leukemia
issues in oncology

Guidelines for Pediatric CAR T-Cell Therapy Developed

Almost 1 year after the U.S. Food and Drug Administration (FDA) approval of chimeric antigen receptor (CAR) T-cell therapy for children with acute lymphoblastic leukemia (ALL), researchers at The University of Texas MD Anderson Cancer Center and the Pediatric Acute Lung Injury and...

Hematologic Malignancies
Leukemia

FDA Approves Ivosidenib for Relapsed or Refractory Acute Myeloid Leukemia

On July 20, 2018, the U.S. Food and Drug Administration approved ivosidenib (Tibsovo) for adult patients with relapsed or refractory acute myeloid leukemia (AML) with a susceptible IDH1 mutation as detected by an FDA-approved test. Approval was based on an open-label, single-arm, multicenter...

leukemia

Susan M. O’Brien, MD, on CLL: Sequencing Therapy Options

Susan M. O’Brien, MD, of the University of California, Irvine, discusses three oral agents for the treatment of chronic lymphocytic leukemia/small lymphocytic lymphoma, and the use of chemotherapy for the disease.

Hematologic Malignancies
Leukemia

NCCN Releases New Guidelines for Patients With AML

The National Comprehensive Cancer Network® (NCCN®) has recently released The NCCN Guidelines for Patients with Acute Myeloid Leukemia (AML), which includes resources for better-informed medical decision-making. The NCCN Guidelines for Patients with AML is endorsed by the Aplastic Anemia and MDS...

Leukemia

Expert Point of View: Susan O'Brien, MD, and Bruce Cheson, MD

SUSAN O’BRIEN, MD, Associate Director for Clinical Science, Chao Family Comprehensive Cancer Center, University of California Irvine Health, told The ASCO Post that the pairing of ibrutinib (Imbruvica) and venetoclax (Venclexta) “is clearly a very powerful combination.” The next question, she...

Leukemia

Ibrutinib Plus Venetoclax in CLL: High MRD-Negativity Rates, Reduced Risk for Tumor-Lysis Syndrome

A REGIMEN COMBINING ibrutinib (Imbruvica) and venetoclax (Venclexta) in previously untreated patients with chronic lymphocytic leukemia (CLL) greatly reduced the risk of venetoclax-associated tumor-lysis syndrome and led to promising rates of undetectable minimal residual disease (MRD) in the phase ...

Hematologic Malignancies
Leukemia

Outcomes of Tisagenlecleucel Therapy in Children and Young Adults With B-Cell Acute Lymphoblastic Leukemia

As reported in The New England Journal of Medicine by Shannon L. Maude, MD, PhD, of Perelman School of Medicine, University of Pennsylvania, Philadelphia, and colleagues, the phase II ELIANA trial has shown that the anti-CD19 chimeric antigen receptor (CAR) T-cell therapy tisagenlecleucel (Kymriah) ...

Leukemia

Patients With AML Have Reduced Risk of Early Mortality at NCI-Designated Cancer Centers

RESEARCHERS AT the University of California (UC), Davis, have shown that patients with acute myeloid leukemia (AML) who received their care at a National Cancer Institute (NCI) cancer center in California had a dramatically reduced risk of early mortality. Using data from the California Cancer...

Hematologic Malignancies
Leukemia

Phase I Study Shows Safety, Efficacy of Ivosidenib in Acute Myeloid Leukemia

Ivosidenib, an isocitrate dehydrogenase-1 (IDH1) inhibitor, yielded durable and molecular remissions in some patients with IDH1-mutated advanced relapsed or refractory acute myeloid leukemia (AML). At a dose of 500 mg/d, ivosidenib was associated with a low frequency of grade 3 or higher...

Hematologic Malignancies
Leukemia

Minimal Residual Disease Testing in AML: Still a Shifting Target

Testing for minimal residual disease (MRD) has become an established part of the management of acute lymphoblastic leukemia (ALL), but in acute myeloid leukemia (AML), the technology still warrants validation. To address issues and set new standards, the European LeukemiaNet Working Party recently ...

leukemia
lymphoma

iLLUMINATE Trial of Ibrutinib Plus Obinutuzumab for First-Line Therapy of CLL/SLL Meets Primary Endpoint

The phase III iLLUMINATE (PCYC-1130) trial recently met its primary endpoint of improvement in progression-free survival. The study evaluated ibrutinib (Imbruvica) in combination with obinutuzumab (Gazyva) in patients with previously untreated chronic lymphocytic leukemia or small lymphocytic...

leukemia
lymphoma

Rapid Progression of Adult T-Cell Leukemia/Lymphoma During PD-1 Inhibitor Therapy

In a letter to the editor in The New England Journal of Medicine, Ratner et al describe rapid progression of adult T-cell leukemia/lymphoma (ATLL) in three consecutive patients receiving programmed cell death protein 1 (PD-1) inhibitor therapy with nivolumab (Opdivo). As stated by the authors,...

Lymphoma
Leukemia

Adherence to Oral Anticancer Treatment: Priorities in Lymphoma and CLL

ADVANCES IN cancer treatment have been nothing short of breathtaking in recent years. Among the most important has been the advent of effective oral therapies, marking a significant change in the way many patients receive treatment and in the oversight required by the cancer care team. As with...

leukemia
lymphoma

FDA Approves Second-Line Venetoclax for CLL or SLL With or Without 17p Deletion

On June 8, the U.S. Food and Drug Administration (FDA) granted regular approval to venetoclax (Venclexta) for patients with chronic lymphocytic leukemia (CLL) or small lymphocytic lymphoma (SLL), with or without 17p deletion, who have received at least one prior therapy. MURANO Approval was based ...

leukemia
geriatric oncology

Courtney Denton Dinardo, MD, on AML: Treatment Study Results

Courtney Denton Dinardo, MD, of The University of Texas MD Anderson Cancer Center, discusses findings on the durable response with venetoclax in combination with decitabine or azacitidine in elderly patients with acute myeloid leukemia (Abstract 7010).

leukemia

Peter Hillmen, MB, ChB, on CLL: Results From the MURANO Trial

Peter Hillmen, MB, ChB, of St James’s University Hospital, discusses phase III study findings on minimal residual disease negativity with venetoclax plus rituximab in relapsed or refractory chronic lymphocytic leukemia (Abstract 7508).

leukemia

William G. Wierda, MD, PhD, and Julie M. Vose, MD, MBA, on CLL: Results From the CAPTIVATE Trial

Julie M. Vose, MD, MBA, of the University of Nebraska Medical Center, and William G. Wierda, MD, PhD, of The University of Texas MD Anderson Cancer Center, discuss phase II findings on ibrutinib plus venetoclax in first-line treatment of chronic lymphocytic leukemia (Abstract 7502).

leukemia

Rita Elias Assi, MD, on AML and Genomics

Rita Elias Assi, MD, of The University of Texas MD Anderson Cancer Center, discusses the impact of next-generation sequencing on treatment selection in acute myeloid leukemia (Abstract 103).

leukemia

Robert J. Kreitman, MD, on Hairy Cell Leukemia: Results From an International Study

Robert J. Kreitman, MD, of the National Cancer Institute, discusses findings on moxetumomab pasudotox in heavily pretreated patients with relapsed or refractory hairy cell leukemia (Abstract 7004).

Leukemia

Molecular Minimal Residual Disease Detection Shows Further Promise in Acute Myeloid Leukemia

Extended next-generation sequencing genomic profiling in acute myeloid leukemia (AML) has revealed remarkable heterogeneity and molecular complexity of the disease and provided critical insights into the genetic mechanisms underpinning of preleukemic and leukemic pathogenesis.1,2 Despite...

Leukemia

Targeted Sequencing Detection of Molecular Minimal Residual Disease and Prognosis in Acute Myeloid Leukemia

In a study reported in The New England Journal of Medicine, Mojca Jongen-Lavrencic, MD, PhD, of Erasmus MC Cancer Institute, and colleagues found that molecular minimal residual disease identified by next-generation sequencing during complete remission was associated with an increased risk of...

Colorectal Cancer
Breast Cancer
Hepatobiliary Cancer
Lung Cancer
Kidney Cancer
Prostate Cancer
CNS Cancers
Leukemia

NCCN Clinical Practice Guidelines in Oncology (NCCN Guidelines®): 2018 Guidelines Updates

In 1996, the National Comprehensive Cancer Network® (NCCN®) published its first set of Clinical Practice Guidelines in Oncology (NCCN Guidelines®) covering 8 tumor types. Guidelines are now published for more than 60 tumor types and topics. Some of the key updates were presented at NCCN’s 23rd...

Leukemia
Genomics/Genetics

Minimal Residual Disease in Acute Myeloid Leukemia: Mutation Matters

A RECENT article in The New England Journal of Medicine explored the nuances of minimal/measurable residual disease testing after induction treatment of acute myeloid leukemia (AML)1 and David P. Steensma, MD, and Benjamin L. Ebert, MD, PhD, of Dana-Farber Cancer Institute and Harvard Medical...

Hematologic Malignancies
Leukemia

Nilotinib Label Updated to Provide Treatment Discontinuation Recommendations for CML With Sustained Molecular Response

On December 22, 2017, the product label for nilotinib (Tasigna) was updated to include information on nilotinib discontinuation, postdiscontinuation monitoring, and guidance for treatment reinitiation in patients with Philadelphia chromosome (Ph)-positive chronic myeloid leukemia (CML) who have...

Hematologic Malignancies
Leukemia

Fine-Tuning Treatment in Myeloma and Leukemia

It is a difficult task to include every notable presentation from the 2017 American Society of Hematology (ASH) Annual Meeting & Exposition. In addition to our more comprehensive coverage of the news from that meeting over the past several issues, below are summaries of additional key...

leukemia
lymphoma

FDA Accepts New Drug Application, Grants Priority Review for Duvelisib in CLL/SLL and Follicular Lymphoma

On April 9, the U.S. Food and Drug Administration (FDA) accepted for filing with Priority Review a new drug application (NDA) for the oral agent duvelisib, a first-in-class, dual inhibitor of phosphoinositide 3-kinase (PI3K)-delta and PI3K-gamma. The NDA is seeking full approval for duvelisib in...

Hematologic Malignancies
Leukemia

Venetoclax in Chronic Lymphocytic Leukemia Progressing After Ibrutinib

An interim analysis of a phase II trial reported by Jones et al in The Lancet Oncology indicates that venetoclax (Venclexta) produces a response in a high proportion of patients with chronic lymphocytic leukemia (CLL) progressing on or after ibrutinib (Imbruvica) treatment. John C. Byrd, MD, of...

Hematologic Malignancies
Leukemia

FDA Expands Nilotinib Indication to Pediatric Patients With CML

On March 22, the U.S. Food and Drug Administration (FDA) expanded the indication for nilotinib (Tasigna) to include treatment of first- and second-line pediatric patients 1 year of age or older with Philadelphia chromosome–positive chronic myeloid leukemia (CML) in the chronic phase. In the United ...

leukemia

Bijal D. Shah, MD, on What ALL Tells Us About CAR T Cells

Bijal D. Shah, MD, of the H. Lee Moffitt Cancer Center, discusses key studies of CAR T-cell therapy in relapsed B-cell ALL and the adverse events that this treatment may cause.

Leukemia

Venetoclax in Chronic Lymphocytic Leukemia Progressing After Ibrutinib

An interim analysis of a phase II trial reported by Jones et al in The Lancet Oncology indicates that venetoclax (Venclexta) produces a response in a high proportion of patients with chronic lymphocytic leukemia (CLL) progressing on or after ibrutinib (Imbruvica) treatment. John C. Byrd, MD, of The ...

leukemia

Ellin Berman, MD, on CML: Disease Management During Pregnancy

Ellin Berman, MD, of Memorial Sloan Kettering Cancer Center, discusses the effects of TKI therapy on fetal development, its impact on pregnancy outcomes, and how to develop an effective treatment plan.

Hematologic Malignancies
Leukemia

Martin S. Tallman, MD, Joins Samuel Waxman Cancer Research Foundation’s Scientific Advisory Board

The Samuel Waxman Cancer Research Foundation (SWCRF) announced that Martin S. Tallman, MD, Chief of Leukemia Service at Memorial Sloan Kettering Cancer Center (MSK), has joined its Scientific Advisory Board. Dr. Tallman, who will continue in his role at MSK, will join his fellow Scientific...

Leukemia

Trivalent CAR T-Cell Design May Enhance Antitumor Efficacy in Acute Lymphoblastic Leukemia

A novel approach to chimeric antigen receptor (CAR) T-cell therapy seems to effectively target acute lymphoblastic leukemia (ALL) cells with varying antigen profiles and may help to overcome antigen escape, seen with CD19-targeted therapy. According to data presented at the 2018 ASCO-SITC Clinical...

Hematologic Malignancies
Leukemia

A River Runs Through the Life of a Leukemia Specialist

GUEST EDITOR Dr. Abraham is the Director of the Breast Oncology Program at Taussig Cancer Institute, and Professor of Medicine, Lerner College of Medicine, Cleveland Clinic.   MATT KALAYCIO, MD Affiliation: Cleveland Clinic Taussig Cancer InstituteOn balancing priorities: “As an oncologist in...

Hematologic Malignancies
Leukemia

FDA Accepts NDA, Grants Priority Review for Ivosidenib in Relapsed or Refractory IDH1-Mutated AML

On February 15, the U.S. Food and Drug Administration (FDA) accepted a new drug application (NDA) for ivosidenib (AG-120) for the treatment of patients with relapsed or refractory acute myeloid leukemia (AML) with an isocitrate dehydrogenase 1 (IDH1) mutation. The NDA was granted Priority Review...

Leukemia

Bosutinib in Newly Diagnosed Chronic-Phase Philadelphia Chromosome–Positive Chronic Myeloid Leukemia

In the Clinic provides overviews of novel oncology agents, addressing indications, mechanisms of action, administration recommendations, safety profiles, and other essential information needed for the appropriate clinical use of these drugs. On December 19, 2017, bosutinib (Bosulif) was granted...

Hematologic Malignancies
Leukemia

Data Favoring Maintenance Therapy in Older Patients With AML Accumulate

The use of maintenance therapy in older patients with acute myeloid leukemia (AML) is theoretically sensible, but its clinical value remains uncertain. The phase III HOVON97 randomized study demonstrated that maintenance therapy with the hypomethylating agent azacitidine may improve disease-free...

Leukemia

Guadecitabine in Treatment-Naive Older Patients With Acute Myeloid Leukemia

The results of a phase II trial have shown high activity of guadecitabine, a next-generation hypomethylating drug, in treatment-naive older patients with acute myeloid leukemia. The findings were reported in The Lancet Oncology by Hagop M. Kantarjian, MD, of The University of Texas MD Anderson...

Hematologic Malignancies
Leukemia

Enasidenib in IDH2-Mutant Relapsed or Refractory Acute Myeloid Leukemia

  On August 1, 2017, the IDH2 inhibitor enasidenib (Idhifa) was granted regular approval for treatment of adult patients with relapsed or refractory acute myeloid leukemia (AML) with an isocitrate dehydrogenase-2 (IDH2) mutation as detected by a U.S. Food and Drug Administration (FDA)-approved...

Hematologic Malignancies
Leukemia

Blinatumomab in Relapsed or Refractory B-Cell Precursor ALL

On July 11, 2017, blinatumomab (Blincyto) was approved for the treatment of relapsed or refractory B-cell precursor acute lymphoblastic leukemia (ALL) in adults and children.1,2 Blinatumomab received accelerated approval in December 2014 for the treatment of Philadelphia chromosome (Ph)-negative...

leukemia

Kristen Fousek, PhD Candidate, on B-Cell ALL: CAR T-Cell Treatment

Kristen Fousek, PhD Candidate at Baylor College of Medicine, discusses her preclinical work on targeting CD19-negative relapsed B-cell acute lymphoblastic leukemia, using CAR T cells that target three antigens simultaneously, a technique that addresses the growing problem of relapse (Abstract 121).

Leukemia

Against All Odds

The days leading up to our daughter Emily’s diagnosis of acute lymphoblastic leukemia (ALL) on May 28, 2010, when she was just 5, offered few clues about the terrifying, life-and-death months and years we were about to experience. She was happy and seemingly healthy, literally until the day before...

Leukemia

FDA Approves Arsenic Trioxide With Tretinoin for First-Line Treatment of Acute Promyelocytic Leukemia

ON JANUARY 15, 2018, the U.S. Food and Drug Administration (FDA) approved the use of arsenic trioxide (Trisenox) injection in combination with tretinoin for the treatment of adults with newly diagnosed low-risk acute promyelocytic leukemia whose disease is characterized by the presence of the...

Hematologic Malignancies
Leukemia

Venetoclax Plus Rituximab Outperforms Standard Bendamustine Plus Rituximab in CLL

  Venetoclax (Venclexta) plus rituximab (Rituxan)—a non–chemotherapy-containing regimen—was superior to standard-of-care bendamustine plus rituximab for patients with relapsed or refractory chronic lymphocytic leukemia (CLL), according to a final analysis of the phase III MURANO study reported at...

head and neck cancer
leukemia

Radioiodine Treatment of Well-Differentiated Thyroid Cancer and Hematologic Malignancy Risk

In a study reported in the Journal of Clinical Oncology, Molenaar et al found that radioiodine treatment for well-differentiated thyroid cancer was associated with an increased risk of acute myeloid leukemia (AML) and chronic myeloid leukemia (CML) compared with thyroidectomy alone. Study Details ...

leukemia

Venetoclax in Chronic Lymphocytic Leukemia Progressing After Ibrutinib

An interim analysis of a phase II trial reported by Jones et al in The Lancet Oncology indicates that venetoclax (Venclexta) produces a response in a high proportion of patients with chronic lymphocytic leukemia progressing on or after ibrutinib (Imbruvica) treatment. Study Details The study...

leukemia

FDA Updates Nilotinib Label With Information on Discontinuing Treatment in Certain Patients With Early-Phase CML After Sustained Response

On December 22, the U.S. Food and Drug Administration (FDA) updated the product label for nilotinib (Tasigna) to include information for providers about how to discontinue the drug in certain patients. Nilotinib, first approved by the FDA in 2007, is indicated for the treatment of patients with...

Leukemia

Bosutinib for First-Line Use in Chronic Myeloid Leukemia: Is Three a Crowd?

BOSUTINIB ( BOSULIF) is the latest tyrosine kinase inhibitor that has shown a superior molecular response profile when compared with imatinib.1,2 An orally available dual SRC/ABL1 inhibitor, the drug was shown in preclinical studies to have a potent inhibitory activity against BCR-ABL1 and minimal ...

Gynecologic Cancers
Hepatobiliary Cancer
Gastroesophageal Cancer
Leukemia

Reports From the Journal of Clinical Oncology

Immunotherapy in PD-L1–Positive Advanced Cervical Cancer Pembrolizumab (Keytruda) treatment was active in patients with programmed cell death ligand 1 (PD-L1)–positive advanced cervical cancer enrolled in the phase Ib KEYNOTE-028 trial. The findings were reported by Jean-Sebastien Frenel, MD, of...

Leukemia

Phase II Data for Venetoclax/Ibrutinib Combination in Relapsed or Refractory Chronic Lymphocytic Leukemia

THE COMBINATION of ibrutinib (Imbruvica) plus venetoclax (Venclexta) achieved favorable responses in patients with relapsed or refractory chronic lymphocytic leukemia (CLL), according to initial results of the phase II CLARITY trial presented at the 2017 American Society of Hematology (ASH) Annual ...

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