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leukemia

ASH 2017: Dasatinib Plus Standard Chemotherapy Demonstrates 3-Year Survival Benefit in Pediatric Patients With Philadelphia Chromosome–Positive ALL

At the 59th American Society of Hematology (ASH) Annual Meeting & Exposition, Hunger et al presented data from the phase II CA180-372 study in pediatric patients with newly diagnosed Philadelphia chromosome–positive acute lymphoblastic leukemia (ALL) treated with dasatinib (Sprycel) added ...

leukemia

ASH 2017: MURANO Trial: Venetoclax Found Superior to Standard Chemotherapy When Combined With Rituximab in CLL

In the phase III MURANO trial, treatment with the targeted cancer drug venetoclax (Venclexta) in combination with rituximab (Rituxan) more than doubled the likelihood that patients with chronic lymphocytic leukemia (CLL) would survive for 2 years without cancer progression, compared to treatment...

hematologic malignancies
leukemia
lymphoma
multiple myeloma

ASH 2017: People Aged 75 Years and Older Are Underrepresented in Blood Cancer Clinical Trials

In the first comprehensive analysis of clinical trial enrollment among older adults with blood cancers, researchers from the U.S. Food and Drug Administration (FDA) found significant gaps in participation among those aged 75 and older when considered against the incidence of these malignancies in...

leukemia

John F. Seymour, MBBS, PhD, on CLL: Results From the MURANO Study

John F. Seymour, MBBS, PhD, of the Peter MacCallum Cancer Centre, discusses an interim analysis of venetoclax plus rituximab vs bendamustine plus rituximab in patients with relapsed/refractory chronic lymphocytic leukemia (Abstract LBA-2).

leukemia

Nitin Jain, MD, on CLL: Results From a Venetoclax/Ibrutinib Trial

Nitin Jain, MD, of The University of Texas MD Anderson Cancer Center, discusses phase II study results on combined venetoclax and ibrutinib for patients with previously untreated high-risk and relapsed/refractory chronic lymphocytic leukemia (Abstract 429).

leukemia

ASH 2017: CLARITY Trial: Combination Treatment With Two Targeted Agents Shows Promise in Previously Treated CLL

One-third of patients with previously treated chronic lymphocytic leukemia (CLL) had no detectable disease after 6 months of combination therapy with the targeted agents ibrutinib (Imbruvica) and venetoclax (Venclexta), with no increase in the occurrence of tumor-lysis syndrome, a serious treatment ...

leukemia

ASH 2017: RESONATE-2 Trial: Patient-Reported Outcomes on Ibrutinib Treatment in Patients With CLL

At the 2017 American Society of Hematology (ASH) Annual Meeting & Exposition, the 3-year follow-up data from the RESONATE-2 study (PCYC-1115/1116) were presented. The investigators found that patients with previously untreated chronic lymphocytic leukemia/small lymphocytic lymphoma (CLL/SLL)...

hematologic malignancies
leukemia
lymphoma
multiple myeloma

Watch for More From ASH 2017

Phase III ASPIRE Trial of Carfilzomib in Relapsed Multiple Myeloma Overall survival results from the phase III ASPIRE trial will be detailed for the first time in an oral presentation by Stewart et al on Monday, December 11. The addition of carfilzomib to lenalidomide and...

Hematologic Malignancies
Leukemia

Asparaginase-Associated Pancreatitis in Childhood Acute Lymphoblastic Leukemia

An observational study reported in The Lancet Oncology by -Wolthers et al in the Ponte di Legno Toxicity Working Group identified characteristics and the course of asparaginase-associated pancreatitis in childhood acute lymphoblastic leukemia. Kjeld Schmiegelow, MD, of The University Hospital...

Hematologic Malignancies
Leukemia

Clinical Trials Actively Recruiting Patients With Pediatric Leukemia

The information contained in this Clinical Trials Resource Guide includes actively recruiting clinical studies focused on pediatric leukemia. These studies highlight quality-of-life reporting; neutropenia management; combination chemotherapy; chimeric antigen receptor (CAR) T-cell therapy and some...

Hematologic Malignancies
Leukemia

Perlmutter Cancer Center Expands Clinical Leukemia Program

NYU Langone Health has announced that nationally renowned physician and researcher Raoul Tibes, MD, PhD, Associate Professor of Hematology and Medical Oncology at NYU School of Medicine, will lead efforts to expand the clinical and investigative leukemia programs at its Perlmutter Cancer Center....

Hematologic Malignancies
Leukemia

Dasatinib in Pediatric Patients With Chronic Myeloid Leukemia

On November 9, 2017, dasatinib (Sprycel) was granted regular approval for treatment of pediatric patients with Philadelphia chromosome–positive chronic myeloid leukemia (CML) in chronic phase.1,2 Supporting Efficacy Data Approval was based on findings among 97 pediatric patients with chronic-phase...

leukemia

Patients With CLL May Be Willing to Trade Treatment Efficacy for Reduced Side Effects

When choosing their preferred treatment, patients with chronic lymphocytic leukemia (CLL) place the highest value on treatments that deliver the longest progression-free survival, but they are willing to swap some drug efficacy for a reduced risk of serious adverse events, according to a study...

leukemia

Constructing a Risk Stratification Model for Pediatric Acute Lymphoblastic Leukemia

In a study reported in the Journal of Clinical Oncology, O’Connor et al combined genetic subtypes and minimal residual disease as a continuous variable to construct a risk stratification model for pediatric acute lymphoblastic leukemia (ALL). Study Details The study involved a...

leukemia

Seattle Children’s Opens Trial for Children and Young Adults With Leukemia That Targets CD22 and CD19 Proteins Simultaneously

Seattle Children’s has opened the first chimeric antigen receptor (CAR) T-cell immunotherapy trial in the U.S. for children and young adults with relapsed or refractory CD19- and CD22-positive acute lymphoblastic leukemia (ALL) that will simultaneously attack two targets on cancer cells. With ...

Leukemia

Novel Risk-Assessment Model for Acute Myeloid Leukemia

A RECENTLY PUBLISHED STUDY in JAMA Oncology, led by Mohamed Sorror, MD, MSc, and Elihu Estey, MD, of the Fred Hutchinson Cancer Research Center (Fred Hutch), involving five collaborating institutions, provides a novel model to predict 1-year survival rates of patients after beginning treatment...

Hematologic Malignancies
Leukemia

Clinical Relevance of Minimal Residual Disease Monitoring Limited in Acute Myeloid Leukemia

Although a majority of major cancer centers may test for minimal residual disease (MRD), a recent survey conducted by researchers at Moffitt Cancer Center, Tampa, Florida, suggests most oncologists remain uncertain about what to do with the results. At the National Comprehensive Cancer Network®...

Hematologic Malignancies
Leukemia

Sequencing Therapy in Chronic Lymphocytic Leukemia

Although the indications to initiate treatment for chronic lymphocytic leukemia (CLL) have not changed, determining the optimal first-line treatment and sequence of therapies once treatment has begun remain challenges for providers. At the National Comprehensive Cancer Network® (NCCN®) 12th Annual...

leukemia

Comparison of First-Line Treatments in Chronic Myeloid Leukemia

In the phase III BFORE trial reported in the Journal of Clinical Oncology by Cortes et al, the SRC/ABL kinase inhibitor bosutinib (Bosulif) improved response rates vs imatinib in first-line treatment of patients with Philadelphia chromosome (Ph)-positive chronic phase chronic myeloid leukemia (CML) ...

leukemia

FDA Grants Regular Approval of Dasatinib for Pediatric Philadelphia Chromosome–Positive CML in Chronic Phase

On November 9, the U.S. Food and Drug Administration (FDA) expanded the indication for dasatinib (Sprycel) tablets to include the treatment of children with Philadelphia chromosome–positive chronic myeloid leukemia (CML) in chronic phase (CP).This approval for dasatinib in pediatric patients...

leukemia

Fat Cells May Inactivate Chemotherapeutic Drug and Contribute to Poorer Survival in ALL

It is well established that obesity increases the risk for cancer mortality, although no mechanisms have been proven to explain the reason for this association. Now a laboratory study investigating how obesity might alter the effectiveness of daunorubicin in the treatment of acute lymphoblastic...

Leukemia

Immunotherapeutic Approaches for B-Cell Acute Lymphocytic Leukemia

New therapeutic agents for acute lymphocytic leukemia (ALL) have led to dramatic improvement in remission rates, but questions concerning the proper sequencing and combination of these agents remain. At the National Comprehensive Cancer Network® (NCCN®) 13th Annual Congress: Hematologic...

leukemia

MicroRNA Expression–Based Risk Model for Pediatric Acute Myeloid Leukemia

As reported in the Journal of Clinical Oncology, Lim et al have identified a microRNA expression–based risk model associated with event-free survival in pediatric acute myeloid leukemia (AML). The study involved comprehensive miRNA sequencing of 1,362 pediatric AML samples, consisting of...

palliative care
leukemia

2017 ASCO Palliative Care: People With Leukemia and Their Oncologists Have Vastly Different Perceptions of Prognosis

A study of 100 people with acute myeloid leukemia (AML) receiving chemotherapy found that patient and physician perceptions of treatment risk and the likelihood of a cure varied widely. Overall, patients tended to overestimate both the risk of dying due to treatment and the likelihood of a cure....

leukemia

Bruno C. Medeiros, MD, on AML: Targeted Treatment

Bruno C. Medeiros, MD, of Stanford Cancer Institute, discusses emerging novel agents and targeted molecular abnormalities in the management of acute myeloid leukemia.

leukemia

David G. Maloney, MD, PhD, on ALL: New Therapeutic Agents

David G. Maloney, MD, PhD, of the Fred Hutchinson Cancer Research Center, reviews the clinical data and ongoing trials evaluating immunotherapy in the setting of relapsed or refractory acute lymphocytic leukemia and discusses major adverse events of treatment.

leukemia

William G. Wierda, MD, PhD, on CLL: How to Sequence Therapy

William G. Wierda, MD, PhD, of The University of Texas MD Anderson Cancer Center, discusses sequencing therapy in patients with relapsed/refractory CLL/SLL based on prior treatment and the presence of cytogenetic abnormalities.

Leukemia

Cord Blood Transplantation Proves Beneficial in High-Risk Patients With Leukemia

Studies show that only about one-third of patients with acute myeloid leukemia who have detectable amounts of cancer cells in their blood at the time of allogeneic hematopoietic cell transplantation will be alive 3 years later, compared with nearly three-quarters of those patients without minimal...

Hematologic Malignancies
Lymphoma
Leukemia

Combination of Rituximab and Hyaluronidase Human for Subcutaneous Use in Lymphoma and Leukemia

In the Clinic provides overviews of novel oncology agents, addressing indications, mechanisms of action, administration recommendations, safety profiles, and other essential information needed for the appropriate clinical use of these drugs. On June 22, 2017, the combination of rituximab (Rituxan)...

Leukemia

Inotuzumab Ozogamicin for Relapsed/Refractory B-Cell Precursor ALL

On August 17, 2017, inotuzumab ozogamicin (Besponsa) was approved for the treatment of adults with relapsed or refractory B-cell precursor acute lymphoblastic leukemia (ALL).1,2  Supporting Efficacy Data  APPROVAL WAS BASED on complete remission rates in the open-label phase III INO-VATE ALL...

leukemia

Positive Results from Phase III MURANO Trial Evaluating Venetoclax in Combination With Rituximab in Relapsed/Refractory CLL

The phase III MURANO study of venetoclax (Venclexta) tablets in combination with rituximab (Rituxan) met its primary endpoint. Results showed that the combination prolonged progression-free survival in patients with relapsed/refractory chronic lymphocytic leukemia (CLL) compared with bendamustine...

leukemia

Combination of Inotuzumab Ozogamicin and Low-Intensity Chemotherapy in Relapsed or Refractory Ph-Negative ALL

In a single-center phase II trial reported in JAMA Oncology, Jabbour et al found that the combination of inotuzumab ozogamicin (Besponsa) and low-intensity chemotherapy produced promising results in patients with relapsed or refractory Philadelphia chromosome (Ph)-negative acute lymphoblastic...

leukemia

Guadecitabine in Treatment-Naive Older Patients With Acute Myeloid Leukemia

The results of a phase II trial have shown high activity of guadecitabine, a next-generation hypomethylating drug, in treatment-naive older patients with acute myeloid leukemia. The findings were reported in The Lancet Oncology by Kantarjian et al. Guadecitabine has a longer half-life and exposure...

Leukemia

Expert Point of View: David Maloney, MD, and Kenneth C. Anderson, MD

SIMILAR CELLULAR immunotherapies are currently being developed and tested by other National Cancer Institute–designated cancer centers, including Fred Hutchinson Cancer Research Center.  David Maloney, MD, Medical Director of Cellular Immunotherapy at Fred Hutchinson and Medical Director of the...

Leukemia

FDA Approves First CAR T-Cell Therapy for Pediatric, Young Adult Patients With ALL

ON AUGUST 30, 2017, the U.S. Food and Drug Administration (FDA) approved tisagenlecleucel (Kymriah) for pediatric and young adult patients up to 25 years with B-cell precursor acute lymphoblastic leukemia (ALL) that is refractory to initial treatment or in second or later relapse. Tisagenlecleucel ...

Leukemia

Midostaurin in FLT3 Mutation–Positive Acute Myeloid Leukemia and Systemic Mastocytosis

ON APRIL 28, 2017, midostaurin (Rydapt) was approved for treatment of adults with newly diagnosed acute myeloid leukemia (AML) who have FLT3 mutation–positive disease, as detected by a U.S. Food and Drug Administration (FDA)-approved test, in combination with standard cytarabine and daunorubicin...

leukemia

FDA Approves Gemtuzumab Ozogamicin for Treatment of Acute Myeloid Leukemia

The U.S. Food and Drug Administration (FDA) today approved gemtuzumab ozogamicin (Mylotarg) for the treatment of adults with newly diagnosed acute myeloid leukemia (AML) whose tumors express the CD33 antigen. The drug was also approved for the treatment of patients aged 2 years and older with...

leukemia

FDA Approves First CAR T-Cell Therapy for Pediatric and Young Adult Patients With B-Cell Precursor ALL

Today, the U.S. Food and Drug Administration (FDA) issued what it has called a “historic action,” making the first gene therapy available in the United States. The FDA approved tisagenlecleucel (Kymriah) for certain pediatric and young adult patients with a form of acute lymphoblastic...

hematologic malignancies
leukemia

Early-Phase Study Finds Vitamin C May Activate TET2 Function

Vitamin C may “tell” faulty stem cells in the bone marrow to mature and die normally, instead of multiplying to cause blood cancers. This is the finding of a study led by researchers from Perlmutter Cancer Center at NYU Langone Health, and published by Cimmino et al in Cell....

leukemia

Arsenic Trioxide and Reduced Anthracycline Dose in Pediatric Acute Promyelocytic Leukemia

In the phase III historically controlled Children’s Oncology Group (COG) AAML0631 trial, arsenic trioxide consolidation permitted the use of lower-dose anthracycline without appearing to compromise outcomes in pediatric patients with acute promyelocytic leukemia (APL). The results were...

leukemia

FDA Approves Inotuzumab Ozogamicin for Relapsed or Refractory B-Cell Precursor ALL

On August 17, 2017, the U.S. Food and Drug Administration (FDA) approved inotuzumab ozogamicin (Besponsa) for the treatment of adults with relapsed or refractory B-cell precursor acute lymphoblastic leukemia (ALL). INO-VATE ALL The approval was based on data from INO-VATE ALL, a randomized (1:1), ...

leukemia

End-of-Life Care for Older Patients With Acute Myeloid Leukemia

As reported in the Journal of Clinical Oncology by Wang et al, many older patients with acute myeloid leukemia (AML) do not receive hospice care at the end of life, with those who do tending to enroll in hospice within days of death. Study Details The population-based retrospective cohort study...

Leukemia

Blinatumomab in Advanced Acute Lymphoblastic Leukemia: A Brighter Therapeutic Outlook

NEW DRUGS that will improve the outcome of adult patients who develop a deadly disease such as acute leukemia are badly needed; combinations of cytotoxic chemotherapeutic drugs may have reached an upper limit of utility. Agents that eradicate leukemia by alternative mechanisms would be of...

Leukemia

Improved Overall Survival With Blinatumomab vs Chemotherapy in Advanced Acute Lymphoblastic Leukemia

IN THE PHASE III TOWER TRIAL reported in The New England Journal of Medicine, Hagop Kantarjian, MD, of The University of Texas MD Anderson Cancer Center, and colleagues found that blinatumomab (Blincyto) treatment improved overall survival vs chemotherapy in heavily pretreated patients with B-cell ...

leukemia

FDA Approves Liposome-Encapsulated Combination of Daunorubicin-Cytarabine for Some Types of Poor-Prognosis AML

On August 3, 2017, the U.S. Food and Drug Administration (FDA) granted regular approval to a liposome-encapsulated combination of daunorubicin and cytarabine (Vyxeos) for the treatment of adults with newly diagnosed therapy-related acute myeloid leukemia (AML) or AML with myelodysplasia-related...

Hematologic Malignancies
Multiple Myeloma
Lymphoma
Leukemia
Myelodysplastic Syndromes

Selected Abstracts on Novel Therapies for Hematologic Malignancies

THE 22ND CONGRESS of the European Hematology Association (EHA) was held in June in Madrid, drawing hematologists and allied professionals from every subspecialty of hematology from around the world. Among the extensive educational and scientific program, the EHA Congress provides a forum for...

Breast Cancer
Leukemia
Supportive Care
Gastrointestinal Cancer

FDA Actions Yield Extended Approvals of Novel Agents, Advisory Committee Votes Favorably on Two Biosimilars and Pediatric Indication for CAR T-Cell Therapy

DURING JULY, the U.S. Food and Drug Administration (FDA) and its Oncologic Drugs Advisory Committee (ODAC) made a number of approvals and recommendations on a variety of oncology products.  Neratinib  ON JULY 1 7, the FDA approved neratinib (Nerlynx) for the extended adjuvant treatment of adult...

leukemia

FDA Approves Enasidenib in Relapsed or Refractory Acute Myeloid Leukemia

Today, the U.S. Food and Drug Administration (FDA) approved enasidenib (Idhifa) for the treatment of adult patients with relapsed or refractory acute myeloid leukemia (AML) who have a specific genetic mutation. The drug is approved for use with a companion diagnostic, the RealTime IDH2 Assay, which ...

leukemia

Asparaginase-Associated Pancreatitis in Childhood Acute Lymphoblastic Leukemia

An observational study reported in The Lancet Oncology by Wolthers et al in the Ponte di Legno Toxicity Working Group identified characteristics and the course of asparaginase-associated pancreatitis in childhood acute lymphoblastic leukemia. Study Details The study involved merged data from...

leukemia

FDA Grants Venetoclax Breakthrough Therapy Designation for Geriatric Patients With Acute Myeloid Leukemia

On July 28, the U.S. Food and Drug Administration (FDA) granted Breakthrough Therapy designation for venetoclax (Venclexta) in combination with low-dose cytarabine for elderly patients with previously untreated acute myeloid leukemia (AML) who are ineligible for intensive chemotherapy. FDA...

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