

David F. McDermott, MD, of Beth Israel Deaconess Medical Center, discusses study findings on pembrolizumab monotherapy as first-line therapy in advanced clear cell renal cell carcinoma (Abstract 4500).

kidney cancer

Laurence Albiges, MD, PhD, and Toni K. Choueiri, MD, on RCC: Novel Combinations for Advanced Disease

Toni K. Choueiri, MD, of Dana-Farber Cancer Institute, and Laurence Albiges, MD, PhD, of Gustave Roussy, discuss two treatment studies: one testing pegilodecakin with nivolumab or pembrolizumab and the other evaluating an oral CXCR4 inhibitor in combination with axitinib (Abstracts 4509 & 4510).

kidney cancer

Laurence Albiges, MD, PhD, and Toni K. Choueiri, MD, on Metastatic RCC: Perspectives on the Carmena Trial

Toni K. Choueiri, MD, of Dana-Farber Cancer Institute, and Laurence Albiges, MD, PhD, of Gustave Roussy, discuss the implications of this study’s potentially practice-changing finding that nephrectomy is no longer the standard of care for patients with metastatic renal cell carcinoma (Abstract LBA3).

kidney cancer

Arnaud Méjean, MD, PhD, on RCC: Results From the Carmena Trial

Arnaud Méjean, MD, PhD, of the Hôpital Européen Georges Pompidou, discusses his study’s potentially practice-changing finding that nephrectomy is no longer the standard of care for patients with metastatic renal cell carcinoma (Abstract LBA3).

Kidney Cancer

Update on ATLAS Trial of Axitinib for RCC Recurrence Risk

Pfizer recently announced that the independent data monitoring committee for the phase III ATLAS trial, which is evaluating axitinib (Inlyta) as adjuvant therapy for patients at high risk of recurrent renal cell carcinoma (RCC) after nephrectomy, recommended stopping the trial at a planned interim...

Colorectal Cancer
Breast Cancer
Hepatobiliary Cancer
Lung Cancer
Kidney Cancer
Prostate Cancer
CNS Cancers
Leukemia

NCCN Clinical Practice Guidelines in Oncology (NCCN Guidelines®): 2018 Guidelines Updates

In 1996, the National Comprehensive Cancer Network® (NCCN®) published its first set of Clinical Practice Guidelines in Oncology (NCCN Guidelines®) covering 8 tumor types. Guidelines are now published for more than 60 tumor types and topics. Some of the key updates were presented at NCCN’s 23rd...

Solid Tumors
Kidney Cancer

Combined Immune Checkpoint and VEGF Inhibition: Exciting yet Challenging Time for Renal Cancer Therapeutics

The treatment paradigm for metastatic clear cell renal cell carcinoma continues to evolve at a rapid pace. We have recently approved agents that target the vascular endothelial growth factor receptor (VEGFR) pathway in the front-line setting—such as the tyrosine kinase inhibitor cabozantinib...

Solid Tumors
Kidney Cancer

Combined Immune Checkpoint and VEGF Inhibition as First-Line Therapy in Advanced Clear Cell Kidney Cancer

In a dose-finding, dose-expansion phase Ib trial (JAVELIN Renal 100) reported in The Lancet Oncology, Toni K. Choueiri, MD, of Dana-Farber Cancer Institute and Brigham and Women’s Hospital, and colleagues determined the maximum tolerated dose of the immune checkpoint inhibitor avelumab (Bavencio)...

Bladder Cancer
Kidney Cancer
Prostate Cancer

GU Symposium Focuses on Prognostic Model in Urothelial Cancer, Novel Therapies for Prostate and Kidney Cancers

THE 2018 GENITOURINARY Cancers Symposium hosted an international audience of oncologists and other stakeholders to hear about the latest advances in the field. We have included coverage of many of the top news stories from the meeting in previous issues of The ASCO Post. Here are summaries of a few ...

kidney cancer
prostate cancer
bladder cancer

EAU 2018: Survey Shows Greater Suicide Rate in Patients With Urologic Cancers

A major UK survey has shown that patients with urologic cancer—such as prostate, bladder, or kidney cancer—are five times more likely to commit suicide than people without cancer. The analysis also shows that patients with cancer generally are around three times more likely to commit...

Solid Tumors
Kidney Cancer

Positive Preliminary Data Seen for Axitinib Plus Pembrolizumab in Renal Cell Carcinoma

The combination of axitinib (Inlyta) plus pembrolizumab (Keytruda) can be added to the list of combination therapies that look promising in advanced renal cell carcinoma. In a phase Ib trial, almost three-quarters of patients with newly diagnosed advanced renal cell carcinoma treated with the...

Kidney Cancer

Cabozantinib in Advanced Renal Cell Carcinoma

ON DECEMBER 19, 2017, cabozantinib (Cabometyx) was granted regular approval for the treatment of advanced renal cell carcinoma.1,2 Cabozantinib was initially granted approval in 2016 for the treatment of patients with advanced renal cell carcinoma who had received prior antiangiogenic therapy. The...

Kidney Cancer

Expression of Endogenous Retroviruses May Explain Response to Immune Checkpoint Therapy in Renal Cell Cancer

RESULTS OF a new study suggest that expression of endogenous retroviruses may be associated with activation of immune checkpoint pathways in renal cell cancer.1 According to data presented at the 2018 ASCO-SITC Clinical Immuno-Oncology Symposium, abnormal expression of endogenous retroviruses may...

Kidney Cancer

EXPERT POINT OF VIEW: Sumanta K. Pal, MD

ASCO EXPERT Sumanta K. Pal, MD, of City of Hope, Duarte, California, commented, “IMmotion 151 is a positive trial and represents an important breakthrough. We have debated combination treatment strategies for advanced kidney cancer. This study looks at the combination of a programmed cell death...

Kidney Cancer

Atezolizumab Plus Bevacizumab Improves Progression-Free Survival in First-Line Treatment of Advanced Renal Cell Carcinoma

THE TYROSINE KINASE inhibitor sunitinib (Sutent) has been the mainstay of treatment for first-line treatment of advanced renal cell carcinoma for about a decade. The IMmotion151 study reported at the 2018 Genitourinary Cancers Symposium found that the combination of the immune checkpoint inhibitor...

kidney cancer

Patrick Schöffski, MD, MPH, on RCC: Final Results of the EORTC 90101 CREATE Trial

Patrick Schöffski, MD, MPH, of Catholic University Leuven, discusses findings on the effect of crizotinib on disease control in patients with advanced papillary renal cell carcinoma type 1 with MET mutations or amplification (Abstract 580).

kidney cancer

Sumanta K. Pal, MD, on RCC: Results From Two Clinical Trials

Sumanta K. Pal, MD, of the City of Hope Comprehensive Cancer Center, discusses phase III study findings from IMmotion151, which looked at atezolizumab plus bevacizumab vs sunitinib in untreated metastatic renal cell carcinoma (RCC), and results from a safety and efficacy trial of axitinib in combination with pembrolizumab with advanced RCC (Abstracts 578 & 579).

kidney cancer

Daniel J. George, MD, on RCC: Study Results on Adjuvant Treatment

Daniel J. George, MD, of Duke University Medical Center, discusses phase III findings on adjuvant sunitinib in patients with high-risk renal cell carcinoma, in an exploratory pharmacogenomic analysis (Abstract 576).

kidney cancer

Daniel J. George, MD, on RCC: Results From the Alliance A031203 CABOSUN Trial

Daniel J. George, MD, of Duke University Medical Center, discusses study findings on cabozantinib vs sunitinib for previously untreated patients with advanced renal cell carcinoma of intermediate or poor risk, in a subgroup analysis of progression-free survival and objective response rates (Abstract 582).

kidney cancer

Laurence Albiges, MD, PhD, on RCC: Results From the NIVOREN GETUG-AFU 26 Trial

Laurence Albiges, MD, PhD, of the Gustave Roussy Cancer Centre, discusses study findings on the safety and efficacy of nivolumab in metastatic renal cell carcinoma (Abstract 577).

kidney cancer

Sumanta K. Pal, MD, on Renal Cancer Immunotherapy: Latest Developments

Sumanta K. Pal, MD, of the City of Hope, discusses immunotherapy as a front-line treatment for kidney cancer and the strategy of VEGF blockade with immunotherapy, which is emerging as a possible treatment modality.

Breast Cancer
Kidney Cancer

Reports From the Journal of Clinical Oncology

BREAST CANCER  Survival in Metastatic Triple-Negative Breast Cancer Explored in Retrospective Study  In a study reported in the Journal of Clinical Oncology, Stover et al found that cell-free (cf) DNA tumor fraction ≥ 10% was associated with worse survival in metastatic triple-negative breast...

kidney cancer

Activity of Hypoxia-Inducible Factor-2α Antagonist in Advanced Renal Cell Carcinoma

In a phase I trial reported in the Journal of Clinical Oncology, Courtney et al found that a first-in-class hypoxia-inducible factor-2α (HIF-2α) antagonist (PT2385) was active in patients with previously treated advanced clear cell renal cell carcinoma (RCC). Study Details In the...

kidney cancer

FDA Grants Breakthrough Therapy Designation to Combination of Avelumab and Axitinib in Advanced Renal Cell Carcinoma

On December 21, the U.S. Food and Drug Administration (FDA) granted Breakthrough Therapy designation to avelumab (Bavencio) in combination with axitinib (Inlyta) for treatment-naive patients with advanced renal cell carcinoma. “A combination approach with an immunotherapy, whose activity may ...

Solid Tumors
Kidney Cancer

Sunitinib Malate for Adjuvant Treatment of Renal Cell Carcinoma

On November 16, 2017, sunitinib malate (Sutent) was approved for the adjuvant treatment of adult patients at high risk of recurrent renal cell carcinoma following nephrectomy.1,2 Supporting Efficacy Data Approval was based on the findings of the double-blind phase III S-TRAC trial in which 615...

Solid Tumors
Kidney Cancer

FDA Approves Cabozantinib for First-Line Treatment of Advanced Renal Cell Carcinoma

On December 19, 2017, the U.S. Food and Drug Administration (FDA) granted regular -approval to cabozantinib -(Cabometyx) for treatment of patients with advanced renal cell carcinoma (RCC). The FDA previously approved cabozantinib in 2016 for treatment of patients with advanced RCC who have...

kidney cancer

FDA Approves Cabozantinib for First-Line Treatment of Advanced Renal Cell Carcinoma

On December 19, 2017, the U.S. Food and Drug Administration (FDA) granted regular approval to cabozantinib (Cabometyx) for treatment of patients with advanced renal cell carcinoma (RCC). The FDA previously approved cabozantinib in 2016 for treatment of patients with advanced RCC who have received...

kidney cancer

FDA Accepts sBLA for Nivolumab Plus Ipilimumab in Intermediate- and Poor-Risk Patients With Advanced Renal Cell Carcinoma

On December 13, the U.S. Food and Drug Administration (FDA) accepted a supplemental Biologics License Application (sBLA) for priority review of nivolumab (Opdivo) plus ipilimumab (Yervoy) to treat intermediate- and poor-risk patients with advanced renal cell carcinoma. The FDA also previously...

kidney cancer

Prognostic Factors in Stage III Favorable-Histology Wilms Tumor

An analysis from the Children’s Oncology Group Study AREN0532 reported in the Journal of Clinical Oncology by Fernandez et al showed that positive lymph nodes and loss of heterozygosity (LOH) at chromosome 1p or 16q are associated with poorer event-free survival in patients with stage III...

kidney cancer

ACKC Secures $10 Million for Kidney Cancer Research

Action to Cure Kidney Cancer (ACKC) was instrumental in securing a $10 million line item for the Kidney Cancer Research Program as part of the Department of Defense’s Congressionally Directed Medical Research Programs (CDMRP). This represents the largest increase ever in the...

kidney cancer

FDA Expands Approval of Sunitinib Malate for Adjuvant Treatment of Renal Cell Carcinoma After Nephrectomy

Today, the U.S. Food and Drug Administration (FDA) approved sunitinib malate (Sutent) for the adjuvant treatment of adult patients who are at a high risk of recurrent renal cell carcinoma after nephrectomy. “This is the first adjuvant treatment approved for patients with renal cell...

kidney cancer

Enhancer of Zeste Homolog 2 Expression and Prognosis in Localized Renal Cell Carcinoma

As reported in the Journal of Clinical Oncology, Ho et al found that tumor-based enhancer of zeste homolog 2 (EZH2) gene or protein expression was independently predictive of prognosis in localized clear cell renal cell carcinoma. EZH2 is a chromatin remodeler implicated in the pathogenesis of...

kidney cancer

FDA Grants Priority Review for Cabozantinib in Previously Untreated Advanced Renal Cell Carcinoma

On October 16, the U.S. Food and Drug Administration (FDA) determined the supplemental New Drug Application (sNDA) for cabozantinib (Cabometyx) for patients with previously untreated advanced renal cell carcinoma (RCC) to be sufficiently complete to permit a substantive review. The FDA granted...

Kidney Cancer

Expert Point of View: Manuela Schmidinger, MD

FORMAL DISCUSSANT, Manuela Schmidinger, MD, of the Medical University of Austria, Vienna, commented on the CheckMate 214 findings. “We have just seen a change in the paradigm in the treatment of metastatic renal cell cancer.”  “More than a decade ago, VEGF [vascular endothelial growth factor]...

Kidney Cancer

Nivolumab Plus Ipilimumab vs Sunitinib Alone as First-Line Therapy for Metastatic Renal Cell Carcinoma

A CHANGE IN PARADIGM may be on the horizon for the treatment of metastatic renal cell carcinoma. According to the results of CheckMate 214, the combination of ipilimumab (Yervoy) plus nivolumab (Opdivo) outperformed the standard of care—sunitinib (Sutent)—for first-line treatment, with improved...

prostate cancer
kidney cancer

Gerard Morton, MD, on GU Highlights: Expert Perspective

Gerard Morton, MD, of Sunnybrook Odette Cancer Centre, summarizes a session that included discussion of late toxicities of radiotherapy for locally recurrent prostate cancer; using chemotherapy instead of radiation in early-stage seminoma; radiotherapy vs surgery plus radiotherapy in Gleason score 9–10 prostate cancer; and an analysis of the IROCK study on kidney cancer (Abstracts 1, 1089, 282, 330).

kidney cancer

Adjuvant Therapy for Localized or Locally Advanced Renal Cell Carcinoma

As reported in the Journal of Clinical Oncology by Motzer et al, the phase III PROTECT trial showed no significant disease-free survival benefit for adjuvant pazopanib at 600 mg vs placebo after nephrectomy in patients with localized or locally advanced renal cell carcinoma at high risk of relapse. ...

cns cancers
gynecologic cancer
kidney cancer
lung cancer
gastroesophageal cancer

FDA Approves First Biosimilar for the Treatment of Cancer

The U.S. Food and Drug Administration today approved bevacizumab-awwb (Mvasi) as a biosimilar to bevacizumab (Avastin) for the treatment of multiple types of cancer. Bevacizumab-awwb is the first biosimilar approved in the U.S. for the treatment of cancer. “Bringing new biosimilars to...

kidney cancer

Toni K. Choueiri, MD, on RCC: Results From the CABOSUN Trial

Toni K. Choueiri, MD, of Dana-Farber Cancer Institute, discusses updated overall survival results on cabozantinib vs sunitinib as initial targeted treatment for patients with metastatic renal cell carcinoma (Abstract LBA38).

kidney cancer

Bernard J. Escudier, MD, on RCC: Expert Perspective on Key Papers

Bernard J. Escudier, MD, of Gustave Roussy, offers a roundup of the important papers on renal cell cancer presented at this year's ESMO Congress.

kidney cancer

Robert A. Figlin, MD, on RCC: Results From the ADAPT Trial

Robert A. Figlin, MD, of Cedars-Sinai Medical Center, discusses an interim analysis of phase III findings on rocapuldencel-T, an individualized immunotherapy, for newly diagnosed patients with metastatic renal cell carcinoma (Abstract 1137O).

kidney cancer

Bernard J. Escudier, MD, on RCC: Results From the CheckMate 214 Trial

Bernard J. Escudier, MD, of Gustave Roussy, discusses efficacy and safety of nivolumab plus ipilimumab vs sunitinib for treatment-naïve advanced or metastatic renal cell carcinoma, including IMDC risk and PD-L1 expression subgroups (Abstract LBA5).

Prostate Cancer
Kidney Cancer
Bladder Cancer

Maha Hussain, MD, FACP, FASCO, Credits Collaboration for Her Contributions to Genitourinary Cancer

Internationally recognized genitourinary oncologist Maha Hussain, MD, FACP, FASCO, was born and reared in Baghdad, Iraq. “I came from a family that stressed the value of higher education and especially medicine. I have three uncles who are physicians, and my father encouraged my three siblings and...

Solid Tumors
Hematologic Malignancies
Breast Cancer
Lung Cancer
Prostate Cancer
Multiple Myeloma
Kidney Cancer

Journal of Clinical Oncology Literature Update

Staying up-to-date in the fast-paced world of oncology literature is a daunting task at best. To assist with that task, The ASCO Post has assembled an assortment of studies recently published in the Journal of Clinical Oncology. The topics range from therapy for stage IV non–small cell lung cancer...

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