ASCO Endorses CAP/IASLC/AMP Guideline Update on Molecular Testing for Targeted Tyrosine Kinase Inhibitor Treatment in Lung Cancer

As reported in the Journal of Clinical Oncology by Gregory P. Kalemkerian, MD, and colleagues, ASCO has endorsed the College of American Pathologists (CAP), International Association for the Study of Lung Cancer (IASLC), and Association for Molecular Pathology (AMP) updated guideline on molecular...

First-Line Lenvatinib vs Sorafenib in Unresectable Hepatocellular Carcinoma

In a phase III noninferiority trial reported in The Lancet, Kudo et al found that first-line lenvatinib was noninferior to sorafenib in overall survival of patients with unresectable hepatocellular carcinoma. Study Details In the open-label trial, 954 patients from 154 sites in 20 countries in...

New International Practice Guidelines for Using CYP2D6 Genotype to Guide Antiestrogen Treatment in Breast Cancer

An international group of clinicians and scientists representing the Clinical Pharmacogenetics Implementation Consortium (CPIC) published the first-ever clinical practice guidelines for using CYP2D6 genotype to guide tamoxifen therapy. Their research was published by Goetz et al in Clinical...

New ACCC Report Focuses on Immuno-Oncology, Cancer Care Delivery

As innovations in immunotherapies multiply, cancer programs and practices must overcome care coordination and communication challenges across the nation’s health-care system to integrate these advances into effective patient care. A new report from the Association of Community Cancer Centers...

Combination Immunotherapy in DNA Mismatch Repair–Deficient/Microsatellite Instability–High Metastatic Colorectal Cancer

As reported in the Journal of Clinical Oncology by Overman et al, findings in the nivolumab (Opdivo) plus ipilimumab (Yervoy) cohort of the CheckMate-142 study indicate a high response rate and durable responses with the combination in previously treated patients with DNA mismatch...

Long-Term Survival Outcomes With Chemohormonal Therapy in Metastatic Hormone-Sensitive Prostate Cancer

Analysis of long-term survival outcomes in the phase III CHAARTED trial showed a survival advantage with the addition of docetaxel to androgen-deprivation therapy (ADT) in patients with hormone-sensitive metastatic prostate cancer, although no advantage was observed among patients with low-volume...

2018 GU CANCERS SYMPOSIUM: Tivozanib in Combination With Nivolumab in Metastatic RCC

Preliminary results from the phase II portion of the TiNivo study, a phase Ib/II multicenter trial of oral tivozanib in combination with intravenous (IV) nivolumab (Opdivo) for the treatment of metastatic renal cell carcinoma (RCC) were presented by Escudier et al at the 2018 Genitourinary Cancers...

ASCO Examines the Current Oncology Clinical Pathways Landscape

ASCO has released its review of leading oncology pathway vendors in the United States. “Oncology Clinical Pathways: Charting the Landscape of Pathway Providers,” published in the Journal of Oncology Practice (JOP), examines the clinical pathways offered by six commercial vendors using...

supportive care
symptom management

ASCO and NCCN Provide Guidelines for Managing Immunotherapy Side Effects

Immunotherapy with immune checkpoint inhibitors is the first of a new generation of immunotherapy treatments, revolutionizing treatment for many different types of cancer. By unleashing the body's immune system to attack cancer, these treatments can send even the most hard-to-treat cancers into...

FDA Approves Apalutamide for Nonmetastatic, Castration-Resistant Prostate Cancer

The U.S. Food and Drug Administration (FDA) today approved apalutamide (Erleada) for the treatment of patients with prostate cancer that has not spread, but that continues to grow despite treatment with hormone therapy. This is the first FDA-approved treatment for nonmetastatic,...

Neoadjuvant Trastuzumab Biosimilar vs Trastuzumab in HER2-Positive Early Breast Cancer

In a phase III trial reported in the Journal of Clinical Oncology, Pivot et al found equivalence of the trastuzumab biosimilar SB3 and the reference trastuzumab (Herceptin) in producing breast pathologic complete response in the neoadjuvant treatment of patients with HER2-positive early breast...

ALK Variant, Resistance, and Clinical Outcomes in ALK-Positive NSCLC

In a study reported in the Journal of Clinical Oncology, Lin et al found that specific ALK variants may be associated with the development of resistance mutations to ALK tyrosine kinase inhibitors (TKIs) in ALK-positive non–small cell lung cancer (NSCLC). Study Details The study involved...

METEOR Trial Follow-up: Quality of Life in Metastatic RCC

In a study reported in the Journal of Clinical Oncology, Cella et al found little difference in quality-of-life (QOL) outcomes between the cabozantinib (Cabometyx) and everolimus (Afinitor) groups in the phase III METEOR trial. The study investigated these treatments in patients with metastatic...

FDA Grants Priority Review to Lorlatinib in ALK-Positive NSCLC

On February 12, the U.S. Food and Drug Administration (FDA) accepted and granted Priority Review to Pfizer’s new drug application for lorlatinib. The Prescription Drug User Fee Act goal date for a decision by the FDA is in August 2018. Lorlatinib is an investigational, anaplastic lymphoma...

FDA Grants Premarket Approval to New HPV Assay

On February 14, Becton, Dickinson and Company (BD) announced it had received premarket approval from the U.S. Food and Drug Administration (FDA) for the BD Onclarity human papillomavirus (HPV) assay. The test detects 14 types of high-risk HPV from specimens collected for cervical cancer screening...

2018 SURVIVORSHIP: Many Young Adult Cancer Survivors Forgo Follow-up Care After Cancer Treatment Ends

Despite survivorship guidelines from ASCO and other organizations regarding follow-up care after cancer treatment ends, follow-up care is generally lacking for adolescent and young adult (AYA) cancer survivors. Since AYA cancer survivors are at an increased risk for late effects from their cancer...

2018 SURVIVORSHIP: Therapeutic Sexual Aids Frequently Not Available for Cancer Survivors Who Need Them

Cancer care guidelines recommend that cancer survivors who experience sexual dysfunction after cancer treatment use therapeutic aids to help improve their sexual health. However, a new study of 25 leading cancer centers found that 87% of the centers reported having no sexual aids available on site...

breast cancer
survivorship

2018 SURVIVORSHIP: Exercise Speeds Improvement in Arm Mobility After Surgery for Breast Cancer

New findings from a clinical trial of women with breast cancer suggest that guided exercise with a physical therapist after lymph node dissection helps women regain their range of arm motion more quickly. These findings will be presented by Paskett et al at the upcoming 2018 Cancer Survivorship...

breast cancer
colorectal cancer
survivorship

2018 SURVIVORSHIP: Exercising During Chemotherapy for Breast or Colon Cancer Has Long-Term Benefits

A follow-up study to a randomized clinical trial reveals that exercising during adjuvant chemotherapy helps people engage in more physical activity years later. Four years later, people with breast or colon cancer who had participated in an 18-week exercise program while receiving chemotherapy...

2018 SURVIVORSHIP: Web-Based Interventions Help Adolescents Stay Physically Active After Cancer Treatment

Survivors of childhood cancer are at increased risk for obesity and metabolic syndrome, which can lead to other serious health conditions, including heart disease, stroke, and diabetes. However, engaging in regular physical activity may help remediate these health issues in young survivors. A...

Selective Inhibition of Nuclear Export in Heavily Pretreated Relapsed or Refractory Multiple Myeloma

In a phase II trial reported in the Journal of Clinical Oncology, Vogl et al found that the investigational oral selective exportin 1 (XPO1) inhibitor selinexor combined with dexamethasone produced responses in patients with heavily pretreated relapsed or refractory multiple myeloma. ...

Synchronous Distant and Locoregional Recurrence in Stage II and III Breast Cancer

In a study of National Cancer Database data reported in the Journal of Clinical Oncology, Neuman et al found that synchronous distant recurrence was identified in 27% of women with stage II or III breast cancer experiencing locoregional recurrence. Study Details The study—an American...

2018 GU CANCERS SYMPOSIUM: Antiandrogenic Therapy in Nonmetastatic Castration-Resistant Prostate Cancer

Results from the phase III PROSPER trial in patients with nonmetastatic castration-resistant prostate cancer were presented by Hussain et al at the 2018 Genitourinary Cancers Symposium (Abstract 3). The results show that the use of enzalutamide (Xtandi) plus androgen-deprivation therapy (ADT)...

2018 GU CANCERS SYMPOSIUM: Early-Phase Trial of Glutaminase Inhibitor CB-839 in Combination With Cabozantinib or Everolimus in Renal Cell Carcinoma

Data on CB-839, a first-in-class glutaminase inhibitor, will be presented by Tannir et al at the 2018 Genitourinary Cancers Symposium in San Francisco (Abstract 603). The data are from the CX-839-001 study, which includes cohorts evaluating the safety, efficacy and recommended phase II dose of ...

2018 GU CANCERS SYMPOSIUM: Combination Therapy Shows Antitumor Activity in Advanced Renal Cell Carcinoma

Combining the antiangiogenic agent axitinib (Inlyta) with the immunotherapy pembrolizumab (Keytruda) was found to have promising antitumor activity and no unexpected side effects in an early-phase clinical trial in patients with advanced kidney cancer who had not been previously treated. The full...

FDA Approves Abiraterone Acetate in Combination With Prednisone for High-Risk Metastatic Castration-Sensitive Prostate Cancer

On February 7, 2018, the U.S. Food and Drug Administration (FDA) approved abiraterone acetate (Zytiga) tablets in combination with prednisone for metastatic high-risk castration-sensitive prostate cancer. The FDA initially approved abiraterone acetate with prednisone in 2011 for patients with...

Nonsteroidal Antiandrogen Treatment in Androgen Receptor–Expressing Triple-Negative Breast Cancer

A phase II study reported in the Journal of Clinical Oncology by Traina et al showed activity of the androgen receptor inhibitor enzalutamide (Xtandi) in triple-negative breast cancer expressing the androgen receptor (AR). Study Details The study involved 118 patients from 45 sites in seven...

Prosigna Score and 10-Year Distant Recurrence in Women Receiving Endocrine Therapy for Early Breast Cancer

In a Danish study reported in the Journal of Clinical Oncology, Lænkholm and colleagues found that the PAM50-based Prosigna risk of recurrence score could identify lower risk of 10-year distant recurrence in subgroups of postmenopausal women who received 5 years of endocrine therapy alone for ...

Pembrolizumab Active in Thymic Carcinoma

In a single-center phase II study reported in The Lancet Oncology, Giaccone et al found that pembrolizumab (Keytruda) produced durable responses in patients with recurrent thymic carcinoma. Study Details In the study, 40 evaluable patients with advanced disease progressing after at least one line ...

Differentiating Cancerous Prostate Tissue From Benign Tissue

Using nuclear medicine, German researchers may have found a way to accurately differentiate cancerous tissue from healthy tissue in prostate cancer patients. The research is highlighted in findings published by Rahbar et al in The Journal of Nuclear Medicine. These new findings demonstrate that...

Long-Term Follow-up in Follicular Lymphoma: SWOG Phase III Trial Reports Outcomes

As reported in the Journal of Clinical Oncology by Shadman et al, long-term follow-up of patients with previously untreated advanced-stage follicular lymphoma in the phase III SWOG-S0016 trial has shown continued good outcomes with both R-CHOP (rituximab [Rituxan] plus cyclophosphamide,...

Prexasertib in Pretreated BRCA Wild-Type High-Grade Serous Ovarian Cancer

In a phase II study reported in The Lancet Oncology by Lee et al, the investigational cell-cycle checkpoint kinase 1 and 2 inhibitor prexasertib produced responses in women with recurrent BRCA wild-type high-grade serous ovarian cancer. In the study, 28 women with measureable disease enrolled...

CONCORD-3: Global Surveillance of Cancer Survival Trends, 2000–2014

In an article in The Lancet, Allemani et al reported findings from the CONCORD program for global surveillance of cancer survival trends updated through 2014 (CONCORD-3).   Study Details CONCORD-3 includes data on 37.5 million patients diagnosed with cancer between 2000 and 2014 from...

Does Treatment With Tumor-Treating Fields Plus Temozolomide Influence Quality of Life in Patients With Newly Diagnosed Glioblastoma?

A detailed quality-of-life analysis of the phase III EF-14 trial of tumor-treating fields (Optune) in combination with temozolomide for the treatment of newly diagnosed glioblastoma was published by Taphoorn et al in JAMA Oncology. This secondary endpoint analysis demonstrated that the...

Superior Progression-Free Survival With First-Line Nivolumab Plus Ipilimumab vs Chemotherapy in NSCLC With High Tumor Mutation Burden

The ongoing phase III CheckMate-227 study met its coprimary endpoint of progression-free survival with a combination of nivolumab (Opdivo) plus ipilimumab (Yervoy) vs chemotherapy in patients with first-line advanced non­–small cell lung cancer (NSCLC) whose tumors have a high (≥ 10...

Possible Link Between Drinking Hot Tea and Increased Chance of Esophageal Cancer in High-Risk Individuals

Esophageal cancer is the eighth most common cancer worldwide, with an estimated 456,000 new cases in 2012, and the sixth most common cause of death from cancer with an estimated 400,000 deaths, according to data from GLOBOCAN, which provides statistics on the incidence and mortality of cancer...

ASCO Clinical Practice Guideline: Treatment of Malignant Pleural Mesothelioma

As reported by Hedy L. Kindler, MD, of the University of Chicago, and colleagues in the Journal of Clinical Oncology, ASCO has released a clinical practice guideline on treatment of malignant pleural mesothelioma. The guideline was informed by a systematic literature search and expert panel review ...

Nab-Paclitaxel vs Paclitaxel in Neoadjuvant Treatment of HER2-Negative Breast Cancer

In a European phase III trial (ETNA) reported in JAMA Oncology, Gianni et al found no significant difference in pathologic complete response rate with nab-paclitaxel (Abraxane) vs paclitaxel followed by an anthracycline regimen in neoadjuvant treatment for HER2-negative breast cancer. Study...

Long-Term Results of PET-Adapted Therapy for Advanced Hodgkin Lymphoma

As reported by Gallamini et al in the Journal of Clinical Oncology, the Italian GITIL/FIL HD 0607 trial has shown good long-term outcomes with the switch from ABVD (doxorubicin, vinblastine, vincristine, and dacarbazine) to escalated BEACOPP (bleomycin, etoposide, doxorubicin, cyclophosphamide,...

Patient Refusal of Esophagectomy and Long-Term Survival

Patients with esophageal cancer who refuse surgery when it is recommended are less likely to survive long term than similar groups of patients who undergo an operation, according to research presented by Ghaly et al at the 54th Annual Meeting of The Society of Thoracic Surgeons (P78). ...

Scientific Statement From the American Heart Association Examines Intersection of Breast Cancer and Cardiovascular Disease

Patients with breast cancer may be at an increased risk of cardiovascular diseases, including heart failure, and may benefit from a treatment approach that weighs the benefits of specific therapies against potential damage to the heart, according to a new scientific statement from the American...

2018 GU CANCERS SYMPOSIUM: Chemotherapy Added to Hormone Therapy for Prostate Cancer Improves Quality of Life

A new analysis of the ongoing STAMPEDE clinical trial found that adding docetaxel to hormone therapy for advanced prostate cancer improves quality of life and lowers the need for subsequent therapy. Docetaxel was also found to be cost-effective. These findings will be presented by James et al at...

2018 GU CANCERS SYMPOSIUM: Adding Immunotherapy to Standard Treatment Slows Growth of Advanced Kidney Cancer—With Fewer Side Effects

In a phase III clinical trial of patients with previously untreated metastatic renal cell cancer combining the immunotherapy atezolizumab (Tecentriq) with the targeted therapy bevacizumab (Avastin) delayed cancer growth by about 3 months longer than sunitinib, another targeted therapy. The benefit...

2018 GU CANCERS SYMPOSIUM: New Model Predicts Survival for People With Bladder Cancer Receiving Immunotherapy

Researchers have developed a model to predict overall survival for people with advanced urothelial cancers treated with the immune checkpoint inhibitor atezolizumab (Tecentriq). The model, which is based on six clinical factors, may help inform treatment decisions for use of atezolizumab in these...

2018 GU CANCERS SYMPOSIUM: Apalutamide Delays Prostate Cancer Metastases by More Than 2 Years

Findings from the phase III placebo-controlled SPARTAN trial suggest that apalutamide is an effective treatment for men with nonmetastatic castration-resistant prostate cancer who are at high risk for developing metastatic disease and for whom no approved treatments exist. Men who received...

Nivolumab With or Without Ipilimumab in Advanced Sarcoma

In the phase II Alliance A091401 trial reported in The Lancet Oncology, D’Angelo et al found evidence of activity of nivolumab plus ipilimumab in advanced sarcoma. Study Details The study comprised two noncomparative randomized phase II trials in which a total of 85 eligible patients...

Combined Aerobic-Resistance Exercise Intervention in Overweight/Obese Survivors of Breast Cancer

In a study reported in the Journal of Clinical Oncology, Dieli-Conwright et al found that an aerobic and resistance intervention reduced metabolic syndrome factors and sarcopenic obesity among sedentary, overweight, or obese women with breast cancer. Study Details In the study, 100 women from...

Posttreatment Mortality With Stereotactic Body Radiotherapy vs Surgery in NSCLC

In a study reported in the Journal of Clinical Oncology, Stokes and colleagues found lower posttreatment mortality rates with stereotactic body radiotherapy (SBRT) vs surgery in early-stage non–small cell lung cancer (NSCLC), with the difference in rates increasing as a function of age....

Potential Effect of Excess Body Weight on Detection of Cervical Precancer

In a study reported in the Journal of Clinical Oncology, Clarke et al found that increasing body mass index (BMI) was associated with lower rates of cervical precancer diagnosis and higher rates of cervical cancer diagnosis. The investigators had hypothesized that increased body mass could decrease ...

Evaluating the Need for Biopsies During Follow-up Care in Early Breast Cancer

In an analysis of more than 120,000 women diagnosed with and treated for early-stage breast cancer, researchers from The University of Texas MD Anderson Cancer Center determined the rate of additional breast biopsies needed for these patients during their follow-up care. The findings, reported by...

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