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survivorship

Cumulative Burden of Chronic Health Conditions in Childhood Cancer Survivors

In a report from the St Jude Lifetime Cohort Study published in The Lancet, Bhakta et al detailed the burden of lifetime chronic health conditions in survivors of childhood cancers. The report included retrospectively collected data on chronic health conditions in 5,522 patients treated for...

survivorship

James E. Bates, MD, on Pediatric Cancer Survivors: New Findings on Late Effects

James E. Bates, MD, of the University of Florida, discusses a volumetric dose-effect analysis of late cardiotoxicity, results from the Childhood Cancer Survivor Study (Abstract 4).

Thyroid Cancer
Prostate Cancer
Lung Cancer
Survivorship
Palliative Care

News From JCO and JOP

STAYING UP-TO-DATE in the fast-paced world of oncology literature is a daunting task at best. To assist with that task, The ASCO Post has assembled an assortment of studies recently published in the Journal of Clinical Oncology (JCO) and the Journal of Oncology Practice (JOP). Future installments...

issues in oncology
survivorship

ESMO 2017: NOR-CAYACS Trial: Factors That May Limit Work Ability of Young Adult Cancer Survivors

Factors that may limit the ability of young adult cancer survivors to work were reported at the European Society for Medical Oncology (ESMO) 2017 Congress in Madrid (Abstract 1110PD_PR). Late side effects can occur months or years after cancer treatment. In patients diagnosed with cancer in young...

survivorship

Financial Burden Among Survivors of Childhood Cancer

Findings from the Childhood Cancer Survivor Study, reported in the Journal of Clinical Oncology by Nipp et al, indicate that childhood cancer survivors are more likely than unaffected siblings to spend a higher percentage of income on out-of-pocket medical costs, potentially leading to reduced use...

Thyroid Cancer
Survivorship

Bridging the Survivorship Care Gap for Young Adult Survivors of Thyroid Cancer

Although thyroid cancer is among the five most common carcinomas diagnosed in adolescents and young adults (AYAs) between the ages of 15 and 39—thyroid cancer is more common in young women than young men and is the most common cancer diagnosed in females between the ages of 15 and 29 and the second ...

issues in oncology
survivorship

HPV Vaccination Rates Especially Low Among Childhood Cancer Survivors

The rate of human papillomavirus (HPV) vaccination in the United States is increasing, but remains lower than ideal. A new study suggests that survivors of childhood cancer receive the HPV vaccine at an even lower rate than their peers without cancer—24% vs 40%, respectively. Nearly...

survivorship
pain management

Higher Opioid Use Among Cancer Survivors

A new study found that opioid prescription use is more common in cancer survivors than in individuals without a history of cancer. This was true even among survivors who were 10 or more years past their cancer diagnosis. Published by Sutradhar et al in Cancer, the findings come at a time of rising...

cns cancers
survivorship

Study Maps Mutation That May Drive Meningioma Development in Childhood Cancer Survivors

Neuroscientists may have uncovered the genetic basis for why many long-term survivors of childhood cancer develop meningiomas, the most common adult brain tumor, decades after their treatment with cranial radiation. The findings, published by Agnihotri et al in Nature Communications, show that...

Issues in Oncology
Survivorship

How to Help Young Patients Preserve Their Fertility

GUEST EDITOR Adolescent and Young Adult Oncology explores the unique physical, psychosocial, social, emotional, sexual, and financial challenges adolescents and young adults with cancer face. The column is guest edited by Brandon Hayes-Lattin, MD, FACP, Professor of Medicine and Medical Director...

Sarcoma
CNS Cancers
Lymphoma
Survivorship

In Case You Missed It: Short Takes on Current Cancer Research

MOST ONCOLOGISTS are familiar with the findings of the plenary sessions featured at the 2017 ASCO Annual Meeting, with topics ranging from the duration of adjuvant oxaliplatin-based therapy in stage III colon cancer to patient-reported outcomes for symptom monitoring during routine cancer...

issues in oncology
survivorship

Poor Social Functioning in Adolescent and Young Adult Cancer Survivors

A new study indicates many young adults who survived the disease struggle with “getting back to normal” as much as 2 years after their initial diagnosis. The longitudinal study, published by Husson et al in Cancer, is among the first seeking to understand the social functioning among...

Multiple Myeloma
Survivorship

Living With Cancer Survivorship Guilt

Although I was officially diagnosed with multiple myeloma in 1997, the first sign of the cancer was evident 2 years earlier, when a single lesion (a plasmacytoma) was found in a bone in my lower back. The bone was replaced with two thin stainless steel rods, and after a course of radiation therapy, ...

Issues in Oncology
Survivorship

Second Cancers May Be Deadlier in Child, Adolescent, and Young Adult Patients

Second cancers in children and adolescents and young adults (AYAs) are far deadlier than they are in older adults and may partially account for the relatively poor outcomes of cancer patients between the ages of 15 and 39 overall, a new study by researchers at the University of California, Davis...

survivorship

Secondhand Smoke Exposure Among Nonsmoking Cancer Survivors

According to the Centers for Disease Control and Prevention (CDC), tobacco use and exposure accounts for about one-third of all cancer-related deaths in the United States. Moreover, exposure to secondhand tobacco smoke is attributable to more than 7,000 lung cancer–related deaths each year in ...

Survivorship

Lessons Learned and to Be Learned: Reducing Risk of Subsequent Malignancies in Childhood Cancer Survivors

I recently saw a patient in our survivorship clinic. She was treated at age 15 years for Hodgkin lymphoma and is now in her early 50s. During the prior 2 decades, she had developed both bilateral breast cancer and thyroid cancer, as well as multiple basal cell carcinomas, all occurring within her...

Survivorship

Decreasing but Still Elevated Risk for Subsequent Neoplasms in Survivors of Childhood Cancer

In a retrospective multicenter cohort study reported in JAMA, Lucie M. Turcotte, MD, MPH, of the University of Minnesota, Minneapolis, and colleagues found that the risk of subsequent neoplasms in 5-year survivors of childhood cancers decreased between those diagnosed in the 1970s vs the 1990s but ...

Survivorship

Memorial Sloan Kettering Cancer Center’s ‘Visible Ink’ Writing Program Gives Voice to the Experiences of Cancer Survivors

On April 3, 2017, Memorial Sloan Kettering Cancer Center (MSKCC) in New York celebrated its ninth year of live performances of the cancer experience written by survivors participating in the center’s Visible Ink writing program. The evening’s performances were the culmination of months-long...

Issues in Oncology
Survivorship

Proposed Categories of Cancer Survivors Aim to Bring Survivorship Into Precision Medicine Era

Care for people who have survived or are living with cancer should acknowledge the heterogeneity of their needs and experiences and should reflect the same level of personalization that is now guiding active cancer therapy. At a time when more people are surviving cancer than ever before, new...

Head and Neck Cancer
Survivorship

Optimizing Quality of Life in Head and Neck Cancer Survivors

Head and neck cancer can take away a patient’s “right to feel human,” and its impact on physical appearance, physical functioning, and general quality of life can be devastating, according to Merry Sebelik, MD, Associate Professor of Head and Neck Surgery at Emory University in Atlanta. At a...

breast cancer
survivorship

Matteo Lambertini, MD, on Pregnancy in Breast Cancer Patients: Results From a Multicenter Study

Matteo Lambertini, MD, of the Institut Jules Bordet, discusses a long-term follow-up analysis of the safety of pregnancy in patients with a history of estrogen receptor–positive breast cancer. (Abstract LBA10066)

survivorship

Todd M. Gibson, PhD, on Childhood Cancer Survivors: Chronic Disease Trends

Todd M. Gibson, PhD, of St. Jude Children’s Research Hospital, discusses results from the Childhood Cancer Survivor Study, which showed a reduction in serious chronic morbidity measured across 3 decades. (LBA10500)

breast cancer
survivorship

ASCO 2017: Pregnancy After Breast Cancer Does Not Increase Chance of Recurrence

Findings from a retrospective study of 1,200 women provide reassurance to breast cancer survivors who are contemplating pregnancy. In the study, women who became pregnant after an early breast cancer diagnosis, including those with estrogen receptor–positive tumors, did not have a higher...

solid tumors
survivorship

ASCO 2017: Low Testosterone Level After Testicular Cancer Is Common, Linked to Chronic Health Problems

In a large study, 38% of 491 testicular cancer survivors had low testosterone levels. Compared with survivors with normal testosterone levels, survivors with low testosterone levels were more likely to have a range of chronic health problems, including high blood pressure, diabetes, erectile...

survivorship

ASCO 2017: Steady Decrease in Severe Health Problems for Childhood Cancer Survivors

Treatments for childhood cancer are often intense and carry the risk of lifelong health problems for survivors. An analysis of 23,600 childhood cancer survivors in the Childhood Cancer Survivor Study (CCSS), funded by the National Institutes of Health, found that the rate of severe health problems...

Survivorship

Celebrating Cancer Survivorship

Sunday, June 4, 2017, marks the 30th anniversary of National Cancer Survivors Day. Here’s a look at the progress that has been made over the past 2 to 3 decades in reducing cancer incidence and cancer deaths and the challenges that remain. Increasing Rates of Cancer Survivorship In 1971, the...

Survivorship

Distinguished Pediatric Oncologist Anna T. Meadows, MD, Led the Way for Studies in Childhood Cancer Survivors

Anna T. Meadows, MD, an internationally distinguished pediatric oncologist who led paradigm-changing survivorship research and clinical care of children with cancer, had an unusual introduction to the United States. “My mother was traveling abroad on vacation and got married in Poland. Although...

Survivorship
Lung Cancer

Precision Medicine and My Own Activism Are Keeping Me Alive

In 2009, I was living my dream. My work as a business development manager for a technology company was thriving; I had a satisfying social life; I was active in sports, especially hiking and biking; and I was involved in social justice causes as a volunteer at San Quentin State Prison, helping...

Survivorship
Colorectal Cancer

Expert Point of View: Patrick S. Sullivan, MD

”This was a great study and novel, asking what longer-term survivors with colon cancer are dying from—the toxicity of our treatment or population-risk illnesses?” commented session co-moderator, Patrick S. Sullivan, MD, Assistant Professor of Surgery and Chief Quality Officer, Division of Surgical ...

Survivorship
Colorectal Cancer

Common Causes of Death Predominate Among Long-Term Colorectal Cancer Survivors

Patients with colorectal cancer who survive at least 5 years are increasingly likely to die from causes that are common in the general population, highlighting the importance of screening and lifestyle modification, suggested a large cohort study conducted in California.1 The analysis of more than...

survivorship
cost of care

Economic Impact of Chronic Conditions on Cancer Survivors

There is a higher prevalence of chronic health conditions among cancer survivors vs people without a history of cancer, and the presence of chronic conditions is associated with greater annual medical expenditures compared with the absence of such conditions in cancer survivors. These findings were ...

survivorship

Blended Cognitive Behavior Therapy and Fear of Recurrence in Cancer Survivors

A Dutch study (SWORD) has shown that blended cognitive behavioral therapy (CBT)—mixing face-to-face and online sessions—reduced the fear of recurrence among survivors of breast, prostate, and colorectal cancers. These results were reported by van de Wal et al in the Journal of Clinical...

gynecologic cancer
survivorship

ESTRO 2017: Cervical Cancer Survivors Frequently Suffer From Long-Term Fatigue, Insomnia, and Hot Flashes

Around half of women who have been treated for locally advanced cervical cancer suffer from symptoms of insomnia, fatigue, or hot flashes at some point, according to new research presented at the European Society for Radiotherapy & Oncology (ESTRO) 36 Conference (Abstract OC-0051). Cervical...

Survivorship

Cardiac Dysfunction in Survivors of Adult Cancers

The success of cancer therapy has led us to an interesting place. Patients with cancer are certainly concerned about collateral damage that may occur with the treatment of their condition; however, impressive improvements in survival with treatment of many cancers are so compelling that these...

Survivorship

ASCO Clinical Practice Guideline on Prevention and Monitoring of Cardiac Dysfunction in Survivors of Adult Cancers

As reported in the Journal of Clinical Oncology by Saro H. Armenian, DO, MPH, of City of Hope, and colleagues, ASCO has released a clinical practice guideline on prevention and monitoring of cardiac dysfunction in survivors of adult cancers.1 Recommendations were developed by an expert panel...

Breast Cancer
Survivorship

Online Symptom-Management Curriculum May Improve Depression and Fatigue in Breast Cancer Survivors

With thousands of devices to track and manage health and wellness, eHealth tools are beginning to transform modern health care and research, demonstrating quantifiable improvements in patient outcomes. According to the results of a randomized controlled trial (Reimagine), breast cancer survivors...

Breast Cancer
Symptom Management
Survivorship

Expert Point of View: Ann H. Partridge MD, MPH

Ann H. Partridge MD, MPH, Director of Adult Cancer Survivorship Program at the Dana-Farber Cancer Institute, praised the “tremendous work” of Dr. Paskett and her colleagues but referred to the findings as “disappointing to say the least.”1 “Developing interventions to prevent or treat lymphedema...

Breast Cancer
Symptom Management
Survivorship

Search Continues for Effective Way to Prevent Lymphedema in Breast Cancer Survivors

There was no difference in the incidence of lymphedema at 18 months in breast cancer patients randomized to a physical therapy intervention with education materials compared with a control.1 Although poor adherence to the intervention may have been a factor, these results, described as “very...

Solid Tumors
Survivorship

Expert Point of View: Kevin C. Oeffinger, MD

Kevin C. Oeffinger, MD, Director of the Adult Long-Term Follow-up Program at Memorial Sloan Kettering Cancer Center, New York, highlighted the typical fat distribution of this population while noting the limitations of standard criteria for metabolic syndrome, which include waist circumference....

Solid Tumors
Survivorship

Platinum Study Finds High Risk of Metabolic Syndrome in Testicular Cancer Survivors

A multicenter study of North American testicular cancer survivors treated with platinum-based chemotherapy has found a high prevalence of metabolic syndrome, a cluster of cardiovascular risk factors that doubles the risk of cardiovascular disease.1 According to the results of this trial,...

Survivorship

Building a Multidisciplinary Model of Care for Cancer Survivors

Last year’s inaugural Cancer Survivorship Symposium stressed the importance of bringing together the fields of medical oncology and primary care to ensure a coordinated effort to help patients with cancer transition to long-term survivorship care. Building on that goal, the 2017 Cancer Survivorship ...

survivorship

Risk of Adverse Health Outcomes in Testicular Cancer Survivors After Cisplatin-Based Chemotherapy

In a study reported in the Journal of Clinical Oncology, Fung et al found that although adverse health outcomes were common among testicular cancer survivors, there did not appear to be differences in such outcomes according to chemotherapy regimens commonly used to treat favorable-risk disease....

survivorship

Decreasing but Still Elevated Risk for Subsequent Neoplasms in Survivors of Childhood Cancers

In a retrospective multicenter cohort study reported in JAMA, Turcotte et al found that the risk for subsequent neoplasms in 5-year survivors of childhood cancers decreased between those diagnosed in the 1970s vs the 1990s but nevertheless remained elevated vs expected incidence. The reduced risk...

Survivorship

How Stupid Cancer Is Building a Support Community for AYA Survivors

In 1995, Matthew Zachary, an aspiring concert pianist and composer, was en route to graduate school to study film composition when he lost all fine-motor coordination in his left hand, was diagnosed with pediatric brain cancer (medulloblastoma), told he would never play again, and was given 6...

breast cancer
survivorship

Nicole Mittmann, PhD, on Breast Cancer Well Follow-up

Nicole Mittmann, PhD, of the Sunnybrook Health Sciences Centre, discusses her study findings on transitioning breast cancer survivors to primary care and the savings in resources and dollars that accrued as a result (Abstract 1).

Issues in Oncology
Survivorship

Update on Fertility Outcomes Among Survivors of Childhood Cancer

“Estimates suggest that by the year 2020, there will be over 500,000 adult survivors of childhood cancer in the United States,” Daniel A. Mulrooney, MD, MS, of the Division of Cancer Survivorship, St. Jude Children’s Research Hospital, Memphis, reported at the 10th Oncofertility Conference in...

Issues in Oncology
Survivorship

Many Cancer Survivors Find Online and Telephone Communication With Health-Care Professionals Beneficial

Researchers from the School of Health Sciences at the University of Surrey, Guildford, United Kingdom, have completed the first-ever systematic review of cancer survivors’ experience of online and telephone telehealth interventions in cancer care, according to a recent study reported by Anna Cox,...

Issues in Oncology
Survivorship
Health-Care Policy

Timing Is Everything

In 1959, my 5-year-old cousin, Kim, was diagnosed with acute lymphocytic leukemia (ALL). As an 8-year-old, I didn’t really understand what was happening to him, except that he had to go to the Riley Hospital for Children in Indianapolis, Indiana, for treatment. The haunting vision of his looking...

survivorship

Cancer Survivors Find Online and Telephone Communication With Health-Care Professionals Beneficial

Researchers from the School of Health Sciences at the University of Surrey have completed the first-ever systematic review of cancer survivors’ experience of online and telephone telehealth interventions in cancer care, a new study by Cox et al in the Journal of Medical Internet...

geriatric oncology
survivorship

Arti Hurria, MD, on Senior Citizens: Living Through and Beyond Cancer

Arti Hurria, MD, of City of Hope, discusses the assessment of older patients with cancer.

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